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Encyclopedia > Oran
View of Oran
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Coat of arms of Oran
Coat of arms of Oran

Oran (Arabic:وهران, pronounced Wahran) is a city in northwestern Algeria, situated on the Mediterranean coast. During French rule in Algeria Oran was a prefecture in the Oran département. It now is the capital of the much smaller Oran Province (wilaya). The city has a population of ca. 1 million and the urban area has a population of ca. 2 million. [1] Oran is a major port and a commercial and industrial center in Western Algeria. Image File history File linksMetadata Oran2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Oran2. ... Image File history File links Blason_ville_dz_Oran. ... Image File history File links Blason_ville_dz_Oran. ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... Arabic redirects here. ... Pronunciation refers to: the way a word or a language is usually spoken; the manner in which someone utters a word. ... Mediterranean redirects here. ... French rule in Algeria lasted from 1830 to 1962, under a variety of governmental systems. ... Oran is a former French département in Algeria existing from 1848 until 1962. ... Capital is Oran, Algeria. ... A wilaya is an administrative subdivision of several countries, including Algeria, Morocco, Sudan, and Oman. ...

Contents

History

Oran was founded in 903 by Moorish Andalusian traders,[2] but was captured by the Spanish under Cardinal Cisneros in 1509. Spanish sovereignty lasted until 1708, when the city was conquered by the Ottomans. Spain returned in 1732 taking the city over again. However, its value as trade post had decreased greatly, so King Charles IV sold the city to the Turks. Ottoman rule lasted until 1831, when it fell to the French. During the French rule over Algeria, Oran was the capital of a département of the same name (number 92). Events Vikings invade England. ... For other uses, see moor. ... For other uses, see Andalusia (disambiguation). ... Francisco Jimenez de Cisneros (1436 - November 8, 1517) was a Spanish cardinal and statesman. ... 1509 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events March 23 - James Francis Edward Stuart lands at the Firth of Forth July 1 - Tewoflos becomes Emperor of Ethiopia September 28 - Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Lesnaya Kandahar conquered by Mir Wais In Masuria one third of the population die during the plague J... Ottoman redirects here. ... Events February 23 - First performance of Handels Orlando, in London June 9 - James Oglethorpe is granted a royal charter for the colony of Georgia. ... Charles IV (November 11, 1748 - January 20, 1819) was King of Spain from December 14, 1788 until his abdication on March 19, 1808. ... Leopold I 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... -1... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties. ...


During World War II, Oran was held by Vichy France until it was captured by the Allies in late 1942, during Operation Torch. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Motto Travail, famille, patrie French: Unoccupied zone of Vichy France (until November 1942) Capital Vichy Capital-in-exile Sigmaringen (1944-1945) Language(s) French Religion Roman Catholic Government Dictatorship Chief of state  - 1940 — 1944 Philippe Pétain President of the Council  - 1940 — 1942 Philippe Pétain  - 1942 — 1944 Pierre Laval... Look up ally in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants United States United Kingdom Free French Forces Vichy France Commanders Dwight Eisenhower Andrew Cunningham François Darlan Strength 73,500 60,000 Casualties 479+ dead 720 wounded 1,346+ dead 1,997 wounded Operation Torch (initially called Operation Gymnast) was the British-American invasion of French North Africa in...


In July 1940, the British Royal Navy shelled French warships in the port after they refused to respond to a British ultimatum designed to ensure they would not fall into German hands. The action sealed the hatred of Vichy France for Britain but convinced the world, especially the United States, of the British will to fight on alone against Nazi Germany and its allies. Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ... Combatants United Kingdom France Commanders James Somerville Marcel-Bruno Gensoul Strength 3 battleships, 1 carrier, 2 cruisers, 11 destroyers 4 battleships, 6 destroyers, 1 seaplane tender Casualties — 1 battleship sunk 2 battleships damaged 1,297 killed The Destruction of the French Fleet at Mers-el-Kebir, French North Africa (now... Motto Travail, famille, patrie French: Unoccupied zone of Vichy France (until November 1942) Capital Vichy Capital-in-exile Sigmaringen (1944-1945) Language(s) French Religion Roman Catholic Government Dictatorship Chief of state  - 1940 — 1944 Philippe Pétain President of the Council  - 1940 — 1942 Philippe Pétain  - 1942 — 1944 Pierre Laval... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ...


Before the Algerian War of Independence, Oran had one of the highest proportions of Europeans of any city in North Africa. However, by the end of the war, most of the Europeans and Jews living in Oran had fled to France. The July 5, 1962 massacre of European civilians, four days after the Independence vote, triggered the exodus to France. In less than three months Oran lost about half its population. Combatants FLN (1954-62) MNA (1954-62) France (1954-62) FAF (1960-61) OAS (1961-62) Commanders Mostefa Benboulaïd Ferhat Abbas Hocine Aït Ahmed Ahmed Ben Bella Krim Belkacem Larbi Ben MHidi Rabah Bitat Mohamed Boudiaf Messali Hadj General Jacques Massu General Maurice Challe Bachaga Said Boualam... The European peoples are the various nations and ethnic groups of Europe. ... The Oran massacre of 1962 was a massacre in Oran, Algeria on July 5, 1962, after the end of the Algerian War of Independence (1954–62). ...


In the 1960's, the city became an important business and education centre. Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Berber-Arab-Islamic Period

  • 910-1082: Oran becomes a perpetual object of conflict between the Omeyyades of Spain and the Fatimides of Kairouan.
  • 1082-1145: Presence of Almoravides of Morocco. In 1145, Ibrahim Ben Tachfin perishes in Oran while fighting against the already victorious Almohades troops in front of Tlemcen.
  • 1145-1238: Presence of Almohades of Marrakech. 1147 mark the beginning of persecutions against the Jews d'Oran.
  • 1238-1509: Presence of Zianides of Tlemcen then Mérinides of Fes. Protection to l'émir, the customs system (tariffs), trade with Marseilles, and the Italian Maritime Republics of Genoa and of Venice, with which Oran signs in 1250 a commercial treaty, for one forty years duration, make Oranians of rich people, so much so that towards the end of the Template:XIVe century celebrates it Arab historian Ibn Khaldoun could s'exprimer as follows: "Oran is higher than all the other cities by its trade. C'est the paradise of the unhappy one. That which arrives poor in its walls sets out again about it rich ". The city excels in l exportation of lead, wool, the skins, the fine burnous, the carpets, the haïks, cumin, nuts gall, without forgetting the draft of the black slaves.

Kairouan (Arabic القيروان) (also known as Kairwan, Kayrawan, Al Qayrawan) is a muslim holy city which ranks after Mecca and Medina as a place of pilgrimage. ... Almoravides (In Arabic المرابطون al-Murabitun, sing. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Almohad Dynasty (From Arabic الموحدون al-Muwahhidun, i. ... For the record label, see Marrakesh Records. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... FES is a three-letter acronym that may refer to: Family Expenditure Survey, a national survey in UK Functional electrical stimulation, a neurological treatment technique Flat Earth Society, an organization that advocates the belief that the Earth is flat Flywheel energy storage Fellowship of Evangelical Students Foundation for Ecological Security... Marseilles redirects here. ... The Repubbliche Marinare ( ) is the collectie name of a number of important city-states which flourished in Italy and Dalmatia in the Middle Ages. ... For other uses, see Genoa (disambiguation). ... Borders of the Republic of Venice in 1796 Capital Venice Language(s) Venetian, Latin, Italian Religion Roman Catholic Government Republic Doge  - 1789–97 Ludovico Manin History  - Established 697  - Treaty of Zara June 27, 1358  - Treaty of Leoben April 17, 1797 * Traditionally, the establishment of the Republic is dated to 697. ... Ibn Khaldun, full name Abu Zayd Abd al-Rahman ibn Muhammad ibn Khaldun al-Hadrami (عبد الرحمن بن محمد بن خلدون الحضرمي), May 27, 1332/ah732 to March...

Spanish Period

In July 1501, well before the Spaniards, the Portuguese expeditions attempt to capture goods. It will however be necessary to await the unloading of Seas-el-Kébir, in 1505, to see the Spanish engage in the first organized incursions against Oran. The city counted six thousand fueros then, approximately twenty-five thousand inhabitants. In May 17 1509, seizure of the city by Pedro Navarro was ordered by Francisco cardinal Jiménez de Cisneros. 1509 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Francisco Jimenez de Cisneros (1436 - November 8, 1517) was a Spanish cardinal and statesman. ...


In 1554 the governor was the count d'Alcaudete. He made alliance with the Moroccan sultan Mohammed ech-Sheik against the Turks who were installed in Algiers. Pedro Garcerán de Borja, which was the Grand Master of the Order of Montesa, was named captain of Oran for one year when on July 14, 1568, by John of Austria, the illegitimate son of Charles I of Spain, thus paternal half-brother of the king Phillip II of Spain, arrives in the wearing of Seas-el-Kébir. Events January 5 - Great fire in Eindhoven, Netherlands. ... The Order of Montesa was a Christian military order, territorially limited to the Kingdom of Aragón. ... Don John of Austria (February 24, 1547 - October 1, 1578), also known as Juan De Austria and Don Juan de Austria, was the illegitimate son of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and a military leader whose most famous victory was at the Battle of Lepanto. ... Charles (February 24, 1500 – September 21, 1558) was Holy Roman Emperor (as Charles V) from 1519-1558; he was also King of Spain from 1516_1556, officially as Charles I of Spain, although often referred to as Charles V (Carlos Quinto or Carlos V) in Spain and Latin America. ... Philip II of Spain (1527 – September 13, 1598), King of Spain (r. ...


Spanish rebuilt the fortress for their city governors. "The fortifications of the place were composed a thick and continuous walls of over two and a half kilometers in circumference, surmounted strong towers spaced between them, and with a central castle or kasbah. The Spanish governor establish his headquarters in this central keep. In 1563, at the top of the peak of l'Aïdour, the fort of Santa-Cruz was built by Álvarez de Bazán y Silva, marquis de Santa-Cruz. A few well preserved Kasbahs in Aït Benhaddou, Morocco The kasbah is a unique kind of medina, or Islamic city. ...


In spite of these fortifications, the city was the object of repeated attacks. In 1707, the Moroccan Sherif Moulay Ismaïl tried to force his way past the defenses, only to see his army decimated. The city under Spanish rule continued to grow, and required the expansion of the city walls.


Ottoman Period

The Spaniards occupied the city until 1708; they were driven out by it by Bey Turkish Mustapha Ben Youssef, said Bouchelaghem. They returned in 1732 with the armada of duke of Montemar and the victory d'Aïn El Turk. In 1790 in the night of the 8 a violent earthquake claimed more than three thousand victims in less than seven minutes. Following this terrible event, King Charles IV saw no advantage in the continuing occupation of the city, which had become increasingly expensive and perilous. The followingyears he initiated discussions with the Bey d'Alger. A treaty handing over the city was signed on September 12, 1792. After another eath quake damaged the Spanish defenses, Bey Ben Othman's forces took possession d'Oran on October 8 of the same year. In 1796, the Mosque, known as of the Pasha (as a l honnor d'Hassan Pasha, Dey d'Alger), was built by the Turks with ransom money coming from the repurchase of the Spanish prisoners, after the final departure of the latter. In 1830, the Beys made Oran their capital to the detriment of Mascara. The American Captain William Bainbridge paying tribute to the Dey, circa 1800 Dey (Arabic: داي, from Turkish Dayı [1][2]) was the title given to the rulers of the Regency of Algiers (Algeria) under the Ottoman Empire from 1671 onwards. ... A mascara tube and a wand applicator Mascara is a cosmetic used to darken, thicken and define eyelashes. ...


French Period

The town of 10000 inhabitants was still possession of Ottoman Empire, when a squadron under the command of captain Bourmand seized el-Kébir on December 14 1830. The city was a wretched state. On January 4 1831, the French ordered by the General count s'installent Denys de Damrémont. In September 1830 the King appointed a police chief with the function of mayor in Algiers. In September 1831, the Berthezène General names in Oran, with same attributions, Mr. Pujol, captain of cavalry in retirement, wounded with the right hand under l'Empire. In 1832, with the head of five thousand men, a young person Emir answering the name d'Abd El-Kader walk on Oran. In April 1833, with the continuation d'un disagreement with the duke of Rovigo, commander-in-chief, the General Boyer, who comes d'enlever Arzew, leaves Oran and is replaced by the baron Louis Alexis Desmichels. The city, attacked by Abd el Kader, holds good. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This Manual of Style has the simple purpose of making things easy to read by following a consistent format — it is a style guide. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Leopold I 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1832 (MDCCCXXXII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... `Abd al-Qādir al-JazāirÄ«. `Abd al-Qādir al-JazāirÄ« (6 September 1808 - 26 May 1883, in Arabic عبد القادر الجزائري) was an Algerian Islamic scholar, Sufi, political and military leader who led a struggle against the French invasion in the mid-nineteenth century, for which he is seen...

  • 1836: General Létang transforms the glacis Castle-Nine into a walk which bears its name. At the beginning of 1837 General Bugeaud arrives in Oran to negotiate a new treaty (it convention of Tafna, May 20) with l'émir Abd El-Kader. On November 14 the Emir signs a treaty with Desmichel recognizing its authority to the west of Algiers for except Oran, Mostaganem and Arzew.
  • 1845: Construction of the "Village Nègre" by the Lamoricière General.
  • 1847: Following a dramatic dryness several months, a terrible epidemic of cholera strikes and decimates a big part of the population of Oran.
  • Since 1848, Oran becomes prefecture of département homonymous. Creation of the small Basin of the Old Port (four hectares). A civil hospital is built.
  • 1849: Construction of the vault of the Virgin to get rid of the cholera. The members of the first general council d'Oran, named by l emperor Napoleon III, meet on December 5, 1858 with the prefecture, with in the chair Jules of Pre of Saint-Maur.
  • 1866: July 25. Creation of diocese d'Oran.
  • 1880: Beginning of the construction of Large synagogue d'Oran. Oran knows a great extension starting from the place d'Armes. The ravine of l'Oued Rouina is filled.
  • 1881: Appearance of the first trams pulled by two horses.
  • 1886: Inauguration of Hotel de Ville, the City Hall.
  • 1899: First electric trams. * 1900: the city has 90000 inhabitants.
  • 1907: Construction of the theatre.
  • 1909: December 14: on a ground of Sénia, Julien Serviès the first resounding flight in Oranie carries out, with a Sommer monoplane. Next 9 January, a great meeting gathers forty thousand people, always in Sénia, in the presence of Lyautey Marshal.
  • 1913: Opening to the worship of the Cathedral of Crowned-C?ur.
  • 1930: Creation of new districts, less dense and more luxurious, completing l urbanisation of the first crown, in its part directed towards l interior of the country; these districts are higher Gambetta, Bon Reception, the Beavers, Médioni, Small Boulanger, Cité... This development continues overall with the creation of districts even more sumptuous, overflowing the first crown (district of Saint-Hubert, Palm trees, Point of the Day, Gambetta...)
  • 1930-32: Oran it Sénia is l'aérodrome used on which several world records of duration and distance in closed loop are established.
  • 1940: Beginning of the construction of the new prefecture.
  • 1940: July 3: the French fleet of l Atlantic based with Seas el Kébir, is bombarded by the British fleet, coming from Gibraltar, involving the loss of three battleships: Dunkirk, Provence and Brittany. Thousand two hundred sailors perish.
  • 1942: November 8: as prelude to the invasion of Italy the British and the Americans land at Arzew and Oran capitulates November 10.
  • 1950: Oran has 256661 inhabitants. 65 % of the total of Europeans is of Spanish origin more than the total number of Muslims in the city.
  • 1957: Construction of the municipal stage baptized "Fouques-Duparc", d'une capacity forty-five thousand places.
  • 1958: June 6: visit General de Gaulle.
  • 1960: First barricades.
  • 1961: August: appearance of l'O.A.S.. The census gives the population ofOran 400 000 inhabitants: 220000 Europeans and 180000 Moslems.
  • 1962: Recrudescence of the attacks. L'un of the chiefs of l'O.A.S., Edmond Jouhaud, is stopped on March 25. June: set fire to port. Ten million tons of fuel on fire darken the sky of the city. Massacre of July 5. End of the French presence.
  • 1962: July 5 (Festival of l'indépendance), the forgotten tragedy of removal and the assassination by the FLN under insupportable conditions several thousands of Pied Noires (Europeans born in North Africa).

Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte (April 20, 1808 - January 9, 1873) was the son of King Louis Bonaparte and Queen Hortense de Beauharnais; both monarchs of the French puppet state, the Kingdom of Holland. ... Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (  listen?) (November 22, 1890 – November 9, 1970), in France commonly referred to as le général de Gaulle, was a French military leader and statesman. ... Edmond Jouhard (April 2, 1905 – September 4, 1995) was one of four French generals who briefly staged a putch in Algeria in 1961. ...

Origin of the name

The name "Oran" is a French transliteration of "Wahran" which is locally believed to originate from the ancient Moorish word "wahr", meaning lion, and the suffix "-an" meaning two lions. A locally popular legend tells that in the period around 900 BC there were sightings of lions in the area. The two last felines were killed in a mountain near the city of Oran which is called now La montagne des Lions (Mountain of Lions). In fact, there are two giant lion statues in front of Oran's city hall. The twin lions are Oran's symbol. It has been suggested that Ending (linguistics) be merged into this article or section. ...


Oran today

Today, Oran is a major port and a commercial centre, and has 3 universities. The old quarter of Oran has a casbah and an 18th-century mosque. At the following day of l'indépendance, the plans d'équipement of the communes, the triennial plan and the first four-year one had very little d'influence on l'extension and l urbanisation of the city, emptied majority of its inhabitants; one completed there the programs of the plan of Constantine and one reconverts some military spaces out of university equipment. As regards transport, Oran should lay out in five years d'un tram making it possible to appreciably reduce the motor vehicle traffic in the city. For the San Diego music venue, see The Casbah. ... The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ...


C'est with the second four-year plan, the PMU in 1975 and the PUD in 1976, that l urbanisation was going to take a new rise, in the same forms and axes that those traced during l'époque colonial: one attends the continuation of the same d urbanisation type; in spite of l'énorme effort of construction, the results and the tendencies are the same ones as those inherited the colonial period. From 1978 to 1991, the urban development is marked by:

  • L'urbanisation of the second crown, completed in 1986, by the construction of the ZHUN and of some allotments.
  • L'extension towards l'est.
  • The marginalisation of the western zone (Growers, Close-cropped El Ain and Sidi El Houari).
  • The deterioration of urban fabric.
  • L'absence of city planning and continuation of l'exclusion of the populations towards the peripheral agglomerations.
  • Conurbation d'Oran with some agglomerations of recent colonial creation (Alberville, Fernanville, Bir El Djir).
  • 1994: September 29: assassination of the Algerian singer of raï Cheb Hasni.
  • 2003: March 2-3: visit of Mr. Jacques Chirac.

Raï (Arabic: راي) is a form of folk music, originated in Oran, Algeria from Bedouin shepherds, mixed with Spanish, French, African-American and Arabic musical forms, which dates back to the 1930s and has been primarily evolved by women in the culture. ... cheb hasni is a artist of ray arab music is a big satar ... “Chirac” redirects here. ...

Culture

The folk music Raï had its beginnings in Oran. Many famous Raï musicians (including Cheb Hasni, Cheb Khaled and Rachid Taha) hail from Oran. The violinist Akim el Sikameya was also born in Oran. Raï (Arabic: راي) is a form of folk music, originated in Oran, Algeria from Bedouin shepherds, mixed with Spanish, French, African-American and Arabic musical forms, which dates back to the 1930s and has been primarily evolved by women in the culture. ... cheb hasni is a artist of ray arab music is a big satar ... Khaled [خالد], born Khaled Hadj Brahim, is an Algerian raï singer-songwriter and multi-instrumentalist from Oran. ... Rachid Taha (born 1958 in Oran, Algeria) is a French-Algerian musician. ...


Fiction

El Gallardo Español 1615 by Miguel de Cervantes and Albert Camus's 1947 novel The Plague take place in Oran. Events June 2 - First Récollet missionaries arrive at Quebec City, from Rouen, France. ... Cervantes redirects here. ... For other uses, see Camus. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


City districts

El Hamri

El Hamri is a large popular district in the center d'Oran (Algeria) known under French l appellation of Lamur. One finds there the club of football Mouloudia d'Oran. Rues of the quartier

  • Avenue of Lamur
  • Street Captain-Rahou
  • Sebbalet Ayada
  • Place The Sahara
  • Gahwat Ettoubi
  • Street Staoueli
  • Street Djemaa Gazouna

Sidi El Houari

The historical district is a suburb in the north of the d'Oran city. One finds l ancian Saint-Louis college there, as well as the old mosque of the Pasha dating from the XVIIe century. In this district the skin of Saint-Patron of the city in the name of "Sidi El Houari" rests;. D'autres tourist curiosities: l ancian prefecture of the data base Stalingrad, the Spanish vestiges dating from XVIe century, and especially the Palate of the Bey d'Oran.


Oranian agglomeration

The Oranian metropolis comprises several communes.


Mers-El-Kébir

This commune is located at the North-West of Oran to a few 7 km of the centre town. It is also a maritime base and a naval station, sits of the Algerian national navy. Very pretty commune.


Aïn-El-Turck

The Aïn-el-Turck commune is also located at the North-West of Oran to 15 km of the center. A seaside resort which includes/understands several hotel and complex buildings tourist. The landscape of this commune does not cease improving thanks to the many projects undertaken: motorway network, seaside resorts, hospital, etc To 8 km of the commune: the seaside resort the Andalusian ones.


Es-Sénia

This commune is in the South of Oran with 07km center. It shelters industrial parks, several university institutes (Oran-Es-Sénia University, Institut of Communication, ENSET "Higher Teacher training school", CRASC "Research center in social sciences", etc.) and the international airport.


Bir-El-Djir

This commune depends on Bir-El-Djir and composes the suburbs Is of Oran (apart from the districts). It is the future c?ur beating Oranian agglomeration. It includes several buildings which are the seats of companies with a modernistic architecture (Sonatrach, in construction), the new CHU "November 1, 1954", the Palate of the Congresses, l University of sciences and technology (conceived by the Japanese architect Kenzo Tange (1913-2005)), l'Institut of medical sciences, and the Court of Justice. This commune is the urban extension to the East of the town of Oran, to 8 km of the center, with a population of 118.000 habitants.et the projects: Olympic stage of 50.000 places.


Misserghin

C'est a small peaceful city with Western l'extrême of the metropolis, having its fans Misserghin and its Tour operators Misserghin-Tours in order to promote tourism in the radiant and green area of this locality.


Tourism

To remain there, you will find in Oran several hotels of the Chains Eden, accessible to the average purses of which: Eden De luxe hotel, Eden Phoenix, Airport Eden, Eden Village. You will find also all comfort and calms has l'Hôtel the Beavers in the district residentiel of the same name. Hotels of high range: International Hotel Sheraton and Royal-Sofitel Hotel on the Boulevard of Soummam (data base Gallieni). As well as many restaurants being useful of the Algerian specialities. The tourists will be able to attend the cinemas, the arts centres, the regional theatre, the open-air theatre, the nights clubs, the museum, l ancian d'Oran city, the district of Sidi El Houari, the municipal garden, Médina Djedida with its artisanal products, the cathedral, Djebel Murdjadjo, and the close seaside resorts. International airport Es-Senia is to 12 km of the centre town. One can also go to Oran by of Ferries since the ports of Marseilles, Sète, Alicante and Almería, via the national company Algérie Ferries. Marseilles redirects here. ... Sète from Mont St-Clair. ... Location Coordinates : Time zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer : CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Alacant (Catalan) Spanish name Alicante Postal code 03000 - 03016 Website www. ... “Almeria” redirects here. ...


Transports

The city has limited means of transport, which do not cover sufficiently the on-urban zones. L'entreprise ETO (Company of Oranian Transport) acquired new buses bright burning coal to cover the request to a total value of 70%. But that remains insufficient within sight of the d'usagers number, in particular the students who attend the two large universities. A thing is however certain: the face of the city radically will be transformed thanks to the nearest setting in?uvre of the Tram d'Oran, whose project of feasibility was finalized and validated by the local authorities in December 2005. Work will start in January 2007 and will last approximately two years and half, to deliver the first line of the tram in 2009. It should comprise 31 stations, distributed on 17,7 kilometers going d'Es-Sénia, in the South, jusqu'à Sidi Maarouf, with l'Est, while passing by the centre town (Place of the 1Template:Er November). The tram should serve the locality d'Haï Sabbah, l University of Sciences and Technology (USTO), the Crossroads of the Three Private clinics, the Law courts, Dar El Baïda, the Plate-Saint Michel, the Place of the 1Template:Er November, Saint-Anthony, Boulanger, Saint-Hubert, the 3×10{{{1}}} Ring road and finally l University Es-Sénia. The Oran Es Senia Airport, for domestic and internationals flights. Oran ES Senia Airport (IATA: ORN, ICAO: DAOO), also known as Es Senia Airport, is an airport near Oran, Algeria. ...


International Marathon

The first [ http://www.marathon-oran.org/ International Marathon d'Oran ] was carried out in 2005. Its objective is to show the benefits of the race to foot, and to distract the public by this kind from competitions, at the same time sporting and festive.


Sister relationships

Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Location Coordinates : Time zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer : CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Alacant (Catalan) Spanish name Alicante Postal code 03000 - 03016 Website www. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... City logo (traditional tri-crescent) City coat of arms Motto: The fleur-de-lis alone rules over the moon, the waves, the castle, and the lion Location Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Coordinates Administration Country Region Aquitaine Department Gironde (33) Intercommunality Urban Community of Bordeaux Mayor Alain Juppé (UMP) (since... Image File history File links Flag_of_Senegal. ... (City of Dakar, divided into 19 communes darrondissement) City proper (commune) Région Dakar Département Dakar Mayor Pape Diop (PDS) (since 2002) Area 82. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa. ... Nickname: Motto: Spes Bona (Latin for Good Hope) Location of the City of Cape Town in Western Cape Province Coordinates: , Country Province Municipality City of Cape Town Metropolitan Municipality Founded 1652 Government [1]  - Type City council  - Mayor Helen Zille  - City manager Achmat Ebrahim Area  - City 2,499 km²  (964. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... For other uses, see Warsaw (disambiguation) and Warszawa (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tunisia. ... For other meanings, see Amman (disambiguation) and Ammann. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Oran
  • Visit Oran Voted in 2007 as "Oran's best website" by the ministry of culture and Panoramic Tours. Mostly dedicated to tourism. Features photo galleries, short films, news, city guides & information, hotel info & reservation forms, forum...
  • Le Souk d'Oran Oran student’s community
  • Sheraton Oran Hotel Information and pictures for the Sheraton Hotel & Towers Oran.
  • Royal Hotel Oran Information, pictures & reservation form for the Royal Hotel Oran by Accor Hotels.
  • Oran's Community FORUM The Community Discussion Forum for Oran and tourism.
  • (English) Audio interview with Oran resident about life in Oran.
  • Oran MAPS Detailed maps of the Oran Region and City.
  • (French) Oran-dz
  • Maps and aerial photos for 35°41′49″N 0°37′59″W / 35.6969, -0.6331Coordinates: 35°41′49″N 0°37′59″W / 35.6969, -0.6331
    • Maps from MapQuest, Multimap and Yahoo! Maps
    • Satellite images and maps from Google Maps and Live Search
    • Other mapping from GlobalGuide and WikiMapia

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

References

  1. ^ About Oran - from the official website of the city.
  2. ^ 'The Jewish Community of Oran

  Results from FactBites:
 
Oran - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (492 words)
Oran (population 700,000) (Arabic: وهران, Wahran) is a city in northwest Algeria, situated on the Mediterranean Sea coast.
During French rule in Algeria Oran was the prefecture of the Oran département.
Oran was founded in the 10th century by Moorish Andalusian traders, but was captured by the Spanish under Cardinal Cisneros in 1509.
Oran - LoveToKnow 1911 (1503 words)
Formerly the seat of the beys of Oran, it is occupied by the general in command of the military division and also serves as barracks.
The promontory is strongly fortified and crosses fire with a battery erected to the east of Oran.
Oran became the penal settlement of Spain, but neither the convicts nor the noblemen in disgrace who were also banished thither seem to have been under rigorous surveillance; contemporary accounts speak of constant fetes, games and bull-fights.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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