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Encyclopedia > Operation Ranger

Operation Ranger was the fourth American nuclear test series. It was conducted in 1951 at the Nevada Test Site. All the bombs were exploded in the open air, having been dropped by B-50 bombers.


These tests centered on the practicality of developing a second generation of nuclear weapons using smaller amounts of valuable nuclear materials. Planned under the name Operation Fuast.


Preceded by Sandstone, followed by Greenhouse.

Ranger Test Blasts
Test Name Date Location Yield Note
Able 27 January, 1951 Nevada Test Site 1 kiloton  
Baker 28 January, 1951 Nevada Test Site 8 kilotons  
Easy 1 February, 1951 Nevada Test Site 1 kiloton  
Baker 2 2 February, 1951 Nevada Test Site 8 kilotons  
Fox 6 February, 1951 Nevada Test Site 22 kiloton  

  Results from FactBites:
 
News Media Resources: DTRA Fact Sheets (1052 words)
Operation RANGER, the first series of atmospheric nuclear weapons tests conducted by the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) at the Nevada Proving Ground (NPG), consisted of five nuclear detonations, all of which were airdrops.
Operation RANGER lasted from Jan. 25 through Feb. 6, 1951, and involved approximately 770 Department of Defense (DoD) participants in air support services, scientific projects, weather support, communications security, and observer activities.
For all RANGER shots, radiation levels were similar in all directions from ground zero because the fields were from neutron activation of the soil, and all shots shared the same ground zero.
Special Operations.Com (5184 words)
Rangers were organized in 1756 by Major Robert Rogers, a native of New Hampshire, who recruited nine companies of American colonists to fight for the British during the French and Indian War.
Ranger techniques and methods of operation were an inherent characteristic of the American frontiersmen; however, Major Rogers was the first to capitalize on them and incorporate them into the fighting doctrine of a permanently organized fighting force.
Operating in the days when commanders personally recruited their men, he was articulate and persuasive, and knew his trade.
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