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Encyclopedia > Order (decoration)

An Order is a decoration, awarded by a government to an individual, usually for distinguished service to a nation or to humanity.


Modern orders and decorations can trace its origin back to the medieval Orders of Chivalry. By the time of the Renaissance, most European monarchs either acquired an existing Order of Chivalry, or created new orders of their own, to reward loyal civilian and especially military officials. Some of modern Europe's highest honours, such as Britain's Order of the Garter and Denmark's Order of the Elephant, were created during that era. A military order is a Christian order of knighthood that is founded for crusading, i. ... In the traditional view, the Renaissance is understood as an historical age that was preceded by the Middle Ages and followed by the Reformation. ... The Garter is the most recognizable insignia of the Order of the Garter. ... The Order of the Elephant is the highest Order of Denmark. ...


Such orders remained out of reach to the general public, however, until the nineteenth century. In 1802 Napoleon created the L├ęgion d'honneur (Legion of Honour), which is still France's highest award; it can be awarded to any person, regardless of status, for bravery in combat or for 20 years of distinguished service. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... --69. ... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... Knights badge of the Legion of Honour The Légion dhonneur (Legion of Honor (AmE) or Legion of Honour (ComE)) is an Order of Chivalry first established by Napoléon Bonaparte, First Consul of the French Republic, on May 19, 1802. ...

Commander's Badge of the Order of the British Empire
Commander's Badge of the Order of the British Empire

The Legion of Honour serves as the model for numerous modern orders of merit in the Western World, such as the Order of Leopold (Belgium, 1832) and the Order of the British Empire (United Kingdom, 1917). These orders typically have five classes, each wearing a badge (usually enamelled) on a ribbon, as a sash for the senior class, around the neck or on the left chest for the lower grades (ladies may wear the badge on a bow on the left chest). The two highest classes also wear a star (or 'plaque') on the chest. In special cases the senior class may wear the badge on a collar, which is an elaborate chain around the neck. Military awards may have crossed swords added onto the insignias. Badge of a CBE. From [1]. Information on this site has been posted with the intent that it be readily available for personal and public non-commercial use and may be reproduced, in part or in whole and by any means, without charge or further permission from Veterans Affairs Canada. ... Badge of a CBE. From [1]. Information on this site has been posted with the intent that it be readily available for personal and public non-commercial use and may be reproduced, in part or in whole and by any means, without charge or further permission from Veterans Affairs Canada. ... Order of Leopold The Order of Leopold is the highest military order of Belgium and is named in honor of King Leopold I. The decoration was established in 1832 and is awarded for extreme bravery in combat or for meritorious service of immense benefit to the Belgian nation. ... 1832 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Commanders Badge of the Order of the British Empire The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (OBE) is a British order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions; in decreasing order of seniority, these... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... A ribbon is a thin band of flexible material, typically cloth but also plastic or sometimes metal, used primarily for binding and tying. ...


In Communist countries orders of merit usually come in one to three grades, with only a badge worn with or without a ribbon on the chest. An example of a Communist order was the one-class Order of Lenin (USSR, 1930). Unlike the Western orders, however, Communist orders can be awarded more than once to an individual. After the collapse of the Soviet bloc most Eastern European countries have reverted to the Western-style orders originally established before the rise of Communism. The Order of Lenin (ru: Орден Ленина), named after the leader of the Russian Revolution, was the second highest national order of the Soviet Union (Highest was the Order of Victory). ... 1930 (MCMXXX) is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ...


Today almost all countries have some form of orders or decorations. Both Thailand's Order of the White Elephant and Japan's Order of the Rising Sun are over 100 years old. Canada has the Order of Canada; Australia similarly has the Order of Australia; even the United States has the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Congressional Gold Medal. The Most Exalted Order of the White Elephant (not to be confused with Denmarks Order of the Elephant) is the highest order (decoration) of Thailand. ... Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun The Order of the Rising Sun or Kyokujitsu sho(旭日章) is a Japanese Order (decoration), established in 1875 by Emperor Meiji of Japan. ... The Order of Canada is Canadas highest civilian honour, with membership awarded to those who exemplify the Orders Latin motto Desiderantes meliorem patriam, which means, Desiring a better country. ... Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia, wearing on her left shoulder the Order of Australias Sovereign Badge. ... The Presidential Medal of Freedom The Presidential Medal of Freedom is one of the two highest civilian awards in the United States, considered the equivalent of the Congressional Gold Medal of Honor. ... Congressional Gold Medal presented to Navajo Code talkers in 2000 The Congressional Gold Medal of Honor is the highest award which may be bestowed by the Legislative Branch of the United States government. ...


Modern orders are usually open to all citizens of a particular country, regardless of status, sex, race or creed (although some countries require their citizens to have reached a certain age before becoming eligible). Nominations are either made by private citizens, or by government officials, depending on the country. Once awarded, an order may be revoked if the individual dies, commits a crime, or renounces citizenship. Rarely, a dissident has become awarded, and due to his beliefs he has refused to accept it. This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... A dissident, broadly defined, is a person who actively opposes an established opinion, policy, or structure. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
DPMC - New Zealand Honours: Order of Wear (2632 words)
It is not worn in miniature and the ribbon is not worn with undress uniform.
The lapel badges of the New Zealand Orders, Gallantry and Bravery Awards and the New Zealand Antarctic Medal are worn on the left lapel or left side of the dress, on those occasions the full-size or miniature insignia are not worn, at the discretion of the holder.
The Order of St John Life Saving Medals (gold, silver and bronze) and the gold silver and bronze medals awarded by the Royal Humane Society of New Zealand, and ribbons denoting the same, may be worn on the right side of the coat on all occasions when official Orders, Decorations and Medals are worn.
Order (decoration) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (536 words)
The Legion of Honour serves as the model for numerous modern orders of merit in the Western World, such as the Order of Leopold (Belgium, 1832) and the Order of the British Empire (United Kingdom, 1917).
These orders typically have five classes, each wearing a badge (usually enamelled) on a ribbon, as a sash for the senior class, around the neck or on the left chest for the lower grades (ladies may wear the badge on a bow on the left chest).
Modern orders are usually open to all citizens of a particular country, regardless of status, sex, race or creed (although some countries require their citizens to have reached a certain age before becoming eligible).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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