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Encyclopedia > Operation Silver Fox
Operation Silver Fox
Part of World War II

A column from I./Panzer-Abt.z.b.V.40 during the advance on Kuusamo, July 1941.
Date June-July, 1941
Location Lapland
Result Stalemate
Belligerents
Flag of Germany Germany
Flag of Finland Finland
Flag of the Soviet Union Soviet Union
Commanders
Flag of Germany Nikolaus von Falkenhorst (Armee Norwegen) Roman Panin (Northern Front)
Strength
200 000 germans and 28 000 finnish 100 000
Casualties and losses
12 000 killed germans, 1000 finnish, 26 000 wounded germans and 4300 finnish 700 lost 8000 killed, 13 000 wounded, 1500 prisoners
The original plan for operation "Silver Fox".
The original plan for operation "Silver Fox".

Operation Silver Fox (Silberfuchs) was a German operation during World War II. Its main goal was the capture of the Soviet port at Murmansk through attacks from Finnish territory. Image File history File links Gnome-globe. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Image File history File links Silverfox1. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... Lappi, or the Province of Lapland is one of the Provinces of Finland, and a part of the larger geographical area of Lapland, which spans over four countries. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Nikolaus von Falkenhorst, (January 17, 1885 - June 18, 1968), German General that planned the attack on Denmark and Norway in 1940, Weserübung. ... Armeeoberkommando Norwegen or AOK Norwegen was a formation of the German Army during World War II. It was directly under the command of the German high command, the OKW. Commanders General-Colonel Nikolaus von Falkenhorst Organisation German XXXVI Corps Gebirgskorps Norwegen (Mountain corps) Finnish III Corps Operations AOK Norwegen took... Northern Front was a front (Soviet Army group) during the World War II that operated in the Northern direction, hence its name. ... Combatants Soviet Union,[1] Poland, Tannu Tuva (until 1944 incorporation with USSR), Mongolia Germany,[2] Italy (to 1943), Romania (to 1944), Finland (to 1944), Hungary, Slovakia, Croatia, Spain (to 1943, unofficial) Commanders Joseph Stalin, Aleksei Antonov, Ivan Konev, Rodion Malinovsky, Ivan Bagramyan, Kirill Meretskov, Ivan Petrov, Alexander Rodimtsev, Konstantin Rokossovsky... Combatants Germany Romania Finland Italy Hungary Slovakia  Soviet Union Commanders Adolf Hitler Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb Fedor von Bock Gerd von Rundstedt Heinz Guderian Günther von Kluge Franz Halder Ion Antonescu C.G.E. Mannerheim Giovanni Messe, CSIR Italo Garibaldi, ARMIR Iosef Stalin Kliment Voroshilov Semyon Timoshenko Fyodor Kuznetsov... Battle of the Baltic concerns the German and Soviet battle for the control of the Baltic sea during World War II. Categories: | | | | | ... Combatants Germany Spanish Blue Division Soviet Union Commanders Wilhelm von Leeb Georg von Küchler Agustín Muñoz Grandes Kliment Voroshilov Georgiy Zhukov Strength 725,000 930,000 Casualties Unknown Red Army: 332,059 KIA 24,324 non-combat dead 111,142 missing 16,470 civilians 1 million civilians... Combatants Germany Romania Soviet Union Commanders Erich von Manstein Ivan Petrov Filipp Oktyabrskiy Strength 350,000+ 106,000 Casualties at least 100,000 killed, wounded or captured (Including Romanians) 95,000 captured, 11,000 killed The Battle of Sevastopol was fought from October 30, 1941 to July 4, 1942 between... Combatants Nazi Germany Soviet Union Commanders Fedor von Bock, Heinz Guderian Georgy Zhukov, Aleksandr Vasilevsky Strength As of October 1: 1,000,000 men, 1,700 tanks, 14,000 guns, 950 planes[1] As of October 1: 1,250,000 men, 1,000 tanks, 7,600 guns, 677 planes[2... The formation of the Rzhev salient during the winter of 1941-1942. ... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Fedor von Bock, Friedrich Paulus Semyon Timoshenko Strength 300,000 men, 1000 tanks, 1500 aircraft 640,000 men, 1200 tanks, 1000 aircraft Casualties 20,000 killed, wounded or captured 207,057 killed, wounded or captured, 652 tanks, 1,646 guns, 3,278 mortars, 57,626... Case Blue (German: ) was the German Wehrmachts codename for the 1942 summer offensive. ... Belligerents Germany Romania Italy Hungary Soviet Union Commanders Adolf Hitler Friedrich Paulus # Erich von Manstein Wolfram von Richthofen Petre Dumitrescu Constantin Constantinescu Italo Garibaldi Gusztáv Vitéz Jány Josef Stalin Vasiliy Chuikov Aleksandr Vasilyevskiy Georgiy Zhukov Semyon Timoshenko Konstantin Rokossovskiy Rodion Malinovskiy Andrei Yeremenko Strength Army Group B... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Kurt von der Chevallerie M. A. Purkayev Strength ~20,000 (on 19 Nov) 100,000 (on 19 Nov) Casualties 17,000 killed or wounded, 3,000 captured 30,000 killed or wounded Situation after the initial Soviet advance. ... The eastern front at the time of the Second Rzhev-Sychevka Offensive. ... Combatants Nazi Germany Soviet Union Commanders Erich von Manstein Günther von Kluge Hermann Hoth Walther Model Georgiy Zhukov Konstantin Rokossovskiy Nikolay Vatutin Ivan Konyev Strength 2,700 tanks 800,000 infantry 2,000 aircraft 3,600 tanks 1,300,000 infantry and supporting troops 2,400 aircraft Casualties German... Combatants Axis Soviet Union Commanders Günther von Kluge Andrei Yeremenko, Vasily Sokolovsky Strength 850,000 men, 8,800 guns, 500 tanks, 700 planes[1] 1,253,000 men, 20,640 guns, 1,430 tanks, 1,100 planes[1] Casualties (Soviet est. ... Combatants Axis Soviet Union Commanders Erich von Manstein Konstantin Rokossovsky, Ivan Konev Strength 1,250,000 men 12,600 guns 2,100 tanks 2,000 planes 2,650,000 men 51,000 guns 2,400 tanks 2,850 planes Casualties Low est. ... The 1943 Battle of Kiev resulted in a Soviet victory, forcing the German invaders of the Soviet Union to retreat further. ... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Erich von Manstein, Wilhelm Stemmerman (Gruppe Stemmerman), Hermann Breith, III Panzerkorps Georgi Zhukov, Nikolai Vatutin (1st Ukrainian Front), Ivan Konev (2nd Ukrainian Front), Strength 56,000 70 tanks and assault guns In packet only but much large with relief troops 200,000 500 tanks Casualties... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Erich von Manstein (Army Group South) Hans-Valentin Hube (First Panzer Army) Georgi Zhukov Nikolai Vatutin (1st Ukrainian Front) Ivan Koniev (2nd Ukrainian Front) Strength 200,000 500,000 Casualties  ?  ? 357 tanks The Battle of the Kamenets-Podolsky Pocket, also known as Hubes Pocket... Combatants Soviet Union Germany Commanders Soviet STAVKA German OKW Strength Unknown Unknown Casualties 260,000 all causes Unknown The Baltic Offensive, also formally referred to as the Baltic Strategic Offensive Operation[1][2][3][4] as it was called by the Red Army who undertook it, denotes the battle between... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Ernst Busch (to 28 June), Walter Model (Army Group Centre) Georg-Hans Reinhardt (Third Panzer Army) Hans Jordan (Ninth Army) Kurt von Tippelskirch (Fourth Army) Walter Weiss (Second Army) Georgy Zhukov Konstantin Rokossovsky (3rd Belorussian Front) Hovhannes Bagramyan (1st Baltic Front) Ivan Chernyakhovsky (1st Belorussian... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Josef Harpe (Heeresgruppe Nordukraine) Ivan Koniev (1st Ukrainian Front) Strength 370,000 men 340 AFVs 4,800 guns 1,200,000 men 1,979 AFVs 11,265 guns Casualties 350,000 men 520 AFVs 198,000 men 1,285 AFVs The Lvov-Sandomierz Offensive[1... Combatants Nazi Germany Romania Soviet Union Commanders Ferdinand Schorner (until July 23) Johannes Friessner (from July 25) (Heeresgruppe Sudukraine) Günther Blumentritt (until June 28) Walter Model (until August 16) Georg Hans Reinhardt (Army Group Centre) Konstantin Rokossovsky (1st Belorussian Front) Strength  ?  ? Casualties  ?  ? Lublin-Brest Offensive is covered in the... Combatants Soviet Union Germany Romania Commanders Rodion Malinovsky Fyodor Tolbukhin Johannes Friessner Ion Antonescu Strength 1,341,200, 1,874 tanks and assault guns ca. ... Budapest Offensiv, together with other Soviet Balkan offensivesm is covered by the green area in the south. ... Combatants Wehrmacht i. ... WWII Eastern Front during 1945 The East Prussian Offensive was an offensive by the Red Army in its fight against the German Wehrmacht on the Eastern Front (World War II). ... WWII Eastern Front during 1945 The East Pomeranian Offensive was an offensive by the Red Army in its fight against the German Wehrmacht on the Eastern Front (World War II). ... WWII Eastern Front during 1945 Eastern Front Barbarossa – Baltic Sea – Finland – Leningrad and Baltics – Crimea and Caucasus – Moscow – 1st Rzhev-Vyazma – 2nd Kharkov – Blue – Stalingrad – Velikiye Luki – 2nd Rzhev-Sychevka – Kursk – 2nd Smolensk – Dnieper – 2nd Kiev – Korsun – Hubes Pocket – Baltic – Bagration – Lvov-Sandomierz – Lublin-Brest – Balkans (Iassy-Kishinev) – Balkans... The Vienna Offensive was launched by the Soviet 3rd Ukrainian Front against Vienna, Austria. ... Combatants Soviet Union Poland Nazi Germany Commanders 1st Belorussian Front – Georgiy Zhukov 2nd Belorussian Front – Konstantin Rokossovskiy 1st Ukrainian Front – Ivan Konev Army Group Vistula – Gotthard Heinrici then Kurt von Tippelskirch[2] Army Group Centre – Ferdinand Schörner Berlin Defense Area – Helmuth Reymann then Helmuth Weidling #[3] Strength 2,500... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Czech Insurgents Commanders Ferdinand Schörner Ivan Konev Strength 900,000 2,000,000 Casualties Unknown 11,997 killed or missing, 40,501 wounded or sick (52,498 casualties[1]) The Prague Offensive (Russian:Пражская наступательная операция, Prazhskaya nastupatelnaya operacia, Prague Offensive Operation) was the last major battle of... Combatants  Finland Germany Italy1  Soviet Union  United Kingdom2 Commanders C.G.E. Mannerheim Kirill Meretskov Leonid Govorov Strength 530,000 Finns[1] 220,000 Germans 900,000–1,500,000[2] Casualties 58,715 dead or missing 158,000 wounded 1,500 civilian dead[3] 200,000 dead or missing... Continuation War Karelian isthmus – East Karelia – Ladoga Karelia – Silberfuchs – Hanko – Uhtua-Kiestinki – Repola-Rukajärvi – Porlammi – 1st Tuulos – Suursaari – Fourth strategic offensive – Valkeasaari – Kuuterselkä – Siiranmäki – Tienhaara – Tali-Ihantala – 2nd Kollaa – Syväri – Bay of Viipuri – Vuosalmi – 2nd Tuulos – Nietjärvi – Ilomantsi The Finnish reconquest of the Karelian Isthmus (1941... Finnish soldiers in Olonets Karelia The Finnish conquest of East Karelia (1941) refers to a military campaign carried out by Finland in 1941. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Combatants Germany Finland Soviet Air Force Commanders Captain Karl-Conrad Mecke Ltn-Col Martti Miettinen Strength 2,700 1,612 Casualties 153 KIA 1,231 POWs 36 KIA 67 WIA 8 MIA Operation Tanne Ost (Fir East) was a German operation during World War II to capture the island Suursaari... Combatants Finland Soviet Union Commanders Carl Gustav Emil Mannerheim Karl Lennart Oesch Leonid Govorov Kirill Meretskov Strength 268,000 375,000 Casualties 18,000 killed, 45,000 wounded, 3,000 prisoners 40,000 killed, 130,000 wounded During World War II, in the Continuation War, the Fourth Strategic Offensive was... Beloostrov (Russian: ; Finnish: , both meaning lit. ... Lebyazhye (Russian: ; Finnish: ) is a rural locality on Karelian Isthmus, in Vyborgsky District of Leningrad Oblast. ... The Battle of Tienhaara was a part of Continuation War between Finland and the Soviet Union. ... Combatants  Finland, Germany  Soviet Union Commanders Karl Lennart Oesch Kurt Kuhlmey Dmitrii N. Gusev Strength 50,000 [1] 150,000 [1] Casualties 1,100 killed 1,100 missing 6,300 wounded[1] 4,500-5,500 killed 13,500-14,500 wounded[2][3] Map of the Karelian Isthmus. ... The Battle of the Bay of Viipuri was a battle in the Finnish-Soviet Continuation War (1941-1944). ... Combatants Finland Soviet Union Strength 30,000 60,000 Casualties 795 killed in action 4,976 wounded 754 missing 3,050 killed in action 11,750 wounded 250 missing The Battle of Vuosalmi (also known as the Battle of Äyräpää-Vuosalmi) – the main bulk of it – lasted from July... Combatants Finland Soviet Union Commanders Major General Kustaa Tapola Lieutenant General A. Krutikov Casualties 700 as killed or wounded 2000+ killed in action 4000+ wounded a few hundred missing The Battle of Nietjärvi (July 15 to July 17, 1944) was part of the Continuation War (1941-1944... This does not cite its references or sources. ... Operation Renntier (Reindeer) was a German operation during World War II. Its goal was to secure the nickel-mines in Finnish Petsamo against Soviet aggression. ... Belligerents Germany Finland Soviet Union Commanders Eduard Dietl R. I. Panin Strength 40,000 Unknown Casualties and losses 15,274 unknown Operation Platinfuchs (Platinum Fox) was a German and Finnish military offensive launched during World War II. Platinfuchs took place on the Eastern Front and had the objective of capturing... Belligerents Germany, Finland Soviet Union Commanders Hans Feige Roman Panin Strength 3 divisions 2 divisions Operation Arctic Fox (from the German Operation Polarfuchs) was the codename given to a campaign by German and Finnish forces during the Second World War, against Soviet defences at Salla, in Finland, in July 1941. ... PQ-17 was a World War II convoy carrying war materiel from Britain and the USA to the USSR. PQ-17 sailed in June-July 1942 and suffered the heaviest losses of any Russia-bound (PQ) convoy, with 25 vessels out of 36 lost to enemy action. ... Combatants Red Army Wehrmacht 20th Mountain Army Commanders K.A. Meretskov Lothar Rendulic Strength 96,000 men, 110 tanks, 2,100 guns ca. ... Category: ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Operation Weserübung was the German codename for Nazi Germanys assault on Scandinavia during World War II. The name translates as Weser Exercise, the Weser being a German river. ... German battle cruisers in a Norwegian port in June 1940 The Norwegian Campaign, lasting from 9 April to 10 June 1940, led to the first direct land confrontation between the military forces of the Allies — United Kingdom and France — against Nazi Germany in World War II. The primary reason for... The Allied campaign in Norway took place from April 1940 until early June 1940. ... This article is about the 1940 invasion. ... During World War II, Operation Claymore was a British Commando and Royal Navy raid on 4 March, 1941 on the Lofoten Islands, off the coast of Norway, just inside the Arctic Circle. ... Tirpitz was the second Bismarck class battleship of the German Kriegsmarine, sistership of Bismarck. ... The Vemork hydroelectric plant, site of ammonia production with a militarily important byproduct, heavy water. ... The Swedish iron ore was important to the German war effort during World War two, as Germany had an inadequate domestic supply, and other sources were cut off by the British sea blockade. ... Combatants Red Army Wehrmacht 20th Mountain Army Commanders K.A. Meretskov Lothar Rendulic Strength 96,000 men, 110 tanks, 2,100 guns ca. ... Headquarters of the Schalburgkorps, a Danish SS unit, after 1943. ... The rescue of the Danish Jews occurred during Denmarks occupation by Nazi Germany during World War II. When German authorities in Denmark ordered that Danish Jews be arrested and deported to Germany in October 1943, many Danes and Swedes took part in a collective effort to evacuate the roughly... Starting with the invasion of April 9, 1940, Norway was under military occupation of German forces and civil rule of a German commissioner in collaboration with a Pro-German puppet government. ... Norwegian resistance to the Occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany from 1940 to 1945 took several forms: Asserting the legitimacy of the exiled Norwegian government, and by implication the lack of legitimacy of the Quisling regime and Terboven administration The initial defense in Southern Norway, which was largely disorganized, but... During the German occupation of Norway in World War II the civilian occupying authorities with the Quisling regime and the German Wehrmacht operated a number of camps in Norway. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (634x834, 27 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Operation Silver Fox ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (634x834, 27 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Operation Silver Fox ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Murmansk coin Murmansk (Russian: ; Finnish: (archaic); Northern Sami: ; Skolt Sami: ) is a city in the extreme northwest part of Russia with a seaport on the Kola Bay, 12 km from the Barents Sea on the northern shore of the Kola Peninsula, not far from Russias borders with Norway and...

Contents

Planning and preparation

Following the occupation of Norway in July 1940, Germany had planned to occupy the Petsamo nickel mines, an operation code-named Reindeer (Renntier) in case of a new Finnish-Soviet war. Germany had possessed supply and troop transfer rights through Northern Finland since September 1940. In January 1941, German officer Erich Buschenhagen was ordered to Finland to discuss the possibility of a Finnish-German cooperative effort against the Soviet Union with the Finnish leadership. In late February, Buschenhagen was authorised to negotiate a combined offensive effort. Taking advantage of the co-belligerent pact, plans were made for German forces from the German Army in Norway to begin moving into Finnish territory. These operations, codenamed Blue Fox 1 and Blue Fox 2 (Blaufuchs I and Blaufuchs II) began in June 1941. Five German divisions and various attached elements (Including two 'special purpose' Panzer units) were moved into position in Northern Finland, joining the Finnish forces, currently being mobilised under the guise of border exercises. Operation Renntier (Reindeer) was a German operation during World War II. Its goal was to secure the nickel-mines in Finnish Petsamo against Soviet aggression. ... German Norwegian Army (Armeeoberkommando Norwegen, abbr. ...


The Finns and Germans agreed on a two-pronged attack, three phase offensive. The first action, Operation Reindeer, was to be the occupation of the Petsamo region by the two Alpine Infantry divisions of Generaloberst Eduard Dietl's German German Alpine Corps Norway (Gebirgskorps Norwegen). This would move the Alpine Corps from the Norwegian territory around Kirkenes into position to attack towards Murmansk. The area of Petsamo (Pechenga in Russian) in northern Lapland, indigenously inhabited by Samis, came to Finland in 1920 and to the Soviet Union in 1944. ... Edelweiss badge worn on the cap of Heer and Waffen SS Gebirgsjägers. ... Colonel General is a senior military rank which is used in some of the world’s militaries. ... Eduard Dietl (Born 21 July 1890, Bad Aibling, Died 23 June 1944, Styria) Lieutenant General Eduard Dietl commanded the German 3rd Mountain Division that participated in the German invasion of Norway on April 9 and 10, 1940. ... Gebirgskorps Norwegen (Alpine Corps Norway) was a German army unit during World War II. It saw action in Norway and Finland. ... Kirkenes, Norway and Petsamo, Russia Orthographic projection over Kirkenes Norway Kirkenes is the centre of the municipality of Sør-Varanger in Finnmark county, Norway. ...


The second and third stages were to be launched in unison. The northern assault, codenamed Operation Platinum Fox (Platinfuchs) called for Norwegen, assisted by the Finnish Ivalo Border Guard Battalion to strike east from Petsamo, attacking towards the Barents Sea port of Murmansk along the coast. These would be opposed by the two divisions of the Soviet 14th Army, the 14th and 52nd Rifle Divisions. The objective of Platinum Fox was to capture Murmansk, and to tie down Russian troops, keeping them from the southern operations near Leningrad. Belligerents Germany Finland Soviet Union Commanders Eduard Dietl R. I. Panin Strength 40,000 Unknown Casualties and losses 15,274 unknown Operation Platinfuchs (Platinum Fox) was a German and Finnish military offensive launched during World War II. Platinfuchs took place on the Eastern Front and had the objective of capturing... Location of the Barents Sea. ... Murmansk coin Murmansk (Russian: ; Finnish: (archaic); Northern Sami: ; Skolt Sami: ) is a city in the extreme northwest part of Russia with a seaport on the Kola Bay, 12 km from the Barents Sea on the northern shore of the Kola Peninsula, not far from Russias borders with Norway and... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland...


The Southern assault, codenamed Operation Arctic Fox (Polarfuchs), by the German XXXVI Army Corps under General of Cavalry Hans Feige, was to attack eastwards from the Kuusamo region along the line Salla-Urinsalmo. This force comprised two German divisions, 169th and SS Nord, and the Finnish 6th Division, with two special purpose Panzer units attached. These would be opposed by the Soviet 122nd Rifle Division. This operation was aimed at the capture of the town of Kandalaksha, by the White Sea in the Karelia region, in the process tying down troops from the Soviet Northern Front, who would otherwise be sent to defend against Platinum Fox, and to cut Murmansk and the Kola Peninsula from the rest of the Soviet Union. Belligerents Germany, Finland Soviet Union Commanders Hans Feige Roman Panin Strength 3 divisions 2 divisions Operation Arctic Fox (from the German Operation Polarfuchs) was the codename given to a campaign by German and Finnish forces during the Second World War, against Soviet defences at Salla, in Finland, in July 1941. ... The XXXVI Corps was a German military formation in World War II. It was formed in October 1939 and took part in the invasion of France. ... Kuusamo is a municipality of Finland. ... Salla is a municipality of Finland and is located in Lapland. ... Kandalaksha (Russian: Кандалакша; Finnish: Kannanlahti) is a city in northwestern Russia. ... Map of the White Sea Two satellite photos of the White Sea The White Sea (Russian: ) is an inlet of the Barents Sea on the North Western coast of Russia. ... Map showing the parts Karelia is traditionally divided into. ... Northern Front was a front (Soviet Army group) during the World War II that operated in the Northern direction, hence its name. ... Location of Kola south of the Barents Sea. ...


These actions would be in conjunction with Finnish operations, involving the Finnish army's offensives around Lake Ladoga and through the Karelian Isthmus, and later into East Karelia, as part of their Continuation War. Combatants  Finland Germany Italy1  Soviet Union  United Kingdom2 Commanders C.G.E. Mannerheim Kirill Meretskov Leonid Govorov Strength 530,000 Finns[1] 220,000 Germans 900,000–1,500,000[2] Casualties 58,715 dead or missing 158,000 wounded 1,500 civilian dead[3] 200,000 dead or missing...


Operation Reindeer

The first phase, Renntier, was launched on 22 June 1941, to coincide with the launch of Operation Barbarossa. The two divisions of Mountain Corps Norwegen, the 2nd and 3rd Mountain Divisions, moved out from Kirkenes and began deploying in the Finnish held area around Petsamo. The operation was successful, the appearance of a German Corps on their border coming as a surprise to the Russians. Dietl's troops reformed and prepared for the launch of Platinfuchs. In the south, the units of Feige's XXXVI Army Corps prepared for their attack. On 25 June 1941, Finland entered the war, leaving the way clear for Silver Fox to commence. is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... Combatants Germany Romania Finland Italy Hungary Slovakia  Soviet Union Commanders Adolf Hitler Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb Fedor von Bock Gerd von Rundstedt Heinz Guderian Günther von Kluge Franz Halder Ion Antonescu C.G.E. Mannerheim Giovanni Messe, CSIR Italo Garibaldi, ARMIR Iosef Stalin Kliment Voroshilov Semyon Timoshenko Fyodor Kuznetsov... The German 2nd Mountain Division was raised in 1938 from the former Austrian 6th Mountain Division and German mountain troops. ... The German 3rd Mountain Division was raised from the Austrian 5th and 7th Divisions. ... The area of Petsamo (Pechenga in Russian) in northern Lapland, indigenously inhabited by Samis, came to Finland in 1920 and to the Soviet Union in 1944. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ...


Platinum Fox

On June 29 in the North, Dietl's attack, Platinfuchs, got underway, with the two Soviet divisions of 14th Army) opposing his force. As the Germans slowly advanced, the Russians reinforced their front, adding another division and several naval infantry units from Murmansk itself. The Russians were now heavily entrenched and outnumbered their attackers. On 22 September, after repeated attempts to advance past the Litsa river, Dietl admitted that Platinfuchs had failed. The front line soon settled down as the Germans halted offensive operations and dug in. For the remainder of the war, the northern front was to remain relatively stable, with small scale ski patrol operations only, until the Soviet offensive of 1944. is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Arctic Fox

In the south, Polarfuchs also began on 29 June. The SS Battle Group Nord was sent into action around the villages of Märkäjärvi and Salla. In heavy fighting, the Division performed poorly and suffered heavy casualties, losing 700 men in two days and breaking in the face of enemy resistance. The advance on Kandalaksha slowed and stopped, with the troops of Feige's Corps digging in. Soon the front stagnated, just as it had in the north, combat being reduced to skirmishing and patrol actions. Finally, Hitler's abrupt order halted the German advance. The SS Division Nord was a German army unit of the Waffen-SS. The division was composed of SS men used for garrison duties in Norway. ... Salla is a municipality of Finland and is located in Lapland. ... Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler (April 20, 1889 – April 30, 1945, standard German pronunciation in the IPA) was the Führer (leader) of the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party) and of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945. ...


Conclusion

The failure of Silberfuchs was to have a lasting effect on the course of the war. While the rest of the Russian lines had collapsed in 1941, the forces of Roman Panin's Northern Front had held, causing casualties of up to 15% on the German attackers. German failure can be attributed to a number of factors: the terrain, which hindered the advance, and led to an over-dependence on roads for mobility. Second, a lack of proper intelligence preparation which led to faulty assumptions. Third, a long and tenuous line of communication. Finally, stubborn resistance from the Soviets, which meant that the necessary breakthrough was not possible, and the stagnation of the front was inevitable.


The port of Murmansk was to remain in Russian hands throughout the war, and around a quarter of all lend lease material was received through this port, and the port of Archangel. The supplies coming through this port helped the Soviets quickly recover from the disasters of 1941. Wikisource has original text related to this article: Lend-Lease This article is about the World War II program. ...


The war in the north dragged on until May 1945. In September 1944 the Finns sued for peace and the Lapland War began. In October 1944 the Red Army conducted the Petsamo-Kirkenes Operation, and achieved a decisive victory over the German forces in the Arctic. Combatants Germany Finland Commanders Lothar Rendulic Hjalmar Siilasvuo Strength 200,000 60,000 Casualties 950 killed 2,000 wounded 1,300 captured 774 killed 3,000 wounded 262 missing The Lapland War (Finnish: ; German: ; Swedish: ) is a name used for the hostilities between Finland and Germany between September 1944 and... Combatants Red Army Wehrmacht 20th Mountain Army Commanders K.A. Meretskov Lothar Rendulic Strength 96,000 men, 110 tanks, 2,100 guns ca. ...


See also

Combatants Finland Soviet Union Commanders Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim Kliment Voroshilov Semyon Timoshenko Strength 250,000 men 30 tanks 130 aircraft[1][2] 1,000,000 men 6,541 tanks [3] 3,800 aircraft[4][5] Casualties 26,662 dead 39,886 wounded 1,000 captured[6] 126,875 dead... Combatants  Finland Germany Italy1  Soviet Union  United Kingdom2 Commanders C.G.E. Mannerheim Kirill Meretskov Leonid Govorov Strength 530,000 Finns[1] 220,000 Germans 900,000–1,500,000[2] Casualties 58,715 dead or missing 158,000 wounded 1,500 civilian dead[3] 200,000 dead or missing... Combatants Germany Finland Commanders Lothar Rendulic Hjalmar Siilasvuo Strength 200,000 60,000 Casualties 950 killed 2,000 wounded 1,300 captured 774 killed 3,000 wounded 262 missing The Lapland War (Finnish: ; German: ; Swedish: ) is a name used for the hostilities between Finland and Germany between September 1944 and... The Military history of Finland during World War II is covered chiefly in three articles: Winter War Continuation War Lapland War There are also other, more specialized articles: Category:Winter War Moscow Peace Treaty (1940) Salpalinja Category:Continuation War Paris Peace Treaties, 1947 Lotta Svärd Finnish war children Post... The straight-armed Balkenkreuz, a stylized version of the Iron Cross, the emblem of the Wehrmacht. ... Edelweiss badge worn on the cap of Heer and Waffen SS Gebirgsjägers. ... Belligerents Germany Finland Soviet Union Commanders Eduard Dietl R. I. Panin Strength 40,000 Unknown Casualties and losses 15,274 unknown Operation Platinfuchs (Platinum Fox) was a German and Finnish military offensive launched during World War II. Platinfuchs took place on the Eastern Front and had the objective of capturing... Belligerents Germany, Finland Soviet Union Commanders Hans Feige Roman Panin Strength 3 divisions 2 divisions Operation Arctic Fox (from the German Operation Polarfuchs) was the codename given to a campaign by German and Finnish forces during the Second World War, against Soviet defences at Salla, in Finland, in July 1941. ... This Luftwaffe detachment served in Finland and Norway for air support of Axis forces in sector, with command offices in Oslo, Norway (at date July 26, 1944). ...

References

  • "A Germany-Soviet Military-Economic Comparison"
  • Chris Bellamy : Absolute War (2007) ISBN 978 0 333.78022.0
  • Chris Mann, Christer Jorgensen: Hitlers Arctic War (2002) ISBN 0.7110.2899.0

  Results from FactBites:
 
Operation Silver Fox - Definition, explanation (1277 words)
Operation Silver Fox (Unternehmen Silberfuchs) was a German operation during World War II.
This operation was aimed at the capture of the town of Kandalaksha, by the White Sea in the Karelia region, in the process tying down troops from the Soviet Northern Front who would otherwise be sent to defend against Platinfuchs and to cut Murmansk and Kola Peninsula from the rest of the Soviet Union.
The operation was successful, the appearance of a German Gebirgskorps on their border coming as a suprise to the Russians.
Operation Silver Fox - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1373 words)
Operation Silver Fox (Unternehmen Silberfuchs) was a German operation during World War II.
This operation was aimed at the capture of the town of Kandalaksha, by the White Sea in the Karelia region, in the process tying down troops from the Soviet Northern Front who would otherwise be sent to defend against Platinfuchs and to cut Murmansk and the Kola Peninsula from the rest of the Soviet Union.
The operation was successful, the appearance of a German Gebirgskorps on their border coming as a surprise to the Russians.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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