During World War II, Operation Retribution was a series of air and naval attacks designed to prevent the German evacuation of North Africa through Tunis. The Africa Korps was surrounded and facing a final Allied attack (Operation Strike). Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead...
Admiral Cunningham, Royal Navy, began this operation on 7 May1943 with the colorful signal to “Sink, burn and destroy. Let nothing pass.” The Germans were unable to mount a significant rescue effort. The Allies captured 897 men. Only 653 Germans are thought to have escaped to Italy. An unknown number drowned. See Operation Flax. The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). ... May 7 is the 127th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (128th in leap years). ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ...
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