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Encyclopedia > Opole
Opole
Flag of Opole Coat of arms of Opole
(Flag) (Coat of arms)
Location of Opole
Basic Information
Country Poland
Voivodeship Opole
Powiat (County) Rada Miasta Opola
Gmina (Commune) Opole
Urban Information
Population 128 800
Area of district - km²
Founded -
City rights 1217
Latitude
Longitude
50°40' N
17°56' E
Gmina Opole
Type of commune urban commune (Gmina miejska)
Area 96,2 km²
Agglomeration 350 000
Density 1338/km²
Area code +48 77
Car plates OP
Twin towns Alytus, Agioi Anargyroi, Bonn, Bruntál, Carrara, Grasse. Ingolstadt, Kuopio, Mülheim an der Ruhr,
Economy and Traffic
Economy -
Highway -
Railway -
Next int. Airport Katowice International Airport
Administration
Mayor Ryszard Zembaczyński
Municipal Address -
Municipal Website

Opole ([ɔ:pɔlε] ; German: ) is a city in southern Poland on the Oder River (Odra). It has a population of 129,553 and is the capital of the Opole Voivodeship, and also the seat of Opole County. It is the historical capital of Upper Silesia. Today, many German Upper Silesians and Poles of German ancestry live in the Opole region and the city itself. Image File history File links Opole_flaga. ... Image File history File links POL_Opole_COA.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Silesia Opole ... Image File history File links from pl wiki File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Look up country in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A Voivodship (also voivodeship, Romanian: Voievodat, Polish: Województwo, Serbian: Vojvodstvo or Vojvodina) was a feudal state in medieval Romania, Hungary, Poland, Russia and Serbia (see Vojvodina), ruled by a Voivod (voivode). ... Capital city Opole Area 9412. ... A powiat (pronounced povyat; plural, powiaty) is the Polish third-level unit of administration, equivalent to a county, district or prefecture (NUTS-3) in some countries. ... The municipality or commune (Polish: gmina, plural: gminy) is the principal unit (lowest level) of territorial division in Poland. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... The municipality or commune (Polish: gmina, plural: gminy) is the principal unit (lowest level) of territorial division in Poland. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... In the study of human settlements, an agglomeration is an extended city or town area comprising the built-up area of a central place (usually a municipality) and any suburbs or adjacent satellite towns. ... Density, or volumic mass (ISO 31), is a measure of mass per volume. ... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... // Introduction to this topic - includes background information for people living outside Poland Common to many countries - in fact there is a growing tendency to do so since the UK also began regionalising plates in 2002 - Poland has the region of registration of the vehicle encoded in the number plate. ... // This is a list of twin towns or sister cities – that is, pairs of towns or cities in different countries which have town twinning arrangements. ... Alytus (approximate English transcription [ÊŒ.lıː.ˈtus], simplified Lithuanian transcription [alÄ«tus]; Polish: Olita) is the capital of Alytus County, Lithuania, with 70,000 inhabitants. ... Agioi Anargyroi, Agii Anargyri, Agioi Anargiroi, Ayioi Anaryiroi, Ayii Anaryiri, Agii Anargiri, Agioi Anargiri (Greek: Άγιοι Ανάργυροι) is a suburb in the northern part of Athens, Greece. ... Bonn is the 19th largest city in Germany, located about 20 kilometres south of Cologne on the river Rhine in the Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia. ... Bruntál (-Czech, German: Freudenthal, Polish: Bruntal) is a town in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. ... Carrara is a city in the Massa Carrara province of Tuscany, Italy, famous for the white or blue-gray marble quarried there. ... Grasse (Provençal Occitan: Grassa in classical norm or Grasso in Mistralian norm) is a town and episcopal see in southeast France, it is a commune of the Alpes-Maritimes département (of which it is a sous-préfecture), on the French Riviera. ... Ingolstadt is a city in the Federal State of Bavaria, Germany. ... Kuopio is a Finnish city located in the province of Eastern Finland and the region of Northern Savonia. ... Mülheim an der Ruhr is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany. ... Main Article: Transport in Poland Polish motorway network as of September, 2006. ... // Airports with paved runways Main article: Airports in Poland with paved runways Airports with unpaved runways Main article: Airports in Poland with unpaved runways Highway strips Main article: Highway strips in Poland Although paved, these are not proper airports. ... Katowice International Airport (MiÄ™dzynarodowy Port Lotniczy Katowice-Pyrzowice) is an international airport located in Pyrzowice, north of Katowice (Metropolian Katowice) and the Upper Silesia agglomeration. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Image File history File links Opole. ... Image File history File links Oppeln. ... The Oder River (Czech/Polish: Odra, German: Oder, Ancient Latin: Viadua, Viadrus, Medieval Latin: Odera, Oddera) is a river in Central Europe. ... Capital city Opole Area 9412. ... Opole County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) in Poland, in Opole Voivodeship. ... Map of Upper Silesia, 1746 Upper Silesia (Polish: Górny ÅšlÄ…sk, German: Oberschlesien, Czech: Horní Slezsko) is the south-eastern part of Silesia, a historical and geographical region of Poland (Opole Voivodship and Silesian Voivodship) and of the Czech Republic (Silesian-Moravian Region). ... Map of Upper Silesia, 1746 Upper Silesia (Polish: Górny ÅšlÄ…sk, German: Oberschlesien, Czech: Horní Slezsko) is the south-eastern part of Silesia, a historical and geographical region of Poland (Opole Voivodship and Silesian Voivodship) and of the Czech Republic (Silesian-Moravian Region). ...

Contents

History

General view of Opole
General view of Opole

Before the 5th century the region around Opole was inhabited by the Germanic tribe of the Silingii and possibly Burgundians. Western Slavic tribes invaded the area shortly after the Germanic tribes left to invade the Roman Empire. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 168 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Opole Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 168 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Opole Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Europe in 450 The 5th century is the period from 401 - 500 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... The term Germanic tribes (or Teutonic tribes) applies to the ancient Germanic peoples of Europe. ... The Vandals traditional reputation: a colored steel engraving of the Sack of Rome (455) by Heinrich Leutemann (1824-1904), c 1860-80 Vandal and Vandali redirect here. ... The Burgundians or Burgundes were an East Germanic tribe which may have emigrated from mainland Scandinavia to the island of Bornholm, whose old form in Old Norse still was Burgundarholmr (the Island of the Burgundians), and from here to mainland Europe. ... Western Slavic can refer to: Western Slavic languages Western Slavic peoples Category: ... The Roman Empire is the name given to both the domain obtained by the city-state of Rome and also the corresponding phase of that civilization, characterized by an autocratic form of government. ...


Opole developed since the 10th century as the regional capital of the Slavic Opolanians. Their first settlements were on the Wyspa Piaseka island in the middle of the Odra. At the end of the century Silesia became part of Poland and was ruled by the Piast dynasty; the land of the pagan Opolanians was conquered by Duke Bolesław I in 1012/1013. From the 11th-12th centuries it was also a castellany. Along with the rest of Silesia, Opole became part of the Holy Roman Empire in 1163. After the death of Duke Władysław II the Exile, Silesia was divided in 1163 between two Piast lines- the Wrocławska line in Lower Silesia and the Opolsko-Raciborska of Upper Silesia; Opole became the capital of the latter duchy in 1217. In 1281 Upper Silesia was divided further between the heirs of the dukes, and the Duchy of Opole was established. Distribution of Slavic people by language The Slavic peoples are a linguistic and ethnic branch of Indo-European peoples. ... Odra is: Odra or Oder, a river in northern Europe Odra, a computer once made in Poland name of several Polish football clubs, eg. ... Prussian Silesia, 1871, outlined in yellow; Silesia at the close of the Seven Years War in 1763, outlined in cyan (areas now in the Czech Republic were Austrian-ruled at that time) Silesia (Czech: ; German: ; Polish: ; Silesian: Åšlonsk / Åšlónsk) is a historical region in central Europe. ... The Piast dynasty is a line of Kings and dukes that ruled Poland from its beginnings as an independent state up to 1370. ... Reign 992 — 1025. ... A castellany is a province rulled by a castellan. ... The double-headed eagle A portrait of Charlemagne wearing the crown of the Holy Roman Empire (15th century painting by Albrecht Dürer) The Holy Roman Empire was a mainly Germanic conglomeration of lands in Central Europe during the Middle Ages and the early modern period. ... WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw II the Exile. ... WrocÅ‚aw ( ; German: ; Czech: ; Latin: Wratislavia or Vratislavia) is the capital of Lower Silesia in southwestern Poland, situated on the Oder River (Odra). ... Lower Silesia (German: ; Polish: ; Latin: Silesia Inferior) is the northwestern part of the historical and geographical region of Silesia. ... Racibórz (-Polish, Czech: RatiboÅ™, German: Ratibor) is a town in southern Poland with 65,100 inhabitants (1995) situated in the Silesian Voivodship (since 1999), previously in Katowice Voivodship (1975-1998). ... Map of Upper Silesia, 1746 Upper Silesia (Polish: Górny ÅšlÄ…sk, German: Oberschlesien, Czech: Horní Slezsko) is the south-eastern part of Silesia, a historical and geographical region of Poland (Opole Voivodship and Silesian Voivodship) and of the Czech Republic (Silesian-Moravian Region). ...


While German merchants had earlier established a colony in Opole at the crossing of the Oder, German peasants began arriving in 1217. Opole received German town law in 1254, which was expanded with Neumarkt law in 1327 and Magdeburg rights in 1410. Along with most of Silesia, in 1327 the Duchy of Opole came under the sovereignty of the Kingdom of Bohemia, itself part of the Holy Roman Empire. In 1521 the Duchy of Racibórz (Ratibor) was inherited by the Duchy of Opole, by then already known by the German name Oppeln. With the death of King Louis II of Bohemia at the Battle of Mohács, Silesia was inherited by Ferdinand I, placing Oppeln under the sovereignty of the Germanizing Habsburg Monarchy of Austria. The Habsburgs took control of the region in 1532 after the line of local Piast dukes died out. Beginning in 1532 the Habsburgs pawned the duchy to different rulers (see Dukes of Opole). With the abdication of King John II Casimir of Poland as the last Duke of Opole in 1668, the region passed to the direct control of the Habsburgs. German town law (German: ) or German municipal concerns (Deutsches Städtewesen) refers to town privileges used by many cities, towns, and villages throughout Central and Eastern Europe during the Middle Ages. ... The Magdeburg Rights (or Magdeburg law) were a set of city laws regulating the degree of internal autonomy within cities and villages granted with it by a local ruler. ... Prussian Silesia, 1871, outlined in yellow; Silesia at the close of the Seven Years War in 1763, outlined in cyan (areas now in the Czech Republic were Austrian-ruled at that time) Silesia (Czech: ; German: ; Polish: ; Silesian: Åšlonsk / Åšlónsk) is a historical region in central Europe. ... Flag of Bohemia Bohemia (Czech: ; German: ) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. ... The double-headed eagle A portrait of Charlemagne wearing the crown of the Holy Roman Empire (15th century painting by Albrecht Dürer) The Holy Roman Empire was a mainly Germanic conglomeration of lands in Central Europe during the Middle Ages and the early modern period. ... Racibórz (-Polish, Czech: RatiboÅ™, German: Ratibor) is a town in southern Poland with 65,100 inhabitants (1995) situated in the Silesian Voivodship (since 1999), previously in Katowice Voivodship (1975-1998). ... Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia. ... // Combatants Ottoman Empire Kingdom of Hungary Commanders Suleiman I Louis II of Hungary † Pál Tomori † György Zápolya Strength ~ 100,000 supported by 10,000 to 20,000 irregulars 160 to 300 cannons ~ 25,000 to 28,000 53 cannons (85 initial) John Zápolyas 8,000... Ferdinand I Habsburg Ferdinand I (10 March 1503–25 July 1564), Holy Roman Emperor (1556–1564), was born in Madrid, the son of Juana the Mad, Queen of Castile (1479–1555), and Philip I the Handsome, King of Castile (1478–1506), who was heir to Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I... The Habsburg Monarchy, often called Austrian Monarchy or simply Austria, are the territories ruled by the Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg, and then by the successor House of Habsburg-Lorraine, between 1526 and 1867/1918. ... The following is a list of monarchs to use the title of Duke of Opole and control the city and the surrounding area either directly or indirectly. ... Reign From November, 1648 until September 16, 1668 Elected In November 1648 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On January 19, 1649 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Vasa Parents Zygmunt III Waza Constance of Austria Consorts Ludwika Maria Children with Ludwika Maria Maria Anna...


King Frederick II of Prussia conquered most of Silesia from Austria in 1740 during the Silesian Wars; Prussian control was confirmed in the Peace of Breslau in 1742. From 1816-1945 Opole was the capital of Regierungsbezirk Oppeln within Prussia. The city became part of the German Empire during the unification of Germany in 1871. Frederick II of Prussia (German: ; January 24, 1712 – August 17, 1786) of Hohenzollern dynasty, ruled the Kingdom of Prussia from 1740 to 1786. ... Flag of Prussia (1894 - 1918) The Kingdom of Prussia existed from 1701 until 1918, and from 1871 was the leading kingdom of the German Empire, comprising in its last form almost two-thirds of the area of the Empire. ... The Silesian Wars were a series of wars between Prussia and Austria (and their changing allies) for control of Silesia. ... A Regierungsbezirk is an government region of Germany, a subdivision of certain federal states (Bundesländer). ... Motto: Gott mit Uns (German: God with us”) Anthem: Heil dir im Siegerkranz (unofficial) Territory of the German Empire in 1914, prior to World War I Capital Berlin Language(s) Official: German Unofficial minority languages: Polish (Posen, Lower Silesia,Upper Silesia, Masuria) French (Alsace-Lorraine) Government Constitutional monarchy Emperor  - 1871... The German Empire of 1871. ...

Cathedral of Opole
Cathedral of Opole

After the defeat of Imperial Germany in World War I, a plebiscite was held on March 20, 1921 in Oppeln to determine if the city would be in the Weimar Republic or become part of the Second Polish Republic. 20,816 (94.7%) votes were cast for Germany, 1,098 (5.0%) for Poland, and 70 (0.3%) votes were declared invalid. Voter participation was 95.9%. Eastern Upper Silesia, including the industrial region of Katowice (Kattowitz), was however granted to Poland in 1922. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1536x2048, 699 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Opole Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1536x2048, 699 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Opole Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Franz... A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in leap years). ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for full calendar). ... Anthem: Das Lied der Deutschen The Länder of Germany during the Weimar Republic, with the Free State of Prussia (Freistaat Preußen) as the largest Capital Berlin Language(s) German Government Republic President  - 1919-1925 Friedrich Ebert  - 1925-1933 Paul von Hindenburg Chancellor  - 1919 Philipp Scheidemann  - 1933 Adolf Hitler... Second Polish Republic 1921-1939 The Second Polish Republic is an unofficial name applied to the Republic of Poland between World War I and World War II. When the borders of the state were fixed in 1921, it had an area of 388. ... Panorama of Katowice at night Katowice (pronunciation: [] (Czech: Katovice, German: Kattowitz) is an important city of the historical region of Upper Silesia in southern Poland on the KÅ‚odnica and Rawa rivers. ...


Oppeln was the administrative seat of the Province of Upper Silesia from 1919-1939. With the defeat of Poland in the Invasion of Poland at the beginning of World War II in 1939, eastern Upper Silesia was readded to the Province of Upper Silesa and Oppeln lost its status as provincial capital to Katowice (renamed Kattowitz again). Upper Silesia (Polish: , German: ) was a province of the Free State of Prussia from 1919 to 1945. ... Combatants Poland Germany Soviet Union Slovakia Commanders Edward Rydz-Śmigły Fedor von Bock (Army Group North) Gerd von Rundstedt (Army Group South) Mikhail Kovalov (Belorussian Front) Semyon Timoshenko (Ukrainian Front) Ferdinand Čatloš (Field Army Bernolak) Strength Poland: 39 divisions 16 brigades 4,300 guns 880 tanks 400 aircraft Total... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom France Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Charles de Gaulle Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian...


After the end of the Second World War in 1945, Oppeln was transferred from Germany to Poland according to the Potsdam Conference, and given its old Slavic name of Opole. Opole became part of the Katowice Voivodeship from 1946-1950, after which it became part of the Opole Voivodeship. Unlike other parts of historical eastern Germany ceded to remapped Poland, Opole and the surrounding region's German population remained and was not forcibly expelled as elsewhere, even though many ethnic Germans with right to German citizenship left to West Germany to flee the communist Eastern Bloc. Today Opole, along with the surrounding region, is known as a centre of the German-speaking Silesian minority in Poland. Clement Atlee, Harry Truman, Joseph Stalin at the Potsdam Conference, July 1945 The Potsdam Conference was held at Cecilienhof in Potsdam, Germany, from July 17 to August 2, 1945. ... Katowice Voivodeship (Polish: województwo katowickie) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in the years 1975-1998, superseded by the Silesian Voivodeship. ... Capital city Opole Area 9412. ... Historical Eastern Germany or Former German Eastern Territories are terms which can be used to describe collectively those provinces or regions east of the Oder–Neisse line which were parts of Germany after its unification in 1871 and were internationally recognised as such at the time. ... Germans expelled from the Sudetenland // The expulsion of Germans after World War II refers to the escape and mass deportation of people considered Germans (Reichsdeutsche and some Volksdeutsche) from various European states and territories during 1945 and in the first three years after World War II 1946-48. ... A map of the Eastern Bloc. ...


Historical population

Town hall of Opole
Town hall of Opole
Year Population
1533 ¹ 1,420
1691 1,191
1700 1,150
1746 1,161
1750 2,450
1787 2,802
1800 3,073
1816 4,050
1819 4,896
1825 5,987
1834 6,496
Year Population
1850 8,280
1858 ² 8,877
1875 12,694
1890 19,000
1905 30,112
1910 ³ 33,907
1924 43,000
1932 45,532
1936 50,561
May 17, 1939 50,540
March 24, 1945 170
Year Population
July 1945 13,000
1946 40,000
1950 50,300
1956 56,400
1960 63,500
1965 70,000
1971 87,800
1973 92,600
December 31, 1989 127,653
Census 1992 129,552
Census 2002 129,946
December 31, 2004 128,864

¹ First census of the city Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 162 KB) Ratusz Opolski Autor - Bartek Wawraszko ( Bast ) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Opole Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 162 KB) Ratusz Opolski Autor - Bartek Wawraszko ( Bast ) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Opole Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital... Events January 25 - King Henry VIII of England marries Anne Boleyn, his second Queen consort. ... Events March 5 - French troops under Marshal Louis-Francois de Boufflers besiege the Spanish-held town of Mons March 20 - Leislers Rebellion - New governor arrives in New York - Jacob Leisler surrenders after standoff of several hours March 29 - Siege of Mons ends to the city’s surrender May 6... Events January 1 - Russia accepts Julian calendar. ... // Events Catharine de Ricci (born 1522) canonized. ... Events March 2 - Small earthquake in London, England April 4 - Small earthquake in Warrington, England August 23 - Small earthquake in Spalding, England September 30 - Small earthquake in Northampton, England November 16 – Westminster Bridge officially opened Jonas Hanway is the first Englishman to use an umbrella James Gray reveals her sex... Year 1787 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1800 (MDCCC) was an exceptional common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar. ... 1816 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1819 common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Opening of the Stockton and Darlington Railway 1825 (MDCCCXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1834 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1850 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1858 (MDCCCLVIII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will take you to a full 1932 calendar). ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... May 17 is the 137th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (138th in leap years). ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... March 24 is the 83rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (84th in leap years). ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


² 8,320 German nationality (93,7%) and 557 Polish nationality (6,3%)


³ 80% German-speaking, 16% Polish- or Slavic Silesian-speaking, and 4% German- and Polish-speaking


German minority

General view of Opole
General view of Opole

Alongside German, many citizens of Opole-Oppeln before 1945 used a strongly German-influenced Silesian dialect known as Upper Silesian, Wasserpolnisch, or Wasserpolak. Because of this, the Polish administration after the annexation of Silesia in 1945 did not initiate a general expulsion of German-speakers in Opole, as was done in Lower Silesia, for instance, where the population exclusively spoke the German language. Because they were considered "autochthonous" (Polish), the Wasserpolak-speakers instead received the right to remain in their homeland. Many German-speakers took advantage of this decision, allowing them to remain in their Oppeln, even when they considered themselves to be of German nationality. The city and its surroundings presently contain the largest German and Upper Silesian minorities in Poland. (See also Germans of Poland.) Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 180 KB) Opole - Widok ogólny z wieżowca Urzędu Skarbowego Autor - Bartek Wawraszko ( Bast ) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Opole Metadata This file... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 180 KB) Opole - Widok ogólny z wieżowca Urzędu Skarbowego Autor - Bartek Wawraszko ( Bast ) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Opole Metadata This file... Silesian language can refer to the Silesian - a dialect of Polish, sometimes considered a separate Western Slavonic language related to Czech and Polish), or the Lower Silesian (a dialect of German). ... Wasserpolak was name used for people living in Upper Silesia whose language was Silesian (mix of Polish and German language). ... Germans expelled from the Sudetenland // The expulsion of Germans after World War II refers to the escape and mass deportation of people considered Germans (Reichsdeutsche and some Volksdeutsche) from various European states and territories during 1945 and in the first three years after World War II 1946-48. ... Indigenous peoples are: Peoples living in an area prior to colonization by a state Peoples living in an area within a nation-state, prior to the formation of a nation-state, but who do not identify with the dominant nation. ... Germans are a notable national minority in Poland, consisting of almost 150,000 people. ...


Attractions

Opole hosts the annual National Festival of Polish Songs. The city is also known for its 10th century Church of St. Adalbert and the 14th century Church of the Holy Cross. There is a zoo, the Ogród Zoologiczny w Opolu. Silver coffin of St. ... The traditional form of the Western Christian cross, known as the Latin cross. ... Zoo Opole, in Polish Ogród Zoologiczny w Opolu, is the name of the zoo in the city of Opole, Poland. ...


Structures and buildings

Museums Poster by Alfons Mucha Vitebsk Railway Station one of the finest examples of Art Nouveau architecture. ... The Piast dynasty is a line of Kings and dukes that ruled Poland from its beginnings as an independent state up to 1370. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... The Order of Friars Minor and other Franciscan movements are disciples of Saint Francis of Assisi. ... St. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... City Hall is a 1996 film directed by Harold Becker. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ...

  • a Diocesan Museum (Muzeum Diecezjalne)
  • the Opole Regional Museum (Muzeum Śląska Opolskiego)
  • the Opole Village Museum (Muzeum Wsi Opolskiej)

Education

  • state-run universities and colleges:
  • privately run colleges:
    • Management and Administration College in Opole (Wyższa Szkoła Zarządzania i Administracji w Opolu)
    • Bogdan Jański Academy (Szkoła Wyższa im. Bogdana Jańskiego)

Opole University of Technology ((Polish name: Politechnika Opolska; sometimes called in English Technical University of Opole) is a university located in Opole, Poland. ...

Politics

Opole Główne Railway Station
Opole Główne Railway Station

Members of Parliament (Sejm) elected from Opole constituency Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1000x635, 188 KB) Author: Gabriel Tendera (User:Catz). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1000x635, 188 KB) Author: Gabriel Tendera (User:Catz). ... The Sejm building in Warsaw. ...

  • Dorota Jazłowiecka, PO
  • Tadeusz Jarmuziewicz, PO
  • Ryszard Knosala, PO
  • Leszek Korzeniowski, PO
  • Sławomir Kłosowski, PiS
  • Teresa Ceglecka-Zielonka, PiS
  • Mieczysław Walkiewicz, PiS
  • Henryk Kroll, German minority
  • Ryszard Galla, German minority
  • Józef Stępkowski, Samoobrona
  • Sandra Lewandowska, Samoobrona
  • Tomasz Garbowski, SLD
  • Marek Kawa, LPR

Citizens Platform (Platforma Obywatelska) is a Polish conservative- liberal political party, modelled after the two main American parties. ... Law and Justice (Prawo i Sprawiedliwość) (PiS) is a Polish central-right political party, established in 2001, by the Kaczyński brothers: Lech, the former justice minister and the current mayor of the capital, Warsaw, and Jarosław, who is the President of the party. ... Self-Defense of the Polish Republic ( Polish: Samoobrona Rzeczypospolitiej Polskiej, SRP) is a political party and trade union in Poland. ... Alliance of the Democratic Left ( Polish: Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej, SLD) is one of the main Polish social democratic political parties, established on April 15, 1999. ... League of Polish Families (Liga Polskich Rodzin) is a right-wing and populist opposition party in the Polish Parliament. ...

Famous residents

Apartment buildings along the marketplace
Apartment buildings along the marketplace
  • Leo Baeck (1873-1956), rabbi
  • Anna Brzezińska (born 1971), fantasy writer
  • Jerzy Buzek (born 1940), academic and politician
  • Jerzy Grotowski (1933-1999), theater director
  • Jan Kasprowicz (1860-1926), poet
  • Paul Kleinert (1837-1920), German theologian
  • Miroslav Klose (born 1978), football player (playing in the German national football team)
  • Andrzej Jerzy Lech (born 1955), artist and photographer
  • Emin Pasha (born Eduard Schnitzer) (1840-1892), explorer and governor of Africa
  • Bolesław Polnar (born 1952), graphic artist and painter
  • Edwin von Drenkmann, famous German lawyer
  • Helmuth James Graf von Moltke, German officer
  • Hans-Adolf von Moltke, German diplomat
  • Jürgen Peters, president of the German trade union IG Metall.
  • Joachim Zeller, district mayor of Berlin-Central.
  • Jan Fethke, movie director
  • Alfons Hayduk, German author
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Kuhnert, German painter
  • Georg Nehrlich, German painter
  • Ruth Seydewitz, German journalist and author
  • Hugo Ulrich, (1827-1872), musician
  • Hans-Busso von Busse, German architect and professor
  • Eckart Klein, German lawyer
  • Friedrich Münzer (1868-1942), German philologist
  • Jürgen Roloff, German protestant theologian
  • Emil Friedrich Julius Sommer, professor of German language
  • Max Wiener, German-Jewish theologian.
  • Kaspar Colonna, German Army officer.
  • Rochus Misch (1917-still alive), communications' chief of the Reichskanzlei and member of the Leibstandarte-SS Adolf Hitler
see also: Dukes of Opole-Oppeln

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 175 KB) Opole - kamieniczki na Opolskim rynku Autor - Bartek Wawraszko ( Bast ) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Opole Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 175 KB) Opole - kamieniczki na Opolskim rynku Autor - Bartek Wawraszko ( Bast ) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Opole Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added... Leo Baeck (1873-1956) Rabbi Dr. Leo Baeck (May 23, 1873, Leszno, Poland – November 2, 1956, London, England) was an outstanding 20th century German-Jewish scholar and a leader of Progressive Judaism. ... Anna BrzeziÅ„ska (b. ... Professor Jerzy Buzek (born 3 July 1940 in ÅšmiÅ‚owice, then Germany, now Smilovice, Czech Republic) is a Polish academic lecturer and politician, prime minister of Poland from 1997-2001 and today a Member of European Parliament, elected 13th June, 2004 with the record number of votes in whole Poland. ... Jerzy Grotowski (August 11, 1933 - January 14, 1999) was a Polish theatre director and a leading figure of theatrical avant garde of the 20th century. ... Jan Kasprowicz - painting by Franciszek Krakowski Jan Kasprowicz (born December 12, 1860 in Szymborz, Poland - died August 1, 1926 in Poronin) was a poet, playwright, critic and translator; a foremost representative of Young Poland. ... Paul Kleinert (1837–1920) was a German theologian, born at Vielguth in Silesia. ... Miroslav Klose (born MirosÅ‚aw Kloze, June 9, 1978 in Opole (Oppeln), Silesia, Poland) is a German footballer who plays as a striker. ... First international Switzerland 5 - 3 Germany (Basel, Switzerland; 5 April 1908) Largest win Germany 16 - 0 Russia (Stockholm, Sweden; 1 July 1912) Worst defeat England 9 - 0 Germany (Oxford, England; 16 March 1909) World Cup Appearances 16 (First in 1934) Best result Winners, 1954, 1974, 1990 European Championship Appearances 9... Andrzej Jerzy Lech Andrzej Jerzy Lech - Born January 22, 1955 in Wroclaw, Poland, is a Polish artist, photographer. ... Mehemet Emin Pasha (March 28, 1840 – October 23, 1892), born Eduard Carl Oscar Theodor Schnitzer, was a doctor, naturalist and governor of Equatoria in Africa. ... BolesÅ‚aw Polnar (born 1952 in Opole, Poland) is a Polish graphic artist and painter. ... Helmuth James Graf von Moltke Helmuth James Graf von Moltke (born 11 March 1907 in Kreisau bei Gräditz, Lower Silesia [now Krzyżowa in Poland]; died 23 January 1945 in Berlin) was a German jurist, a member of the opposition against Hitler in Nazi Germany, and a founding member... A Trade Union (Labour union) ... is a continuous association of wage-earners for the purpose of maintaining or improving the conditions of their employment. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Jean Forge (pen name of Jan Fethke) was born 26 February 1903 in Oppeln, at that time in Germany, and died 16 December 1980. ... Friedrich Münzer (22 April 1868 - 20 October 1942) was a German classical scholar noted for the development of prosopography, particularly for his demonstrations of how family relationships in ancient Rome connected to political struggles. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ... Army The German Army (German: Heer  ) is the land component of the Bundeswehr (Federal Defence Forces) of the Federal Republic of Germany. ... Rochus Misch in 1999 (left) and in 1944 (right) Rochus Misch (b. ... The Imperial Chancellory (German Reichskanzlei) is the traditional name of the office of the German Chancellor. ... The Leibstandarte on the march. ... The following is a list of monarchs to use the title of Duke of Opole and control the city and the surrounding area either directly or indirectly. ... Czeslaw Chester Marcol (born October 24, 1949 in Opole, Poland) is a former American Football Placekicker for the Green Bay Packers. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... City Green Bay, Wisconsin Team colors Dark Green, Gold, and White Head Coach Mike McCarthy Owner 111,967 stockholders Chairman Bob Harlan General manager Ted Thompson Fight song Go! You Packers! Go! League/Conference affiliations Independent (1919-1920) National Football League (1921–present) Western Division (1933-1949) National Conference (1950...

Twin cities

Signs showing direction of twin cities
Signs showing direction of twin cities

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 177 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Opole Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 177 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Opole Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lithuania. ... Alytus (approximate English transcription [ÊŒ.lıː.ˈtus], simplified Lithuanian transcription [alÄ«tus]; Polish: Olita) is the capital of Alytus County, Lithuania, with 70,000 inhabitants. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Agioi Anargyroi, Agii Anargyri, Agioi Anargiroi, Ayioi Anaryiroi, Ayii Anaryiri, Agii Anargiri, Agioi Anargiri (Greek: Άγιοι Ανάργυροι) is a suburb in the northern part of Athens, Greece. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Bonn is the 19th largest city in Germany, located about 20 kilometres south of Cologne on the river Rhine in the Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic. ... Bruntál (-Czech, German: Freudenthal, Polish: Bruntal) is a town in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Carrara is a city in the Massa Carrara province of Tuscany, Italy, famous for the white or blue-gray marble quarried there. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Grasse (Provençal Occitan: Grassa in classical norm or Grasso in Mistralian norm) is a town and episcopal see in southeast France, it is a commune of the Alpes-Maritimes département (of which it is a sous-préfecture), on the French Riviera. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Ingolstadt is a city in the Federal State of Bavaria, Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Kuopio is a Finnish city located in the province of Eastern Finland and the region of Northern Savonia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Mülheim an der Ruhr, that calls itself City on the River, is a small to medium-sized city in [North Rhine-Westphalia]] in Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Sanssouci, the symbol of the city Potsdam is the capital city of the federal state of Brandenburg in Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary. ... Székesfehérvár (German: Stuhlweißenburg, Latin: Alba Regia, colloquial Hungarian: Fehérvár, Croatian: Stolni Biograd) is a city in central Hungary, located around 65 km southwest of Budapest. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia. ... Location in Serbia General Information Mayor Veroljub Stevanović Party SDPO Land area 865 km² Population (2002 census) 211. ... Anthem: Bože pravde (English: God of Justice) Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian written with the Cyrillic alphabet1 Government Republic  - President Boris Tadić  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment    - Formation 8th century   - Independence c. ...

References

June 4 is the 155th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (156th in leap years), with 210 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Columbia Encyclopedia is a one-volume encyclopedia produced by Columbia University Press and sold by the Gale Group. ... June 4 is the 155th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (156th in leap years), with 210 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • Municipal website
  • Webcam showing Krakowska Street in Opole (Polish)

Coordinates: 50°40′N 17°56′E Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Wikipedia: Opole Voivodship (657 words)
The Opole voivodship is the smallest region in the administrative make-up of the country, both in terms of area and population.
The Opole voivodship has the highest percentage of the German minority of all voivodships of the country.
Opole Voivodship (2) (Polish: województwo opolskie) - was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in years 1975-1998, superseded by Opole Voivodship (1).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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