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Encyclopedia > Orange, New South Wales
Orange
New South Wales

Population: 35,446 [1] (as of 2006)
Established: 1846
Postcode: 2800
Elevation: 863.2[2] m
Location: 250 km from Sydney
LGA: City of Orange
County: Wellington, Bathurst
State District: Orange
Federal Division: Calare
Mean Max Temp Mean Min Temp Rainfall
19.7 °C
67 °F
6.2 °C
43 °F
878 mm
34.6 in

Orange is a provincial city in New South Wales, Australia. It is located on the Mitchell Highway, also known as Summer Street, 260 kilometres west of Sydney at an altitude of 862 metres. The population is approaching 40,000 and the city is a major provincial centre. Image File history File links Mergefrom. ... Summer Street is the main street of Orange, New South Wales in Australia. ... “NSW” redirects here. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (977x733, 43 KB) Summary Shows location of w: Orange, New South Wales marked in red in the Australian state of w:New South Wales. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Australian postcodes have four digits; envelopes for posting from Australia reflect this. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... ‹ The template below (Unit of length) is being considered for deletion. ... The Sydney Opera House on Sydney Harbour Sydney (pronounced ) is the most populous city in Australia, with a metropolitan area population of approximately 4. ... Map of Local Government Areas in New South Wales Types of LGAs in New South Wales The Local Government Areas of New South Wales, Australia have been subject to periodic bouts of restructuring and rationalisation by the State Government, involving voluntary and involuntary amalgamation of areas. ... The City of Orange is a Local Government Area of New South Wales, Australia, including Orange and the surrounding areas. ... Most of the Western and Central parts of Australia were never divided into counties;  No counties  Has been subdivided into counties Cadastral divisions of Australia refers to the parts of Australia which are divided into the cadastral units of counties, parishes, hundreds, and other divisions for the purposes of land... Wellington County is a county in New South Wales, Australia, which was one of the original Nineteen Counties. ... Bathurst County, New South Wales was one of the original Nineteen Counties in New South Wales and is now one of the 141 Cadastral divisions of New South Wales. ... State Electoral District is a term used to refer to a voting area within Australian states. ... Orange is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of New South Wales. ... The Australian House of Representatives is elected from 150 single-member districts called Divisions. ... The Division of Calare is an Australian Electoral Division in New South Wales. ... Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... ‹ The template below (Unit of length) is being considered for deletion. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... “NSW” redirects here. ... The Mitchell Highway is a major rural highway in central and northern New South Wales, Australia. ... Summer Street is the main street of Orange, New South Wales in Australia. ... The Sydney Opera House on Sydney Harbour Sydney (pronounced ) is the most populous city in Australia, with a metropolitan area population of approximately 4. ...


Key industries include agriculture, mining, health services and education. A significant landmark nearby is Mount Canobolas at an altitude of 1,395 metres (4,577 ft) it gives commanding views of the district. Orange is one of the few population centres in Australia to receive snowfalls most winters. Orange is the birthplace of poets Banjo Paterson and Kenneth Slessor, although Paterson only lived in Orange for a very short time as an infant. Chuquicamata, the second largest open pit copper mine in the world, Chile. ... Taj Mahal Big Ben Saint Basils Cathedral Azadi Square in Tehran For other senses of this word, see landmark (disambiguation). ... Mount Canobolas from the Pinnacles Mount Canobolas, at an altitude of 1,395 metres above sea level, is the highest mountain in the central west region of New South Wales, Australia. ... Altitude is the elevation of an object from a known level or datum. ... ‹ The template below (Unit of length) is being considered for deletion. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Andrew Barton Banjo Paterson (February 17, 1864 – February 5, 1941) was a famous Australian bush poet, journalist and author. ... Kenneth Adolf Slessor (March 27, 1901–July 30, 1971) was a terrible Australian poet and journalist. ...

Contents

Transport

Orange is situated on the Mitchell Highway, linking the city to Bathurst to the East, and through to Molong, Wellington, Dubbo and Bourke to the north west. Due west is Parkes (100km) and Forbes (125km) which is midway along the Newell Highway, running from Brisbane to Melbourne. Orange has two railway stations. The main station, on the old main line to Bourke, is served by the daily Countrylink XPT service between Sydney and Dubbo and the weekly Xplorer service between Sydney and Broken Hill. The twice-weekly Indian Pacific calls at a small platform on the branch line to Broken Hill (known as Orange East Fork). Orange is also serviced by a regional-class airport, Orange Airport. In 2007 a bypass road, known as the northern distributor road, was opened for use after decades of planning. Bathurst is a regional centre in the state of New South Wales, Australia approximately 200km west of Sydney and is the seat of the Bathurst Regional Council Local Government Area. ... Location of Bourke in New South Wales (red) Bourke is a town and Local Government Area in the north of New South Wales, Australia. ... The Main Western Railway is a major railway in New South Wales, Australia. ... Location of Bourke in New South Wales (red) Bourke is a town and Local Government Area in the north of New South Wales, Australia. ... CountryLink is the name given to the train and coach services that runs throughout regional areas in the state of New South Wales (NSW), Australia. ... Aerial image of Dubbo viewed from the southeast For the seat in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly, see Electoral district of Dubbo. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Fresh from the launch of the new Indian Pacific livery on 24th September, NR 28 hauls the Indian Pacific out of Perth (through Maylands) on Wednesday, 28th September 2005. ... The Broken Hill railway line is now part of the transcontinental railway from Sydney to Perth. ... Orange Airport (IATA: OAG, ICAO: YORG) is an airport in Orange, New South Wales, Australia. ...


History

In 1822 Captain Percy Simpson drove into the Wellington District and established a convict settlement which was called "Blackman's Swamp" after John Blackman. Percy had employed John Blackman as a guide because he had already accompanied an earlier explorer into that region. 1822 (MDCCCXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


In the late 1820s surveyor J. B. Richards worked on a survey of the Macquarie River below Bathurst and also of the road to Wellington. On a plan dated 1829, he indicated a village reserve, in the parish of Orange. It is thought that Sir Thomas Mitchell may have named the parish, as he had been an associate of the Prince of Orange in the Peninsular War, when both were aides-de-camp to the Duke of Wellington, whose title was bestowed on the valley westward, by Oxley. The Macquarie River is one of the main inland rivers in New South Wales. ... Bathurst can refer to several cities in English-speaking countries: Bathurst, New Brunswick (Canada) Bathurst, New South Wales (Australia) Bathurst, South Africa, near Grahamstown on the eastern cape. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Wellington Region. ... Combatants Kingdom of Spain, United Kingdom, Kingdom of Portugal French Empire The Peninsular War or Spanish War of Independence (Guerra de la Independencia Española) was a war in the Iberian Peninsula. ... The Dukedom of Wellington, derived from Wellington in Somerset, is a hereditary title and the senior Dukedom in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. ...


Legal occupation by graziers began late in 1829, and tiny settlements grew up on the properties and in connection with the road. In 1844 surveyor Davidson was sent to check on encroachments onto the land reserved for a village, and to advise on the location for a township; the choice being Frederick's Valley, Pretty Plains or Blackman's Swamp.


Blackman's Swamp was decided upon and proclaimed a village and named Orange by Major Thomas Mitchell in 1846 in honour of Prince William of Orange. At nearby Ophir the first payable discovery of gold in Australia was made in 1851 which led to the Australian gold rush. Subsequent discoveries of gold in nearby areas led to the establishment of Orange as a central trading centre for the gold. This is contrary to the popular belief that gold was first discovered close to the nearby regional town of Bathurst, New South Wales. 1838 map of Victoria and New South Wales showing towns, major rivers and the limits of the Colony at the time. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... King William I of the Netherlands, born William Frederik of Orange-Nassau (The Hague, 24 August 1772 - Berlin, 12 December 1843), was the second King of the Netherlands (the first king was Louis I Napoleon Bonaparte). ... Ophir is the name of a locality in New South Wales, Australia. ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... 1851 (MDCCCLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Australian gold rushes started in 1851 when prospector Edward Hargraves discovered gold near Bathurst, New South Wales, at a site Hargraves called Ophir. ... Bathurst is a regional centre in the state of New South Wales, Australia approximately 200km west of Sydney and is the seat of the Bathurst Regional Council Local Government Area. ...


The growth of Orange continued as the conditions were well suited for agriculture, and in 1860 it was proclaimed a municipality. The railway from Sydney reached Orange in 1877. In 1946, 100 years after first being established as a village, Orange was proclaimed a city. 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... The Sydney Opera House on Sydney Harbour Sydney (pronounced ) is the most populous city in Australia, with a metropolitan area population of approximately 4. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Industries

Orange is a well known fruit growing district, and produces apples, pears, and many stone fruits such as cherries, peaches, apricots and plums. Somewhat ironically, oranges are not grown in the area, as the climate is too cool. In recent years, a large number of vineyards have been planted in the area for a rapidly expanding wine production industry. The growth of this wine industry, coupled with the further development of Orange as a gourmet food capital, has ensured Orange's status as something of a tourism capital. For other uses, see Fruit (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Borkh. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The peach is a typical drupe (stone fruit) In botany, a drupe is a type of fruit in which an outer fleshy part (exocarp or skin and mesocarp or flesh) surrounds a shell (the pit or stone) of hardened endocarp with a seed inside. ... A cherry is both a tree and its fleshy fruit, a type known as a drupe with a single hard pit enclosing the seed. ... Binomial name (L.) Batsch Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... Binomial name Prunus armeniaca L. For other uses, see Apricot (disambiguation). ... Species See text. ... Binomial name (L.) Osbeck Orange—specifically, sweet orange—refers to the citrus tree Citrus sinensis (syn. ... A common vineyard. ... For other uses, see Wine (disambiguation). ...


Other large industries include the Cadia gold mine and an Electrolux white goods factory. Orange is also the location of the New South Wales Department of Primary Industries head office, and a campus of Charles Sturt University (formerly part of University of Sydney). Orange High School is the largest school in the city. Cadia Mine is a large open cut gold and copper mine located about 20 kilometres south of the regional city of Orange, New South Wales, Australia. ... This article is about the current worldwide manufacturer of Electrolux products. ... A major appliance is a large machine which accomplishes some routine housekeeping task, which includes purposes such as cooking, food preservation, or cleaning, whether in a household, institutional, commercial or industrial setting. ... New South Wales Department of Primary Industries (NSW DPI) is part of the Government of New South Wales and is responsible for agriculture, fisheries and aquaculture, state forests, and minerals and petroleum in the state. ... CD Blake Auditorium, Bathurst campus, CSU Charles Sturt University (CSU) is an Australian multi-campus university in New South Wales. ... The University of Sydney, established in Sydney in 1850, is the oldest university in Australia. ... Orange High School, located in Orange, New South Wales is one of two government secondary schools located in the city, the other being Canobolas Rural Technology High School. ...


Media

Orange has several radio stations, such as 105.1 2GZFM, 105.9 STAR FM, 107.5 Community Radio, 103.5 Rhema FM, and 1089AM - a commercial station that gets most of its programming from 2SM in Sydney. Recently a new radio station, Classifieds Radio, opened and broadcasts on 88.0FM. 2SM is an Australian radio station, licensed to and serving Sydney, New South Wales, broadcasting on 1269 kilohertz on the AM band. ...


Electronic media is represented by the ABC [1] with a radio studio, and television by Prime, WIN and Southern Cross 10.


The local newspaper is the Central Western Daily. The Central Western Daily newspaper was founded in 1945 in Orange, New South Wales. ...


Sister Cities

Orange is a sister city to: Mount Hagen, Papua New Guinea; Timaru, New Zealand; Ushiku, Japan, and; Orange, California. The plane, Canberra, before the 1933 expedition to Mount Hagen This article is about the city. ... Categories: New Zealand geography stubs | Canterbury, New Zealand | Cities and towns in New Zealand ... Ushiku (牛久市; -shi) is a city located in Ibaraki, Japan. ... Nickname: Motto: A Slice of Old Town Charm Location of Orange within Orange County, California. ...


Notable citizens

Billy Bevan (29 September 1887 – 26 November 1957), was an American film actor. ... Sir Charles Benjamin Cutler, KBE ED (20 April 1918 - 23 September 2006) was an Australian politician, holding office for 28 years as an elected member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly, who served as NSW Deputy Premier for 10 years and Country Party leader for 16 years. ... Neville Reginald Howse Sir Neville Reginald Howse (26 October 1863 - 19 September 1930) (VC, KCB, KCMG) was the first Australian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... Frederick John Hanson (born May 26, 1914 at Orange, New South Wales – died October 26, 1980 at Terrigal, New South Wales), was the Commissioner of the New South Wales Police from November 15, 1972 until his retirement in 1976. ... Andrew Barton Banjo Paterson (February 17, 1864 – February 5, 1941) was a famous Australian bush poet, journalist and author. ... Kenneth Adolf Slessor (March 27, 1901–July 30, 1971) was a terrible Australian poet and journalist. ...

See also

This is a list of cities in Australia arranged by state. ...

External links

  • Orange City Council
  • 2001 Census Information from the Australian Bureau of Statistics
  • New South Wales Department of Primary Industries
  • Collection of 18 images of Orange in 1996 - National Library of Australia

Australian Bureau of Statistics logo The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) is the Australian government agency that collects and publishes statistical information about Australia. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www8.abs.gov.au/ABSNavigation/prenav/LocationSearch?locationLastSearchTerm=Orange&locationSearchTerm=Orange&newarea=LGA16150&submitbutton=View+QuickStats+%3E&mapdisplay=on&areacode=LGA16150&geography=&method=&productlabel=&producttype=QuickStats&navmapdisplayed=true&javascript=true&breadcrumb=PL&topholder=0&leftholder=0&currentaction=104&action=401&textversion=false&subaction=1
  2. ^ Orange Post Office. Climate Averages for Australian Sites. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved on 2006-11-24.
Previous station   CountryLink   Next station
towards Dubbo
CountryLink Western
Dubbo XPT
towards Sydney
towards Broken Hill
CountryLink Western
Broken Hill Outback Xplorer
Previous station   Great Southern Railway   Next station
towards East Perth
Indian Pacific
towards Sydney

Coordinates: 33°17′S, 149°06′E The Bureau of Meteorology is an Australian government organisation responsible for providing weather services to Australia and surrounding areas. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... CountryLink is the name given to the train and coach services that runs throughout regional areas in the state of New South Wales (NSW), Australia. ... Stuart Town, formerly known as Ironbark, is a small town on the Central Western Slopes of New South Wales, Australia in Wellington Council. ... Aerial image of Dubbo viewed from the southeast For the seat in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly, see Electoral district of Dubbo. ... CountryLink is the name given to the train and coach services that runs throughout regional areas in the state of New South Wales (NSW), Australia. ... Blayney is a farming town and administrative centre with a population of about 3000. ... Central Railway Station (also known as Sydney Terminal) is the largest railway station in Sydney, Australia. ... Parkes is a town with a population of approximately 10,500 (as of 2004) located in New South Wales, Australia. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... CountryLink is the name given to the train and coach services that runs throughout regional areas in the state of New South Wales (NSW), Australia. ... Great Southern Railway (GSR), owned by Serco Asia Pacific, is a tourism business and rail transport operator in Australia. ... Parkes is a town with a population of approximately 10,500 (as of 2004) located in New South Wales, Australia. ... East Perth Train Station, is a Transperth train station 1. ... Fresh from the launch of the new Indian Pacific livery on 24th September, NR 28 hauls the Indian Pacific out of Perth (through Maylands) on Wednesday, 28th September 2005. ... Bathurst Railway Station is a regional railway station on Main Western Line. ... Central Railway Station (also known as Sydney Terminal) is the largest railway station in Sydney, Australia. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Orange, New South Wales - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (389 words)
The growth of Orange continued as the conditions were well suited for agriculture, and in 1860 it was proclaimed a municipality.
Orange is a well known fruit growing district, and produces apples, pears, and many stone fruits such as cherries, peaches, apricots and plums.
Orange is also the location of the New South Wales Department of Primary Industries head office, and a campus of Charles Sturt University (formerly part of University of Sydney).
Orange (New South Wales) - Wikitravel (851 words)
Orange is a small city in the Central West of the Australian state of New South Wales.
Orange has a population of approximately 40,000 people and is one of the older towns in inland New South Wales.
Orange and the surrounding area are known for quiet getaways and excellent food and wine.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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