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Encyclopedia > Oprah Winfrey
Oprah Winfrey

Oprah in 2004 at her 50th birthday party at Hotel Bel Air
Born: January 29, 1954
Kosciusko, Mississippi, United States
Occupation: Talk show host
Net worth: over $1.5 billion USD
(Feb, 2006)
Website: Oprah.com

Oprah Winfrey, (born January 29, 1954) is a multiple-Emmy Award winning host of The Oprah Winfrey Show, the highest rated talk show in television history.[1] She is also an influential book critic, an Academy Award-nominated actress, and a magazine publisher. According to Forbes magazine, she was the richest African American of the 20th century and the world's only Black billionaire for three straight years.[2][3][4] Life magazine has ranked her as the most influential woman of her generation[5] and Time magazine has ranked her as one of only four people in history to have shaped both the 20th century and the early 21st. In 2005, Business Week ranked her as the greatest Black philanthropist in American history.[6] Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (747x955, 580 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Oprah Winfrey ... January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_USA.svg‎ REDIRECT File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Elvis Presley Stevie Nicks Jodie Foster Janet Jackson Meryl Streep Jessica Lange Faye Dunaway Madonna (entertainer) Trent Reznor Diana Ross User:Mtiedemann... Kosciusko is a city in Attala County, Mississippi, United States. ... A talk show (U.S.) or chat show (Brit. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... Image File history File links Green_Arrow_Up. ... January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... An Emmy Award. ... The Oprah Winfrey Show is an American nationally syndicated talk show, hosted and produced by Oprah Winfrey and is the highest rated talk show in television history. ... A talk show (U.S.) or chat show (Brit. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... Actors in period costume sharing a joke whilst waiting between takes during location filming. ... Forbes Building on Fifth Avenue in New York City Forbes is a publishing and media company. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Oprah Winfrey, the richest Black person in the world and the worlds only Black billionaire for 3 straight years. ... A cover of Life Magazine from 1911 Life has been the name of two notable magazines published in the United States. ... (Clockwise from upper left) Time magazine covers from May 7, 1945; July 25, 1969; December 31, 1999; September 14, 2001; and April 21, 2003. ... The Time 100 Bill Gates has made the Time 100 more times than any man on Earth. ... BusinessWeek is a business magazine published by McGraw-Hill. ... Someone who practices Philanthropy. ...

Contents

Early life

Oprah Winfrey was born in Kosciusko, Mississippi, to a Baptist family. Her parents were unmarried teenagers. She was originally named Orpah Gail Winfrey, after one of the people in the Bible's Book of Ruth. Winfrey has said that because of problems spelling or pronouncing Orpah, the "r" and the "p" were reversed.[7][8] Her mother, Vernita Lee, was a housemaid, and her father, Vernon Winfrey, was a coal miner and later worked as a barber before becoming a city councilman. Winfrey's father was in the Armed Forces when she was born. After her birth, Winfrey's mother travelled north and Winfrey spent her first six years living in rural poverty with her Grandma Hattie Mae. Winfrey's grandmother taught her to read before the age of three and took her to the local church, where she was nicknamed "The Preacher" for her ability to recite Bible verses. When Winfrey was a child, her grandmother would take a switch and would hit her with it when she didn't do chores or if she misbehaved in any way.[9] Kosciusko is a city in Attala County, Mississippi, United States. ... A Baptist is a member of a Baptist church or any follower of Jesus Christ who believes that baptism is administered by the full immersion of a confessing Christian. ... The word Bible refers to the canonical collections of fairy tales of Judaism and Christianity. ... A switch is a flexible rod, typically used for corporal punishment of the birching type, called switching after it, especially when using a single branch: multiple branches are rather called a rod, a less flexible single rod is rather called a cane, an inflexible one a stick. ...


At age six, Winfrey moved to an inner city ghetto in Milwaukee, Wisconsin with her mother, who was less supportive and encouraging than her grandmother. Winfrey has stated that she was molested by her cousin, uncle, and a family friend. Despite her dysfunctional home life, Winfrey skipped two of her earliest grades, became the teacher's pet, and by the time she was 13 received a scholarship to attend Nicolet High School in the suburbs, known as Glendale, Wisconsin. Although Winfrey was very popular, she couldn't afford to go out on the town as frequently as her better-off classmates. Like many teenagers at the end of the 1960s, Winfrey rebelled, ran away from home and ran the streets. When she was 14, her frustrated mother sent her to live with her father in Nashville, Tennessee. Vernon was strict, but encouraging and made her education a priority. Winfrey became an honors student, was voted "Most Popular Girl", joined her high school speech team, and placed second in the nation in dramatic interpretation. She won an oratory contest, which secured her a full scholarship to Tennessee State University, a historically black institution, where she studied communications. At age 18, Winfrey won the Miss Black Tennessee beauty pageant. Nickname: Cream City, Mil Town, Brew City, The City of Festivals Location of Milwaukee in Milwaukee County, Wisconsin Coordinates: County Milwaukee Mayor Tom Barrett Area    - City 251. ... Sexual abuse is physical or psychological abuse that involves crimes in most countries. ... Nicolet High School is a public secondary school located in Glendale, Wisconsin. ... Glendale is the name of some places in the U.S. state of Wisconsin: Glendale, Milwaukee County, Wisconsin Glendale, Monroe County, Wisconsin This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... Nickname: Music City Location in Davidson County and the state of Tennessee Coordinates: Country United States State Tennessee Counties Davidson County Founded: 1779 Incorporated: 1806 Mayor Bill Purcell (D) Area    - City 526. ... Tennessee State University (TSU) is a comprehensive, urban, coeducational land-grant university founded in 1912. ... In the United States, Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) (a type of Minority Serving Institution or MSI) are colleges or universities that were established before 1964 with the intention of serving the African-American community. ... The Miss Black America pageant is a competition for young Black American women in areas such as speech, talent, style, and poise – essentially the black version of the popular Miss America pageant. ...


Winfrey's boyfriend from high school, Anthony Otey, would later recall what Winfrey was like during those early years:

"...she knew what she wanted very early in life. She said she wanted to be a movie star. She wanted to be an actress. And I praise God that she's done that. She was willing to put aside a lot of other things. Back in the seventies, drugs had started entering the schools, and that kind of thing. We were involved in integration and those fights in those years. We were actively involved in that, but she knew what she wanted to do. She worked hard at it, and when her ship started to sail, she got aboard."[10]

Winfrey's grandmother has said that ever since Winfrey could talk, she was "on stage". In her youth she played games interviewing her corncob doll and the crows on the fence of her family's property. But her true media career began at age 17, when Winfrey worked at a local radio station while attending Tennessee State University.


Working in local media, she was both the youngest news anchor and the first black female news anchor at Nashville's WLAC-TV. She moved to Baltimore's WJZ-TV in 1976 to co-anchor the six o'clock news. She was then recruited to join Richard Sher as co-host of WJZ's local talk show People Are Talking, which premiered on August 14, 1978. She also hosted the local version of Dialing for Dollars there as well. A news anchor (US,Can. ... For other cities named Nashville, see Nashville (disambiguation). ... WTVF, also known as NewsChannel5, is the CBS affiliate in Nashville, Tennessee. ... Nickname: Monument City, Charm City, Mob Town, B-more, Balmerr Motto: Get In On It (formerly The City That Reads and The Greatest City in America; BELIEVE is not the official motto but rather a specific campaign) Location of Baltimore in Maryland Coordinates: Country United States State Maryland County Independent... WJZ-TV, WJZ 13 is a CBS-owned and operated television station in Baltimore, Maryland. ... A talk show (U.S.) or chat show (Brit. ... August 14 is the 226th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (227th in leap years), with 139 days remaining. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Dialing for Dollars was a segment on local television shows especially popular in the 1960s and 1970s though still seen in some markets. ...


Career and success

Television

In 1983, Winfrey relocated to Chicago to host WLS-TV's low-rated half-hour morning talk-show, AM Chicago. The first episode aired on January 2, 1984. Within months after Winfrey took over, the show went from last place in the ratings to overtaking Donahue as the highest rated talk show in Chicago. It was renamed The Oprah Winfrey Show, expanded to a full hour, and broadcast nationally beginning September 8, 1986, its first show about marrying the right person.[11] On her 20th anniversary show, Oprah revealed that movie critic Roger Ebert was the one who persuaded her to sign a syndication deal with King World. Ebert predicted that she would generate 40 times as much revenue as his television show, "At the Movies."[42] Having surpassed Donahue in the local market Winfrey quickly doubled his national audience, her show replacing his as the number one day-time talk show in America. Their much publicized contest was the subject of enormous scrutiny. Nickname: The Windy City, The Second City, Chi Town Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in Chicagoland and Illinois Coordinates: Country United States State Illinois County Cook Incorporated March 4, 1837 Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area    - City 606. ... WLS-TV, officially branded as ABC7 Chicago, is a United States television station in Chicago, Illinois owned and operated by the American Broadcasting Company, known nationwide as ABC. ABC7 Chicago produces its broadcasts at 190 North State Street in The Loop and transmits its signal from the Sears Tower. ... January 2 is the second day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Phil Donahue Phillip John Donahue (born December 21, 1935 in Cleveland, Ohio) is the creator and star of The Phil Donahue Show, also known as Donahue, the first of the syndicated talk shows where the host walks through the audience to let audience members make comments and ask questions. ... The Oprah Winfrey Show is an American nationally syndicated talk show, hosted and produced by Oprah Winfrey and is the highest rated talk show in television history. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Roger Ebert (right) with Russ Meyer, 1970 Roger Joseph Ebert (born June 18, 1942) is an Emmy Award-nominated American television personality, author, and film critic who began writing for the Chicago Sun-Times, every week since 1967. ... King World Productions (aka King World Entertainment or simply King World) is the leading syndicator of U.S. television programming. ... Ebert & Roeper promotional image Ebert & Roeper (formerly Siskel & Ebert) is a popular movie-reviewing television program starring film critics Roger Ebert and Richard Roeper, both of the Chicago Sun-Times. ... Phil Donahue Phillip John Donahue (born December 21, 1935 in Cleveland, Ohio) is the creator and star of The Phil Donahue Show, also known as Donahue, the first of the syndicated talk shows where the host walks through the audience to let audience members make comments and ask questions. ...


Time magazine wrote, "Few people would have bet on Oprah Winfrey's swift rise to host of the most popular talk show on TV. In a field dominated by white males, she is a black female of ample bulk. As interviewers go, she is no match for, say, Phil Donahue...What she lacks in journalistic toughness, she makes up for in plainspoken curiosity, robust humor and, above all empathy. Guests with sad stories to tell are apt to rouse a tear in Oprah's eye...They, in turn, often find themselves revealing things they would not imagine telling anyone, much less a national TV audience. It is the talk show as a group therapy session."

Winfrey on the first national broadcast of The Oprah Winfrey Show in 1986.
Winfrey on the first national broadcast of The Oprah Winfrey Show in 1986.

TV columnist Howard Rosenberg said "She's a roundhouse, a full course meal, big, brassy, loud, aggressive, hyper, laughable, lovable, soulful, tender, low-down, earthy and hungry. And she may know the way to Phil Donahue's jugular." Image File history File links Oprahfirst. ... Image File history File links Oprahfirst. ...


Newsday's Les Payne observed, "Oprah Winfrey is sharper than Donahue, wittier, more genuine, and far better attuned to her audience, if not the world."


Martha Bayles of the Wall Street Journal wrote, "It's a relief to see a gab-monger with a fond but realistic assessment of her own cultural and religious roots." The Wall Street Journal is an influential international daily newspaper published in New York City, New York with an average daily circulation of 1,800,607 (2002). ...


In the mid-1990s Winfrey adopted a less tabloid-orientated format, doing shows about heart disease in women, geopolitics with Lisa Ling, spirituality and meditation, and gift-giving and home decorating shows. She often interviews celebrities on issues that directly involve them in some way, such as cancer, charity work, or substance abuse. In addition, she interviews ordinary people who have done extraordinary things or been involved in important current issues. Lisa Ling Lisa Ling (Chinese: 凌志慧; Hanyu Pinyin: ) (born August 30, 1973 in Sacramento, California) is a Chinese American journalist, best known for her role as a co-host of ABCs The View, and host of National Geographic Ultimate Explorer. ...


In 1993 Winfrey hosted a rare prime-time interview with Michael Jackson which became the fourth most watched event in American television history as well as the most watched interview ever, with an audience of one hundred million. Perhaps Winfrey's most famous recent show was the first episode of the nineteenth season of The Oprah Winfrey Show in the fall of 2004. During the show each member of the audience received a new G6 sedan; the 276 cars were donated by Pontiac as part of a publicity stunt. The show received so much media attention that even the taxes on the cars became controversial. For other people named Michael Jackson, see Michael Jackson (disambiguation). ... The Pontiac G6 is an automobile released in 2005. ... This article concerns the automobile; for the Native American leader, see Chief Pontiac, for other uses see the disambiguation page. ... The media itself often stages stunts for movies and television shows. ...


During a lawsuit against Winfrey (see Influence), she hired Dr. Phil McGraw's company Courtroom Sciences, Inc. to help her analyze and read the jury. Dr. Phil made such an impression on Winfrey that she invited him to appear on her show. He accepted the invitation and was a resounding success. McGraw appeared on The Oprah Winfrey Show for several years before launching his own show, Dr. Phil, in 2002, which was created by Winfrey's production company, Harpo Productions in partnership with Paramount which produced the show. Dr. Phil McGraw Phillip Calvin McGraw Ph. ... Dr. Phil McGraw Dr. Phil is a talk show hosted by Dr. Phil McGraw. ... The sign in front of Oprah Winfreys Chicago based Harpo Studios. ...


Winfrey recently made a deal to extend her show until the 2010 – 2011 season, by which time it will have been on the air for twenty-five years. She plans to host 140 episodes per season, until her final season, when it will return to its current number, 130. [12]


The 2004 Nobel Peace Prize Concert was hosted by Oprah and Tom Cruise. There were musical performances by Cyndi Lauper, Andrea Bocelli, Joss Stone, Chris Botti, Diana Krall, Tony Bennett and others. The concert was broadcasted in the United States on Dec. 23, 2004 by E!. An unofficial Winfrey fan-club also organized a petition drive in 2005 to nominate Oprah for the Nobel Peace Prize. Each year in December, the Nobel Peace Prize ceremony takes place in Oslo, Norway. ... Tom Cruise (born Thomas Cruise Mapother IV on July 3, 1962) is an Academy Award-nominated, Golden Globe Award-winning American actor and film producer. ... Cyndi Lauper CD single Stay, 2004 Cynthia Ann Stephanie Lauper (born June 22, 1953), better known as Cyndi Lauper, is a Grammy Award-winning singer and Emmy Award-winning film, television and theatre actress. ... he has a son and his name is bevis and his daughter named butt head Bocelli has congenital glaucoma. ... Joscelyn Eve Stoker (born 11 April 1987), best known by her stage name Joss Stone, is a Brit Award-winning and Grammy Award-nominated English soul and R&B singer and songwriter. ... Chris Botti (born October 12, 1962) is an American trumpeter and composer. ... Krall, as pictured on the cover of her album The Look of Love Dr Diana Jean Krall, OC, DFA (born November 16, 1964) is a popular Jazz pianist and singer. ... Tony Bennett, 2000 Tony Bennetts heart, left in San Francisco Tony Bennett (born August 3, 1926) is an American popular music, standards, and jazz singer who is widely considered to be one of the best interpretative singers in these genres. ... E!: Entertainment Television is an American cable television and direct broadcast satellite network. ... Lester B. Pearson after accepting the Nobel Peace Prize The Nobel Peace Prize is the name of one of five Nobel Prizes bequested by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. ...


As well as hosting and appearing on television shows, Winfrey co-founded the women's cable television network Oxygen. She is also the president of Harpo Productions (Oprah spelled backwards). For the womens television network see: Oh! Oxygen. ... The sign in front of Oprah Winfreys Chicago based Harpo Studios. ...


Film

Oprah Winfrey as Sofia in The Color Purple.
Oprah Winfrey as Sofia in The Color Purple.

In 1985, Winfrey co-starred in Steven Spielberg's epic film adaptation of Alice Walker's award-winning novel The Color Purple. She earned immediate acclaim as Sofia, the distraught housewife. The following year Winfrey was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, but she lost to Anjelica Huston. The Color Purple has now been made into a Broadway musical and opened late 2005, with Winfrey credited as a producer. Image File history File links The_color_purple_oprah_winfrey. ... Image File history File links The_color_purple_oprah_winfrey. ... The Color Purple book cover The Color Purple is a 1982 novel by Alice Walker which received the 1983 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. ... Steven Allan Spielberg, KBE (born December 18, 1946) is a three-time Academy Award-winning American film director and producer. ... The Color Purple is the 9th film directed by Steven Spielberg in 1985. ... Alice Malsenior Walker (born February 9, 1944) is an African-American author and feminist who received the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1983 for The Color Purple. ... The Color Purple book cover The Color Purple is a 1982 novel by Alice Walker which received the 1983 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. ... The references in this article would be clearer with a different and/or consistent style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ... Best Supporting Actor or Best Supporting Actress is an accolade given by a group of film or theatre professionals in recognition of the work of supporting and character actors. ... Anjelica Huston (born July 8, 1951) is an Academy Award-winning American actress and former fashion model. ... The Color Purple book cover The Color Purple is a 1982 novel by Alice Walker which received the 1983 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. ...


In October 1998, Winfrey produced and starred in the film Beloved, based upon Toni Morrison's Pulitzer Prize winning novel of the same name. To prepare for her role as Sethe, the protagonist and former slave, Winfrey experienced a 24-hour simulation of the experience of slavery, which included being tied up and blindfolded and left alone in the woods. Despite major advertising, including two episodes of her talk show dedicated solely to the film, and good critical reviews, Beloved opened to poor box-office results, losing approximately $30 million. Many have suggested that the film was too long and complex for the movie going public, and the subject matter too politically sensitive. Despite the film's depressing themes, Winfrey managed to keep the cast motivated and inspired. "Here we were working on this project with the heavy underbelly of political and social realism, and she managed to lighten things up," said costar Thandie Newton. "I've worked with a lot of good actors, and I know Oprah hasn't made many films. I was stunned. She's a very strong technical actress and it's because she's so smart. She's acute. She's got a mind like a razor blade."[13] The 1998 drama Beloved stars Danny Glover and Oprah Winfrey and is based on the Pulitzer-Prize-winning 1987 novel of the same name by Toni Morrison. ... for the Louisiana politician, see deLesseps Morrison, Jr. ... The gold medal awarded for Public Service in Journalism The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical compositions. ... Beloved cover Beloved is a 1987 novel by Toni Morrison about the legacy of slavery. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Oprah Winfrey Show is an American nationally syndicated talk show, hosted and produced by Oprah Winfrey and is the highest rated talk show in television history. ... Thandie Newton in Mission Impossible II. Thandiwe Newton better known as Thandie Newton (born November 6, 1972, pronounced Tandy) is a BAFTA award-winning British actress. ...


In 2005, Harpo Productions released another film adaptation of a famous American novel, Zora Neale Hurston's Their Eyes Were Watching God (1937). The made-for-television film Their Eyes Were Watching God was based upon a teleplay by Suzan-Lori Parks, and starred Halle Berry in the lead female role. The sign in front of Oprah Winfreys Chicago based Harpo Studios. ... Zora Neale Hurston (January 7, 1891–January 28, 1960) was an American folklorist and author during the time of the Harlem Renaissance, best known for the novel Their Eyes Were Watching God. ... Their Eyes Were Watching God, (1937), set in southern Florida in the early 20th century, is the best-known novel by African-American writer Zora Neale Hurston. ... Their Eyes Were Watching God is a 2005 television movie based upon the novel by Zora Neale Hurstons 1937 novel Their Eyes Were Watching God. ... Suzan-Lori Parks (1964 - ) is an African-American playwright and novelist. ... Halle Maria Berry (born August 14, 1966[1] in Cleveland, Ohio) is an Emmy, Golden Globe, Golden Raspberry and Academy Award-winning American actress and former fashion model and beauty queen. ...


Books and magazines

Winfrey on the cover of O, The Oprah Magazine.
Winfrey on the cover of O, The Oprah Magazine.

Winfrey publishes two magazines: O, The Oprah Magazine and O at Home. She has co-authored five books; at the announcement of her future weight loss book (to be co-authored with her personal trainer Bob Greene), it was said that her undisclosed advance fee had broken the record for the world's highest book advance fee, previously held by former U.S. President Bill Clinton for his autobiography My Life.[14] In 2002 Fortune called O, the Oprah Magazine the most successful start-up ever in the industry.[15] Image File history File links O_Magazine_cover. ... Image File history File links O_Magazine_cover. ... O, The Oprah Magazine, sometimes simply abbreviated to O, is a monthly magazine for women founded by Oprah Winfrey, who also serves as its editorial director. ... Bob Greenes column photo for the Chicago Tribune. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... My Life is a 2004 autobiography written by former President of the United States Bill Clinton, who left office on January 20, 2001. ... Fortune magazine is Americas longest-running business magazine. ...


Online

Oprah.com is a website created by Winfrey's company to provide resources and interactive content relating to her shows, magazines, book club, and public charity. Through Oprah.com Winfrey raised over 3 million dollars for Katrina victims[16] and helped to capture 4 accused child predators. Oprah.com averages more than 100 million page views and more than three million users per month.[citation needed] This page as shown in the AOL 9. ...


Radio

On February 9, 2006 it was announced that Winfrey signed a $55 million, 3-year contract with XM Satellite Radio to establish a new radio channel. The channel will be called Oprah & Friends and will feature popular contributors to The Oprah Winfrey Show and 'O' Magazine including Nate Berkus, Dr. Mehmet Oz, Bob Greene, Dr. Robin Smith and Marianne Williamson. Oprah & Friends airs 24/7 on XM Radio Channel 156. Winfrey's contract requires her to be on air 30 minutes a week, 39 weeks a year. The 30-minute weekly show will feature Winfrey with friend Gayle King. Winfrey's audience is extremely loyal and XM hopes that the "Oprah Effect" can have the same effect on XM subscription sales that she does on the New York Times Best Seller list, thanks to her book club. The channel broadcasted from a new studio at Winfrey's Chicago headquarters and went on the air at 11 AM ET, September 25th, 2006 on XM Channel 156. February 9 is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... XM redirects here. ... Dr. Mehmet C. Oz, M.D., born June 11, 1960 in Cleveland, Ohio, is Vice-Chair and Professor of Surgery at Columbia University as well as director of the Cardiovascular Institute and Complementary Medicine Program at New York Presbyterian Hospital. ... A psychologist, author, seminary professor (at Palmer Seminary) and frequent contributor to Oprah Winfreys media. ... Marianne Williamson Marianne Williamson (born 8 July 1952 in Houston, Texas, U.S.) [1][2] is a spiritual activist, author, lecturer and founder of the The Peace Alliance, a grass roots campaign supporting legislation currently before Congress to establish a United States Department of Peace. ... Oprah and Friends is a talk radio channel programmed by Harpo Productions newly formed radio division, and is signed exclusively for XM Satellite Radio. ... XM Satellite Radio (NASDAQ: XMSR) is a satellite radio service in the United States based in Washington, DC and controlled by News Corporations DirecTV, General Motors, American Honda, Hughes Electronics, and several private investment groups. ... Gayle King (left) on the set of the Oprah Winfrey Show Gayle King (born in Chevy Chase, Maryland) is editor-at-large for O, The Oprah Magazine and is the best friend of Oprah Winfrey. ... The New York Times Best Seller List is a weekly chart in The New York Times newspaper that keeps track of the best-selling books of the week. ...


Future projects

Winfrey's latest television project is developing and producing a talk show for popular Food Network celebrity chef, Rachael Ray, which began airing September 18, 2006. A talk show (U.S.) or chat show (Brit. ... Former Logo Television Food Network, normally referred to as Food Network, is an American cable network that airs many specials and recurring (episodic) shows about food, food preparation, at-home entertaining, and restaurants. ... Rachael Domenica Ray (born August 25, 1968 in Cape Cod, Massachusetts) is an Emmy-winning television personality and author who currently hosts the syndicated series Rachael Ray. ...


Winfrey will voice the part of Gussy the Goose in the upcoming Charlotte's Web movie. She will also voice a part in Bee Movie coming out in 2007. Charlottes Web is a live action/computer-animated feature film, based on the popular book Charlottes Web by E.B. White. ... Bee Movie is a computer-animated film from Jerry Seinfeld. ... 2007 (MMVII) will be a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Personal life

Winfrey currently lives on "The Promised Land", her 42 acre (170,000 m²) ocean and mountain view estate in Montecito, California, outside of Santa Barbara. Rumors state that Winfrey was at a party the previous owners were throwing and fell so in love with the estate that she was reported to have purchased it by writing a personal check for $50,000,000 USD, although it was not for sale. Winfrey also owns a house in Lavallette, New Jersey, an apartment in Chicago, an estate on Fisher Island off the coast of Miami, a ski house in Telluride, CO and property on the island of Maui, Hawaii. Montecito is a census-designated place (CDP) in Santa Barbara County, California. ... Santa Barbara is a city in California, United States. ... Lavallette is a borough located in Ocean County, New Jersey. ... Nickname: The Windy City, The Second City, Chi Town Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in Chicagoland and Illinois Coordinates: Country United States State Illinois County Cook Incorporated March 4, 1837 Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area    - City 606. ... An early aerial photo of Fisher Island at southern end of Biscayne Bay near Miami, Florida, with the South Beach area of Miami Beach at the upper left Florida Photographic Collection Fisher Island is a census-designated place (CDP) and town located on a man-made island of the same... This article is about the city in Florida. ... For other meanings, see Telluride (disambiguation). ... Maui is also the name of the mythological demigod of various Polynesian cultures, including that of ancient Hawai‘i; see Maui (mythology). ...


Winfrey and her partner Stedman Graham have been together for over 20 years. Sophie and Soloman are her two Cocker Spaniels. She is considered a mother by the African orphans she financially supports. "They call me MOTHER OPRAH. At first, I was like, 'I don't know about this mother thing.' I think the closer your relationships are, they call you mother".[17] She previously dated movie critic Roger Ebert, whom she credits with advising her to take her show into syndication. The relationship of Winfrey and Graham has been documented through the years with numerous romantic tabloid articles often accompanied by color spreads of the couple at home and on lavish vacations. Prior to meeting Graham, Winfrey's love life was a lot less stable. A self-described promiscuous teen who was a victim of sexual abuse, Winfrey gave birth at the age of 14, though her son died while still in infancy.[18] In 1997 a former boyfriend named Randoph Cook tried to sue Winfrey for $20 million for allegedly blocking a tell-all book where he claimed they lived together for several months in 1985 and did drugs.[19] Cook’s claims mark the second time reports surfaced about Winfrey’s involvement in a drug related love affair. In 1995 Winfrey herself confessed to drug use. "And I've often said over the years...in my attempts to come out and say it, I've said many times I did things in my 20s that I was ashamed of, I did things I felt guilty about, but that is my life's great big secret that's always been held over my head,” she explained on her show. “I always felt that the drug itself is not the problem but that I was addicted to the man." She added: "I can't think of anything I wouldn't have done for that man."[20] Stedman Graham is an African-American publicist, author and motivational speaker. ... Both types of Cocker Spaniel come in a variety of coat colors. ... Roger Ebert (right) with Russ Meyer, 1970 Roger Joseph Ebert (born June 18, 1942) is an Emmy Award-nominated American television personality, author, and film critic who began writing for the Chicago Sun-Times, every week since 1967. ...


Winfrey's early love life had not always been so tumultuous. Her high school sweetheart Anthony Otey would recall an innocent courtship that began in Winfrey's senior year of high school, from which he saved hundreds of love notes; Winfrey conducted herself with dignity and as a model student.[21] The two spoke of getting married, but Otey claimed to have always secretly known that Winfrey was destined for a far greater life than he could ever provide.."[22] On Valentine's day of her senior year, Otey's fears came true when Winfrey took Otey aside and told him they needed to talk. "I knew right then that I was going to lose the girl I loved," Otey recalled. "She told me she was breaking up with me because she didn't have time for a relationship. We both sat there and cried. It broke my heart."[23] Years later, Otey was stunned to discover details from Winfrey's promiscuous and rebellious past at the end of the 1960s, and the fact that she had given birth to a baby several years before they met.[24]


In 1971, several months after breaking up with Otey, Winfrey met William "Bubba" Taylor at Tennessee State University. According to CBS journalist George Mair, Taylor was Winfrey's "first intense, to die for love affair". Winfrey helped get Taylor a job at WVOL, and according to Mair, "did everything to keep him, including literally begging him on her knees to stay with her."[25] Taylor however was unwilling to leave Nashville with Winfrey when she moved to Baltimore to work at WJZ-TV in June 1976. "We really did care for each other," Winfrey would later recall. "We shared a deep love. A love I will never forget."[26]


When WJZ-TV management criticised Winfrey for crying on the air while reporting tragedies and were unhappy with her physical appearance (especially when her hair fell out as the result of a bad perm), Winfrey turned to reporter Lloyd Kramar for comfort. "Lloyd was just the best," Winfrey would later recall. "That man loved me even when I was bald! He was wonderful. He stuck with me through the whole demoralizing experience. That man was the most fun romance I ever had."[27]


According to Mair, when Kramar moved to NBC in New York Winfrey became involved with a man who friends had warned her to avoid. Winfrey would later recall:

"I'd had a relationship with a man for four years. I wasn't living with him. I'd never lived with anyone-and I thought I was worthless without him. The more he rejected me, the more I wanted him. I felt depleted, powerless. At the end I was down on the floor on my knees groveling and pleading with him."[28]

According to Mair's reporting "the major problem with this intense love affair arose from her lover's being married, with no plans to leave his wife". Winfrey became so depressed that on September 8, 1981, she wrote a suicide note to best friend Gayle King instructing King to water her plants.[29] "That suicide note had been much overplayed" Winfrey told Ms. magazine's Joan Barthel. "I couldn't kill myself. I would be afraid the minute I did it; something really good would happen and I'd miss it."[30]


According to Winfrey, such emotional ups and downs gradually lead to a weight problem:

"The reason I gained so much weight in the first place and the reason I had such a sorry history of abusive relationships with men was I just needed approval so much. I needed everyone to like me, because I didn't like myself much. So I'd end up with these cruel self-absorbed guys who'd tell me how selfish I was, and I'd say 'Oh thank you, you're so right' and be grateful to them. Because I had no sense that I deserved anything else. Which is also why I gained so much weight later on. It was the perfect way of cushioning myself against the world's disapproval."[31]

In 1989, Winfrey was personally touched by the 1980s AIDS crisis so frequently discussed on her show when her long time aide, Billy Rizzo, became afflicted by the disease. Rizzo was the only man among the four person production team who Winfrey relied on in her early years in Chicago long before she had a large staff. "I love Billy like a brother," she said at the time. "He's a wonderful, funny, talented guy, and it's just heartbreaking to see him so ill". Winfrey visited him daily during his last days.


Winfrey's best friend since their early twenties is Gayle King. King was formerly the host on "The Gayle King Show," and is currently an editor of "O," the Oprah Magazine. Since 1997, when Winfrey played the therapist on an episode of the sitcom Ellen in which Ellen DeGeneres came out of the closet, Winfrey and King have been the target of persistent rumours that they were gay. "I understand why people think we're gay," Winfrey says in the August 2006 issue of "O magazine". "There isn't a definition in our culture for this kind of bond between women. So I get why people have to label it – how can you be this close without it being sexual?"[32] "I've told nearly everything there is to tell. All my stuff is out there. People think I'd be so ashamed of being gay that I wouldn't admit it? Oh, please."[33] Gayle King (left) on the set of the Oprah Winfrey Show Gayle King (born in Chevy Chase, Maryland) is editor-at-large for O, The Oprah Magazine and is the best friend of Oprah Winfrey. ...


Her celebrity status notwithstanding, the billionaire Winfrey served in 2004 on a murder trial jury. The trial was held in Chicago, and involved a man accused of murder after an argument over a counterfeit 50 dollar bill. The jury voted to convict the man of murder.[34][35] The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ...


In June 2005, Winfrey was denied access to the Hermès company's flagship store in Paris, France. Winfrey arrived fifteen minutes after the store's formal closing time, though the store was still very active and high end stores routinely extend hours for VIP customers. Winfrey believed she would have been allowed in the store if she were a white celebrity. "I know the difference between a store that is closed and a store that is closed to me," explained Winfrey. In September 2005, Hermès USA CEO Robert Chavez was a guest on The Oprah Winfrey Show and sincerely apologized for a rude employee. Hermès (in English generally pronounced ) is a high end leather goods and ready-to-wear manufacturer and retailer based in Paris, France. ... The Eiffel Tower has become the symbol of Paris throughout the world. ...

Oprah on The Late Show with David Letterman.

On December 1, 2005, Winfrey appeared on The Late Show with David Letterman to promote the new Broadway musical The Color Purple, of which she was a producer, joining the host for the first time in 16 years. The episode was hailed by some as the "television event of the decade" and helped Letterman attract his largest audience in more than 11 years: 13.45 million viewers.[36] Although a much-rumored feud was said to have been the cause of the rift, both Winfrey and Letterman balked at such talk. "I want you to know, it's really over, whatever you thought was happening," said Winfrey. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (848x480, 251 KB) Licensing This image is a screenshot of a copyrighted television program or station ID. As such, the copyright for it is most likely owned by the company or corporation that produced it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (848x480, 251 KB) Licensing This image is a screenshot of a copyrighted television program or station ID. As such, the copyright for it is most likely owned by the company or corporation that produced it. ... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Late Show with David Letterman is an hour-long weeknight comedy and talk show broadcast by CBS from the Ed Sullivan Theater on Broadway in New York City. ... The Color Purple book cover The Color Purple is a 1982 novel by Alice Walker which received the 1983 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. ...


Winfrey's show is based in Chicago, so she spends time there, specifically in the neighborhood of Streeterville, but otherwise resides in California. She purchased at least one property on Maui, Hawaii, which was featured on the cover of O at Home and on her TV show. Streeterville is a neighborhood in Chicago north of the Chicago River. ... Maui is also the name of the mythological demigod of various Polynesian cultures, including that of ancient Hawai‘i; see Maui (mythology). ...


For the 2006 PBS program, African American Lives, Winfrey had her DNA tested. The genetic test determined that her maternal line originated among the Kpelle ethnic group, in the area that today is Liberia. Her genetic make up was determined to be 89% Sub-Saharan Africa. She is part Native American with (about 8% according to the test) and East Asian (about 3% according to the test). The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is a non-profit public broadcasting television service with 349 member TV stations in the United States, with some member stations available by cable in Canada. ... African American Lives is a PBS television show hosted by Henry Louis Gates, Jr. ... Genetics (from the Greek genno γεννώ= give birth) is the science of genes, heredity, and the variation of organisms. ... The Kpelle are the largest ethnic group of the West African nation of Liberia. ... An Aani (Atsina) named Assiniboin Boy. ... East Asia is a subregion of Asia. ...


To celebrate two decades on national TV, and to thank her employees for their hard work, Winfrey took her staff and their families (1065 people in total) on vacation in Hawaii in the summer of 2006.[37]


Oprah's Legends Weekend

To celebrate her African heritage and to honor her cultural and political heroines of the civil rights era, Winfrey hosted the Legends Weekend; a televised ball that took place at her California home and was watched by 11 million viewers. Among the most prominent honorees were civil rights icons Rosa Parks and Coretta Scott King who both died less than a year after being honored. An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy the notability guideline or one of the following guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia: Academics, Biographies, Books, Corporations, Fiction, Hotels, Music, Numbers, Organizations, Pornographic actors, Software, Web content. ... An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy the notability guideline or one of the following guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia: Academics, Biographies, Books, Corporations, Fiction, Hotels, Music, Numbers, Organizations, Pornographic actors, Software, Web content. ... Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) was an African American seamstress and civil rights activist whom the U.S. Congress dubbed the Mother of the Modern-Day Civil Rights Movement. Parks is famous for her refusal on December 1, 1955 to obey bus driver James Blake... Coretta Scott King (April 27, 1927 – January 30, 2006) was the wife of the assassinated civil rights activist Martin Luther King, Jr. ...


Wealth

Winfrey during her car giveaway to the entire audience.
Winfrey during her car giveaway to the entire audience.

Born in rural poverty, then raised by a mother on welfare in the ghetto, Winfrey became a millionaire at age 32 when her talk show went national. Because of the amount of revenue the show generated, Winfrey was in a position to negotiate ownership of the show and start her own production company. By 1994 the show's ratings were still thriving and Winfrey negotiated a contract that earned her nine figures a year. Considered the richest woman in entertainment by the early 1990s, at age 41 Winfrey's wealth crossed another milestone when with a net worth of $340 million, she replaced Bill Cosby as the only African American on the Forbes 400. Although blacks are 12% of the U.S. population, Winfrey has remained the only black person wealthy enough to rank among America's 400 richest people nearly every year since 1995. (BET founder Bob Johnson briefly joined her on the list from 2001-2003 before his ex-wife reportedly acquired part of his fortune, though he returned in 2006.)[38] Image File history File links Cargiveaway. ... Image File history File links Cargiveaway. ... William Henry Bill Cosby, Jr. ... The Forbes 400 (est. ... Black Entertainment Television (BET for short) is the first television network geared towards African-Americans. ... Robert Johnson, on the cover of a biography. ...


With a 2000 net-worth of $800 million, Winfrey is believed to have been the richest African American of the 20th century. To celebrate her status as a historical figure, Professor Juliet E.K. Walker of the University of Illinois created the course "Oprah the tycoon".[39]


Forbes' international rich list has listed Winfrey as the world's only black billionaire[40] in 2004, 2005, and 2006 and as the first black woman billionaire in world history.[41] Forbes most recent estimate for Winfrey's wealth is at least $1.5 billion[42])


Philanthropy

In 1998, Winfrey began Oprah's Angel Network, a charity aimed at encouraging people around the world to make a difference in the lives of underprivileged others. Accordingly, Oprah's Angel Network supports charitable projects and provides grants to nonprofit organizations around the world that share this vision. To date, Oprah's Angel Network has raised more than $51,000,000 ($1 million of which was donated by Jon Bon Jovi). Winfrey personally covers all administrative costs associated with the charity, so 100% of all funds raised go to charity programs.[43] Jon Bon Jovi (born John Francis Bongiovi on March 2, 1962) is an American musician and actor who is the lead singer of the highly successful rock band Bon Jovi. ...


Although Winfrey's show is known for raising money through her public charity and the cars and gifts she gives away on TV are often donated by corporations in exchange for publicity, behind the scenes Winfrey personally donates more of her own money to charity than any other show business celebrity in America. In 2005 she became the first black person listed by Business Week as one of America's top 50 most generous philanthropists, having given an estimated $250 million.[44] Despite being the 235th richest American in 2005,[45] Winfrey was the 32nd most philanthropic. Her philanthropy includes girls' education in South Africa and a $10 million donation to Hurricane Katrina relief.[46] Winfrey also put 100 black men through college with $7 million in scholarships.[47] BusinessWeek is a business magazine published by McGraw-Hill. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Lowest pressure 902 mbar (hPa; 26. ...


Winfrey was the recipient of the first Bob Hope Humanitarian Award at the 2002 Emmy Awards for services to television and film. In 2004, Winfrey and her team filmed an episode of her show entitled Oprah's Christmas Kindness, in which Winfrey, her best friend Gayle King, her partner Stedman Graham, and some crew members travelled to South Africa to bring attention to the plight of young children affected by poverty and AIDS. During the 21-day whirlwind trip, Winfrey and her crew visited schools and orphanages in poverty-stricken areas, and at different set-up points in the areas distributed Christmas presents to 50,000 children, with dolls for the girls and soccer balls for the boys. In addition, each child was given a backpack full of school supplies and received two sets of school uniforms for their gender, in addition to two sets of socks, two sets of underwear, and a pair of shoes. Throughout the show, Winfrey appealed to viewers to donate money to Oprah's Angel Network for poor and AIDS-affected children in Africa, and pledged that she personally would oversee[48] where that money was spent. From that show alone, viewers around the world donated over $7,000,000. The Bob Hope Humanitarian Award was established in 2002 by the Board of Governors of the Academy of Television Arts and Sciences in recognition of the late Bob Hopes trailblazing career. ... An Emmy Award. ... Gayle King (left) on the set of the Oprah Winfrey Show Gayle King (born in Chevy Chase, Maryland) is editor-at-large for O, The Oprah Magazine and is the best friend of Oprah Winfrey. ... Stedman Graham is an African-American publicist, author and motivational speaker. ... Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS or Aids) is a collection of symptoms and infections in humans resulting from the specific damage to the immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). ...


Influence

Rankings as world's most influential woman

Winfrey was called "arguably the world's most powerful woman" by CNN and Time.com.[49] Time named Winfrey one of the 100 people who most influenced the 20th century, as well as one of the 100 most influential people of 2004, 2005, and again in 2006. Winfrey and Bill Gates are the only two people in the world to make all four lists. At the end of the 20th century Life magazine listed Winfrey as both the most influential woman and the most influential black person of her generation, and in a cover story profile the magazine called her "America's most powerful woman".[50] Ladies Home Journal also ranked Winfrey number one in their list of the most powerful women in America and senator Barack Obama has said she "may be the most influential woman in the country"[51]. In 2003 Winfrey edged out both Superman and Elvis Presley to be named the greatest pop culture icon of all time by VH1.[52] In 2005 Forbes named her the world's most powerful celebrity.[53] Columnist Maureen Dowd seems to agree with such assessments: The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... (Clockwise from upper left) Notable Time magazine covers from the dates May 7, 1945; July 25, 1969; December 31, 1999; September 14, 2001; and April 21, 2003. ... This article is about the co-founder of Microsoft Corporation. ... A cover of Life Magazine from 1911 Life has been the name of two notable magazines published in the United States. ... Barack Hussein Obama, Jr. ... Superman is a fictional character and one of the most famous and popular comic book superheroes of all time. ... Elvis Aron Presley (January 8, 1935 – August 16, 1977), often known simply as Elvis and also called The King of Rock n Roll or simply The King, was an American singer and actor. ... Maureen Dowds NYTimes. ...

"She is the top alpha female in this country. She has more credibility than the president. Other successful women, such as Hillary Clinton and Martha Stewart, had to be publicly slapped down before they could move forward. Even Condi has had to play the protege with Bush. None of this happened to Oprah — she is a straight ahead success story."[54]

Vanity Fair wrote: Vanity Fair: A Novel without a Hero is a novel by William Makepeace Thackeray that satirizes society in early 19th-century England. ...

"Oprah Winfrey arguably has more influence on the culture than any university president, politician, or religious leader, except perhaps the Pope."[55]

Bill O'Reilly said: William James Bill OReilly, Jr. ...

I mean this is a woman that came from nothing to rise up to be the most powerful woman, I think, in the world. I think Oprah Winfrey is the most powerful woman in the world, not just in America. That's -- anybody who goes on her program immediately benefits through the roof. I mean, she has a loyal following; she has credibility; she has talent; and she's done it on her own to become fabulously wealthy and fabulously powerful.[56]


Winfrey's influence reaches far beyond pop-culture and into unrelated industries where many believe she has the power to cause enormous market swings and radical price changes with a single comment. During a show about mad cow disease with Howard Lyman (aired on April 16, 1996), Winfrey exclaimed, "It has just stopped me cold from eating another burger!" Texas cattlemen sued her and Lyman in early 1998 for "false defamation of perishable food" and "business disparagement," claiming that Winfrey's remarks subsequently sent cattle prices tumbling, costing beef producers some USD$12 million. On February 26, after a trial spanning over two months in an Amarillo, Texas court in the thick of cattle country, a jury found Winfrey and Lyman were not liable for damages. (After the trial, she received a postcard from Rosanne Barr reading, "Congratulations, you beat the meat!") In June 2005 the first case of mad cow disease in a cow native to the United States was detected in Texas. The USDA concluded that it was most likely infected in Texas prior to 1997.[57] Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE or commonly mad cow disease) is a fatal, neurodegenerative disease of cattle, which infects by a mechanism that shocked biologists on its discovery in late 20th century and appears transmissible to humans. ... Howard Lyman, lobbyist, previous occupation: farmer. ... April 16 is the 106th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (107th in leap years). ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... A lawsuit is a civil action brought before a court in which the party commencing the action, the plaintiff, seeks a legal remedy. ... In English and American law, and systems based on them, libel and slander are two forms of defamation (or defamation of character), which is the tort or delict of making a false statement of fact that injures someones reputation. ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Virgin Islands, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 3. ... February 26 is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Official language(s) See: Languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 268,581 sq mi (695,622 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) See: Languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 268,581 sq mi (695,622 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... Roseanne Barr (born on November 3, 1952) is an American actress, writer, talk-show host, and comedian. ... Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE or commonly mad cow disease) is a fatal, neurodegenerative disease of cattle, which infects by a mechanism that shocked biologists on its discovery in late 20th century and appears transmissible to humans. ... The U.S. Department of Agriculture, also called the Agriculture Department, or USDA, is a Cabinet department of the United States Federal Government. ...


In 2005 Winfrey was named the greatest woman in American history as part of a public poll as part of The Greatest American. She was ranked #9 overall on the list of greatest Americans. The Greatest American was a public vote, modeled after the 100 Greatest Britons competition, in which citizens of the United States were asked to nominate, and then later vote for, the Greatest American of all time. ...


Winfrey's reach extends far beyond the shores of the U.S., where 49 million U.S. viewers see her talk show weekly. The show airs in 117 countries around the world "from Australia to Zimbabwe."[58]


Media counterculture

While Phil Donahue has been credited with pioneering the tabloid talk show genre, what has been described as the warmth, intimacy and personal confession[59] Winfrey brought to the format is believed to have both popularized[60] and revolutionized it.[61][62] In the scholarly text Freaks Talk Back,[63] Yale sociology professor Joshua Gamson credits the tabloid talk show genre with providing much needed high impact media visibility for gays, bisexuals, transsexuals, and transgender people and doing more to make them mainstream and socially acceptable than any other development of the 20th century. In the book's editorial review Michael Bronski wrote "In the recent past, lesbians, gay men, bisexuals, and transgendered people had almost no presence on television. With the invention and propagation of tabloid talk shows such as Jerry Springer, Jenny Jones, Oprah, and Geraldo, people outside the sexual mainstream now appear in living rooms across America almost every day of the week."[64] Phil Donahue Phillip John Donahue (b. ... Tabloid talk shows are a genre of American television talk-shows that were extremely popular during the late 20th century, ran mostly during the day, and were distributed mostly through syndication. ... Yale redirects here. ... Homosexuality is a sexual orientation characterized by esthetic attraction, romantic love, or sexual desire exclusively for another of the same sex. ... Bisexuality is a sexual orientation characterized by romantic love or sexual desire for members of either or both genders, contrasted with homosexuality, heterosexuality, and asexuality. ... A transsexual (sometimes transexual) person establishes a permanent identity with the opposite gender to their assigned (usually at birth) sex. ... The Jerry Springer Show (first aired September 20, 1991) is an internationally known television tabloid talk show, hosted by Jerry Springer, a former politician. ... The Jenny Jones Show was an American syndicated daytime tabloid talk show that was hosted by comedian/actress/singer Jenny Jones. ... Geraldo Rivera Gerald Michael Rivera (born July 4, 1943 in New York City), known to TV audiences as “Geraldo Rivera” or simply “Geraldo”, is an American television journalist and former talk show host. ...


An example of one such show by Winfey occurred in the 1980s where for the entire hour, members of the studio audience stood up one by one, gave their name and announced that they were gay. Also in the 1980s Winfrey took her show to West Virginia to confront a town gripped by AIDS paranoia because a gay man living in the town had HIV. Winfrey interviewed the man who had become a social outcast, the town's mayor who drained a swimming pool in which the man had gone swimming, and debated with the town's hostile residents. "But I hear this is a God fearing town" Winfrey scolded the homophobic studio audience, "where's all that Christian love and understanding?" During a show on gay marriage in the 1990s, a woman in Winfrey's audience stood up to complain that gays were constantly flaunting their sex lives and she announced that she was tired of it. "You know what I'm tired of," replied Winfrey, "heterosexual males raping and sodomizing young girls. That's what I'm tired of." Her rebuttal inspired a screaming standing ovation from that show's mostly gay studio audience.


Gamson credits the tabloid talk show fad with making alternative sexual orientations and identities more acceptable in mainstream society. Examples include a recent Time magazine article describing early 21st century gays coming out of the closet younger and younger and gay suicide rates plummeting. Gamson also believes that tabloid talk shows caused gays to be embraced on more traditional forms of media. Examples include sitcoms like Will & Grace, primetime shows like Queer Eye for the Straight Guy and Oscar nominated feature films like Brokeback Mountain. Tabloid talk shows are a genre of American television talk-shows that were extremely popular during the late 20th century, ran mostly during the day, and were distributed mostly through syndication. ... Will & Grace was a popular Emmy Award-winning American television situation comedy that focused on Will Truman, a gay lawyer and his best friend Grace Adler, a straight Jewish woman who runs her own interior design firm, as well as Karen Walker, a very rich socialite and Jack McFarland, an... Queer Eye for the Straight Guy is an hour-long American television series that premiered on the Bravo cable television network on July 15, 2003, and promptly became both a surprise hit (at least by the standards of cable TV) and one of the most talked-about television programs of... Brokeback Mountain is an acclaimed and controversial Academy Award-winning 2005 film that depicts a complex, emotional, sexual, and romantic relationship between two men in the American West from 1963 to 1983. ...

Winfrey comforts a grieving Nate Berkus.
Winfrey comforts a grieving Nate Berkus.

While having changed with the times from her tabloid talk show roots, Winfrey continues to include gay guests by using her show to promote openly gay personalities like her hairdresser, makeup artist, and decorator Nate Berkus who inspired an outpouring of sympathy from middle America after grieving the loss of his partner in the 2004 tsunami on the Oprah Winfrey Show. Winfrey's "therapeutic" hosting style and the tabloid talk show genre has been credited or blamed for leading the media counterculture of the 1980s and 1990s which some believe broke 20th century taboos, led to America's self-help obsession, and created confession culture. The Wall Street Journal coined the term "Oprahfication" which means public confession as a form of therapy.[65] Image File history File links Winfrey_puts_her_arm_around_Nate_Berkus. ... Image File history File links Winfrey_puts_her_arm_around_Nate_Berkus. ... Nate Berkus (born 1971) is an American interior designer and decorator. ... Nate Berkus (born 1971) is an American interior designer and decorator. ... The tsunami caused by the December 26, 2004 earthquake strikes Ao Nang, Thailand. ... Tabloid talk shows are a genre of American television talk-shows that were extremely popular during the late 20th century, ran mostly during the day, and were distributed mostly through syndication. ... The Wall Street Journal is an influential international daily newspaper published in New York City, New York with an average daily circulation of 1,800,607 (2002). ...


In April 1997, Winfrey played the therapist on the sitcom Ellen to whom the character (and the real life Ellen DeGeneres) confessed she was a lesbian. In 1998, Mark Steyn in the National Review wrote of Winfrey "Today, no truly epochal moment in the history of the Republic occurs unless it is validated by her presence. When Ellen said, 'Yep! I'm gay,' Oprah was by her side, guesting on the sitcom as (what else?) the star's therapist. She is, of course, therapist to an entire nation. If only it weren't so hard for the rest of us to get an appointment. Asked to explain the cause of the 1992 riots, one angry black looter from South Central said: 'We had to do something to get Oprah to Los Angeles.'" Ellen (originally titled These Friends of Mine for the first season) was a U.S. television sitcom which ran on the ABC network from March of 1994 to July of 1998. ... Ellen Lee DeGeneres (surname pronounced in IPA: (born January 26, 1958 in Metairie, Louisiana) is an American actress, stand-up comedian, and currently the Emmy Award-winning host of the syndicated talk show The Ellen DeGeneres Show. ... [[1]]Mark Steyn is a Canadian journalist, columnist, and film and theatre critic. ... National Review (NR) is a biweekly magazine of political opinion, founded by author William F. Buckley Jr. ...


Communication style

By confessing intimate details about her weight problems, tumultuous love life, and sexual abuse, and crying alongside her guests, Time Magazine credits Winfrey with creating a new form of media communication known as "rapport talk" as distinguished from the "report talk" of Phil Donahue:

Winfrey saw television's power to blend public and private; while it links strangers and conveys information over public airwaves, TV is most often viewed in the privacy of our homes. Like a family member, it sits down to meals with us and talks to us in the lonely afternoons. Grasping this paradox, ...She makes people care because she cares. That is Winfrey's genius, and will be her legacy, as the changes she has wrought in the talk show continue to permeate our culture and shape our lives.

Observers even noted the "Oprahfication" of politics by noting "Oprah-style debates" and Bill Clinton's empathetic speaking style. Columnist Maureen Dowd commented on the symbolism of Bill Clinton seeking an "Oprah-style" talk show when he left the presidency: William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... Maureen Dowds NYTimes. ...

There is a delicious symmetry in Clinton's exploring the idea of a daytime syndicated talk show: the man who brought Oprah-style psychobabble and misty confessions to politics taking the next step and actually transmogrifying into Oprah.[66]

Newsweek stated: The Newsweek logo Newsweek is a weekly news magazine published in New York City and distributed throughout the United States and internationally. ...

Every time a politician lets his lip quiver or a cable anchor "emotes" on TV, they nod to the cult of confession that Oprah helped create.[67]

Winfrey's intimate confessions about her weight (which peaked at 108 kg (238 lb), also paved the way for other plus sized women in media such as Roseanne Barr, Rosie O'Donnell and Star Jones. The November 1988 Ms. magazine observed that "in a society where fat is taboo, she made it in a medium that worships thin and celebrates a bland, white-bread prettiness of body and personality...But Winfrey made fat sexy, elegant — damned near gorgeous - with her drop-dead wardrobe, easy body language, and cheerful sensuality." Roseanne Barr (born on November 3, 1952) is an American actress, writer, talk-show host, and comedian. ... Rosie ODonnell (born March 21, 1962 in Bayside, Queens, New York) is an American talk show host; comedian; film, television, and stage actress; and LGBT advocate. ... External links Official site Star Jones at the Internet Movie Database Biography and resumé from the ABC website for The View Landscaper sues The View star, a December 2004 article from The Smoking Gun Categories: People stubs | 1962 births | American television personalities | Talk show hosts | American lawyers | People from North... magazine Ms. ...


Oprah's Book Club

In the late 1990s, Winfrey introduced a new segment on her television show: Oprah's Book Club. The segment focused on new books and classics, and often brought obscure novels to popular attention. The book club became such a powerful force that whenever Winfrey introduced a new book as her book-club selection, it instantly became a best-seller (known as the Oprah Effect); for example, when she selected the classic John Steinbeck novel East of Eden, it soared to the top of the book charts. Being recognized by Winfrey often means a million additional book sales for an author.[68] Oprahs Book Club is a book club segment of the American talk show The Oprah Winfrey Show, highlighting books chosen by host Oprah Winfrey. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... East of Eden is also an English/French travelogue site, and a rock band East of Eden is a novel by Nobel Prize winner John Steinbeck, published in September 1952. ...


In Reading with Oprah: The book club that changed America, Kathleen Rooney describes Winfrey as "a serious American intellectual who pioneered the use of electronic media, specifically television and the Internet, to take reading — a decidedly non-technological and highly individual act — and highlight its social elements and uses in such a way to motivate millions of erstwhile non-readers to pick up books."


Oprah's Book Club is so powerful that, when she selected his memoir Night in 2006, just a few months later Time Magazine named author Elie Wiesel as one of the 100 most influential people on the planet. Winfrey and Wiesel traveled together back to the Auschwitz concentration camp with Wiesel telling Winfrey that he would not have made the trip with just anyone and that it was probably his last trip there. "What you did was so respectful," Wiesel told Oprah. 50,000 high school students competed to be part of a follow-up show in which only 50 winners of an essay contest were selected to meet Winfrey and Wiesel. Consistent with the book's theme, many of the winning students had endured their own forms of discrimination including homophobia and surviving the Rwandan Genocide (and being reunited with lost family on the show). The students were surprised to learn that AT&T had given them all a $5000 scholarship to the college of their choice, and even more surprised when Winfrey decided to double their scholarships herself by adding an additional $5000. Night is an autobiographical work by Elie Wiesel based on his experience, as a young Orthodox Jew, of being sent with his family to the German death camp at Auschwitz, and later to the concentration camp at Buchenwald. ... Eliezer Wiesel (commonly known as Elie) (born September 30[1], 1928) is a world-renowned Romanian-Hungarian Jewish novelist, philosopher, humanitarian, political activist, and Holocaust survivor. ... Auschwitz, Konzentrationslager Auschwitz-Birkenau, KL Auschwitz, Nazi German Concentration Camp of Auschwitz was the largest of the Nazi German extermination camps, along with a number of concentration camps, comprising three main camps and 40 to 50 sub-camps. ... The Rwanda Genocide (French: Génocide au Rwanda) was the massacre of an estimated 800,000 to 1,071,000 ethnic Tutsis and moderate Hutus in Rwanda, mostly carried out by two extremist Hutu militia groups, the Interahamwe and the Impuzamugambi, during a period of about 100 days from April...


Oprah's Book Club has occasionally chosen books which have proven to be controversial. Most notably, Jonathan Franzen questioned the Club's selection process and credibility, and there was a live television confrontation over allegations of fabrication regarding James Frey's A Million Little Pieces.


Spiritual icon

In 2002, Christianity Today published an article called "The Church of O" in which they concluded that Winfrey had emerged as an influential spiritual leader. "Since 1994, when she abandoned traditional talk-show fare for more edifying content, and 1998, when she began 'Change Your Life TV', Oprah's most significant role has become that of spiritual leader. To her audience of more than 22 million mostly female viewers, she has become a postmodern priestess—an icon of church-free spirituality."[69] The sentiment was seconded by Marcia Z. Nelson in her book The Gospel According to Oprah.[70] On the season premier of Winfrey's 13th season Rosanne Barr told Winfrey "you're the African Mother Goddess of us all" inspiring much enthusiasm from the studio audience. The animated series Futurama alluded to her spiritual influence by suggesting that, a thousand years from now, a religion known as "Oprahism" exists. For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Christianity Today is an Evangelical Christian periodical based in Carol Stream, Illinois. ... Roseanne Barr (born on November 3, 1952) is an American actress, writer, talk-show host, and comedian. ... Futurama is an American animated sitcom that follows Philip J. Fry after he is cryogenically frozen at midnight, January 1, 2000, and is revived a thousand years later in the year 2999. ...


Fan base

The audience for her magazine is considerably more upscale than those who watch her show, earning US$63,000 a year (well above the median for U.S. women).[15] Although Winfrey's audience is sometimes spoofed for their fanatical devotion by shows like Saturday Night Live, Winfrey has been very protective of them and gets very offended when they are publicly disparaged. Saturday Night Live (SNL) is a weekly late night 90-minute American comedy-variety show based in New York City which has been broadcast by NBC nearly every Saturday night since its debut on October 11, 1975. ...


Some of Winfrey's biggest fans are gay males. For example, one of the stars of the reality TV show The Benefactor was a gay African American man named Kevin who was so obsessed with Winfrey that he would ask "What would Oprah do?" before making any strategic decision. Another gay man included Oprah on his published list of women worshipped by gay men and asked, "What gay man hasn't watched at least 1,000 episodes of The Oprah Winfrey Show?"[71] The Benefactor was a six-episode (originally eight episodes) U.S. reality television show broadcast on ABC starting on September 13, 2004. ...


Criticisms and controversies

Though since the mid-1990s Winfrey has changed the focus of her show, her success has been blamed for popularizing the "tabloid talk show" genre and turning it into thriving industry that has included Ricki Lake, The Jenny Jones Show, and The Jerry Springer Show. Sociologist Vicki Abt criticised tabloid talk shows for redefining social norms. In her book Coming After Oprah: Cultural Fallout in the Age of the TV talk show, Abt warned that the media revolution that followed Winfrey's success was blurring the lines between "normal" and "deviant" behavior. Ricki Lake was a daytime talk show hosted by U.S. actress Ricki Lake. ... The Jenny Jones Show was an American syndicated daytime tabloid talk show that was hosted by comedian/actress/singer Jenny Jones. ... The Jerry Springer Show (first aired September 20, 1991) is an internationally known television tabloid talk show, hosted by Jerry Springer, a former politician. ...


Leading up to the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq, Winfrey's show received criticism for having an anti-war bias. Ben Shapiro of Townhall.com wrote: This article regards the 2003 invasion of Iraq. ... Ben Shapiro Ben Shapiro (born 1984 in Burbank, California) is an Orthodox Jew and conservative political columnist and author from Burbank, California. ... Townhall. ...

"Oprah Winfrey is the most powerful woman in America. She decides what makes the New York Times best-seller lists. Her touchy-feely style sucks in audiences at the rate of 14 million viewers per day. But Oprah is far more than a cultural force — she's a dangerous political force as well, a woman with unpredictable and mercurial attitudes toward the major issues of the day."[72]

In 2006, Winfrey recalled such controversies:

"I once did a show titled Is War the Only Answer? In the history of my career, I've never received more hate mail-like 'Go back to Africa' hate mail. I was accused of being un-American for even raising the question."[73]

In 2006, rappers Ludacris, 50 Cent and Ice Cube criticized Winfrey for what they perceived as an anti-hip hop bias. In an interview with GQ magazine, Ludacris said that Winfrey gave him a "hard time" about his lyrics and edited comments he made during an appearance on her show with the cast of the film Crash. He also claimed that he wasn't initially invited on the show with the rest of the cast. Winfrey responded by saying that she's opposed to rap lyrics that "marginalize women", but enjoys some artists, including Kanye West, who appeared on her show. She said she spoke with Ludacris backstage after his appearance to explain her position and said she understood that his music was for entertainment purposes, but that some of his listeners might take it literally.[74] Ludacris, aka Luda, (born Christopher Brian Bridges on September 11, 1977 in Champaign, Illinois) is a Grammy Award winning African American rapper and actor. ... For the U.S. currency value, see Half dollar (United States coin). ... Ice Cube (born OShea Jackson on June 15, 1969 in Los Angeles, California) is an American rapper, actor and film director. ... Hip hop music, also referred to as rap or rap music, is a style of popular music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... Actor Nicholas Cage on the cover of the March, 1997 issue of GQ (U.S. edition) Gentlemens Quarterly, most often known simply as GQ, is a monthly mens magazine that focuses on mens fashion and style. ... Crash is an Academy Award-winning drama film directed by Paul Haggis. ... Kanye Omari West (born June 8, 1977) is a six-time Grammy Award-winning American producer/rapper of Nigerian descent. ...


Works

Television

Year Title Role Other notes
1997 Ellen Degeneres Therapist Episode, The Puppy Episode
1997 Before Women Had Wings Miss Zora (also producer)
1993 There Are No Children Here LaJoe Rivers
1992 The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air Herself Episode, A Night at the Oprah
1992 Lincoln Narrator (documentary)
1990 - 1991 Brewster Place Mattie Michael
1989 The Women of Brewster Place Mattie Michael (also executive producer)
1988 Pee-wee's Playhouse Christmas Special Herself (guest star)
1986 - present The Oprah Winfrey Show Herself

This is a list of film-related events in 1997. ... This is a list of film-related events in 1997. ... // March 31 - Actor Brandon Lee is accidentally killed during the filming of The Crow. ... This is a list of film-related events in 1992. ... The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air is a popular American sitcom that aired on NBC from September 10, 1990 to September 9, 1996 featuring Will Smith in a fish-out-of-water tale of a streetwise Philadelphia teenager sent to live with rich relatives in a Bel-Air mansion. ... This is a list of film-related events in 1992. ... // The now widespread name Lincoln originated in a city in eastern England. ... // Chris Rock and Adam Sandler join SNL February 4 - Actor Tom Cruise and actress Mimi Rogers divorce. ... This is a list of film-related events in 1991. ... // Actress Kim Basinger and her brother Mick purchase Braselton, Georgia for $20 million. ... Gloria Naylors first novel The Women of Brewster Place was released as a made-for-television film in 1989. ... // Michael Jacksons first film was Moonwalker Rain Man, starring Dustin Hoffman and Tom Cruise Who Framed Roger Rabbit, starring Bob Hoskins Coming to America, starring Eddie Murphy Big, starring Tom Hanks Twins, starring Arnold Schwarzenegger and Danny DeVito Crocodile Dundee II Die Hard, starring Bruce Willis The Naked Gun... Cover from the 2004 DVD release Pee-wees Playhouse Christmas Special is the Christmas television special based on the American Saturday-morning childrens program Pee-wees Playhouse. ... // April 12 - Actor Morgan Mason marries The Go-Gos Belinda Carlisle Actor Arnold Schwarzenegger marries television journalist Maria Shriver. ... The present is the time that is perceived directly, not as a recollection or a speculation. ... The Oprah Winfrey Show is an American nationally syndicated talk show, hosted and produced by Oprah Winfrey and is the highest rated talk show in television history. ...

Movies

Year Title Role Other notes
2007 Bee Movie
2006 Charlotte's Web Gussy the Goose
2005 Emmanuel's Gift Narrator (documentary)
2004 Brothers of the Borderland Narrator (short subject)
2003 Unchained Memories: Readings from the Slave Narratives Narrator (documentary)
1998 Beloved Sethe
1990 Listen Up: The Lives of Quincy Jones (documentary)
1987 Throw Momma from the Train (cameo)
1986 Native Son Janet Thomason
1985 The Color Purple Sofia

Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Release dates: LR: Limited release in select cities WR: Wide-release to theaters IMAX: Release to IMAX theaters 9 Across... Bee Movie is a computer-animated film from Jerry Seinfeld. ... // Notable events concerning the film industry in 2006. ... Charlottes Web is a live action/computer-animated feature film, based on the popular book Charlottes Web by E.B. White. ... This is a list of film-related events in 2005. ... // Please note that these are the top grossing films that were first released in 2004; because they may have made most of their income in a later year, they may not be the top-grossing films for calendar year 2004. ... // February 24 - The Pianist, directed by Roman Polanski, wins 7 Cesar Awards: Best Film, Best Director, Best Actor, Best Sound, Best Production Design, Best Music and Best Cinematography. ... This is a list of film-related events in 1998. ... The 1998 drama Beloved stars Danny Glover and Oprah Winfrey and is based on the Pulitzer-Prize-winning 1987 novel of the same name by Toni Morrison. ... // Chris Rock and Adam Sandler join SNL February 4 - Actor Tom Cruise and actress Mimi Rogers divorce. ... // May 9 - Actor Tom Cruise marries actress Mimi Rogers. ... Throw Momma from the Train is a dark comedy film released in 1987. ... // April 12 - Actor Morgan Mason marries The Go-Gos Belinda Carlisle Actor Arnold Schwarzenegger marries television journalist Maria Shriver. ... Native Son (1940) is a novel by African-American author Richard Wright. ... // Back to the Future, starring Michael J. Fox, Christopher Lloyd and Lea Thompson Rambo: First Blood Part II, starring Sylvester Stallone Rocky IV, starring Sylvester Stallone The Color Purple, starring Whoopi Goldberg, Danny Glover, Oprah Winfrey, Margaret Avery, Rae Dawn Chong, Adolph Caesar Out of Africa, starring Meryl Streep and... The Color Purple is the 9th film directed by Steven Spielberg in 1985. ...

Radio

Year Title Role Other notes
2006 Oprah & Friends Herself

Oprah and Friends is a talk radio channel programmed by Harpo Productions newly formed radio division, and is signed exclusively for XM Satellite Radio. ...

Books

  • Make the Connection : Ten Steps to a Better Body and a Better Life, by Bob Greene and Oprah Winfrey, 1999; ISBN 0-7868-8298-0.
  • Journey to Beloved, by Oprah Winfrey and Ken Regan, 1998; 0786864583.
  • The Uncommon Wisdom of Oprah Winfrey : A Portrait in Her Own Words, by Bill Adler (ed) and Oprah Winfrey, 1997; ISBN 1-55972-419-6.
  • A Journal of Daily Renewal : The Companion to Make the Connection, by Bob Greene and Oprah Winfrey, 1996; ISBN 0-7868-8215-8.
  • In The Kitchen With Rosie: Oprah's Favorite Recipes, by Rosie Daley and Oprah Winfrey, 1994; ISBN 0-679-43404-6.

References

  1. ^ King World press release Retrieved July 13, 2006
  2. ^ Oprah Winfrey the richest black person in the world. African Echo Vol. 43, 2006-09-11. Accessed 2006-09-11
  3. ^ #562 Oprah Winfrey. Forbes Special Report: The World's Billionaires (2006). Accessed 2006-09-11.
  4. ^ Condi and Oprah aren’t good role models for Black motherhood
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ [2]
  7. ^ Oprah Winfrey. Interview with Oprah Winfrey. Academy of Achievement (February 21, 1991). Retrieved on 2006-06-09.
  8. ^ Transcript of Larry King Interview. cnn.com. cnn.com. Retrieved on 2006-07-25.
  9. ^ Oprah Winfrey. About Oprah Winfrey. American Girl (March 17,2006). Retrieved on 2006-09-02.
  10. ^ OPRAH WINFREY: The Real Story by George Mair pg 31, 1995
  11. ^ Who Wants to Be a Millionaire?; July 19, 2006
  12. ^ Oprah Winfrey Signs with King World Productions for New Three-Year Contract to Continue as Host and Producer of The Oprah Winfrey Show through 2010-2011. kingworld.com, August 5, 2004. Retrieved July 14, 2006.
  13. ^ (Vogue Magazine Oct, 1998)
  14. ^ Glaister, Dan. "Oprah Winfrey book deal tops Clinton's $12m", The Guardian, 22 May 2006.
  15. ^ a b The Business of Being Oprah. Fortune, April 8, 2004. Retrieved July 7, 2006.
  16. ^ [3]
  17. ^ [4]
  18. ^ Oprah's path to power, Guardina Unlimited, March 2, 2003
  19. ^ Oprah Blocks Tell-All Book, Suit Says by Marcus Errico Jan 31, 1997, E Online!
  20. ^ Oprah reveals on her show she smoked crack cocaine during her 20s - Jet, Jan 30, 1995, Findartciles.com
  21. ^ OPRAH WINFREY: The Real Story by George Mair pg 28-29, 1995
  22. ^ OPRAH WINFREY: The Real Story by George Mair pg 30, 1995
  23. ^ OPRAH WINFREY: The Real Story by George Mair pg 31, 1995
  24. ^ OPRAH WINFREY: The Real Story by George Mair pg 30, 1995
  25. ^ OPRAH WINFREY: The Real Story by George Mair pg 33, 1995
  26. ^ OPRAH WINFREY: The Real Story by George Mair pg 43, 1995
  27. ^ OPRAH WINFREY: The Real Story by George Mair pg 47, 1995
  28. ^ OPRAH WINFREY: The Real Story by George Mair pg 49, 1995
  29. ^ OPRAH WINFREY: The Real Story by George Mair pg 49, 1995
  30. ^ OPRAH WINFREY: The Real Story by George Mair pg 50, 1995
  31. ^ OPRAH WINFREY: The Real Story by George Mair pg 50, 1995
  32. ^ [5]
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  42. ^ [15]
  43. ^ The Angel Network
  44. ^ [16]
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  49. ^ Time.com 2001 Global influentails
  50. ^ [21]
  51. ^ [[22]]
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  54. ^ [25]
  55. ^ [26]
  56. ^ [[27]] October 17 Westwood One's The Radio Factor with Bill O'Reilly
  57. ^ [28]
  58. ^ "The Oprah Winfrey Show Trivia: 20 Years in the Making!." Retrieved on 2006-08-29.
  59. ^ [29]
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  65. ^ [35]
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  67. ^ [[37]]
  68. ^ [38]
  69. ^ The Church of O. Christianity Today, March 22 2002. Retrieved July 7, 2006.
  70. ^ [39]
  71. ^ [40] - Listmania! Women Worshipped By Gay Men, Part 2 Pedro Tejada (West Palm Beach,FL,USA), Amazon.com
  72. ^ Shapiro, Ben. "The Oprah schnook club", Townhall.com, 19 March 2003.
  73. ^ O, The Oprah Magazine Oct 2006 pg 367
  74. ^ [41]

2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 11 is the 254th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (255th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 11 is the 254th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (255th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 11 is the 254th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (255th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 25 is the 206th day (207th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 159 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 2 is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... In the United States, Who Wants to Be a Millionaire (also known simply as Millionaire) is a television game show which offers a maximum cash prize of one million dollars for correctly answering successive multiple-choice questions of increasing difficulty. ... August 5 is the 217th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (218th in leap years), with 148 days remaining. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 14 is the 195th day (196th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 170 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other meanings, see vogue. ... May 22 is the 142nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (143rd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... April 8 is the 98th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (99th in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 7 is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 177 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 2 is the 61st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (62nd in leap years). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 29 is the 241st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (242nd in leap years), with 124 days remaining. ... March 22 is the 81st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (82nd in leap years). ... July 7 is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 177 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 19 is the 78th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (79th in leap years). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
African American Portal

Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo-en. ... Wikiquote is a sister project of Wikipedia, using the same MediaWiki software. ... Image File history File links AmericaAfrica. ... Forbes magazine annually lists the worlds wealthiest individuals: The Worlds Billionaries. ... The sign in front of Oprah Winfreys Chicago based Harpo Studios. ...

Quotes

  • "I was taught to read at an early age. By the time I was three, I was reciting speeches in the church. They'd put me up on the program, and say, 'Little Mistress Winfrey will render a recitation,' and I would do 'Jesus rose on Easter day, Hallelujah, Hallelujah, all the angels did proclaim.'"
  • "It doesn't matter who you are, where you come from. The ability to triumph begins with you — always."

All my life I had to fight. I had to fight my daddy. I had to fight my uncles. I had to fight my brothers. A girl child ain't safe in a family of men, but I ain't never thought I'd have to fight in my own house! I loves Harpo, God knows I do. But I'll kill him dead 'fo I let him beat me."- Oprah movie (The Color Purple)


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Oprah Winfrey Fansite Oprah Fans United (531 words)
Oprah is a friend to the world and a role model for all people, of any gender, of any race, of any group.
Oprah, The Oprah Winfrey Show, Harpo, Make The Connection, Oprah's Book Club, Use Your Life, Oprah's Favorite Things, Oprah and Friends and Live Your Best Life are registered trademarks of Harpo, Inc. Oprah's Angel Network, O Girls and Angel Network are registered trademarks of Oprah's Angel Network.
Oprah Winfrey Scholars, O Design, Oprah Winfrey Leadership Academy for Girls, Oprah Winfrey Leadership Academy for Girls South Africa and O Design are trademarks of The Oprah Winfrey Leadership Academy Foundation.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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