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Encyclopedia > Operation Rooster 53
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Operation Rooster 53 was an Israeli military operation during the War of Attrition to kidnap an Egyptian P-12 radar system. It was also called Rooster-53. It was carried out by the Israeli elite special forces Sayeret Matkal on December 26 and 27, 1969. Jump to: navigation, search The War of Attrition was a limited war fought between Egypt and Israel from 1968 to 1970. ... Jump to: navigation, search This long range radar antenna (approximately 40m (130ft) in diameter) rotates on a track to observe activities near the horizon. ... Jump to: navigation, search Special Forces are relatively small military units raised and trained for special operations missions such as Special Reconnaissance (SR), Unconventional Warfare (UW), Direct Action (DA), Counter-Terrorism (CT), and Foreign Internal Defense (FID). ... Jump to: navigation, search Sayeret Matkal (Hebrew: סיירת מטכל - General Staff Reconnaissance unit) is the elite special forces unit of the Israeli Defence Force. ... Jump to: navigation, search December 26 is the 360th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, 361st in leap years. ... Jump to: navigation, search December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1969 was a common year starting on Wednesday For other uses, see Number 1969. ...

Contents


Background

The War of Attrition raged along the Suez Canal, as Egypt attempted to recapture the Sinai Peninsula, which Israel had conquered during the Six Day War. Egypt had received a lot of military equipment, including tanks, radar systems and weapons, from the Soviet Union. During the Six Day War, Israel had captured some of these shipments of equipment, which had allowed it to gain a lot of intelligence on the weaknesses of the Egyptian air defense. As newer systems arrived in Egypt, Israel had an effort underway to learn how to deal with these. Reconnaissance missions showed that a P-12 radar system, had been placed on the beach of Ras-Arab. An attempt to destroy it with an aerial strike had failed. Jump to: navigation, search 1881 drawing of the Suez Canal The Suez Canal (Arabic, Qanā al-Suways), west of the Sinai Peninsula, is a 163-km maritime canal in Egypt between Port Said (Būr Saīd) on the Mediterranean Sea and Suez (al-Suways) on the Red Sea. ... Jump to: navigation, search Sinai Peninsula, Gulf of Suez (west), Gulf of Aqaba (east) from Space Shuttle STS-40 Sinai redirects here. ... The 1967 Arab-Israeli War, also known as the Six-Day War or June War, was fought between Israel and its Arab neighbors Egypt, Jordan, and Syria. ... A weapon is a tool used to kill or incapacitate a person or animal, or destroy a military target. ... A weapon is a tool used to kill or incapacitate a person or animal, or destroy a military target. ... Jump to: navigation, search Intelligence has several different meanings: Intelligence (trait) is the ability to solve problems Animal intelligence Artificial intelligence Intelligence (journal), a scientific journal dealing with intelligence and psychometrics Intelligence (information gathering), often including espionage Business intelligence Criminal intelligence Military intelligence This is a disambiguation page, a list... The Egyptian Air Force of EAF (Al Quwwat Al Jawwiya Il Misriya in Arabic) is the Aviation branch of the Egyptian armed forces. ... Jump to: navigation, search Mixed reconaissance patrol of the Polish Home Army and the Soviet Red Army during Operation Tempest, 1944 Reconnaissance is the military term for the active gathering of information about an enemy, or other conditions, by physical observation. ...


Planning

Planning of the mission started on December 24. It received approval from the IDF chain of command and training began on radar systems which had been captured during the Six Day War. Sikorsky CH-53 helicopters were chosen to carry the radar to Israeli territory. Jump to: navigation, search December 24 is the 358th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (359th in leap years). ... The Sikorsky S-65 is a heavy transport helicopter originally developed for use by the United States Marine Corps, who designated it the CH-53 Sea Stallion. ... The worlds most popular helicopter, the Bell 206 of Canadian Helicopters Robinson Helicopter Company (USA) R44, a four seat development of the R22 A helicopter is an aircraft which is lifted and propelled by one or more horizontal rotors (propellers). ...


Execution of the mission

The mission was launched at 9 p.m. on December 25. A-4 Skyhawks and F-4 Phantoms began attacking Egyptian forces along the western bank of the Suez canal and Red Sea. Hidden by the noise of the attacking jets, three AĆ©rospatiale Super Frelons, carrying Israeli paratroopers, made their way west towards their target. Making their approach carefully in order not to be spotted beforehand, the troops surprised the light security contingent at the radar installation and quickly took control of the site. By 2 a.m., on December 27, when the paratroops had taken apart the radar station and prepared the various parts for the CH-53's, the two helicopters were called in from across the Red Sea. One CH-53 carried the communications caravan and the radar antenna, while the other took the heavier, four-ton radar itself. The two helicopters made their way back across the Red Sea to Israeli controlled territory. Jump to: navigation, search December 25 is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 6 days remaining. ... Jump to: navigation, search The A-4 Skyhawk is an attack aircraft originally designed to operate from United States Navy aircraft carriers. ... The F-4 Phantom II (simply F-4 Phantom after 1990) is a two-place (tandem), supersonic, long-range, all-weather fighter-bomber built by McDonnell Douglas Corporation. ... Conshelf II in the Red Sea (Sudan) Location of the Red Sea The Red Sea (Arabic البحر الأحمر Baḥr al-Aḥmar, al-Baḥru l-’Aḥmar; Hebrew ים סוף Yam Suf; Tigrigna ቀይሕ ባሕሪ QeyH baHri) is a gulf or basin of the Indian Ocean between Africa and Asia. ... Jump to: navigation, search Aérospatiale Super Frelon The Aérospatiale Super Frelon was a heavy transport helicopter produced by Aérospatiale of France, now out of production. ... Jump to: navigation, search An American Paratrooper using a T-10C series parachute Paratroopers are soldiers trained in parachuting and formed into an airborne force. ... Jump to: navigation, search December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


References

  • Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved October 30, 2005.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Operation “Rooster”— Israel Captures Egyptian Radar In War of Attrition (741 words)
After getting approvement from the IDF chain of command, the details and mechanics of the operation were soon ironed out and the forces involved began their training on radars captured during the Six Day War.
The operation was finally launched at 21:00 on the eve of December 26, 1969.
The cables connecting the radar to the helicopter were streching the ribs of the aircraft which in turn caused a hydrolic pipeline to rupture.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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