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Encyclopedia > Operational warfare

Operational warfare is, within warfare and military doctrine, the level of command which coordinates the minute details of tactics with the overarching goals of strategy. Formations are of the operational level if they are able to conduct operations on their own, and are of sufficient size to be directly handled or have a decisive impact at the strategic level. This concept was pioneered by the German and Soviet armies prior to and in the Second World War. For other uses of War, see War (disambiguation). ... Military doctrine is a level of military planning between national strategy and unit-level tactics, techniques, and procedures. ... Tactics is the collective name for methods of winning a small-scale conflict, performing an optimization, etc. ... A strategy is a long term plan of action designed to achieve a particular goal. ... State motto (Russian): Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Transliterated: Proletarii vsekh stran, soedinyaytes!) (Translated: Workers of the world, unite!) Official language None; Russian (de facto) Capital Moscow Area  - Total  - % water Largest on the planet 22,402,200 km²  ?% Population  - Total  - Density 3rd before collapse 293,047,571 (July 1991) 13. ... World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons like the atom bomb World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a mid-20th-century conflict that engulfed much of the globe...


What constitutes the operational-level has thus changed with the size and function of armies. During the Second World War and Cold War, an operational-level formation was typically a corps or army. In the reduced military deployments of the post-Cold War era, the brigade of approximately six-thousand men has emerged among some militaries (notably the United States Army) as an operational-level formation. For the generic term for a high-tension rivalry between countries, see cold war (war). ... A corps (a word that immigrated from the French language, pronounced like English core, but originating in the Latin corpus, corporis meaning body; plural same as singular) is either a large military unit or formation, a administrative grouping of troops within an army with a common function (such as artillery... Army (from French armée) can, in some countries, refer to any armed force (for example, the Peoples Liberation Army of China consists of ground force, navy and air force branches). ... US Army Seal The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ...


References

  • Simpkin, Richard E. Race to the Swift: Thoughts on Twenty-First Century Warfare. Brassey's, 2000.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Book Reviews (1508 words)
Citino clearly points out that the German advances in operational warfare (that is, finally being able to score decisive victory) in the interwar period were firmly rooted in the traditions of Moltke the Elder.
Still, the Americans got a taste of decisive victory, and Citino correctly concludes that the taste was enough to focus the American army on operational warfare for the remainder of the century.
Reactions to the Tet offensive, for example, are good case studies in operational warfare, emphasizing decisive maneuver (and saw the introduction of the helicopter as a new source of that maneuver).
Nat' Academies Press, Naval Mine Warfare: Operational and Technical Challenges for Naval Forces (2001) (8919 words)
Naval Mine Warfare: Operational and Technical Challenges for Naval Forces Finally, an integrated combat weapon system (ICWS) is in development for the MCM and MHC classes that will upgrade the core signal-processing and display equipment to a common console (commercial off-the-shelf open architecture) and integrate all systems on a fiber-optic local area network.
Operational and Technical Issues for Ship Signature Reduction Developments on Warships To maintain their designed signatures, warships (submarines and surface combatants) must be well maintained, and those with magnetic signatures must periodically pass through USN degaussing ranges (a half dozen are located at various continental United States bases plus Hawaii and Yokosuka, Japan).
Naval Mine Warfare: Operational and Technical Challenges for Naval Forces Science and Technology Initiatives The results from several crosscutting SandT programs—especially investigations focusing on synthetic aperture sonar and UUV technology—will have a positive impact on reducing the current gaps in capability for both the offshore and inshore regimes.
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