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Encyclopedia > Operation Hailstone
Vought OS2U-3 Kingfisher is recovered by USS Baltimore (CA-68) after she had rescued Lieutenant George M. Blair from Truk Lagoon, 18 February 1944. Planes pilot is Lieutenant Denver F. Baxter. His radioman, ARMC Reuben F. Hickman, is on the wing, preparing to attach the plane so it...
Vought OS2U-3 "Kingfisher" is recovered by The fifth USS Baltimore (CA-68), the lead ship of her class of cruiser, was launched 28 July 1942 by Bethlehem Steel Company, Fore River, Massachusetts, sponsored by Mrs. Howard W. Jackson, wife of the Mayor of Baltimore, commissioned 15 April 1943, Captain W. C. Calhoun in command, and reported... USS Baltimore after she had rescued Lieutenant George M. Blair from Truk Lagoon, 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). Events World War II January January 4 - The Battle of Monte Cassino begins. January 5 - Murder of Danish playwright Kaj Munk January 17 - British forces, in Italy, cross the Garigliano River. January 20 - The Royal Air... 1944- February 18 is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 316 days remaining (317 in leap years). Events 3102 BC - Epoch (origin) of the Kali Yuga. 1478 - George, Duke of Clarence, convicted of treason against his older brother Edward IV of England, is privately executed... 02-18. Blair's F6F "Hellcat", of Fighting Squadron Nine from The seventh USS Essex (CV-9) (also CVA-9 and CVS-9) was a United States Navy aircraft carrier, the lead ship of her class. She was launched 31 July 1942 by Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co., sponsored by Mrs. Artemus L. Gates, wife of the Assistant Secretary... USS Essex, had been shot down over Truk.
Attack on Truk
Conflict Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (60,000 ft) into the air. August 9, 1945 World War II was a global conflict that started in 7 July 1937 in Asia and 1 September 1939 in Europe and lasted until 1945, involving the majority of the... World War II, The Pacific War (1937–1945) is not to be confused with the War of the Pacific (1879–1884) in South America. US landings in the Pacific, 1942–1945 The Pacific War, which is known in Japan as the Greater East Asia War, and in China as the... Pacific War
Date February 17 is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 317 days remaining (318 in leap years). Events 197 - Battle of Lugdunum, Roman Emperor Septimius Severus defeats his rival Clodius Albinus, securing full control over the Roman Empire. 1621 - Miles Standish is appointed as first... 17 February 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). Events World War II January January 4 - The Battle of Monte Cassino begins. January 5 - Murder of Danish playwright Kaj Munk January 17 - British forces, in Italy, cross the Garigliano River. January 20 - The Royal Air... 1944 February 18 is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 316 days remaining (317 in leap years). Events 3102 BC - Epoch (origin) of the Kali Yuga. 1478 - George, Duke of Clarence, convicted of treason against his older brother Edward IV of England, is privately executed... 18 February 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). Events World War II January January 4 - The Battle of Monte Cassino begins. January 5 - Murder of Danish playwright Kaj Munk January 17 - British forces, in Italy, cross the Garigliano River. January 20 - The Royal Air... 1944
Place A view of Chuuk Chuuk is an island group that comprises one of the four states of the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), along with Kosrae, Pohnpei, and Yap. It lies in the North Pacific approximately 1000 kilometres southeast of Guam. Chuuk means mountain in Chuukese and was known by... Truk, The Caroline Islands should not be confused with Caroline Island, part of Kiribati (Southern Line Islands), also in the central Pacific. Sunset at Colonia on Yap The Caroline Islands are a large archipelago of small islands in the western Pacific Ocean, northeast of Palau at the far western end. Most... Caroline Islands
Result Decisive American victory
Combatants
The United States of America — also referred to as the United States, the U.S.A., the U.S., America¹, the States, or (archaically) Columbia — is a federal republic of 50 states located primarily in central North America (with the exception of two states: Alaska and Hawaii... United States Official language Japanese Capital Tokyo Largest City Tokyo Emperor Akihito Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 60th 377,835 km² 0.8% Population  - Total ( 2004)  - Density Ranked 10th 127,333,002 337/km² GDP  - Total (PPP, 2005)  - Total (nominal)  ... Japan
Commanders
Admiral Marc A. Mitscher Marc Andrew Pete Mitscher, (26 January 1887 - 3 February 1947) was an admiral in the United States Navy, notable as commander of the Fast Carrier Task Force in the latter half of World War II in the Pacific. Early Life and Career Mitscher was born in... Marc A. Mitscher Chuichi Hara
Strength
9 carriers,
45 other warships,
10 submarines,
589 planes
3 cruisers,
8 destroyers,
? other warships,
50 merchant ships,
350 planes
Casualties
1 carrier damaged,
25 planes destroyed
3 cruisers sunk,
6 destroyers sunk,
3 other warships sunk,
32 merchant ships sunk,
250 planes destroyed
Gilbert and Marshall Islands campaign
Battle of Makin Conflict World War II, Pacific War Date 20 November 1943 – 24 November 1943 Place Makin Atoll, United States Japan Commanders Richmond K. Turner Ralph C. Smith ? Strength 6,470 400 troops, 400 labourers Casualties 66 killed, 185 wounded 700 killed, 3 Japanese captured, 101 Korean labourers... Makin Battle of Tarawa Conflict World War II, Pacific War Date November 20 – November 23, 1943 Place Tarawa Result American victory The Battle of Tarawa was a battle in the Pacific Theatre of World War II. It was the second time the United States was on the offensive (the Battle... Tarawa Battle of Kwajalein Conflict World War II, Pacific War Date 31 January 1944 – 3 February 1944 Place Kwajalein Atoll, United States Japan Commanders Chester Nimitz Masashi Kobayashi Strength 2 divisions plus 2 battalions About 9,000 Casualties 334 killed, 1,392 wounded 8,410 dead, 130 Japanese captured, 167... KwajaleinTruk Battle of Eniwetok Conflict World War II, Pacific War Date 17 February 1944 – 23 February 1944 Place Eniwetok Atoll, United States Japan Commanders Harry W. Hill Yoshimi Nishida Strength 2 regiments 2,000+ Casualties 339 killed or missing, 757 wounded 2,000+ dead, 16 captured The Battle of Eniwetok... Eniwetok

In Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (60,000 ft) into the air. August 9, 1945 World War II was a global conflict that started in 7 July 1937 in Asia and 1 September 1939 in Europe and lasted until 1945, involving the majority of the... World War II, Operation Hailstone was a massive naval air attack launched on February 17 is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 317 days remaining (318 in leap years). Events 197 - Battle of Lugdunum, Roman Emperor Septimius Severus defeats his rival Clodius Albinus, securing full control over the Roman Empire. 1621 - Miles Standish is appointed as first... 17 February and February 18 is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 316 days remaining (317 in leap years). Events 3102 BC - Epoch (origin) of the Kali Yuga. 1478 - George, Duke of Clarence, convicted of treason against his older brother Edward IV of England, is privately executed... 18 February 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). Events World War II January January 4 - The Battle of Monte Cassino begins. January 5 - Murder of Danish playwright Kaj Munk January 17 - British forces, in Italy, cross the Garigliano River. January 20 - The Royal Air... 1944 against the Japanese naval and air base on A view of Chuuk Chuuk is an island group that comprises one of the four states of the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), along with Kosrae, Pohnpei, and Yap. It lies in the North Pacific approximately 1000 kilometres southeast of Guam. Chuuk means mountain in Chuukese and was known by... Truk in the The Caroline Islands should not be confused with Caroline Island, part of Kiribati (Southern Line Islands), also in the central Pacific. Sunset at Colonia on Yap The Caroline Islands are a large archipelago of small islands in the western Pacific Ocean, northeast of Palau at the far western end. Most... Caroline Islands. Truk was the main Japanese base in the Central Pacific and the only major airbase within range of the The Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) is an island nation in the Pacific Ocean, located north of Nauru and Kiribati, east of the Federated States of Micronesia and south of the U.S. island of Wake. National motto: n/a Official languages Marshallese, English Capital Majuro President Kessai Note... Marshall Islands. To ensure air and naval superiority for the Battle of Eniwetok Conflict World War II, Pacific War Date 17 February 1944 – 23 February 1944 Place Eniwetok Atoll, United States Japan Commanders Harry W. Hill Yoshimi Nishida Strength 2 regiments 2,000+ Casualties 339 killed or missing, 757 wounded 2,000+ dead, 16 captured The Battle of Eniwetok... invasion of Eniwetok Admiral Raymond Spruance Raymond Ames Spruance (July 3, 1886 - December 13, 1969) was a US Navy admiral in World War II, victor of the Battle of Midway and commander in the capture of many islands of the Pacific Ocean, and later ambassador to the Philippines. His high intelligence and quick-thinking... Raymond Spruance ordered an attack on Truk.


Vice Admiral Admiral Marc A. Mitscher Marc Andrew Pete Mitscher, (26 January 1887 - 3 February 1947) was an admiral in the United States Navy, notable as commander of the Fast Carrier Task Force in the latter half of World War II in the Pacific. Early Life and Career Mitscher was born in... Marc A. Mitscher's The Fast Carrier Task Force, known at different times as Task Force 38 and Task Force 58, was the main striking force of the United States Navy in the latter half of the Pacific War. TF 38 came into existence in August 1943, built around Saratoga (CV-3), and under... Task Force 58 had five fleet Two aircraft carriers, USS John C. Stennis (left), and HMS Illustrious (right), showing the difference in size between a supercarrier and a light V/STOL aircraft carrier. USS Harry S. Truman anchors outside Portsmouth, England, while her crew enjoy a port visit. An aircraft carrier is a warship whose main... carriers ( The USS Enterprise (CV-6) was the sixth aircraft carrier of the United States Navy and the seventh US Navy ship of that name. The ship was significant to the US Navy in the Pacific theater of World War II, serving as the flagship of Admiral Raymond A. Spruance. One... Enterprise, The fourth USS Yorktown (CV-10) (also CVS-10) was an Essex-class aircraft carrier of the United States Navy, now a museum ship in South Carolina. She was laid down on 1 December 1941 at Newport News, Virginia, by the Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Co. as Bon Homme... Yorktown, The seventh USS Essex (CV-9) (also CVA-9 and CVS-9) was a United States Navy aircraft carrier, the lead ship of her class. She was launched 31 July 1942 by Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co., sponsored by Mrs. Artemus L. Gates, wife of the Assistant Secretary... Essex, The fourth USS Intrepid (CV-11) (also CVA-11 and CVS-11) was an Essex-class aircraft carrier of the United States Navy. Intrepid participated in the Pacific War, most notably the Battle of Leyte Gulf, recovered space capsules of the Mercury and Gemini projects, served in the Vietnam War... Intrepid, and USS Bunker Hill (CV-17) was an Essex-class aircraft carrier of the United States Navy, nicknamed Holiday Express for her many attacks launched around the end of the year. Bunker Hill was launched 7 December 1942 by Bethlehem Steel Company, Quincy, Massachusetts, sponsored by Mrs. Donald Boynton, and commissioned... Bunker Hill) and four light carriers ( New Haven (CL-76) was reclassified CV-24 and renamed Belleau Wood 16 February 1942. She became CVL-24 on 15 July 1943. Belleau Wood was launched 6 December 1942 by New York Shipbuilding Corp., Camden, N. J.; sponsored by Mrs. Thomas Holcomb, wife of the Commandant of the Marine... Belleau Wood, The second Cabot (CVL-28) was an Independence-class aircraft carrier in the United States Navy during World War II. Cabot was laid down as Wilmington (CL-79), redesignated CV-28 on 2 June 1942, renamed Cabot 23 June 1942 and converted while building. She was launched 4 April 1943... Cabot, The USS Monterey (CVL-26) was an Independence-class light aircraft carrier of the United States Navy, in service during World War II and used in training for several years thereafter. Originally laid down as light cruiser Dayton (CL-78) on 29 December 1941 by New York Shipbuilding, Camden, New... Monterey, and USS Cowpens (CV-25) was an 11,000-ton Independence-class aircraft carrier that served the United States Navy from 1943 - 1947. Cowpens was launched 17 January 1943 by New York Shipbuilding Corp., Camden, New Jersey, sponsored by Mrs. M. H. Spruance; daughter of Vice Admiral William F. Halsey; and... Cowpens), embarking more than 500 planes.


In two air strikes, American A dive bomber is a bomber aircraft that dives directly at its targets in order to provide greater accuracy. In doing so the aircraft decreases the time it takes for the bomb to reach its target, both through greater speed and shorter distance, thereby making the effects of drag and... dive and A torpedo bomber is a bomber aircraft designed primarily to attack ships with torpedoes, but they could also carry out conventional bombings. Carrying torpedoes requires a long bomb-bay (or in any case a longer fuselage), which is why a special type of plane is needed for this role. Torpedo... torpedo bombers sank three Japanese The USS Port Royal (CG-73), a Ticonderoga class cruiser. In military terminology, a cruiser is a large warship capable of engaging multiple targets simultaneously. Historically they were generally considered the smallest ships capable of independent operations — destroyers usually requiring outside support such as tenders — but in modern... cruisers (Agano, Katori, and Naka), six destroyers (Oite, Fumizuki, Maikaze, Hagio, Isogu, and Tachikaze), three other warships and 32 merchant ships. Over 250 aircraft were destroyed, mostly on the ground.


The attackers lost only twenty-five aircraft; Intrepid was hit by an aerial torpedo and damaged. The attack on Truk has often been compared to the Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor Conflict World War II, Pacific War Date December 7, 1941 Place Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Result Japanese victory On the morning of December 7, 1941, planes and midget submarines of the Imperial Japanese Navy commanded by Vice Admiral Chuichi Nagumo, caught the United States off guard with... attack on Pearl Harbor.


The book Hailstorm Over Truk Lagoon describes the wrecks of the lagoon.


External links

  • US Army Campaigns in World War II: Eastern Mandates (http://www.army.mil/cmh/brochures/eastman/eastman.htm)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Operation Hailstone - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (302 words)
In World War II, Operation Hailstone was a massive naval air attack launched on 17 February and 18 February 1944 against the Japanese naval and air base on Truk in the Caroline Islands, a pre-war Japanese territory.
World War II operations and battles of the Pacific Campaign
This page was last modified 14:10, 21 October 2005.
Chuuk (447 words)
The government of the state operates a radio station.
Operation Hailstone, executed by the United States in 1944, culminated in one of the most important naval battles of the war at Truk.
Several Japanese support vessels and a number of aircraft were destroyed, although the larger ships had received advance warning and were already at sea.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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