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Encyclopedia > Orbital Sciences Corporation
Orbital Sciences Corporation
Type Public (NYSE: ORB)
Founded 1982
Location Dulles, Virginia
Key people David W. Thompson, CEO
Industry Rocketry, Space manufacturing
Products Space Launch Vehicles, Missile Defense Systems, Satellites and Related Systems, Advanced Space Systems, Space Technical Services, Transportation Management Systems
Revenue $691.71M USD (FY 2004)
Website www.orbital.com

Orbital Sciences Corporation (OSC, though commonly abbreviated as Orbital) is a Dulles, Virginia company which specializes in satellite launch and manufacture. Its Launch Systems Group is heavily involved with missile defense launch systems. Orbital formerly owned ORBIMAGE and the Magellan line of GPS receivers, though they are now divested (the latter to Thales). Orbital's NYSE ticker symbol is ORB. Orbital Sciences logo This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... A public company is a company owned by the public. ... New York Stock Exchange (June 2003) The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is the second largest stock exchange in the world. ... 1982 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Dulles is an unincorporated area in Loudoun County, Virginia. ... Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the job of having the ultimate executive responsibility or authority within an organization or corporation. ... A rocket is a vehicle, missile or aircraft which obtains thrust by the reaction to the ejection of fast moving exhaust from within a rocket engine. ... Space manufacturing is the production of manufactured goods in an environment outside a planetary atmosphere. ... In business, revenue is the amount of money that a company actually receives from its activities, mostly from sales of products and/or services to customers. ... The United States dollar, or American dollar, is the official currency of the United States. ... A fiscal year or financial year is a 12-month period used for calculating annual (yearly) financial reports in businesses and other organizations. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The front page of the English Wikipedia website. ... Dulles is an unincorporated area in Loudoun County, Virginia. ... State nickname: Old Dominion Other U.S. States Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Governor Mark R. Warner (D) Official languages English Area 110,862 km² (35th)  - Land 102,642 km²  - Water 8,220 km² (7. ... A satellite is an object that orbits another object (known as its primary). ... A payload launch vehicle carrying a prototype exoatmospheric kill vehicle is launched from Meck Island at the Kwajalein Missile Range on Dec. ... Over fifty GPS satellites such as this NAVSTAR have been launched since 1978. ... The Thales Group is a global electronics company serving aerospace, defence, and information technology markets worldwide. ... New York Stock Exchange (June 2003) The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is the second largest stock exchange in the world. ...


Orbital Products

Satellite launch vehicles

  • Minotaur
  • Pegasus
  • Taurus
  • OSP-2 Peacekeeper, a satellite launching version of the LG-118A Peacekeeper

Pegasus rocket on the ground Pegasus rocket attached to bottom of carrier aircraft The Pegasus rocket is a three stage, solid propellant, winged space booster developed by Orbital Sciences Corporation (OSC). ... Taurus is an German/Swedish air-launched cruise missile, manufactured by EADS, Saab Bofors Dynamics and used by Germany and Sweden. ... Test launch of a Peacekeeper ICBM by the 576 Flight Test Squadron, Vandenberg AFB, CA (USAF) The LG-118A Peacekeeper is a land-based ICBM deployed by the United States starting in 1986. ...

Experimental vehicles

  • X-34 reusable launch vehicle demonstrator

The Orbital Sciences X-34 was intended as a low-cost testbed to demonstrate key technologies integratable to the Reusable Launch Vehicle program. ...

National and theater missile defense

  • GMD Boost Vehicle
  • Kinetic Energy Interceptors (KEI)
  • Ballistic target vehicles
  • GQM-163A Coyote
  • Suborbital rocket testbeds

A payload launch vehicle carrying a prototype exoatmospheric kill vehicle is launched from Meck Island at the Kwajalein Missile Range on Dec. ... Kinetic energy (also called vis viva, or living force) is energy possessed by a body by virtue of its motion. ...


See also: GEO Geo logo 1996 Geo Metro models Geo was a brand of small automobiles marketed by General Motors beginning with the 1989 model year and ending with the absorption of the brand into the companys Chevrolet passenger vehicle division in 1998. ... Leo (Latin for lion) is a constellation of the zodiac. ... Planetary is an adjective meaning relating to a planet or planets. ...


NASAs DART spacecraft DART, or Demonstration for Autonomous Rendezvous Technology, is a NASA sponsored project. ... NASA technicians working on the X-43A at the tip of a Pegasus rocket attached to a Boeing B-52B prior to launch (March 27, 2004) The X-43 is an unmanned experimental hypersonic aircraft design with multiple planned scale variations meant to test different aspects of highly supersonic flight. ... // Background The Orbital Space Plane program (now defunct and replaced by the Spiral series of CEV - Crew Exploration Vehicles) was designed to support the International Space Station requirements for crew rescue, crew transport and contingency cargo such as supplies, food and other needed equipment. ... Boeings CEV concept The Crew Exploration Vehicle (CEV) is NASAs proposed series of human spaceflight spacecraft, intended to succeed the space shuttle system. ... Lockheed/BAE/Northrop F-35 Lockheed Trident missile C-130 Hercules; in production since the 1950s, now as the C-130J Lockheed Martin (NYSE: LMT) is an aerospace manufacturer formed in 1995 by the merger of Lockheed Corporation with Martin Marietta. ...

Launch Sites

Orbital are licensed to launch from 6 sites. These include:

Vandenberg Air Force Base is a base with a spaceport, located in Santa Barbara County, California. ... The Bumper V-2 was the first missile launched at Cape Canaveral on July 24, 1950. ... NASA Goddard Space Flight Center`s Wallops Flight Facility, located on Virginia`s Eastern Shore, was established in 1945 by the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, as a center for aeronautic research. ... The Kodiak Launch center (also KLC) is a commercial rocket launching site at 57°2609 northern latitude and 152°2016 western length. ...

External links

Orbital Sciences Corporation page



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