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Encyclopedia > Orb (paranormal)
Example of a photograph featuring an orb
Example of a photograph featuring an orb

The term orb is the popular name given to typically circular anomalies appearing in photographs. In photography and video, orbs appear to be balls, diamonds, or smears of light with an apparent size in the image ranging from a golfball to a basketball depending on the distance of the dust particle to the lens. Orbs sometimes appear to be in motion, leaving a trail behind them. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (936x689, 71 KB) Uploaded by owner of the picture. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (936x689, 71 KB) Uploaded by owner of the picture. ... Anomalous phenomena are phenomena which are observed and for which there are no suitable explanations in the context of a specific body of scientific knowledge, e. ... For other uses, see Photograph (disambiguation). ...


There are two main trains of thought regarding the cause of orbs in photographs. The first school sees it as a fairly clear-cut case of flash or ambient light reflection off of dust, particles, insects, or moisture droplets in the air in front of the camera distorted by the digital cameras CCD lens being unable to focus, i.e. they are naturalistic. The opposing school maintains that orbs are paranormal in nature and spirits, i.e. non-naturalistic and ghost like. Xenon flash lamp being fired. ... Paranormal is an umbrella term used to describe a wide variety of reported anomalous phenomena. ...


Some people claim[weasel word sentence] that 'paranormal' orbs are more likely to appear in certain locales, or are attracted to human actitivities, especially those involving children. The images on Internet fora devoted to orbs are taken in graveyards, backyards, attics, and kitchens, living rooms, as well as bars, convention centers, and city streets – in short, anywhere people may be taking photos. Locations in which orbs are frequently observed are often said[weasel word sentence] to be associated with other 'supernatural activity' and haunting taking place.


As orb photos may demonstrably[weasel word sentence] be gained anywhere, the position of "ghost hunters" who claim orb photos are more common in allegedly haunted areas is significantly weakened. That orb photos can be gained anywhere has, however, been adopted into the position of conspiracy theorists who maintain that orbs are probes/devices being used by an alien culture to monitor human activities. Green people redirects here. ...


Orb photos have become so common that some 'ghost hunting organizations' are no longer accepting submissions of them, or specifying that only "exceptional" examples be presented, yet although scientifically debunked as a modern inception with no pre-recorded example prior to the availability of CCD lens (digital camera) technology and it's inferior ability to focus, 'supernatural orbs' make up the predominant presense of 'ghost photos' on the internet. Whether this is due to the fact orbs and light artifacts are easier to generate accidentally and provide a more apt result for the photographer seeking to find controversy, or whether this is for lack of other scientifically credible 'evidence' of the paranormal is left open to debate. Ghost hunting is the process of investigating locations said to be haunted. ...

Contents

Naturalistic orbs

Naturalistic orbs are most commonly gained using digital cameras and built-in flash. While photographers with archives of photos report having occasionally seen "orbs" in their photos gained with film cameras no evidence has been presented that this is not a modern light artifact error arising in CCD lenses, and the recent rise in reports of orb photos may be directly related to the common availability of digital cameras and associated rise in the number of pictures taken. Look up digital camera in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


It should be noted also that the size of the camera is another consideration in the recent proliferation of orb photos. As film cameras, and then digital cameras, have steadily shrunk in size, reports of "orbs" increased accordingly. As cameras became smaller, the distance between the lens and the built-in flash also shrank, decreasing the angle of reflection back into the lens causing less focus on small light artifacts and thus an orblike appearance. The reflection of a bridge in Indianapolis, Indianas Central Canal. ...


There are a number of naturalistic causes for orbs in photography and videography. Photography [fәtɑgrәfi:],[foʊtɑgrәfi:] is the process of recording pictures by means of capturing light on a light-sensitive medium, such as a film or electronic sensor. ...

  • Solid orbs - Dry particulate matter such as dust, pollen, insects, etc.
  • Liquid orbs - Droplets of liquid, usually water, e.g. rain.
  • Foreign material on the camera lens
  • Foreign material within the camera lens
  • Foreign material within the camera body

There are also orbs showing up without any "environmental" explanation i.e. no visible dust, no rain, no moisture, no snowing, no light reflections, etc.[citation needed] However it should be noted that dust particles are present in our environments at all times undetectable to the naked eye.


Solid orbs

Examples of solid orbs.

How a solid orb is created

A solid orb, or dust orb, is created because a reflective solid airborne particle, such as a dust particle, is situated near the camera lens and outside the depth of field, in other words out of focus. The pinpoint of light reflected from the dust particle that would be seen if it were at the hyperfocal distance, the distance from the film or charge-coupled device (CCD) to the object being photographed wherby the object is in focus as accurately as possible, grows into a circle of confusion with increasing distance from it. Photographic lens One of Canons most popular wide angle lenses - 17-40 f/4 L The zoom lens of the Canon Elph A photographic lens (or more correctly, objective) is an optical lens or assembly of lenses used in conjunction with a camera body and mechanism to make images... In optics, particularly film and photography, the depth of field (DOF) is the distance in front of and beyond the subject that appears to be in focus. ... Hyperfocal distance is a distance used in optics, especially photography. ... A specially developed CCD used for ultraviolet imaging in a wire bonded package. ... In optics, a circle of confusion, (also known as disk of confusion, circle of indistinctness, blur circle, etc. ...


Liquid orbs

Examples of liquid orbs.

Rain orbs, with the camera zoomed out
Rain orbs, with the camera zoomed out
Rain orbs, with the camera zoomed in
Rain orbs, with the camera zoomed in
Rain orbs with coma (tails) and chromatic aberration visible
Rain orbs with coma (tails) and chromatic aberration visible
Close up of an orb, clearly showing chromatic aberration and the cat's eye effect
Close up of an orb, clearly showing chromatic aberration and the cat's eye effect

Download high resolution version (1024x768, 398 KB)Rain orbs with camera zoomed out. ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 398 KB)Rain orbs with camera zoomed out. ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 336 KB)Rain Orbs - Camera zoomed in File links The following pages link to this file: Orb (paranormal) Categories: User-created public domain images ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 336 KB)Rain Orbs - Camera zoomed in File links The following pages link to this file: Orb (paranormal) Categories: User-created public domain images ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (874x768, 191 KB)Coma and Chromatic aberration. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (874x768, 191 KB)Coma and Chromatic aberration. ... In optics (especially telescopes), the coma in an optical system refers to monochromatic aberration inherent to certain optical designs or due to imperfection in the lens or other components which results in off-axis point sources such as stars appearing distorted. ... Chromatic aberration is caused by the dispersion of the lens material, the variation of its refractive index n with the wavelength of light. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (800x777, 117 KB)Cats eye effect with chromatic aberration. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (800x777, 117 KB)Cats eye effect with chromatic aberration. ... Chromatic aberration is caused by the dispersion of the lens material, the variation of its refractive index n with the wavelength of light. ...

How a liquid orb is created

A liquid orb is created because a drop of liquid, most often a rain drop, is situated near the camera lens and outside the depth of field, in other words out of focus. The pinpoint of light reflected from the drop of liquid that would be seen if it were at the hyperfocal distance, the distance from the film or CCD to the object being photographed whereby the object is in focus as accurately as possible, grows into a circle of confusion with increasing distance from it. The appearance of the circle of confusion is modified by aberrations such as chromatic aberration or coma. In optics, particularly film and photography, the depth of field (DOF) is the distance in front of and beyond the subject that appears to be in focus. ... Hyperfocal distance is a distance used in optics, especially photography. ... In optics, a circle of confusion, (also known as disk of confusion, circle of indistinctness, blur circle, etc. ... Chromatic aberration is caused by the dispersion of the lens material, the variation of its refractive index n with the wavelength of light. ... In optics (especially telescopes), the coma in an optical system refers to monochromatic aberration inherent to certain optical designs or due to imperfection in the lens or other components which results in off-axis point sources such as stars appearing distorted. ...


Orbs are usually seen through the lens of a camera.


They are also often caused by water or water spots remaining on the negatives during photo processing. Oftentimes simply cleaning the negative and reprinting the film will eliminate the orbs.


Non-naturalistic orbs

Sometimes termed 'spirit orbs', light artifacts are sometimes claimed to exist more densely around certain haunted regions, or claimed to be the spirits of departed loved ones. Orbs of an allegedly paranormal non-naturalistic origin have only come into knowledge over the past decade or so, due to the advent of the CCD and CMOS lenses used by digital cameras which were the first instance where dust and liquids became as visible due to the instantaneous capture method of the photosensitive diodes used, reinforcing skeptics' claims that they are merely a product of the lens. [citation needed]. As with cloud watching the inference of what orbs are are limited to the creativity of the individual, although no evidence linking orbs with the supernatural has ever been presented. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


External links

  • ORBS: What Is Going On? The Prophet's Conference, May 2007, Sedona, with presentations by material scientists, Dr. William Tiller and Dr. Klaus Heinemann. And Klaus' wiki on orb research methodology.
  • The Orb Project Website for the book by Miceal Ledwith and Klaus Heinemann.
  • The Orb Zone: Orbs Explained Presenting the scientific evidence and accessible explanations for the orb phenomena.
  • ASSAP ASSAP's website has several pages showing how various different 'types' of orb (coloured, oddly-shaped, bright, transparent, etc.) can readily be reproduced (includes diagrams and photos).
  • Science of Orb Photos An article on orb photos. A mathematical framework is given using holography theory.
  • Orbs Of Life - By Dan Winter
  • Orbs - A Christian Perspective
  • G.E.E.S.A. French study
  • SABOCU extensive orb videos and photos "Something Accepted Beyond Our Current Understanding"

  Results from FactBites:
 
Orb (paranormal) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (886 words)
Orbs is are dumbgiven to (typically) circular anomalies appearing in photographs.
A solid orb, or dust orb, is created because a reflective solid airborne particle, such as a dust particle, is situated near the camera lens and outside the Depth of field, in other words out of focus.
Belief in these "orb friends" is reminiscent of the belief in fairies in the early part of the twentieth century.
Orb - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (417 words)
The Orb in the "Orb and Sceptre" is a type of regalia known as a globus cruciger (Latin: orb cross).
Orb (paranormal) is a phenomenon that can be seen by some people with the naked eye, though more usually are captured on camera, considered by some to be paranormal and by others to be caused by the camera flash reflecting off dust.
Orb (Charmed) — a magical form of teleportation in the television show Charmed; still in fiction, the verb to orb is used for the same as well as for SF-technology to that effect, as in Stargate SG-1.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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