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Encyclopedia > Oppdal
Oppdal kommune
Image:Oppdal kart.png
County Sør-Trøndelag
District Dovre region
Municipality NO-1634
Administrative centre Aune
Mayor (2004) Ola Røtvei (Ap)
Official language form Neutral
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Percentage
Ranked 21
2,274 km²
2,202 km²
0.70 %
Population
 - Total (2004)
 - Percentage
 - Change (10 years)
 - Density
Ranked 152
6,456
0.14 %
2.3 %
3/km²
Coordinates 62°34′N 9°36′E
www.oppdal.kommune.no

Data from Statistics Norway Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Norway is divided into 19 administrative regions, called counties (fylker, singular - fylke, Nynorsk: singular and plural fylke; until 1918 known as singular and plural- amt), and 433 municipalities (kommuner - Nynorsk: kommunar). ... County NO-16 Region Trøndelag Administrative centre Trondheim County mayor Tore O. Sandvik Area  - Total  - Percentage Ranked 7 18,848 km² 5. ... Norway may be divided into a number of traditional districts. ... The Dovre region is a landscape in Norway consisting of the municipalities of Dovre, Folldal, and Oppdal. ... Norway is divided into 19 administrative regions, called counties (fylker, singular - fylke), and 431 municipalities/communes (kommuner). ... The ISO 3166-2 codes for Norway describe 19 counties (fylke). ... The Norwegian Labour Party (Det norske Arbeiderparti, Arbeiderpartiet or DNA) is a left-wing political party in Norway. ... Norwegian is a Germanic language spoken primarily in Norway, where it is an official language. ... Norwegian is a Germanic language spoken primarily in Norway, where it is an official language. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... This article is about longitude and latitude; see also UTM coordinate system Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (vertically) and longitude (horizontally); large version (pdf) The geographic (earth-mapping) coordinate system expresses every horizontal position on Earth by two of the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system which...

Coordinates: 62°34′N 9°36′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Oppdal is a municipality in the county of Sør-Trøndelag, Norway. Norway is divided into 19 administrative regions, called counties (fylker, singular - fylke), and 431 municipalities/communes (kommuner). ... Norway is divided into 19 administrative regions, called counties (fylker, singular - fylke, Nynorsk: singular and plural fylke; until 1918 known as singular and plural- amt), and 433 municipalities (kommuner - Nynorsk: kommunar). ... County NO-16 Region Trøndelag Administrative centre Trondheim County mayor Tore O. Sandvik Area  - Total  - Percentage Ranked 7 18,848 km² 5. ...

Contents

Coat-of-arms

The coat-of-arms is from modern times (1982). The figure represents Oppdal as a meeting place for three important roads (to Trondheim, Dombås and Sunndalsøra). County Sør-Trøndelag District Municipality NO-1601 Administrative centre Trondheim Mayor (2005) Rita Ottervik (AP) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 258 342 km² 322 km² 0. ... The village of DombÃ¥s lies in the Dovre municipality and serves as an administrative center in the upper Gudbrandsdalen, Norway. ... Sunndalsøra is the administrative centre of Sunndal municipality, Norway, located at the outlet of the river Driva at the head of the Sunndalsfjord. ...


Geography

Oppdal is bordered by one municipality in Sør-Trøndelag (Rennebu to the northeast), three municipalities in Møre og Romsdal county (Surnadal on the north as well as Rindal and Sunndal to the west), two municipalities in Hedmark county (Tynset on the east and Folldal on the south), and one municipality in Oppland county (Dovre to the south). The municipality Rennebu in the county of Sør-Trøndelag, Norway, has 2,675 inhabitants as of January 1, 2002. ... Møre og Romsdal is a county in the northernmost part of the Vestlandet region of Norway, and borders the counties of Sør-Trøndelag, Oppland and Sogn og Fjordane. ... Surnadal is a municipality in the county of Møre og Romsdal, Norway. ... Missing image Image:Rindal kart. ... Sunndal is a municipality in the county of Møre og Romsdal, Norway. ... Hedmark is a county in Norway, bordering Sør-Trøndelag, Oppland and Akershus. ... County Hedmark District Østerdalen Municipality NO-0437 Administrative centre Tynset Mayor (2006) Borgar Valle (Sp) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 34 1,879 km² 1,822 km² 0. ... The municipality Folldal in the county of Hedmark, Norway, has 1,753 inhabitants as of January 1, 2002. ... Oppland is a county in Norway, bordering Sør-Trøndelag, Møre og Romsdal, Sogn og Fjordane, Buskerud, Akershus, Oslo and Hedmark. ... County Oppland Landscape Dovre region Municipality NO-0511 Administrative centre Dombås Mayor (2003) Erland A. Løkken (Sp) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 65 1,364 km² 1,348 km² 0. ...

View of Vangslia in Oppdal, with the main church, known locally as "Marit Vang"
View of Vangslia in Oppdal, with the main church, known locally as "Marit Vang"

The municipality covers an area equal to the entire county of Vestfold. The administrative centre is at 545 meters above sea level, and is said to have the best public drinking water in Norway. Download high resolution version (1500x971, 120 KB)Oppdal Norway, view from Svarthaugen toward the Marit Vang church and Vangslia Photo taken by Leif Knutsen, 1994 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (1500x971, 120 KB)Oppdal Norway, view from Svarthaugen toward the Marit Vang church and Vangslia Photo taken by Leif Knutsen, 1994 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... County NO-07 Region Østlandet Administrative centre Tønsberg County mayor   Area  - Total  - Percentage Ranked 18 2,224 km² 0. ...


Most of Oppdal's area is mountainous, much of it above the treeline. In the valleys around creeks and the river, there are some spruce and pine woods; closer to the treeline, birches dominate. There are several lakes in the municipality, the most famous being Gjevilvatnet, a particularly scenic lake with hiking and cross-country skiing trails around. Species Many species; see text and classification Birch is the name of any tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, closely related to the beech/oak family, Fagaceae. ...


Heather and alpine meadows provide grazing for sheep in the summer. 1,161 km2 of the mountains has been held since time immemorial as a collective (almenning) by farmers in the area, giving them the right to hunt, fish, and rent cabins.


History

Oppdal is an alpine community with roots back to the Norwegian Iron Age. Its location seems predicated on its being at a crossroads for traffic from Trondheim, the Dovrefjell mountain range, and the west coast. This is reflected in the three rays in the coat of arms. Iron Age Axe found on Gotland This article is about the archaeological period known as the Iron Age, for the mythological Iron Age see Iron Age (mythology). ... County Sør-Trøndelag District Municipality NO-1601 Administrative centre Trondheim Mayor (2005) Rita Ottervik (AP) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 258 342 km² 322 km² 0. ... Dovrefjell is a mountain range in central Norway that forms a natural barrier between the southern regions of Norway and the area around Trondheim. ... Sunndal is a municipality in the county of Møre og Romsdal, Norway. ...


Oppdal was first settled some time before 600 CE. By then there were about 50 farms in the area, and this number grew by about 20 more in the Viking era. There are remnants of over 700 pagan grave mounds from the time at Vang, in which jewelry and other pieces from the British Isles were found. This indicates that the area was relatively affluent and participated in the Viking trade. Much of the affluence was likely derived from the availability of game, both in the area and from nearby mountain ranges. Several game traps can still be seen in mountains around Oppdal, particularly ditches for reindeer, and there have been more than 80 finds of at least two different types of arrowheads in the area. The term Viking commonly denotes the ship-borne explorers, traders, and warriors of the Norsemen who originated in Scandinavia and raided the coasts of the British Isles, France and other parts of Europe from the late 8th century to the 11th century. ... Norse or Scandinavian mythology comprises the pre-Christian religion, beliefs and legends of the Scandinavian people, including those who settled on Iceland, where the written sources for Norse mythology were assembled. ... Location of the British Isles The British Isles is a group of islands off the northwest coast of continental Europe consisting of Great Britain, Ireland, and a number of smaller surrounding islands and islets. ... The term Viking commonly denotes the ship-borne explorers, traders, and warriors of the Norsemen who originated in Scandinavia and raided the coasts of the British Isles, France and other parts of Europe from the late 8th century to the 11th century. ... Binomial name Rangifer tarandus (Linnaeus, 1758) The reindeer, known as caribou when wild in North America, is an Arctic and Subarctic-dwelling deer (Rangifer tarandus). ... Japanese arrow (ya) and head // Weapon An arrow is a pointed projectile that is shot with a bow. ...

Kongsvoll (Photo by Marianne F. Pettersen).
Kongsvoll (Photo by Marianne F. Pettersen).

Archeological finds in Oppdal indicate that there were less pronounced economic disparities in Oppdal than elsewhere in Norway. Communal efforts to hold off famine and share burdens appear to have been common through several centuries. Image File history File links Kongsvoll_by_Marianne_F_Pettersen. ... Image File history File links Kongsvoll_by_Marianne_F_Pettersen. ...


During the Christian era, pagan shrines and gravemounds were replaced by churches and chapels. Five rural churches were built in Oppdal at the time, in Vang, Ålbu, Lønset, Lo and Nordskogen. The Oppdal church, built to replace an earlier stavkirke in 1653, stands to this day (Reference: Welle-Strand).


Oppdal was a stop for pilgrims on their way to the St. Olav shrine in Trondheim during the Middle Ages. As a result of the heavy stream of pilgrims who followed the Pilgrim´s Route prior to the Reformation, King Øystein erected mountain stations where the pilgrims could find food and shelter. Kongsvoll, located on the Driva River along the route where pilgrims passed from the Gudbrandsdal into Oppdal was one of these stations, and is still an inn today. Drivstua, further north, was another. (Reference: Stagg & Welle-Strand) Olaf II Haraldsson (995 – July 29, 1030), king from 1015–1028, (known during his lifetime as the Stout and after his canonization as Saint Olaf), was born in the year in which Olaf Tryggvason came to Norway. ... Picture of the Nidaros Cathedral in 1857. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... The Pilgrims Route and old Kings Road between Oslo and Trondheim in Norway passed up through the Gudbrandsdal and, leaving the valley of the LÃ¥gen at present day DombÃ¥s, went over the Dovre Mountains in the Dovre municipality into Oppdal municipality. ... The Protestant Reformation was a movement which began in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church, but ended in division and the establishment of new institutions, most importantly Lutheranism, Reformed churches, and Anabaptists. ... Øystein I (1088?-1123) was king of Norway 1103-1123. ... Kongsvoll lies on the Pilgrim´s Route or old Kings Road between Oslo and Trondheim in Norway. ... The Driva River flows through Oppdal municipality in Norway. ... Gudbrandsdalen is a valley and traditional district in the Norwegian fylke (county) of Oppland. ...

Drivstua railway station (Photo by Marianne F. Pettersen).
Drivstua railway station (Photo by Marianne F. Pettersen).

Oppdal was particularly affected by the Black Plague, which led to abandonment of a number of farms. With a worsening of the climate, 170 years later the community hadn't recovered, and there were only 35 farms and 350 people left. Only one church at Vang was still in use. As late as in 1742, people in Oppdal died of hunger. Image File history File links Drivstua_railway_station_by_Marianne_F_Pettersen. ... Image File history File links Drivstua_railway_station_by_Marianne_F_Pettersen. ... This article concerns the epidemic of the mid-14th century. ...


In the early 1600s, Oppdal's fortunes turned and population grew. By 1665, 2,200 people lived in Oppdal, and a new church was built at Vang, which stands to this day. The churches at Lønset and Fagerhaug have been re-established, and Oppdal houses several other religious communities. Since the 1700s, the inhabitants of Oppdal have made significant investments in education, leading to the establishment of several small rural schools and recently a high school.


In the 1800s, increased fertility and reduced mortality led to population growth that could not be sustained by agricultural resources. Many became tenant farmers, and eventually a large proportion of people from Oppdal emigrated to the United States. The population decreased until 1910, when the railroad from Oslo to Trondheim via Dovre created employment and opened for tourism. In 1952, the first ski lift opened, and with further expansions Oppdal now offers Norway's largest downhill network. A tenant farmer is one who resides on and farms land owned by a landlord. ... The Norwegian railway system comprises 4,058 km of standard gauge (1. ... County Oslo NO-03 District Viken Municipality NO-0301 Administrative centre Oslo Mayor (2004) Per Ditlev-Simonsen (H) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 224 454 km² 426 km² 0. ... Dovrebanen is the main line of the Norwegian railway system between Oslo and Trondheim. ...

Almannberget in Oppdal
Almannberget in Oppdal
Taken by Daniel Northall on December 28th 2005 - View of Oppdal Church also known as "Marit Vang"
Taken by Daniel Northall on December 28th 2005 - View of Oppdal Church also known as "Marit Vang"

Download high resolution version (2021x1345, 607 KB)Almannberget in Oppdal, Norway during winter; Photography by Leif Knutsen File links The following pages link to this file: Oppdal Image:Oppdal Almannberget Norway. ... Download high resolution version (2021x1345, 607 KB)Almannberget in Oppdal, Norway during winter; Photography by Leif Knutsen File links The following pages link to this file: Oppdal Image:Oppdal Almannberget Norway. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 377 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 377 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...

Oppdal today

Main industries in Oppdal today are agriculture, tourism, and some light manufacturing. It has the largest sheep population of any municipality in Norway, with 45,000 heads of sheep put out to graze in the mountains every year. It is one of Norway's best ski resorts and is surrounded by national parks. Species See text. ... List of Norwegian national parks with date of establishment and area. ...


European route E6 passes straight through the commercial center of Oppdal. E6 is the designation for the main north-south road in Norway (and the west coast of Sweden), running from the southern tip of Sweden (Trelleborg), into Norway and through almost all of the country north to Finnmark. ...


The writer Inge Krokann was born in Oppdal, and the area is central to his work. Inge Krokann (born in Oppdal in 1893, died in Gausdal in 1962) was a Norwegian writer whose work was characterized by: Vivid descriptions of the relationships between man and nature in the harsh environment around his birthplace of Oppdal; Effective and innovative use of the Oppdal dialect and nynorsk in...


The climate is harsh, even by Norwegian standards. Among other things, snakes have never made it to Oppdal, and snow is not unusual on May 17th National Day celebrations. The Norwegian Constitution Day is the National Day of Norway and is an official national holiday each year. ...


References

  • The Heart of Norway by Frank Noel Stagg, George Allen & Unwin, Ltd., 1953.
  • Adventure Roads in Norway by Erling Welle-Strand, Nortrabooks, 1996. ISBN 82-90103-71-9
  • Oppdals Historie - Hovudlinjer og Tidsbilde, 2002. ISBN 82-7083-269-3


Municipalities of Sør-Trøndelag Sør-Trøndelag coat of arms

Agdenes | Bjugn | Frøya | Hemne | Hitra | Holtålen | Klæbu | Malvik | Meldal | Melhus | Midtre Gauldal | Oppdal | Orkdal | Osen | Rennebu | Rissa | Roan | Røros | Selbu | Skaun | Snillfjord | Trondheim | Tydal | Ørland | Åfjord Norway is divided into 19 administrative regions, called counties (fylker, singular - fylke), and 431 municipalities/communes (kommuner). ... County NO-16 Region Trøndelag Administrative centre Trondheim County mayor Tore O. Sandvik Area  - Total  - Percentage Ranked 7 18,848 km² 5. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The municipality Agdenes in the county of Norway, has 1,807 inhabitants as of January 1, 2002. ... County Sør-Trøndelag Landscape Municipality NO-1627 Administrative centre Brekstad Mayor (2003) Hallgeir Grøntvedt (Sp) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 243 384 km² 356 km² 0. ... County Sør-Trøndelag District Municipality NO-1620 Administrative centre Sistranda Mayor (2003) Arvid Hammernes (V) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 309 241 km² 230 km² 0. ... Hemne is a municipality in the county of Sør-Trøndelag in Norway. ... County Sør-Trøndelag District Municipality NO-1617 Administrative centre Hitra Mayor (2003) Egil Hestnes (H) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 163 685 km² 646 km² 0. ... County Sør-Trøndelag Landscape Municipality NO-1644 Administrative centre Ã…len Mayor (2003) Ivar P. Volden (Ap) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 83 1,209 km² 1,172 km² 0. ... County Sør-Trøndelag District Municipality NO-1662 Administrative centre Klæbu Mayor (2003) Ivar Skei (SV) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 337 186 km² 175 km² 0. ... County Sør-Trøndelag District Municipality NO-1663 Administrative centre Hommelvik Mayor (2003) Gudmund Olav Beitland (H) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 350 169 km² 162 km² 0. ... County Sør-Trøndelag District Orkdalen Municipality NO-1636 Administrative centre Meldal Mayor (2003) Arne L. Haugen [pronounced HOW-gÉ™n] (Ap) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 181 612 km² 592 km² 0. ... County Sør-Trøndelag District Municipality NO-1653 Administrative centre Melhus Mayor (2003) Erling Bøhle (Ap) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 160 696 km² 655 km² 0. ... County Sør-Trøndelag District Gauldal Municipality NO-1648 Administrative centre Støren Mayor (2005) Erling Lenvik (Ap) Official language form {{{language}}} Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 35 1,860 km² 1,807 km² 0. ... The municipality Orkdal in the county of Sør-Trøndelag, Norway, has 10,381 inhabitants as of January 1, 2002. ... County Sør-Trøndelag District Municipality NO-1633 Administrative centre Steinsdalen Mayor (2003) Julla Engan (Ap) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 241 387 km² 370 km² 0. ... The municipality Rennebu in the county of Sør-Trøndelag, Norway, has 2,675 inhabitants as of January 1, 2002. ... The municipality Rissa in the county of Sør-Trøndelag, Norway, has 6,449 inhabitants as of January 1, 2002. ... County Sør-Trøndelag District Municipality NO-1632 Administrative centre Roan Mayor (2003) Albert Larsen (H) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 247 377 km² 357 km² 0. ... County Sør-Trøndelag District Municipality NO-1640 Administrative centre Røros Mayor (2003) John Helge Andersen (Ap) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 32 1,956 km² 1,758 km² 0. ... County Sør-Trøndelag Landscape Municipality NO-1664 Administrative centre Selbu Mayor (2003) Karin Galaaen (Sp) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 79 1,235 km² 1,141 km² 0. ... County Sør-Trøndelag Landscape Orkdalen Municipality NO-1657 Administrative centre Børsa Mayor (2003) Jon P. Husby (Sp) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 318 224 km² 213 km² 0. ... County Sør-Trøndelag District Orkdalen Municipality NO-1613 Administrative centre Snillfjord Mayor (2003) Anders Johan Krokstad (Sp) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 207 508 km² 489 km² 0. ... County Sør-Trøndelag District Municipality NO-1601 Administrative centre Trondheim Mayor (2005) Rita Ottervik (AP) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 258 342 km² 322 km² 0. ... The municipality Tydal in the county of Sør-Trøndelag, Norway, has 914 inhabitants as of January 1, 2002. ... County Sør-Trøndelag Landscape Municipality NO-1621 Administrative centre Brekstad Mayor (2003) Hallgeir Grøntvedt (Sp) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 401 74 km² 73 km² 0. ... County Sør-Trøndelag Landscape Municipality NO-1630 Administrative centre Ã…fjord Mayor (2003) Oddbjørn Rømma (Sp) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 113 954 km² 894 km² 0. ...


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