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Encyclopedia > Operation Snow White
Grand Jury Charges, Introduction, "United States of America v. Mary Sue Hubbard", United States District Court for the District of Columbia, 1979.
Grand Jury Charges, Introduction, "United States of America v. Mary Sue Hubbard", United States District Court for the District of Columbia, 1979.

Operation Snow White was the Church of Scientology's name for a project during the 1970s to purge unfavorable records about Scientology and its founder L. Ron Hubbard. This project included a series of infiltrations and thefts from 136 government agencies, foreign embassies and consulates, as well as private organizations critical of Scientology, carried out by Church members; the single largest infiltration of the United States government in history with up to 5,000 covert agents.[1][2] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 436 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,275 × 1,754 pixels, file size: 257 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 436 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,275 × 1,754 pixels, file size: 257 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... The United States District Court for the District of Columbia is the United States District Court that hears cases originating in the District of Columbia under Federal law. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Scientology cross Symbol The Church of Scientology is the largest religious organization devoted to the practice and the promotion of the Scientology belief system. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... Lafayette Ronald Hubbard (March 13, 1911 – January 24, 1986), better known as L. Ron Hubbard, was the creator of Dianetics, and founder of the Church of Scientology. ...


Under this program, Scientology operatives committed infiltration, wiretapping, and theft of documents in government offices, most notably those of the U.S. Internal Revenue Service. Eleven highly-placed Church executives, including Mary Sue Hubbard (wife of founder L. Ron Hubbard and second in command of the organization), pleaded guilty or were convicted in federal court of obstructing justice, burglary of government offices, and theft of documents and government property. The case was United States vs. Mary Sue Hubbard et al., 493 F. Supp. 209 (D.D.C. 1979). Doctrine Practices Concepts People Public outreach Organization Controversy Scientology is a body of beliefs and related practices created by American pulp fiction author L. Ron Hubbard in 1952 as an outgrowth of his earlier self-help system, Dianetics. ... See: espionage, urban exploration, entryism, heating, ventilation, and air conditioning. ... Telephone tapping or Wire tapping/ Wiretapping (in US) describes the monitoring of telephone conversations by a third party, often by covert means. ... . The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) is the United States government agency that collects taxes and enforces the tax laws. ... Mary Sue Hubbard (born Mary Sue Whipp) (17 June 1931–25 November 2002 [1]) was the third wife of science fiction writer and Church of Scientology founder L. Ron Hubbard and often regarded as the first lady of Scientology. ... Lafayette Ronald Hubbard (March 13, 1911 – January 24, 1986), better known as L. Ron Hubbard, was the creator of Dianetics, and founder of the Church of Scientology. ... The United States District Court for the District of Columbia is the United States District Court that hears cases originating in the District of Columbia under Federal law. ...

Contents

Background

The "Snow White Program" was written by L. Ron Hubbard (LRH)[3] as an attempt to reduce or eliminate unfavorable reports on Scientology, the Church of Scientology, and LRH himself, especially those held by government agencies such as Interpol and the U.S. Internal Revenue Service. Hubbard himself was named by federal prosecutors as an "unindicted co-conspirator" for his part in the operation; extensive records of his involvement exist, though many Scientologists claim his directives were misinterpreted by his followers. [4][5] Doctrine Practices Concepts People Public outreach Organization Controversy Scientology is a body of beliefs and related practices created by American pulp fiction author L. Ron Hubbard in 1952 as an outgrowth of his earlier self-help system, Dianetics. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Scientology documents known as "Snow White Operating Targets" describe the agencies to be targeted. Other planned elements of the operation included petitioning governments and the United Nations to charge government critics of Scientology with genocide, on the theory that official criticism of the group constituted "deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction".[6] UN and U.N. redirect here. ... For other uses, see Genocide (disambiguation). ...


Results of the investigation

FBI raids on Scientology properties in 1977 not only turned up documentation of the group's illegal activities against the United States government, but also illegal activities carried out against other perceived enemies of Scientology, such as "Operation Freakout", a conspiracy to frame author Paulette Cooper on false bomb-threat charges, and conspiracies to frame Gabe Cazares, mayor of Clearwater, Florida, on false hit-and-run charges.[7] F.B.I. and FBI redirect here. ... Operation PC Freakout was the name given by the Church of Scientology to a covert plan undertaken by the Church in 1976, with the goal of harassing Paulette Cooper, author of a book critical of Scientology titled The Scandal of Scientology. The plan came to light when the FBI seized... Paulette Cooper is an American author who is best known for activism against the Church of Scientology and the repercussions she suffered as a result. ... Gabe Cazares (1920-2006) was the former mayor of Clearwater, Florida, a civil rights advocate, and a critic of the Church of Scientology. ... Clearwater is a city located in central Pinellas County, Florida, USA, nearly due west of Tampa. ... Hit-and-run is the crime of colliding with a person, their personal property (including their motor vehicle), or a fixture, and failing to stop and identify oneself afterwards. ...


Involved parties

Mary Sue Hubbard, Cindy Raymond, Gerald Bennett Wolfe, Henning Heldt, Duke Snider, Gregory Willardson, Richard Weigand, Mitchell Herman, Sharon Thomas, Jane Kember, and Mo Budlong, all high-ranking Scientologists, were convicted and sent to prison for five years, while Kendrick Moxon was listed as an "unindicted co-conspirator" for providing false handwriting samples to the FBI.[1] As of 1999, Moxon is Scientology’s lead in-house attorney.[1] L. Ron Hubbard himself was named by federal prosecutors as an "unindicted co-conspirator."[5] Mary Sue Hubbard (born Mary Sue Whipp) (17 June 1931–25 November 2002 [1]) was the third wife of science fiction writer and Church of Scientology founder L. Ron Hubbard and often regarded as the first lady of Scientology. ... Moxon & Kobrin are a law firm located in Los Angeles, California, consisting of Kendrick Moxon, Helena Kobrin, and Ava Paquette. ...


Effect of the scandal

The Church has been notably reluctant to discuss the operation's details; typical statements by members and operatives are often vague comments saying that the Guardian's Office (GO) had been "infiltrated" and "set up" to fail in its mission to protect the Church, that those involved were "purged" from the Church, without detailing what actually happened (although it has been suggested many of those involved and "purged" remained in important positions of power within the church).[8] Church spokespersons on the Internet and elsewhere have been known to claim the operatives were convicted of "stealing photocopy paper."[9] Official Scientology Cross Symbol The Church of Scientology was founded by author L. Ron Hubbard as an organization dedicated to the practice of Scientology, an applied religious philosophy formulated by Hubbard. ...


Effects in Canada

As a result of documents stolen from public and private agencies in Canada and information on other covert activities found as evidence collected in the Operation Snow White case[10][11], investigations into the Church of Scientology in Ontario were started. This eventually resulted in a large police raid of the Church of Scientology in Toronto, 3 March to 4 March 1983. The R. v. Church of Scientology of Toronto case began 1991-04-23[12], resulting in seven members being convicted, and two convictions of criminal Breach of the Public Trust against the church itself.[13] Scientology cross Symbol The Church of Scientology is the largest religious organization devoted to the practice and the promotion of the Scientology belief system. ... is the 62nd day of the year (63rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... The Queen v. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 113th day of the year (114th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


See also

David Gaiman is a prominent member of the Church of Scientology who lives in the UK. He and his wife Sheila joined in the early 1960s and he was public relations director and commonly in the media during the British controversies over Scientology in the 1960s and 1970s. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Ortega, Tony. "Double Crossed", Phoenix New Times, New Times Media, 1999-12-23. Retrieved on 2006-06-12. 
  2. ^ Mystery of the Vanished Ruler. TIME (1983-01-31). Retrieved on 2007-08-10.
  3. ^ Miller, Russell (1987). Bare-faced Messiah, The True Story of L. Ron Hubbard. Henry Holt & Co. ISBN 0-8050-0654-0. 
  4. ^ Marshall, John. "Hubbard still gave orders, records show", The Globe and Mail, 1980-01-24. Retrieved on 2006-09-14.  (archived at rickross.com)
  5. ^ a b Robert W. Welkos; Joel Sappell. "Burglaries and Lies Paved a Path to Prison", Los Angeles Times, 1990-06-24. Retrieved on 2006-05-22. 
  6. ^ PROJECT STEPMOTHER, SWOT 17 United Kingdom, April 20, 1973 (archived at Operation Clambake)
  7. ^ Charles L. Stafford; Bette Orsini. "Scientology: An in-depth profile of a new force in Clearwater" (PDF, 905K), St. Petersburg Times, 1980-01-09.  Original (18M)
  8. ^ The President answers your questions: What is the Guardian’s Office and does it still exist?
  9. ^ Ortega, Tony (Sept. 9, 2001). "Sympathy for the Devil". New Times Los Angeles. Convenience link
  10. ^ John Marshall, Secret Ontario documents found in U.S. cult's files, The Globe and Mail, January 22, 1980.
  11. ^ John Marshall, Cult harassment, spying in Canada documented, The Globe and Mail, January 23, 1980.
  12. ^ Reynolds, W. Richard. "Scientology church on trial in Canada", St. Petersburg Times, 1991-04-23, p. 8.A. Retrieved on 2006-09-05. 
  13. ^ Morgan, Lucy. "Abroad: Critics public and private keep pressure on Scientology", St. Petersburg Times, 1999-03-29. Retrieved on 2007-09-07. “Canada's highest court in 1997 upheld the criminal conviction of the Church of Scientology of Toronto and one of its officers for a breach of trust stemming from covert operations in Canadian government offices during the 1970s and 1980s.” 

The Phoenix New Times is a free, weekly Phoenix, Arizona newspaper, put out every Thursday. ... The New Times Media corporation was a national publisher of alternative weekly newspapers. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 357th day of the year (358th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “TIME” redirects here. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Globe and Mail is a Canadian English-language nationally distributed newspaper, based in Toronto and printed in six cities across the country. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 110th day of the year (111th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... Operation Clambake Operation Clambake (xenu. ... Logo of the St. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Globe and Mail is a Canadian English-language nationally distributed newspaper, based in Toronto and printed in six cities across the country. ... The Globe and Mail is a Canadian English-language nationally distributed newspaper, based in Toronto and printed in six cities across the country. ... Logo of the St. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 113th day of the year (114th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Logo of the St. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 88th day of the year (89th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Scientology Portal
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Operation Snow White

  Results from FactBites:
 
Operation Snow White - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (445 words)
Operation Snow White was the name given internally by the Church of Scientology to a program which included the largest incident of private domestic espionage in the history of the United States.
The "Snow White Program" was written by L. Ron Hubbard (LRH) as an attempt to reduce or eliminate unfavorable reports on Scientology, the Church of Scientology, and LRH himself, especially those held by Interpol and the U.S. Internal Revenue Service.
The Church has been notably reluctant to discuss the operation's details; typical statements by members and operatives are often vague comments saying those involved were purged from the Church, without detailing what actually happened (although it has been suggested many of those involved and "purged" remained in important positions of power within the church).
Snow White - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1699 words)
Snow White, (in German, Schneewittchen) is the title character of a well known fairy tale known from many places in Europe, the most known version being the one collected by the Brothers Grimm.
But soon after Snow White becomes seven (which is the official age that a girl becomes a maiden) when she asks her mirror, it responds, "Queen, you're the fairest where you are, but Snow White is more beautiful by far".
Snow White discovers a tiny cottage in the forest, belonging to seven dwarfs, where she rests.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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