OperationRANGER, the first series of atmospheric nuclear weapons tests conducted by the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) at the Nevada Proving Ground (NPG), consisted of five nuclear detonations, all of which were airdrops.
OperationRANGER lasted from Jan. 25 through Feb. 6, 1951, and involved approximately 770 Department of Defense (DoD) participants in air support services, scientific projects, weather support, communications security, and observer activities.
For all RANGER shots, radiation levels were similar in all directions from ground zero because the fields were from neutron activation of the soil, and all shots shared the same ground zero.
Rangers were organized in 1756 by Major Robert Rogers, a native of New Hampshire, who recruited nine companies of American colonists to fight for the British during the French and Indian War.
Ranger techniques and methods of operation were an inherent characteristic of the American frontiersmen; however, Major Rogers was the first to capitalize on them and incorporate them into the fighting doctrine of a permanently organized fighting force.
Operating in the days when commanders personally recruited their men, he was articulate and persuasive, and knew his trade.
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