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Encyclopedia > Order of Canada
Order of Canada

A female Officer's badge of the Order of Canada
Awarded by Queen of Canada
Type Order (decoration)
Motto Desiderantes meliorem patriam
Eligibility All living Canadians, except federal and provincial politicians and judges while they are holding office.
Awarded for The highest degree of merit to Canada and humanity, an outstanding level of talent and service to Canadians, or an exceptional contribution to Canada or Canadians.
Status Currently constituted
Sovereign Elizabeth II
Chancellor Michaëlle Jean
Grades Companion, Officer, Member
Former grades Medal of Service, Medal of Courage
Statistics
Established April 17, 1967
First induction July 1, 1967
Total inductees 5,479
Precedence
Next (higher) Queen's Privy Council for Canada
Next (lower) Queen's Counsel


The Order of Canada is the highest civilian honour within the Canadian system of honours, with membership awarded to those who exemplify the order's Latin motto, taken from Hebrews 11:16, desiderantes meliorem patriam, meaning "they desire a better country." Created in 1967, the order was established to recognize the lifetime contributions made by Canadians who made a major difference to Canada, as well as the efforts made by non-Canadians who have made the world better by their actions. As of April 2008, 5,479 people have been appointed to the Order of Canada,[1] including musicians, politicians, artists, television and film stars, benefactors, and others. Since 1994 [2] Non-honorary members are the only regular citizens who are empowered to administer the Canadian Oath of Citizenship.[3] The Canadian monarch, presently Elizabeth II, is Sovereign of the order, and the serving Governor General, presently Michaëlle Jean, is its Chancellor and Principal Companion. This article is about the monarchy of Canada, one of sixteen that share a common monarch; for information about this constitutional relationship, the other Commonwealth realm monarchies, and other relevant articles, see Commonwealth realm; for information on the reigning monarch, see Elizabeth II. Queen of Canada redirects here. ... An Order is a decoration, awarded by a government to an individual, usually for distinguished service to a nation or to humanity. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... Michaëlle Jean, CC CMM COM CD , (born September 6, 1957, in Port-au-Prince, Haiti) is the current Governor General of Canada. ... is the 107th day of the year (108th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... The Privy Council Office as it appeared in the 1880s The Queens Privy Council for Canada (French: Conseil privé de la Reine pour le Canada) is the council of advisers to the Queen of Canada, whose members are appointed by the Governor General of Canada for life on the... For information about The Times satire Queens Counsel, see Queens Counsel (comic strip). ... In times of armed conflict a civilian is any person who is not a combatant. ... This article concerns the orders and decorations of the Commonwealth Realms awarded by the Sovereign in right of each nation. ... The Queen of Canada, Elizabeth II, is the font of the Canadian honours system, pictured here wearing her insignias as Sovereign of the Order of Canada and of the Order of Military Merit The Canadian honours system has developed as a unique entity since the centennial of Canadian Confederation in... For other uses, see Latins and Latin (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... The Epistle to the Hebrews (abbr. ... The purpose of the Oath of Citizenship, as opposed to the Oath of Allegiance, is for new Canadian citizens to pledge their loyalty not only to the Sovereign, Queen Elizabeth II, as representative of the State, but also to the laws and customs of their new country. ... This article is about the monarchy of Canada, one of sixteen that share a common monarch; for information about this constitutional relationship, the other Commonwealth realm monarchies, and other relevant articles, see Commonwealth realm; for information on the reigning monarch, see Elizabeth II. Queen of Canada redirects here. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... The Governor General of Canada (French (feminine): Gouverneure générale du Canada, or (masculine): Gouverneur général du Canada) is the vice-regal representative in Canada of the Canadian monarch, who is the head of state. ... Michaëlle Jean, CC CMM COM CD , (born September 6, 1957, in Port-au-Prince, Haiti) is the current Governor General of Canada. ...

Contents

Creation

Queen Elizabeth II, Sovereign of the Order of Canada, wearing the Sovereign's insignia.
Queen Elizabeth II, Sovereign of the Order of Canada, wearing the Sovereign's insignia.

The Order of Canada was instituted on April 17, 1967, by Queen Elizabeth II, on the advice of her then Prime Minister, Lester B. Pearson, who was assisted with the establishment of the order by John Matheson. The order was officially launched on July 1, 1967, during the 100th anniversary celebrations of the formation of the Dominion of Canada. Governor General Roland Michener was the first inductee to the order, to the level of Companion,[4] with 90 more people appointed on July 7 of the same year, including Vincent Massey, Louis St. Laurent, Hugh MacLennan, Father David Bauer, Gabrielle Roy, Donald Creighton, Thérèse Casgrain, Wilder Penfield, Arthur Lismer, and Maurice Richard.[5] The Queen was presented with the Sovereign's badge by Michener during a visit by him to London, UK, that same year, and she first wore it during a banquet in Yellowknife in July, 1970.[6] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2000x2500, 759 KB)Queen of Canada - Wearing the insignia of the Order of Canada (above) & the Order of Military Merit (below) Official Photographic Portrait of Her Majesty The Queen of Canada The official Canadian portrait of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2000x2500, 759 KB)Queen of Canada - Wearing the insignia of the Order of Canada (above) & the Order of Military Merit (below) Official Photographic Portrait of Her Majesty The Queen of Canada The official Canadian portrait of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... is the 107th day of the year (108th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... In constitutional law, Advice is formal, usually binding instruction given by a constitutional officer of state to another. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Prime Minister of Canada (French: Premier ministre du Canada), is the Minister of the Crown who is head of the Government of Canada. ... Mike Pearson redirects here. ... The Honourable John Ross Matheson, OC , CD , QC , LL.M. , LL.D. (born November 14, 1917) is a former Canadian politician who helped develop both the maple leaf flag and the Order of Canada. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... The Expo 67 site on le Sainte-H ne and le Notre-Dame The Canadian Centennial was a year long celebration held in 1967 when Canada celebrated the 100th anniversary of the Canadian Confederation. ... Canada is the second largest and the northern-most country in the world, occupying most of the North American land mass. ... The Right Honourable Daniel Roland Michener, PC , CC , CMM , CD , LL.D (April 19, 1900 - August 6, 1991) was Governor General of Canada from 1967 to 1974. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Charles Vincent Massey, PC, CH, CC, CD [1] (February 20, 1887 – December 30, 1967) was the eighteenth Governor General of Canada and the first who was born in Canada. ... Louis Stephen St. ... John Hugh MacLennan (March 20, 1907 - November 7, 1990) was a Canadian author and Professor of English at McGill University. ... David Bauer For other men with the same name, see David Bauer David Bauer, commonly known as Father David Bauer OC , CSB (November 2, 1924 – November 9, 1988), a native of Kitchener-Waterloo, Ontario was a professional hockey player, builder, and hockey pioneer. ... Gabrielle-Roy is a French first language elementary and high school located in Surrey, British Columbia, Canada. ... Donald Grant Creighton, CC, MA, BA (July 15, 1902 – December 19, 1979) was a noted Canadian historian. ... Marie Thérèse Forget Casgrain, CC, OBE, LL.D (July 10, 1896 – November 2, 1981) was a feminist, reformer, politician and senator in Quebec, Canada. ... Dr Wilder Graves Penfield, CC, OM, CMG, MD, FRS (January 25/26, 1891 – April 5, 1976) was a American-born Canadian neurosurgeon. ... Arthur Lismer CC (June 27, 1885 – March 23, 1969) was born in England in 1885. ... Joseph-Henri-Maurice Rocket Richard PC, CC, OQ (August 4, 1921 – May 27, 2000) was a professional ice hockey player who played for the Montreal Canadiens from 1942 to 1960. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Motto: Multum In Parvo (Much In Little) Coordinates: Country Canada Territory Northwest Territories Region North Slave Region Established 1936/1937 Government  - City Mayor Gordon Van Tighem  - Governing Body Consensus government  - Legislature List of Yellowknife MPs and MLAs Area  - City 105. ...


The creation of the order was the beginning of a Canadian honours system, and reduced the use of the honours system of the United Kingdom and some of its former Crown colonies; prior to the creation of the Order of Canada, the main order Canadians were inducted into for the above criteria was the Order of the British Empire.[7] The order also inspired Australia and New Zealand to follow on Canada and create similar honours: the Order of Australia and the Order of New Zealand respectively. The provinces also followed suit, each creating their own distinct orders. The Queen of Canada, Elizabeth II, is the font of the Canadian honours system, pictured here wearing her insignias as Sovereign of the Order of Canada and of the Order of Military Merit The Canadian honours system has developed as a unique entity since the centennial of Canadian Confederation in... The British honours system is a means of rewarding individuals personal bravery, achievement, or service to the United Kingdom. ... A United Kingdom overseas territory (formerly known as a dependent territory or earlier as a crown colony) is a territory that is under the sovereignty and formal control of the United Kingdom but is not part of the United Kingdom proper (Great Britain and Northern Ireland). ... The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions; in decreasing order of seniority, these are Knight Grand Cross or Dame Grand Cross (GBE) Knight Commander... Insignia of a Companion of the Order of Australia. ... Badge of the Order of New Zealand The Order of New Zealand is the highest honour in New Zealands honours system. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countriesAtlas  Politics Portal      Canada is a federation which consists of ten provinces that, with three territories, make up the worlds second largest country in total area. ... The Queen of Canada, Elizabeth II, is the font of the Canadian honours system, pictured here wearing her insignias as Sovereign of the Order of Canada and of the Order of Military Merit The Canadian honours system has developed as a unique entity since the centennial of Canadian Confederation in...


Grades

There are three grades (levels) of the Order of Canada, in order of precedence: Companion, Officer, and Member, each with respective post-nominal letters that its members are entitled to use. Promotions in grade are possible, though this is ordinarily not done within five years of the initial appointment. For example, film director Denys Arcand was promoted from Officer to Companion.[8] Post-nominal letters also called Post-nominal initials or Post-nominal titles are letters placed after the name of an individual to indicate that that individual holds a position, educational degree, accreditation, office, or honour. ... Director Herbert Brenon with actress Alla Nazimova on the set of War Brides, 1916 A director is a person who directs the making of a film. ... Georges-Henri Denys Arcand, C.C., C.Q. born June 25, 1941 in Deschambault, Quebec, Canada is an Academy Award winning film director, screenwriter and producer. ...


When it was created the order had, in effect, only two ranks, Companion and the Medal of Service, but it included a third award, the Medal of Courage. The latter medal, meant to reward acts of gallantry, fell between the other two awards in level honour but was anomalous within the Order of Canada – not a middle grade of the among three of a kind, but effectively a separate award of different nature. On July 1, 1972, without ever having been awarded, it was replaced by the separate Cross of Valour. At the same time, the levels of Officer and Member were introduced and all existing holders of the Medal of Service were made Officers. This fulfilled the vision of Lester Pearson for a three-tiered structure.[9][10] is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Cross of Valour The Cross of Valour (official post-nominal letters CV) is the highest ranking of the Canadian Bravery Decorations. ...


Companion

Companions of the Order of Canada (post-nominal: CC) have demonstrated the highest degree of merit to Canada and humanity, on the national or international scene. Up to 15 Companions are appointed each year, with a limit of 165 living Companions at any given time, save for honorary Companions;[11] as of February 20, 2007, there were 168 living Companions, including four honorary.[12] The constitution of the Order of Canada allows for each Governor General and his or her spouse, to become a Companion of the order upon the viceroy's appointment; thus, with her appointment to the position of Governor General, Michaëlle Jean became the 164th living Companion, and Jean-Daniel Lafond the 165th.[13] Medal for Companions of the Order of Canada Companions of the Order of Canada, the highest level of the Order of Canada, have demonstrated the highest degree of merit to Canada and humanity, on the national or international scene. ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Michaëlle Jean, CC CMM COM CD , (born September 6, 1957, in Port-au-Prince, Haiti) is the current Governor General of Canada. ... Jean-Daniel Lafond, CC (b. ...


Officer

Officers of the Order of Canada (OC) have demonstrated an outstanding level of talent and service to Canadians, and up to 64 Officers are appointed each year, with no limit to how many may be living at one time.[14]. As of September 29, 2005, there were 1,006 living Officers. is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Member

Members of the Order of Canada (CM) have made an exceptional contribution to Canada or Canadians at a local or regional level, group, field or activity. As many as 136 Members may be appointed annually and there is no limit on how many Members may be living at one time. As of September 29, 2005, there were 1,964 living members.[15] is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Insignia

Reverse of the order badge.

The sovereign's badge of the order consists of a white enamelled snowflake design with diamonds between each leaf, suspended from a jeweled crown. The central disc bears a maple leaf in rubies on a white enamel background, surrounded by a red enamel ring (annulus) bearing the motto of the order.[16] For other uses, see Snow (disambiguation). ... A maple leaf with its distinctive shape. ...


The badges for inductees are of a similar design to the sovereign's badge, though without precious stones, in gilt for Companions and Officers, and in silver for Members. The maple leaf in the central disk is in red enamel for Companions, gold for Officers, and silver for Members, and each is topped by a crown of St. Edward, symbolizing that the order is headed by the sovereign. The reverse is plain except for the word CANADA.[17] The ribbon is white bordered in red stripes, similar to the Canadian flag. The chest ribbon is the same for each grade, save for a metallic maple leaf in the centre, the color of which depends on the grade that one was appointed to: red for a Companion, gold for an Officer, silver stands for Member. For civilian wear, a lapel pin is worn on the jacket, which is designed as a miniature of the medalion; an example of one being used is shown in this photo of Roméo Dallaire. The Governor General also wears a special chain during certain ceremonies, consisting of the Companion badge suspended from the shield of Canada and surmounted by the Crown. On each side, the chain is composed of two repeating elements: a white stylized snowflake and the central disc that appears on the Companion medals. At the Governor General's installation ceremony he or she is presented with the Chain of the Order of Canada and the Chain of the Order of Military Merit. A gilded Tibetan Vajrasattva Gilding is the art of applying metal leaf (most commonly gold or silver leaf) to a surface. ... This article is about the chemical element. ... St. ... The National Flag of Canada, popularly known as the Maple Leaf and lUnifolié (French for the one-leafed), is a base red flag with a white square in its centre featuring a stylized, 11-pointed, red maple leaf. ... For other uses, see Maple (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Red (disambiguation). ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... This article is about the chemical element. ... Lieutenant-General Roméo Alain Dallaire, OC, CMM, GOQ, MSC, CD (born June 25, 1946 in Denekamp, The Netherlands) is a French Canadian senator, humanitarian, author and retired general. ... This article refers to the Commonwealths concept of the monarchys legal authority. ...


The badge (as well as the majority of the ensuing emblems in the Canadian honour system) was designed by Bruce W. Beatty, himself made a member of the order in 1990,[18] and who, as of 2004, has been in attendance at every investiture ceremony since 1967.[19] One of Beattys most important creations was the Order of Canadas snowflake design Bruce W. Beatty CM, CD, FRHSC is a Canadian graphic designer best known as the man chiefly responsable for designing the emblems of the Canadian Honours System starting with designing the badge of the Order...


When wearing medals and decorations, the Order of Canada is worn before all national orders and nearly all other Canadian decorations: only the Victoria Cross and the Cross of Valour are worn before the badge of the Order of Canada. The grades of Companion and Officer have their medals worn by a neck ribbon, while the Member grade is displayed on a chest ribbon on the left side of the jacket. Originally, protocol dictated that female appointees had to wear a ribbon bow in order to display the order's emblem, which was positioned to the left; however, in 1997 regulations were altered and, with the exception of certain special occasions laid out by the Governor General, women may wear their insignia by the same means as the men, although current Governor General, Michaëlle Jean, has taken to displaying the order with the female bow.[20] The Victoria Cross (Post-nominal letters V.C.) is the highest award for valour that can be awarded to members of the Canadian armed forces of any rank in any service, and allies serving under or with Canadian military command. ...


The insignia may be passed down as a family heirloom, and sale is discouraged. When a member of the order is upgraded to a higher rank, that individual must return their original emblem to the Chancellery.[21] However, a number of insignias have been put up for sale, most recently in 2007 (see Sale below). Each appointee is also granted the right to ask for a coat of arms from the Canadian Heraldic Authority if one does not already exist for them; Companions may ask the authority for the use of supporters on their personal coat of arms. The order's motto, in gold lettering on a red background, is circled around the shield, while the order's badge is suspended from the base of the shield. Because the Queen is sovereign of the order, the current Coat of Arms of Canada, in use since 1994, uses the red ribbon with the order's motto in gold.[22] A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... Badge of the Canadian Heraldic Authority The Canadian Heraldic Authority is an agency of the Government of Canada responsible for heraldry in Canada. ... The Coat of Arms of Prince Edward Island uses two foxes as supporters. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... The Coat of Arms of Canada, formally known as The Arms of Her Majesty in Right of Canada,[1] is the official coat of arms of the Canadian monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II. These arms are used by the Queen in her official capacity as monarch, and are officially known...

Companion Officer Member
Ribbon Bar


Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 479 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (600 × 751 pixel, file size: 109 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This is an image of the Officers badge of the Order of Canada. ... Information on this site has been posted with the intent that it be readily available for personal and public non-commercial use and may be reproduced, in part or in whole and by any means, without charge or further permission from Veterans Affairs Canada. ... File links The following pages link to this file: Order of Canada Categories: User-created public domain images ... File links The following pages link to this file: Order of Canada Categories: User-created public domain images ... Image File history File links Ribbon bar for Members of the Order of Canada. ...

CC & OC Ribbon CM Ribbon Female Bow Coat of Arms[23]

File links The following pages link to this file: Order of Canada Categories: User-created public domain images ... Image File history File links The ribbon the Order of Canada, grade Member, is displayed from. ... File links The following pages link to this file: Order of Canada Categories: User-created public domain images ... Image File history File links Personal_Coat_of_Arms_of_Governor_General_of_Canada_Michaëlle_Jean. ...

Eligibility and appointment

An investiture ceremony in the earlier years of the order.
Governor General Michaëlle Jean, Chancellor and Principal Companion of the Order of Canada, poses with a full group of Order of Canada appointees at the 101st investiture ceremony banquet in the Tent Room of Rideau Hall, April 11, 2008.
Governor General Michaëlle Jean, Chancellor and Principal Companion of the Order of Canada, poses with a full group of Order of Canada appointees at the 101st investiture ceremony banquet in the Tent Room of Rideau Hall, April 11, 2008.

All living Canadians are eligible for any of the three levels of the order, except federal and provincial politicians and judges while they are holding office. After being nominated, the Advisory Council reviews each nomination and, along with the Governor General, makes the final choice of new inductees, within the limits for each grade as prescribed in the Constitution of the Order of Canada. New appointees are then formally accepted into the order at an investiture ceremony, typically conducted by the Governor General at Rideau Hall, however other officials may perform the task, and the ceremony may take place in other locations. The Governor General of Canada (French (feminine): Gouverneure générale du Canada, or (masculine): Gouverneur général du Canada) is the vice-regal representative in Canada of the Canadian monarch, who is the head of state. ... Michaëlle Jean, CC CMM COM CD , (born September 6, 1957, in Port-au-Prince, Haiti) is the current Governor General of Canada. ... Rideau Hall is the official residence of the Governor General of Canada, and is the place of residence of the Monarch of Canada when visiting Ottawa. ... is the 101st day of the year (102nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... Member medal The Order of Canada is the highest civilian honour that can be presented by the Canadian Government. ... The Governor General of Canada (French (feminine): Gouverneure générale du Canada, or (masculine): Gouverneur général du Canada) is the vice-regal representative in Canada of the Canadian monarch, who is the head of state. ... Rideau Hall is the official residence of the Governor General of Canada, and is the place of residence of the Monarch of Canada when visiting Ottawa. ...


Refusal

While few have declined the Order of Canada, is is not unheard of. Robert Weaver declined the honour, stating he was critical of the "three-tier" nature of the award. [24]


Removal

Members can be removed from the order if the Advisory Council feels their actions have brought the order into disrepute. In order for this to be done, the Advisory Council must agree to the removal, and then send a letter to the person telling them of their decision, and requesting a response from the person in question regarding the decision. Recipients of the Order of Canada can have their honour revoked if the Orders Advisory Council feels that a recipients actions have brought dishonour to the Order. ...


Those removed from the order are required to return their insignia. While there are no formal rules in place that outline a requirement for the council to retrieve the insignia, the author of The Order of Canada: Its Origins, History and Development, Christopher McCreery, said that since the government owns the medal and the scrolls, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police can be sent and get the items by force.[25] As of 2006, only two people have been removed from the Order of Canada: Alan Eagleson, who was removed from the order after being jailed for fraud in 1998,[26] and David Ahenakew, who faced calls for his removal due to anti-Semitic comments he made in 2002.[27] RCMP redirects here. ... Robert Alan Eagleson (born April 24, 1933) is a Canadian lawyer, politician, hockey agent and promotor, famous for his role in promoting the 1972 Summit Series between Canada and the Soviet Union, the Canada Cup (now the World Cup of Hockey), and his representation of famous hockey players such as... David Ahenakew in April 2005 David Ahenakew (born July 28, 1933) is a Canadian First Nations politician, and former National Chief of the Assembly of First Nations. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


Advisory Council

The task of the Advisory Council is to evaluate the nominations of potential inductees, decide if the candidates are worthy enough to be accepted into the order, and make recommendations to the Governor General, who appoints the new members. The council is chaired by the Chief Justice of Canada, and includes the Clerk of the Queen's Privy Council, the Deputy Minister of Canadian Heritage, the Chairperson of the Canada Council for the Arts, the President of the Royal Society of Canada, and the Chairperson of the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Also, five members of the order sit on the council for a three year period. If a nomination involves a non-Canadian citizen, the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs is invited by the Advisory Council to offer evaluation. Decisions of the council, and/or new appointments and dismissals to or from the Order of Canada, are announced to the Canada Gazette and general public by the Secretary General of the Advisory Council. The Right Hon. ... The Clerk of the Privy Council (French: Greffier du Conseil privé) is the senior civil servant in the government and the Secretary to the Canadian Cabinet. ... The Department of Canadian Heritage, also referred to as Heritage Canada or simply Department of Heritage, is the department of the government of Canada with responsibility for policies regarding the arts, culture, media, communications networks, and sports and multiculturalism. ... The Canada Council for the Arts, commonly called the Canada Council, was introduced by Parliament in 1957. ... The Royal Society of Canada, (French: La Société royale du Canada) The Canadian Academy of the Sciences and Humanities, is the senior national body of distinguished Canadian scientists and scholars. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Canadian Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (DFAIT) was among the most powerful departments of the Government of Canada. ... The Canada Gazette is an official publication by the government of Canada that publishes all laws and Orders in Council issued by the government. ...


The current members of the Advisory Council are:

The Rt. ... The Privy Council Office as it appeared in the 1880s The Queens Privy Council for Canada (French: Conseil privé de la Reine pour le Canada) is the council of advisers to the Queen of Canada, whose members are appointed by the Governor General of Canada for life on the... The Royal Society of Canada, (French: La Société royale du Canada) The Canadian Academy of the Sciences and Humanities, is the senior national body of distinguished Canadian scientists and scholars. ... The Chemical Institute of Canada is a Canadian professional umbrella organization for chemists (Canadian Society for Chemistry), chemical engineers (Canadian Society for Chemical Engineering) and chemical technologists (Canadian Society for Chemical Technology). ... The Royal Society of Canada, (French: La Société royale du Canada) The Canadian Academy of the Sciences and Humanities, is the senior national body of distinguished Canadian scientists and scholars. ... Tom Jackson, OC, ( October 27, 1948 One Arrow Reserve near Batoche, Saskatchewan) is a popular Canadian Métis actor and musician. ... Karen Kain, 1970 Karen Kain, CC (born on March 28, 1951) is a Canadian ballet dancer. ... The National Ballet of Canada is Canadas largest ballet troupe. ... Queen Victoria founded the Royal Victorian Order. ... The Royal Heraldry Society of Canada is a Canadian organization that promotes the art and science of Canadian Heraldry. ... In 1984, Dr. Daurene E. Lewis (born in Bedford, Nova Scotia) was elected mayor of her the first female black mayor in all of See also: Black Canadian SOICALS CLASS SUCKS FUCKING ASS !!!!!!!!!!!! AND OUT TEACH MAKES IT EVEN MORE FUCKING ANNOYING!! Categories: Nursing stubs | Members of the Order of... Kevin G. Lynch, Ph. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Cabinet of Canada (French: Cabinet du Canada or Conseil des ministres) plays an important role in the Government of Canada in accordance with the Westminster System. ... James Edward (Ted) Newall (born 1935) is a Canadian businessman. ...

Honorary appointments

As of 2008, there have been fourteen honorary appointments to non-Canadian citizens. They are as follows:


Companion

For other people named Mandela, or other uses, see Mandela. ... Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, later Queen Elizabeth (Elizabeth Angela Marguerite; 4 August 1900 – 30 March 2002), was the Queen Consort of King George VI of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions from 1936 until his death in 1952. ... The Dominion of Canada was created by the British North America Act (now known as the Constitution Act) of 1867. ... Frank Owen Gehry, CC (born Ephraim Owen Goldberg, February 28, 1929) is a Pritzker Prize winning architect based in Los Angeles, California. ... Boutros Boutros-Ghali (Arabic: بطرس بطرس غالي, Coptic: ΒOΥΤΡΟC BOYTPOC ΓΑΛΗ) (born November 14, 1922) is an Egyptian diplomat who was the sixth Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 1992 to December 1996. ... The United Nations Secretary-General is the head of the Secretariat, one of the principal divisions of the United Nations. ... Václav Havel, GCB, CC, (IPA: ) (born October 5, 1936 in Prague) is a Czech writer and dramatist. ... Karīm al-Hussaynī, Āgā Khān IV KBE CC GCC (Arabic: سمو الأمیر شاہ کریم الحسیني آغا خان الرابع) (born December 13, 1936) is the current (49th) Imām of the Shia Imami Ismaili Muslims. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Shia may refer to a denomination of Islam, or related items, such as: Shia Islam, the second largest denomination of Islam, after Sunni Islam. ... The Ismāʿīlī (Urdu: اسماعیلی Ismāʿīlī, Arabic: الإسماعيليون al-Ismāʿīliyyūn; Persian: اسماعیلیان Esmāʿīliyān) branch of Islam is the second largest part of the Shīa community, after the Twelvers (Ithnāʿashariyya). ...

Officer

John Kenneth Galbraith John Kenneth Galbraith (October 15, 1908–April 29, 2006) was an influential Canadian-American economist. ... James Hillier) James Hillier OC, Ph. ... An electron microscope is a type of microscope that uses electrons as a way to illuminate and create an image of a specimen. ... Charles Édouard Dutoit (born October 7, 1936) is a Swiss conductor. ... The Montreal Symphony Orchestra (MSO) (in French: Orchestre symphonique de Montréal (OSM)) is a major orchestra based in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, with its home venue at Montreals Place des Arts. ... Tania Moiseiwitch (13 December 1914 - 18 February 2003) was the daughter of Daisy Kennedy and Benno Moiseiwitsch; founding designer of the Stratford Festival and its theatre. ... The Stratford Festival of Canada is a summer-long celebration of theatre. ... Bernard Pivot (born 5 May 1935) is a journalist, interviewer and host of French cultural television programmes. ...

Member

The American public showed a high degree of gratitude for Canadian efforts in rescuing American diplomatic staff in wake of the Iran hostage crisis. ... Sharon, Lois & Bram are a Canadian childrens musical trio composed of Sharon Trostin Hampson (born March 31, 1943, Toronto, Ontario), Lois Ada Lilienstein (born July 10, 1936, Chicago, Illinois), and Bramwell Morrison (born December 18, 1940, Toronto, Ontario). ... Sharon Lois & The Brams is the name of a Canadian childrens musical unit composed of Sharon Lois (born November 16th, 1988, Peterborough, Ontario), Bram (born September 16, 1986, The moon, Outer-space), and Bram (born October 9, 1985, The ditch behind Chiggin/Mckinley Bait Shop, The Range). ... Francis Higginson Cabot (born 1925), C.M., C.Q. is an American gardener and horticulturalist. ... Salome Bey, C.M. is an American singer, actress, and songwriter who has lived in Toronto, Ontario since 1966. ...

Additional decorations

At certain periods, holders of the order were presented with other decorations, usually commemorative medals. Thus far, four commemorative medals have been given automatically to every living member of the Order of Canada: the Canadian Centennial Medal (1967), the Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal (1977), the 125th Anniversary of the Confederation of Canada Medal (1992), and the Queen Elizabeth II's Golden Jubilee Medal (2002). The Front and Back view of the Canadian Centennial Medal The Canadian Centennial Medal is a commemorative medal struck by the Royal Canadian Mint in 1967. ... The Front and Back view of the Queens Silver Jubilee Medal The Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal was a commemorative medals struck by the Canadian Mint celebrating the twenty-fifth anniversary of Her Majestys reign as Queen of Canada. ... 125th Anniversary of the Confederation of Canada Medal The 125th Anniversary of the Confederation of Canada Medal is a commemorative medals struck by the Royal Canadian Mint celebrating the 125th aniversary of the Confederation of Canada. ... The Front and Back view of the Queens Golden Jubilee Medal Queen Elizabeth IIs Golden Jubilee Medal was a commemorative medals struck by the Canadian Mint celebrating the fiftieth anniversary of Her Majestys reign as Queen of Canada. ...


Sale

In 2007 it was revealed that one of the first ever issued insignia of the Order of Canada, a Medal of Service awarded originally to Quebec historian Gustave Lanctot, was put up for sale via email. Originally, the auctioneer, who had purchased the insignia for $45 at an estate sale in Montreal, and who remained anonymous, attempted to sell the insignia on eBay; however, after the bidding reached $15,000, eBay removed the item, citing its policy against the sale of government property, including "any die, seal or stamp provided by, belonging to, or used by a government department, diplomatic or military authority appointed by or acting under the authority of Her Majesty." Rideau Hall stated that selling medals was "highly discouraged," however the owner continued efforts to sell the insignia via the internet.[37] Gustave Lanctot, front row left, part of the Oxford Canadian Ice Hockey Team Gustave Lanctot, OC, FRSC, also spelled Gustave Lanctôt, (5 July 1883 – 2 February 1975) was a Canadian historian and archivist. ... E-mail, or email, is short for electronic mail and is a method of composing, sending, and receiving messages over electronic communication systems. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Region Montréal Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... This article is about the online auction center. ... Rideau Hall is the official residence of the Governor General of Canada, and is the place of residence of the Monarch of Canada when visiting Ottawa. ...


Further reading

  • McCreery, Christopher (2005). The Order of Canada: Its Origins, History and Development. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. ISBN 0-8020-3940-5

Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Diversity Our Strength Image:Toronto, Ontario Location. ... The University of Toronto (U of T) is a public research university in the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ...

See also

This is a list of All known awards by the Government of Canada, its provinces and Territories. ... This is a list of Orders presented by Canadian provinces and territories. ...

Notes

  1. ^ |title=Order of Canada |accessdate=2008-04-12 |publisher=Governor General of Canada
  2. ^ Order of Canada Newsletter Winter 2008
  3. ^ Welcoming Canadians (pg 40) (PDF). Institute for Canadian Citizenship (2007-09-17). Retrieved on 2008-04-18.
  4. ^ Roland Michener's listing on the Order of Canada rolls.
  5. ^ Governor General Adrienne Clarkson's speech at an October 30, 2004, Order of Canada investiture
  6. ^ Official Website of the British Monarchy. Royal Insight Magazine: Mailbox: April 2006 Page 3
  7. ^ Paul James article on British Orders.
  8. ^ Announcement of Denys Arcand's promotion in the Order
  9. ^ The Canadian Encyclopedia entry on the Order
  10. ^ McCreery, Christopher (2005). The Order of Canada: Its Origins, History, and Development. University of Toronto Press, pp. 126, 149, 166. ISBN 0802039405. 
  11. ^ Order of Canada Constitution.
  12. ^ The criteria were Honours received: C.C., Living and Records per page: All
  13. ^ Insignia Worn by the Governor General
  14. ^ The criteria was Honours received: O.C., Living and Records per page: All.
  15. ^ The criteria was Honours received: C.M., Living and Records per page: All.
  16. ^ Image of the sovereign's badge on the Library and Archives Canada website
  17. ^ Pictures of the backside of the various medal designs.
  18. ^ Bruce W. Beatty's Membership citation
  19. ^ Margaret MacMillan, Marjorie Harris and Desjardins, Anne L.; Canada's House: Rideau Hall and the invention of a Canadian home; Toronto: A.A. Knopf Canada with Otherwise Editions, 2004. ISBN 0-676-97675-1 page 58
  20. ^ The Canadian Honours System: Wearing Of Orders, Decorations and medals. page 2
  21. ^ Constitution of the Order Section 24-(3)-B
  22. ^ http://www.pch.gc.ca/progs/cpsc-ccsp/sc-cs/arm1_e.cfm — Coat of Arms of Canada.
  23. ^ Coat of arms of Michaëlle Jean, displaying the Order motto and medal.
  24. ^ <ref>{{cite web|url=http://archives.cbc.ca/on_this_day/01/02/|title=Writers' champion Robert Weaver dies: Did You Know?|publisher=[[CBC Archives]]|accessdate=2008-06-22}}</li> <li id="cite_note-24">'''[[#cite_ref-24|^]]''' [http://www.theglobeandmail.com/servlet/ArticleNews/TPStory/LAC/20050713/AHENAKEW13/TPNational/Canada] Globe and Mail's article on the process of removing Ahenakew from the Order.</li> <li id="cite_note-25">'''[[#cite_ref-25|^]]''' [http://archives.cbc.ca/IDCC-1-41-1493-10073/sports/alan_eagleson/ http://archives.cbc.ca/IDCC-1-41-1493-10073/sports/alan_eagleson/] CBC account on the rise and fall of Eagleson.</li> <li id="cite_note-26">'''[[#cite_ref-26|^]]''' [http://web.archive.org/web/20051028125320/http://montreal.cbc.ca/regional/servlet/View?filename=qc_mosesreax20021217 Quebec Cree Chief wants Ahenakew to lose Order of Canada]. CBC article on Ahenakew's comments and reactions.</li> <li id="cite_note-27">'''[[#cite_ref-27|^]]''' Since 2004, Karin Kain has served on the Advisory Council [[ex-officio]] as chair of the Canada Council for the Arts. She resigned from the latter position in March, 2008. Since this time, vice-chair Simon Brault has chaired meetings of the Canada Council for the Arts. It is unclear who, if anyone, has replaced Kain on the Order of Canada Advisory Council.</li> <li id="cite_note-28">'''[[#cite_ref-28|^]]''' [http://www.cbc.ca/news/obit/queenmother/timeline.html http://www.cbc.ca/news/obit/queenmother/timeline.html]. Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon was appointed to the order on [[October 31]], [[2000]].</li> <li id="cite_note-29">'''[[#cite_ref-29|^]]''' [http://gg.ca/honours/search-recherche/honours-desc.asp?lang=e&TypeID=orc&id=7732 http://gg.ca/honours/search-recherche/honours-desc.asp?lang=e&TypeID=orc&id=7732] Queen Mother's listing on the Order of Canada rolls.</li> <li id="cite_note-30">'''[[#cite_ref-30|^]]''' The Queen Mother, as a member of the [[Monarchy of Canada#Canadian Royal Family|Canadian Royal Family]] was a Canadian subject but not a Canadian citizen.</li> <li id="cite_note-31">'''[[#cite_ref-31|^]]''' [http://gg.ca/media/doc.asp?lang=e&DocID=411 Announcement of Frank Gehry's honorary appointment as a Companion]</li> <li id="cite_note-32">'''[[#cite_ref-32|^]]''' Gehry, though born in [[Toronto]], moved with his family to the United States in 1942, before the enactment of the Canadian Citizenship Act, 1946. However, Ghery was given Canadian citizenship again in 2002. [http://www.cbc.ca/arts/story/2003/06/16/gehry160603.html CBC News: ''Gehry named to Order of Canada''; June 17, 2003]</li> <li id="cite_note-33">'''[[#cite_ref-33|^]]''' Galbraith was born in [[Ontario]] before the establishment of [[Canadian nationality law|Canadian citizenship]] and renounced his status as a [[British subject]] in 1937 to become a [[United States]] citizen</li> <li id="cite_note-34">'''[[#cite_ref-34|^]]''' [http://gg.ca/media/doc.asp?lang=e&DocID=5365]</li> <li id="cite_note-35">'''[[#cite_ref-35|^]]''' Zena Sheardown was the wife of John Sheardown, a Canadian employed at the Canadian Embassy in Iran during the Iranian Revolution of 1979. At great risk to her personal safety, Mrs. Sheardown was instrumental in the success of the [[Canadian Caper]] allowing 6 American diplomats to be safely removed from the country. Sheardown was the first honorary appointment to the Order of Canada. The uniqueness of this appointment made it slow, to the point that [[Flora MacDonald]] had to ask for and receive unanimous consent from the House of Commons before the appointment was seriously considered. By the time she was invested into the Order in 1986 Mrs. Sheardown had become a Canadian citizen and the Advisory Council changed her status from honorary to substantive.</li> <li id="cite_note-36">'''[[#cite_ref-36|^]]''' [http://www.ctv.ca/servlet/ArticleNews/story/CTVNews/20070106/medal_auction_070106/20070106?hub=Canada Canadian Press; CTV News: ''Order of Cda. medal auction to proceed by e-mail''; January 6, 2007]</li></ol></ref>

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... Michaëlle Jean, CC CMM COM CD , (born September 6, 1957, in Port-au-Prince, Haiti) is the current Governor General of Canada. ...

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The Queen of Canada, Elizabeth II, is the font of the Canadian honours system, pictured here wearing her insignias as Sovereign of the Order of Canada and of the Order of Military Merit The Canadian honours system has developed as a unique entity since the centennial of Canadian Confederation in... The following is a list of the order of precedence for Canadian awards and postnominal letters. ... The Victoria Cross (Post-nominal letters V.C.) is the highest award for valour that can be awarded to members of the Canadian armed forces of any rank in any service, and allies serving under or with Canadian military command. ... Cross of Valour The Cross of Valour (official post-nominal letters CV) is the highest ranking of the Canadian Bravery Decorations. ... The Order of Military Merit is an Order (decoration) issued by Canada to members of the Canadian Forces who have demonstrated dedication and devotion beyond the call of duty. ... The Order of Merit of the Police Forces is an Order (decoration) of Canada, established in October 2000. ... Queen Victoria founded the Royal Victorian Order. ... This article is about the order after its revival in the 19th century. ... The National Order of Quebec (French: Ordre national du Québec) is an order of merit bestowed by the government of Quebec, Canada. ... The Saskatchewan Order of Merit is an award given in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. ... The Order of Ontario is an award given in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... The Order of British Columbia is British Columbias highest award for outstanding achievement. ... The Alberta Order of Excellence is the highest award given in the Canadian province of Alberta. ... The Order of Prince Edward Island, established in 1996, is the highest honour of the Province of Prince Edward Island. ... The Order of Manitoba, established in 1999, is the highest honour of the Province of Manitoba. ... The Order of New Brunswick, established in 2000, is the highest honour of the Province of New Brunswick. ... The Order of Nova Scotia, established in 2001, is the highest honour of the Province of Nova Scotia. ... The Order of Newfoundland and Labrador insignia The Order of Newfoundland and Labrador, established in 2001, is the highest honour of the Canadian Province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... The following is a list of the order of precedence for Canadian awards and postnominal letters. ... The following is a list of the order of precedence for Canadian awards and postnominal letters. ... The following is a list of the order of precedence for Canadian awards and postnominal letters. ... The following is a list of the order of precedence for Canadian awards and postnominal letters. ... The following is a list of the order of precedence for Canadian awards and postnominal letters. ... The following is a list of the order of precedence for Canadian awards and postnominal letters. ... The following is a list of the order of precedence for Canadian awards and postnominal letters. ... The following is a list of the order of precedence for Canadian awards and postnominal letters. ... The following is a list of the order of precedence for Canadian awards and postnominal letters. ... The following is a list of the order of precedence for Canadian awards and postnominal letters. ... The following is a list of the order of precedence for Canadian awards and postnominal letters. ...

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