FACTOID # 14: North Carolina has a larger Native American population than North Dakota, South Dakota and Montana combined.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Order of Australia
Insignia of a Companion of the Order of Australia.
Insignia of a Companion of the Order of Australia.

The Order of Australia is an order of chivalry established by Elizabeth II on February 14, 1975 "for the purpose of according recognition to Australian citizens and other persons for achievement or for meritorious service". The Order is divided into general and military divisions, with the following grades in descending order of seniority: Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... An Order is a decoration, awarded by a government to an individual, usually for distinguished service to a nation or to humanity. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ...

  • Knight or Dame (AK / AD) (general division only; not awarded since 1986)
  • Companion (AC) Companions of the Order of Australia
  • Officer (AO)
  • Member (AM)
  • Medal of the Order of Australia (OAM).

Contents

// Peter Abeles former Australian transportation magnate. ...

History

The Order was established by the Queen of Australia by Letters Patent on February 14, 1975. Before the establishment of the Order, Australian citizens received British honours. The original Order only had three grades: Companion, Officer and Member. Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia, in 1952 and 2002 The title Queen of Australia has existed since 1973, when the Parliament of Australia passed the Royal Style and Titles Act (1973). ... Letters Patent by Queen Victoria creating the office of Governor-General of Australia Letters patent are a type of legal instrument in the form of an open letter issued by a monarch or government granting an office, a right, monopoly, title, or status to someone or some entity such as... February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... The British honours system is a means of rewarding individuals personal bravery, achievement or service to the United Kingdom. ...


On May 24, 1976, the Queen as Queen of Australia signed Letters Patent, countersigned by then Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser, with a schedule making provision for a further category of membership as Knight or Dame, and for a Medal of the Order of Australia. May 24 is the 144th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (145th in leap years). ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia, in 1952 and 2002 The title Queen of Australia has existed since 1973, when the Parliament of Australia passed the Royal Style and Titles Act (1973). ... A prime minister is the very most senior minister of a cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... This article is about the former Prime Minister of Australia; for the Western Australian public servant, see Malcolm Fraser (surveyor). ... For schedule in computer science, see schedule (computer science). ... The silver Anglia knight, commissioned as a trophy in 1850, intended to represent the Black Prince. ... A statue of an armoured knight of the Middle Ages For the chess piece, see knight (chess). ...


The award of AK and AD was discontinued in the late 1980s by the Australian Labor Party Government. On March 3, 1986 in Canberra the Queen of Australia signed Letters Patent, countersigned by then Australian Prime Minister Bob Hawke, with a schedule revoking the category of Knight or Dame. Existing Knights and Dames were not effected by the change in Letters Patent. The Prince of Wales is a Knight of the Order of Australia. The Australian Labor Party (ALP) is Australias oldest political party. ... March 3 is the 62nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (63rd in leap years). ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Canberra (disambiguation). ... Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia, in 1952 and 2002 The title Queen of Australia has existed since 1973, when the Parliament of Australia passed the Royal Style and Titles Act (1973). ... Robert James Lee Bob Hawke AC (born 9 December 1929) is a former Australian trade union leader turned politician who became the 23rd Prime Minister of Australia. ...


The Queen of Australia is Sovereign of the Order while the Governor-General of Australia is Principal Companion and Chancellor of the Order. Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia, in 1952 and 2002 The title Queen of Australia has existed since 1973, when the Parliament of Australia passed the Royal Style and Titles Act (1973). ... Look up Sovereign in Wiktionary, the free dictionary The adjective sovereign is used to refer to a state of sovereignty. ... Michael Jeffery, the current Governor-General of Australia The Governor-General of Australia is the representative in Australia of Australias head of state, Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia, who lives in the United Kingdom. ...


The Order of Australia is modelled closely upon the Order of Canada. However, when compared with the Order of Canada, the Order of Australia has been awarded rather more liberally, especially in regard to honorary awards for foreigners. While the Order of Canada has only been awarded to twelve non-Canadians to date, the Order of Australia is more often awarded to non-Australians. Seal of the Order of Canada The Order of Canada is Canadas highest civilian honour, with membership awarded to those who exemplify the Orders Latin motto Desiderantes meliorem patriam, which means (those) desiring a better country. ...


Appointment

The Order formerly consisted of four grades and a medal, in both general and military divisions. Knighthood of the Order was made in the general division only.


The different grades of the Order are awarded according to the recipients' level of achievement:

Companion
for eminent achievement and merit of the highest degree in service to Australia or to humanity at large.
Officer
for distinguished service of a high degree to Australia or to humanity at large.
Member
for service in a particular locality or field of activity or to a particular group.
Medal of the Order of Australia
for service worthy of particular recognition

Any person may nominate any Australian citizen for an award. The nominations are reviewed by the Order of Australia Council, independent of any political interference, and then approved by the Governor-General. The Order is awarded twice annually: on Australia Day, and on the Queen's Birthday public holiday in June, when public announcements are made about new awards. Australia Day is Australias official national day, 26 January. ... In Jersey the Lieutenant-Governor hosts a reception for the public at Government House to mark the Queens Official Birthday at which he announces recipients of Birthday Honours The Queens Birthday or Queens Official Birthday is celebrated as a public holiday in several Commonwealth countries (usually Commonwealth...


The Order is never awarded posthumously; however, if a nominee dies after accepting the award but before the relevant announcement date, the award still stands and it is announced as having effect from the date of the nominee's death.


Insignia

The badge of the Order of Australia was designed by Stuart Devlin — a metalsmith who also designed the Australian currency. It is a convex disc (gold for ACs, gilt for AOs, AMs and OAMs) representing the Golden Wattle flower. At the centre is a ring, representing the sea, with the word 'Australia' below two branches of golden wattle. The whole disc is topped by the Royal crown of St Edward. The AC badge is decorated with citrines, blue enamelled ring, and enamelled crown. The AO badge is similar, without the citrines. For the AM badge only the crown is enamelled, and the OAM badge is plain. Stuart Devlin (born 1931) is a significant contemporary gold and silversmith. ... A smith, or metalsmith, is a person involved in the shaping of metal objects. ... Gilding is the art of spreading gold, either by mechanical or by chemical means, over the surface of a body for the purpose of ornament. ... Binomial name Acacia pycnantha Banks Golden Wattle, Acacia pycnantha, is Australias floral emblem. ... A crown is a symbolic form of headgear worn by a monarch or by a god, for whom the crown is traditionally one of the symbols of power and legitimacy (See Regalia for a broader treatment). ... Citrine Citrine, also called citrine quartz or citrine topaz, is an amber-colored gemstone. ...


The star for the Sovereign of Australia and the Governor-General as Principal Companion of the Order and knights and dames is a convex golden disc decorated with citrines, with a blue royally crowned inner disc bearing an image of the Coat of Arms of Australia. Australian Coat of Arms (since 1912) The Coat of Arms of Australia is the official symbol of Australia. ...


The ribbon of the Order is blue with a central stripe of golden wattle flower designs; that of the military division has additional golden edge stripes. Male ACs and AOs wear their badges on a necklet; male AMs and OAMs wear them on a ribbon on the left chest. Women usually wear their badges on a bow on the left shoulder, although they may wear the same insignia as males if so desired. Texas Medal of Valor A neck order is a type of military decoration which is designed to be worn and displayed around a persons neck, rather than hung from the chest as is the standard practice for displaying military decorations. ...

Knights, Principal Companions, Officials and Designer of the Order Insignia

  • Sovereign: HM The Queen
  • Knights:
  • Officials:
  • Former Principal Companions:
  • Designer of the Order of Australia insignia:
    • Stuart Devlin AO designed the medals for the founding awards of the Australian honours system in 1975: the Order of Australia, the Australian Bravery Decorations and the National Medal. He also designed Australia’s first decimal coins. In 1982, he was granted the Royal Warrant of Appointment as Goldsmith and Jeweller to Her Majesty The Queen.

Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia, in 1952 and 2002 The title Queen of Australia has existed since 1973, when the Parliament of Australia passed the Royal Style and Titles Act (1973). ... Rt. ... On the Orders insignia, St Michael is often depicted subduing Satan. ... Queen Victoria founded the Royal Victorian Order. ... Cherie Booth QC wearing her ceremonial robes (including full-bottomed wig) as Queens Counsel at the Bar of England and Wales. ... The Prince Charles, Prince of Wales (Charles Philip Arthur George; born 14 November 1948), is the eldest son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. ... The insignia of a knight of the Order of the Garter. ... James VII ordained the modern Order. ... Badge of a Companion of the Order of the Bath (Military Division) The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (formerly The Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath)[1] is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725. ... For other Orders see Order of Merit (disambiguation). ... Male Companions Badge of the Queens Service Order for Community Service The Queens Service Order was established by Queen Elizabeth II on 13 March 1975. ... Her Majestys Most Honourable Privy Council is a body of advisors to the British Sovereign. ... An aide-de-camp (French: camp assistant) is a personal assistant, secretary, or adjutant to a person of high rank, usually a senior military officer or a head of state. ... Sir Charles Walter Michael Court, AK, KCMG, OBE (Mil) (born September 29, 1911), Australian politician, was Premier of Western Australia between 1974 and 1982. ... On the Orders insignia, St Michael is often depicted subduing Satan. ... Commanders Badge of the Order of the British Empire (Military division) The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions; in decreasing order of seniority... The Rt. ... The insignia of a knight of the Order of the Garter. ... On the Orders insignia, St Michael is often depicted subduing Satan. ... Queen Victoria founded the Royal Victorian Order. ... Commanders Badge of the Order of the British Empire (Military division) The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions; in decreasing order of seniority... Major-General Philip Michael Jeffery, AC, CVO, MC, GCL (born 12 December 1937) is the 24th Governor-General of Australia. ... Queen Victoria founded the Royal Victorian Order. ... The Military Cross (MC) is the third level military decoration awarded to officers and (since 1993) other ranks of the British Army and formerly also to officers of other Commonwealth countries. ... Michael Jeffery, the current Governor-General of Australia The Governor-General of Australia is the representative in Australia of Australias head of state, Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia, who lives in the United Kingdom. ... Queen Victoria founded the Royal Victorian Order. ... William George Hayden AC (born 23 January 1933), Australian politician and 21st Governor-General of Australia, was born in Brisbane, Queensland, the son of an American-born sailor of Irish descent. ... The Rt Revd Dr Peter Hollingworth AC OBE The Right Reverend Dr Peter Hollingworth AC OBE (born April 10, 1935), Australian bishop and 23rd Governor-General of Australia, became the first Governor-General to resign his office as a result of criticism of his conduct, when on 28 May... Commanders Badge of the Order of the British Empire (Military division) The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions; in decreasing order of seniority... Stuart Devlin (born 1931) is a significant contemporary gold and silversmith. ...

The Order of Australia Association

On 26 January 1980 recipients of awards in the Order formed the Order of Australia Association. This organisation seeks to aid the members of the Order in their pursuits related to the development and maintenance of Australia's culture and traditions. The organisation also attempts to increase awareness of those honoured by the Order, since many of their number are not household names, despite their contributions. Branches of the Association can be found in all the states and territories of Australia. January 26 is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Culture (from the Latin cultura stemming from colere, meaning to cultivate), generally refers to patterns of human activity and the symbolic structures that give such activity significance. ... A tradition is a story or a custom that is memorized and passed down from generation to generation, originally without the need for a writing system. ... The states and territories of Australia make up the Commonwealth of Australia under a federal system of government. ...


Recipient categories

  • Companions of the Order of Australia
  • Category:Dames of the Order of Australia
  • Category:Knights of the Order of Australia
  • Category:Companions of the Order of Australia
  • Category:Officers of the Order of Australia
  • Category:Members of the Order of Australia
  • Category:Recipients of the Order of Australia Medal

// Peter Abeles former Australian transportation magnate. ...

See also

South African War Queens South Africa Medal King’s South Africa Medal World War I 1914 Star 1914-15 Star British War Medal Mercantile Marine War Medal Victory Medal Naval General Service Medal 1915-62 General Service Medal 1918-62 World War II 1939-1945 Star Atlantic Star Air... The Australian honours system until 1975 was part of the British honours system. ... Order of precedence for the wearing of decorations and awards within the Australian Honours System. ... This article concerns British and Commonwealth of Nations orders and decorations awarded by the British Sovereign. ... Seal of the Order of Canada The Order of Canada is Canadas highest civilian honour, with membership awarded to those who exemplify the Orders Latin motto Desiderantes meliorem patriam, which means (those) desiring a better country. ... Badge of the Order of New Zealand The Order of New Zealand is the highest locally awarded honour in the New Zealand Honours System. ... The term Bunyip aristocracy was first coined in 1853 by Daniel Deniehy who made a speech lambasting the attempt by William Wentworth to establish a titled aristocracy in New South Wales government. ... For other uses, see Peerage (disambiguation). ... Capital Sydney Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Professor Marie Bashir Premier Morris Iemma (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 50  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $305,437 (1st)  - Product per capita  $45,153/person (4th) Population (End of March 2006)  - Population  6,817,100 (1st)  - Density  8. ...

External links

  • Australian Honours Secretariat
  • Order of Australia including list of the Order, its history and its "Constitution" (statutes).
  • Order of Australia Association
  • ODM of Australia -- has images of insignia, including Knight's insignia

  Results from FactBites:
 
It's an Honour - Order of Australia (815 words)
The Queen is the Sovereign Head of the Order of Australia and the Governor-General is the Principal Companion and as Chancellor is charged with the administration of the order.
The Official Secretary to the Governor-General is the Secretary of the Order of Australia.
The Council of the Order of Australia is an independent body that considers all nominations for appointments and awards in the General Division of the Order.
Australia Day - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (421 words)
Australia Day is marked by civic celebrations around the country, including Order of Australia and Australian of the Year awards for outstanding achievement.
The Perth Lotterywest Skyworks display is billed as the largest Australia Day celebration in the country, with more than a third of the city's population (around 500,000 estimated for the 2006 Skyworks) lining the river foreshore for the display.
In Sydney on Australia Day 2006 there was a Woggan-ma-gule ceremony honouring the past and celebrating the present involving the New South Wales Governor and Indigenous Australians.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m