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Encyclopedia > Orange SA
Orange S.A.
Type Private
Founded April 1994
Headquarters Paris, France
Industry Telecommunications
Parent France Télécom
Website www.orange.com

Orange SA IPA: [ɔʀɑ̃ʒ] is a mobile network operator and an internet service provider that is a subsidiary of France Télécom. Orange also belongs to the FreeMove mobile phone alliance. Orange is now the unique commercial facade of almost all France Telecom services. Image File history File links Orange_logo. ... The term privately held company refers to ownership of a business company in two different ways—first, referring to ownership by non-governmental organizations; and second, referring to ownership of the companys stock by a relatively small number of holders who do not trade the stock publicly. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Copy of the original phone of Alexander Graham Bell at the Musée des Arts et Métiers in Paris Telecommunication is the transmission of signals over a distance for the purpose of communication. ... A holding company is a company that owns part, all, or a majority of other companies outstanding stock. ... France Télécom (Euronext: FTE, NYSE: FTE) (often spelled France Telecom, without the accents, in non-French text) is the main telecommunication company in France. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... S.A. is the abbreviation of Société Anonyme in French, Spółka Akcyjna in Polish, Sociedad Anónima in Spanish, Sociedade Anónima in Portuguese, or Naamloze Venootschap (N.V.) in Dutch, generally designating corporations in various countries. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... A mobile network operator, also known as wireless service provider, wireless carrier, mobile phone operator, or cellular company, is a telephone company that provides services for mobile phone subscribers. ... In business, a subsidiary is a company controlled by another company or corporation. ... France Télécom (Euronext: FTE, NYSE: FTE) (often spelled France Telecom, without the accents, in non-French text) is the main telecommunication company in France. ... FreeMove is an alliance of several European mobile telecommunications operators, designed to provide better service integration for its members roaming customers. ...


It is a mobile network operator in Europe, including France, Belgium, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom (see Orange UK), Switzerland, Austria[1] (see One), Poland (see Orange Polska), Slovakia (see Orange Slovensko), Romania (see Orange Romania), Moldova (see Orange Moldova) and Spain (see Orange España); in Africa, including Egypt (see mobinil), Côte d'Ivoire, Cameroon, Botswana, Madagascar, Mali, Senegal and Réunion; and in the Caribbean, including Martinique, French Guiana, St Kitts, Dominica and the Dominican Republic.
It also franchises the Orange Brand in Israel (see Partner Communications Company Ltd.) and has franchised it in Australia, India (until 2006) and Hong Kong in the past. It had a joint venture with Charoen Pokphand in Thailand until 2005. Orange UK is a mobile network operator and internet service provider in the United Kingdom which is owned by Orange SA, a subsidiary of France Télécom // Orange (founded in 1994 by Hutchison Whampoa using its subsidiary Hutchison Telecom) is a telecommunications company specialising in mobile phones and subsequently... One is an Austrian mobile network operator. ... Orange Polska(earlier name Idea) is the brand name of Polands mobile phone network operator, Centertel. ... Orange Slovensko (earlier name Globtel) is a telecommunications company operating in Slovakia. ... Orange Romania is Romanias largest GSM network operator. ... Orange Moldova is a mobile network operator in Moldova. ... Orange España is a mobile telecommunications company in Spain. ... Mobinil logo Mobinil is Egypts first mobile phone operator. ... Motto Country Above Self Anthem O Land of Beauty! Royal anthem God Save the Queen Capital (and largest city) Basseterre Official languages English Government  -  Monarch Queen Elizabeth II  -  Governor-General Sir Cuthbert Sebastian  -  Prime Minister Dr. Denzil Douglas Independence  -  19 September 1983  Area  -  Total 261 km² (207th) 101 sq mi... Partner Communications Co. ... Charoen Pokphand is a huge business group based in Thailand. ...


Altogether, as of July 2006 Orange Mobile had 88.6 million users.[2]

Contents

Introduction

Orange (mobile network operator)

Microtel Communications Ltd was formed in April 1990 as a consortium comprising Pactel Corporation, British Aerospace, Millicom and french company Matra (British Aerospace soon acquired full control of the company). In 1991 Microtel was awarded a license to develop a mobile network in the UK, and in July 1991 Hutchison Telecommunications (UK) Ltd acquired Microtel from BAe. BAe was paid in Hutchison Telecommunications (UK) Ltd. shares, giving the company a 30% share. Microtel was renamed Orange Personal Communications Services Ltd. in 1994. Wolff Olins and advertising agency WCRS created the Orange brand. (The logo is square because a round Orange logo was already in existence designed by leading Graphic Designer Neville Brody for the reprographics and printing firm that is also known as Orange). The Orange network was launched on 28 April 1994. British Aerospace (BAe) was a UK aircraft and defence systems manufacturer, now part of BAE Systems. ... Mécanique Avion TRAction or Matra is a French company covering a wide range of activities mainly related to aeronautics and weaponry which today operates as the Lagardère Group. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar). ...


Orange plc was formed in 1995 as a holding company for the Orange group. France Télécom formed the present company in 2001 after acquiring Orange plc (which had been acquired by Mannesmann AG, itself purchased by Vodafone shortly after, leading Vodafone to divest Orange) and merging its existing mobile operations into the company. The company was initially 100% owned by France Télécom (although there were and remain minority investors in some of the national operating companies). In 2001 15% was sold in an IPO, but in 2003 this was bought back in. France Télécom (Euronext: FTE, NYSE: FTE) (often spelled France Telecom, without the accents, in non-French text) is the main telecommunication company in France. ... Vodafone Group Plc is a mobile network operator headquartered in Newbury, Berkshire, England. ... An initial public offering (IPO) is the first sale of a corporations common shares to investors on a public stock exchange. ...


Orange (ISP)

Orange as an ISP operates in France, the United Kingdom, Equatorial Guinea, the Netherlands, Spain, Senegal, Slovakia and Switzerland. France Télécom also operates as an ISP in Poland through its stake in Telekomunikacja Polska, which is now being co-branded as Orange. It is currently the largest ISP in Europe with over ten million subscribers (including those of Telekomunikacja Polska), largely concentrated in France, the UK, Spain, the Netherlands and Poland, and was originally known as Wanadoo. “ISP” redirects here. ... Telekomunikacja Polska S.A. (also known as TPSA or just TP) is a Polish telecom and ISP, provider of the Neostrada ADSL service. ...


The origin of the name Wanadoo is subject to some controversy, as some maintain it came about in the late 1990s when many internet companies competed to choose "Yahoo" sounding names. However it might be that the name Wanadoo first appeared in an internal project at France Télécom, much in line with a number of other such projects such as Intranoo, Tatoo, Netatoo and @noo. Yahoo! - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


Wanadoo was floated on the stock market on 18 July 2000. In 2000, Wanadoo also took over the major British ISP Freeserve, which had previously been part of the Dixons Group (now DSG International plc). Following the buy-out, Freeserve maintained its own branding for a while before finally changing to the Wanadoo name on 28 April 2004. Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Wanadoo is a French Internet Service Provider (ISP), which is a subsidiary of France Telecom. ... The United Kingdom based DSG International plc (formerly Dixons Group plc) is one of the largest consumer electronics retailers in Europe. ...


However, the name Wanadoo changed to Orange on 1 June 2006 to simplify branding by common parent company, France Télécom. This merging of companies has created a single brand offering mobile telecommunications and internet services. is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... France Télécom (Euronext: FTE, NYSE: FTE) (often spelled France Telecom, without the accents, in non-French text) is the main telecommunication company in France. ...


Recent changes

In June 2005, France Télécom announced that its ISP Wanadoo and business service Equant will both be renamed Orange in 2006 to harmonize branding.[3] In July 2005, France Télécom announced its intention to acquire 80% of the Spanish mobile phone operator Amena, a deal that was completed in November 2005. Amena was also rebranded to Orange with Wanadoo in Spain and Uni2, a fixed line provider, to complete a "triple play". It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Orange SA. (Discuss) Wanadoo logo Wanadoo is the former name of the ISP division of Orange SA. , which is a subsidiary of France Télécom. ... Equant (now Orange Business Services ) is a subsidiary of France Télécom and provides network and information technology business services in over 220 countries and territories. ... Amena is a mobile telecommunications company in Spain. ... Amena is a mobile telecommunications company in Spain. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Orange SA. (Discuss) Wanadoo logo Wanadoo is the former name of the ISP division of Orange SA. , which is a subsidiary of France Télécom. ...


At the beginning of 2006, Orange in Slovakia started providing triple-play services via FTTH under the name "Orange Homebox".


From July 2007, T-Mobile Netherlands [1] is trying to buy Orange Netherlands from France Télécom. The European Commission has already approved the acquisition. It is not seen as a danger to competition. T-Mobile logo T-Mobile is a multinational mobile phone operator. ... The Commission seat in Brussels The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive body of the European Union. ...


Use of the Orange brand by other companies

Because the brand was originally owned by Hutchison, many of Hutchison's Asian and Oceanic subsidiaries continued using the Orange brand until recently. World map showing the location of Asia. ... World map exhibiting a common interpretation of Oceania; other interpretations may vary. ...


On the 1 February 2006, Hutchison Telecom announced its Australian affiliate would withdraw the Orange brand name. Its CDMA network was shut down on August 9, 2006, after the vast majority of its customers had already migrated to the 3 network (also owned by Hutchison). is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hutchison Whampoa Limited (HWL, 和記黃埔有限公司), (HKSE: 0013), of Hong Kong, is one of the largest companies listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange. ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Orange brand name has also now been removed from India. Orange Mumbai has now been rebranded to Hutch. The website simply states that "Orange is now Hutch in Mumbai" before redirecting to the Hutch website. , “Bombay” redirects here. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Hutchs current Logo Hutch is a national cellular operator in India, covers most of the country. ...


The Orange network in Thailand was rebranded to True Move in 2006, after Orange SA pulled out from Thailand.


The Orange brand continues to be used under licence by Partner Communications Company Ltd. in Israel. Partner Communications Co. ...


Operations within the Orange Group

Most operations in Orange SA are also branded Orange, but not all - the exceptions being Mobistar in Belgium, One in Austria, Mobinil in Egypt and Optimus Telecomunicações in Portugal. This generally relates to whether the parent company has a majority holding. Mobistar mobile in Belgium, part of Orange SA. Mobistar is one of Belgiums three mobile telecommunications operators. ... One is an Austrian mobile network operator. ... Mobinil logo Mobinil is Egypts first mobile phone operator. ... // Optimus Telecomunicações, S.A. is a Portuguese GSM/UMTS mobile operator. ...


Criticism

On the 21st of March 2007, Watchdog, a television series by the BBC focusing on consumer protection published the results from a Broadband survey they held. According to the survey Orange is the worst ISP in the UK. 68% of Orange customers that took part in the survey said they were unsatisfied with Orange's Customer Service, Orange was voted as the most unreliable broadband provider, Orange had the highest number of dissatisfied customers and two thirds of Orange customers experienced problems cancelling their Orange broadband.[4] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A television program is the content of television broadcasting. ... The British Broadcasting Corporation, which is usually known as the BBC, is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the United Kingdom alone and with a budget of more than GB£4 billion. ... Consumers refers to individuals or households that purchase and use goods and services generated within the economy. ... Broadband in telecommunications is a term which refers to a signaling method which includes or handles a relatively wide range of frequencies which may be divided into channels or frequency bins. ... Statistical surveys are used to collect quantitative information about items in a population. ...


A consumer organization forum web site known as OrangeProblems focuses on the poor level of service provided by Orange Broadband in the UK. Initially set up as WanadooProblems.co.uk, the site focuses on the infamous Orange Local Loop Unbundling and poor Customer service but covers a wider range of Orange operations. Consumer organizations are organizations that seek to protect people from corporate abuse. ... A typical Internet forum discussion, with common elements such as quotes and spoiler brackets A page from a forum showcasing emoticons and Internet slang An Internet forum is a web application for holding discussions and posting user generated content. ... An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy the notability guideline for Web content. ... Local loop unbundling (LLU) is the regulatory process of allowing multiple telecommunications operators use of connections from the telephone exchanges central office to the customers premises. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Orange Mobile have been criticised during a Channel 4 News investigation for a lack of security which potentially exposed customer records to fraud.[5]


In August 2007, Orange was critised for summarily deleting email accounts tied to old Freeserve and Wanadoo pay-as-you-go dial-up accounts with no warning. [6]


See also

3 is a brand used for nine mobile telecommunications networks in Europe, Asia and Australia. ... Hutchison Whampoa Limited or HWL (Traditional Chinese: , SEHK: 0013) of Hong Kong is a Fortune 500 company and one of the largest companies listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange. ...

References

  1. ^ Mid Europa partners (2007-06-21). Mid Europa Partners and France Telecom/Orange to acquire One GmbH, the third mobile operator in Austria. Press release. Retrieved on 2007-06-21.
  2. ^ Company Overview. Retrieved on 2006-12-19.
  3. ^ Richardson, Tim. "Wanadoo brand to be scrapped", The Register, 2005-06-29. Retrieved on 2006-12-19. 
  4. ^ BBC Watchdog Broadband Survey. Retrieved on 2007-03-21.
  5. ^ Channel 4 News
  6. ^ "Night of the long juicer"

A press release (sometimes known as a news release or press statement) is a written or recorded communication directed at members of the news media for the purpose of announcing something claimed as having news value. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Current logo of The Register. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • http://www.orange.com - Main Orange Group's site
  • Orange.mobi - Orange's Official Mobile Website
  • Orange networks:
    • Flag of Botswana Orange Botswana
    • Flag of Cameroon Orange Cameroon
    • Flag of Caribbean Community Orange Caribbean
    • Flag of Dominica Orange Dominica
    • Flag of the Dominican Republic Orange Dominicana (Dominican Republic)
    • Flag of Equatorial Guinea Orange Equatorial Guinea
    • Flag of France Orange France
    • Flag of Israel Orange Israel
    • Flag of Côte d'Ivoire Orange Ivory Coast
    • Flag of Jordan Orange Jordan
    • Flag of Liechtenstein Orange Liechtenstein (subsidary of Orange Switzerland)
    • Flag of Madagascar Orange Madagascar
    • Flag of Mali Orange Mali
    • Flag of Moldova Orange Moldova (61% controlled)
    • Flag of the Netherlands Orange Netherlands
    • Flag of Poland Orange Poland
    • Flag of Romania Orange Romania
    • Flag of Senegal Orange Senegal
    • Flag of Slovakia Orange Slovakia
    • Flag of Spain Orange Spain
    • Flag of Switzerland Orange Switzerland
    • Flag of France Orange Reunion
    • Flag of the United Kingdom Orange UK
  • Orange-controlled or joint-controlled interests (non-Orange branded mobile operators)
    • Flag of Austria One (Austria)
    • Flag of Belgium Mobistar (Belgium)
    • Flag of Luxembourg VOXmobile (Luxembourg) owned by mobistar
    • Flag of Egypt Mobinil (Egypt)
    • Flag of Portugal Optimus (Portugal)
  • Other Orange websites
    • Orange Partner - Orange Group's developer/partner programme, enabling businesses worldwide to commercialise their applications, content or solutions on the Orange network.

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