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Encyclopedia > Operation Telic

Operation (or Op) TELIC is the codename under which all British operations of the 2003 Invasion of Iraq and after are being conducted. A total of 46,000 troops of all the British Services were committed to the operation at its start. At the peak of the campaign, some 26,000 British Army soldiers, 4,000 Royal Marines, 5,000 Royal Navy and Royal Fleet Auxiliary sailors and 8,100 Royal Air Force personnel were in action. The subject of this article is the 2003 invasion of Iraq. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The Royal Marines (RM), are the Royal Navys elite fighting forces. ... This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ... The Royal Fleet Auxiliary (RFA) is the service that keeps the Royal Navy of the United Kingdom running around the world. ... “RAF” redirects here. ...

Contents

Background

Operation Telic is one of the largest deployments of British forces since WWII. It is only approached in size by the 1991 Operation Granby deployment for the Gulf War and the 1956 Operation Musketeer Suez Crisis deployment. It is considerably larger than the 1982 Operation Corporate in the Falklands War, which saw around 30,000 personnel deployed and the Korean War, which saw fewer than 20,000 personnel deployed. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... C Company, 1 STAFFS, in a live firing exercise, during Operation Granby, 6 January 1991. ... For other uses, see Iraq war (disambiguation). ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Military history records no less than three plans, all called Operation Musketeer: Musketeer was a four-phased plan during World War II to liberate the Philippine Islands developed by General Douglas MacArthur’s staff as part of the larger Reno V plan. ... Combatants Israel United Kingdom France Egypt Commanders Moshe Dayan Charles Keightley Pierre Barjot Gamal Abdel Nasser Abdel Hakim Amer Strength 175,000 Israeli 45,000 British 34,000 French 70,000 Casualties 197 Israeli KIA 56 British KIA 91 British WIA 10 French KIA 43 French WIA 650 KIA[1... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Operation Corporate was the codename given to the 1982 British military involvement in the Falkland Islands during the Falklands War. ... Combatants Argentina United Kingdom Commanders President Leopoldo Galtieri Vice-Admiral Juan Lombardo Brigadier-General Ernesto Crespo Brigade-General Mario Menéndez Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher Admiral Sir John Fieldhouse Rear-Admiral John “Sandy” Woodward Major-General Jeremy Moore Casualties 649 killed 1,068 wounded 11,313 taken prisoner 75 fixed... Combatants United Nations:  Republic of Korea,  Australia,  Belgium,  Luxembourg,  Canada,  Colombia,  Ethiopia,  France,  Greece,  Luxembourg,  Netherlands,  New Zealand,  Philippines,  South Africa,  Thailand,  Turkey,  United Kingdom,  United States Medical staff:  Denmark,  Australia,  Italy,  Norway,  Sweden Communist states:  Democratic People’s Republic of Korea,  Peoples Republic of China,  Soviet Union Commanders...


Some 9,500 of the British servicemen and women who deployed on Operation Telic for the invasion and its aftermath were reservists, the vast majority of them from the Territorial Army. The Territorial Army (TA) is the principal reserve force of the British Army, the land armed forces of the United Kingdom, and composed mostly of part-time soldiers paid at the same rate, while engaged on military activities, as their Regular equivalents. ...


Notice that British forces were deploying to the region was given in three separate Commons statements by Geoff Hoon Secretary of State for Defence. On 7 January, the deployment of the naval forces was announced, along with the Royal Marines component. 20 January saw the land forces deployment announced and 6 February the air forces. They were ready in time for hostilities to start on 19 March. When compared with the deployment of forces prior to the Gulf War things proceeded a great deal faster, with the slowest deploying elements taking 10 weeks to get from base to combat readiness in the theatre. Type Lower House Speaker of the House of Commons Leader of the House of Commons Michael Martin, (Non-affiliated) since October 23, 2000 Harriet Harman, QC, (Labour) since June 28, 2007 Shadow Leader of the House of Commons Theresa May, PC, (Conservative) since December 6, 2005 Members 646 Political groups... Geoff Hoon (right) at Pentagon briefing Geoffrey William Geoff Hoon (born December 6, 1953) is a British politician. ... The Secretary of State for Defence is the senior United Kingdom government minister in charge of the Ministry of Defence. ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Navy is also:- shorthand for Navy Blue the nickname of the United States Naval Academy A navy is the branch of the armed forces of a nation that operates primarily on water. ... The Royal Marines (RM), are the Royal Navys elite fighting forces. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “Fights” redirects here. ...


The deployment used 64 British and foreign flagged merchant vessels.


Telic means a purposeful or defined action, but unlike the United States who called their equivalent military deployment Operation Iraqi Freedom, the Ministry of Defence uses a computer to generate its names so that they carry no meaning. As initial planning took place over the Christmas 2002 period, personnel jokingly referred to TELIC as standing for Tell Everyone Leave Is Cancelled. For other uses of the term, see Iraq war (disambiguation) The 2003 invasion of Iraq (also called the 2nd or 3rd Persian Gulf War) began on March 20, 2003, when forces belonging primarily to the United States and the United Kingdom invaded Iraq arguably without the explicit backing of the... The Ministry of Defence (MOD) is the United Kingdom government department responsible for implementation of government defence policy and the headquarters of the British Armed Forces. ...


Command structure

The force was commanded by a three-star tri-service headquarters. The commander of the operation was Air Marshal Brian Burridge, with Major General Peter Wall acting as his Chief of Staff. The headquarters was situated at CENTCOM headquarters in Qatar. The three services each had two-star commanders leading operations. An air marshals sleeve/shoulder insignia Air Marshal (Air Mshl or AM) is a rank in the Royal Air Force. ... Air Chief Marshal Sir Brian Burridge KCB CBE ADC RAF is Commander-in-Chief Strike Command (CINCSTC). ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Emblem of the United States Central Command. ...


The Royal Navy commander was Rear Admiral David Snelson who had his headquarters ashore in Bahrain. The afloat Royal Navy commander was Commodore Jamie Miller, who had the aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal as his flagship. This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ... The term Rear Admiral originated from the days of Naval Sailing Squadrons, and can trace its origins to the British Royal Navy. ... British Commodore Sleeve Rank Command flag Commodore is a rank of the Royal Navy that dates to the mid-17th century: it was first used in the time of William III. There was a need for officers to command squadrons, but it was not deemed desirable to create new admirals. ... Ex-member of Snot and current guitar player for theSTART ... Four aircraft carriers, (bottom-to-top) Principe de Asturias, amphibious assault carrier USS Wasp, USS Forrestal and light V/STOL carrier HMS Invincible, showing size differences of late 20th century carriers An aircraft carrier is a warship designed to deploy and in most cases recover aircraft, acting as a sea... HMS Ark Royal (R07), the last Invincible-class light aircraft carrier to be completed, is the fifth ship of the Royal Navy named in honour of the flagship of the English fleet that defeated the Spanish Armada. ...


The British 1st Armoured Division was commanded by Major General Robin Brims. Three army brigades were assigned to the division. 16 Air Assault Brigade was commanded by Brigadier 'Jacko' Page, 7 Armoured Brigade by Brigadier Graham Binns and 102 Logistics Brigade by Brigadier Shaun Cowlam. The Royal Marines 3 Commando Brigade was also under the operational command of the division and was commanded by Brigadier Jim Dutton. The British 1st Armoured Division is the title of an armoured division of the British Army. ... Lieutenant General Robin Brims CB, CBE, DSO is Commander of the Field Army at Land Command. ... In military science a brigade is a military unit that is part of a division and includes regiments (where that level exists), or (in modern armies) is composed of several battalions (typically two to four) and directly attached supporting units. ... The 16 Air Assault Brigade (16 AAB) is a unit of the British Army. ... Brigadier (IPA pronunciation: ) is a military rank, the meaning of which has a considerable variation. ... The 7th Armoured Brigade is a unit of the British Army. ... HQ 102 Log Bde and 262 Signal Squadron are located in Princess Royal Barracks, Gütersloh (formerly RAF Gütersloh) Category: ... 3 Commando Brigade is the main manoeuvre force of the British Royal Marines. ...


The Royal Air Force commander was Air Vice Marshal Glenn Torpy. Major General Wall took over command of 1st Armoured Division on 1 May 2003. He was replaced as Chief of Staff by Major General Barney White-Spunner. Rear Admiral Snelson was succeeded by Major General Tony Milton, Commandant General Royal Marines as maritime forces commander on 16 April 2003. “RAF” redirects here. ... An Air Vice Marshals sleeve/shoulder insignia An Air Vice Marshals command flag Air Vice Marshal is the third most senior rank active in the Royal Air Force today, after the inactivation of Marshal of the Royal Air Force as a substantive rank in peacetime during defence cuts... Air Chief Marshal Sir Glenn Torpy. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Commandant General Royal Marines is the professional head of the Royal Marines. ... is the 106th day of the year (107th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Post-invasion

On 11 July 2003, 1st Armoured Division handed control over south-east Iraq to 3rd Mechanised Division, Major General Wall was succeeded by Major General Graeme Lamb as commander of British ground forces in Iraq. Unlike the invasion period, by then there was a substantial presence from many nations other than America, Britain, Australia and Poland. In addition to British troops, 3rd Division now commanded Italian, Dutch, Danish, Czech, Norwegian and New Zealand forces. 3rd Division handed over a new composite divisional headquarters on 28 December 2003. Major General Andrew Stewart took over from General Lamb as commander of British forces. is the 192nd day of the year (193rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The British 3rd Infantry Division was part of the ill-fated British Expeditionary Force evacuated from Dunkirk early in World War II. It was the first British division to land at Sword beach on D-Day. ... Lieutenant General Graeme Lamb CMG, DSO, OBE (b. ... is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


After the end of major operations, the main components of the British forces changed greatly. 3 Commando Brigade was withdrawn in early May and 16 Air Assault Brigade left later in the same month apart from a couple infantry battalions. 7 Armoured Brigade remained until relieved by 19 Mechanised Brigade at the same time as 3rd Division took over from 1st Division. 102 Logistics Brigade was relieved by 101 Logistics Brigade in late May. Most of the RAF aircraft left the area with a few retained for patrols over Iraq and support of ground forces. British naval forces also returned to more usual levels, with two surface combatants, a tanker and a repair ship present in early July. A further rotation of ground troops occurred in November 2003, with 19 Mechanised Brigade relieved by 20 Armoured Brigade; 20 Armoured Brigade in its turn being relieved by 1 Mechanised Brigade. In April 2004, 20 Armoured Brigade turned over its responsibilities to 1 Mechanised Brigade and Lieutenant General John McColl was appointed deputy commander of occupation ground forces. By July 2004 the British area saw its fifth commander when Major General Bill Rollo took over. At the end of 2004 General Rollo was succeeded by Major General Jonathan Riley and in November of that year 4 Armoured Brigade rotated to replace 1 Mechanised Brigade. 3 Commando Brigade is the main manoeuvre force of the British Royal Marines. ... The 7th Armoured Brigade is a unit of the British Army. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lieutenant General John McColl, CBE, DSO is Commander Regional Forces at Land Command. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In May 2005 4 Armoured Brigade was replaced by 12 Mechanised Brigade with the handover of responsibility taking place on 30 May. Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


In May 2006 7th Armoured Brigade, the Desert Rats were relieved by 20 Armoured Brigade[1] under the command of Brigadier James Everard[2]. Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 7th Armoured Brigade is a unit of the British Army. ... The 7th Armoured Division (The Desert Rats) of the British Army was the most famous unit of its type in British service during World War II. It was a regular division in the Middle East, designated the Mobile Division at first, renamed the Armoured Division (Egypt) in September 1939, and...


October 2006 saw 19 Light Brigade take over [3] from 20 Armoured Brigade[4].


1 Mechanised Brigade will provide HQ and troops for Op TELIC 10, deploying to Iraq in June 2007


Equipment

For full details about the UK's contribution, please see the Operation Telic order of battle This is the Operation Telic order of battle, which lists the British forces that took part in Operation Telic, including the 2003 Invasion of Iraq, subsequent operations during the occupation and military government of the country, and stabilisation operations under the Iraqi Interim Government and the Iraqi Transitional Government. ...


The conflict saw over 100 fixed-wing aircraft and over 100 rotary-wing aircraft of virtually every type in the British inventory deployed. It also saw a 33 ship fleet, which was the largest taskforce deployed by the UK since the Falklands War. Some 120 Challenger 2 main battle tanks, 150 Warrior infantry fighting vehicles, 32 AS-90 self propelled 155 mm howitzers and 36 105 mm towed howitzers were deployed with the land forces, with reconnaissance vehicles and everything else that makes a modern mechanised and armoured force function. The British FV4034 Challenger 2 is the main battle tank (MBT) currently in service with the armies of the United Kingdom and Oman. ... The US M1A1 Abrams tank is a typical modern main battle tank. ... ... An M2 Bradley Infantry fighting vehicle. ... The AS-90 (Artillery System for the 1990s) is a lightly-armoured self-propelled artillery piece used by the British Army. ...


Since the post invasion phase, and following a number of British casualties blamed on inadequate equipment, a great deal of new equipment has been purchased or is in the process of being purchased to help deal with the threats posed by insurgents. These include 166 armoured Pinzgauer Vectors PPV, 108 Mastiff PPV, 900 enhanced FV430 MkIII "Bulldogs", Raven UAV and 4 additionnal Britten-Norman Defender observation aircraft. Pinzgauer is a high mobility all-terrain 4x4 and 6x6 military utility vehicle manufactured in Guildford, Surrey, United Kingdom, by Automotive Technik (ATL). ... The Cougar is an armored fighting vehicle designed to be resistant to anti-vehicle mines and improvised munitions. ... The FV430 series covers a number of armoured fighting vehicles of the British Army, all built on the same chassis. ... U.S. Army Master Sgt. ... Unmanned Aerial Vehicle over Iraq. ... The Britten-Norman Defender is a light aircraft manufactured by Britten-Norman of Britain. ...


The MoD is currently in the process of purchasing C-RAM systems (based on the Phalanx CIWS) from Raytheon, Hermes 450 tactical UAVs (ahead of the future Watchkeeper UAV program), Predator B UAVs, 180 MPPV (Medium Protected Patrol Vehicles), and King Air 350ER special mission aircraft. In addition to this the RAF will receive 6 new EH101 Merlin HC3, 8 CH-47 Chinook HC2, and will see a number of their attack aircraft equipped with Litening targeting pods.[7] Counter Rocket, Artillery, and Mortar (C-RAM or Counter-RAM) is an initiative in response to an operational needs statement from the Multinational Corps-Iraq (MNC-I). ... Block 1 CIWS The Phalanx CIWS (Close-in weapon system, pronounced see-wiz) is an anti-missile system that was designed and manufactured by the General Dynamics Corporation, Pomona Division. ... Elbit Hermes 450 UAV The Elbit Systems Hermes 450 is a medium size multi-payload unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) designed for tactical long endurance missions. ... Elbit Hermes 450 UAV, upon which the Watchkeeper WK450 is based. ... The MQ-9 Reaper (originally the RQ-9 Predator B) is an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) developed by General Atomics Aeronautical Systems for use by the United States Air Force, the United States Navy, and the British Royal Air Force. ... RAF is an three letter acronym for: Royal Air Force -- the Air Force of the United Kingdom (see also Air Ministry) Red Army Faction (Rote Armee Fraktion) -- a German terror organisation Rigas Autobusu Fabrika -- a factory making buses in Riga, Latvia Rapid Action Force in India Računarski Fakultet RAF... The AgustaWestland EH101 is a medium-lift helicopter originally developed as a joint venture between Westland Helicopters in the UK and Agusta in Italy for military applications but also marketed for civil use. ... The Boeing CH-47 Chinook is a versatile, twin-engine, tandem rotor heavy-lift helicopter. ...


Casualties

Further information: British Fatalities During Operation Telic (Iraq)

As of 05 September 2007, a total of 169 [5] British Armed Forces personnel have died serving in Operation Telic since the start of the campaign in March 2003; 133 in hostile incidents and the remaining 36 under non-hostile circumstances. Full non-fatal casualty records are currently only available for the period after 01 January 2006. Since that date, 2,041 British personnel have been wounded, injured or fallen ill (245 wounded in action); 1060 of whom required aeromedical evacuation[8]. However, these totals are likely to rise significantly as and when full records for 2003 to 2006 become available. As of 11 March 2007, more than 2100 [6] soldiers have returned from Iraq since 2003 suffering from some form of mental illness, including PTSD. Since the start of operations in Iraq, 166 British service personnel have died (5 of them female)[1]and many more have been wounded. ... is the 70th day of the year (71st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), is a term for the psychological consequences of exposure to or confrontation with stressful experiences, which involve actual or threatened death, serious physical injury or a threat to physical integrity and which the person found highly traumatic. ...


In Fiction

The British television film The Mark of Cain depicted service of a British Army unit, the 1st Battalion Northdale Rifles in Operation Telic, just after the end of combat operations and in the first stages of the occupation. The Mark of Cain is a British television film first broadcast in 2007 that follows three young men as they experience the extremity of war for the first time, and the permanent effects of what they have seen and done as they return from their tour of duty. ... Members of the Northdale Rifles under fire in Basra The Northdale Rifles is the name given to a fictional infantry regiment of the British Army that was featured in the 2007 television film The Mark of Cain. ...


References

  1. ^ BBC News 6/05/2006 - Basra is a 'safe zone' no more [1]
  2. ^ BBC News 18/07/2006 - British troops seize Iraq weapons [2]
  3. ^ BBC News 7/11/2006 - Iraq death soldier named by MoD[3]
  4. ^ MOD Defence News 06/11/2006 - 20 Brigade welcomed home from Iraq [4]
  5. ^ MOD 27/02/07 - Operations In Iraq: British Fatalaties [5]
  6. ^ Daily Telegraph [6]

See also

A list of British awards for gallantry in the Iraq War from 2003 onwards. ...

External links

  • Campaign Medal for Operation Telic
  • British Fatalities in Iraq (MoD)
Iraq War Portal
Iraq Portal

  Results from FactBites:
 
Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Operation Telic (1135 words)
Operation (or Op) TELIC is the codename under which all British operations of the 2003 Invasion of Iraq and after are being conducted.
Operation Telic is one of the largest deployments of British forces since WWII.
Telic means a purposeful or defined action, but unlike the United States who called their equivalent military deployment Operation Iraqi Freedom, the Ministry of Defence uses a computer to generate its names so that they carry no meaning.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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