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Encyclopedia > Operation Frühlingserwachen

The Lake Balaton Offensive (codenamed Operation Frühlingserwachen, "Spring Awakening"), was the last major offensive action by the The Federal Republic of Germany ( German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is one of the worlds leading industrialised countries, located in the heart of Europe. Due to its central location, Germany has more neighbours than any other European country: these are Denmark in the north, Poland and the Czech Republic in the... Germans during Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (60,000 ft) into the air. August 9, 1945 World War II was a global conflict that started in 7 July 1937 in Asia and 1 September 1939 in Europe and lasted until 1945, involving the majority of the... World War II. Launched in great secrecy on March 6 is the 65th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (66th in Leap years). There are 300 days remaining. It is 啓蟄 (Keichitsu) in the Japanese calendar. Events 1447 - Nicholas V becomes Pope. 1460 - Treaty of Alcacovas - Portugal gives Castile the Canary Islands in exchange for... March 6, 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). Events January January 5 - The Soviet Union recognizes the new pro-Soviet government of Poland. January 7 - British General Bernard Montgomery holds a press conference in which he claims credit for victory in the Battle of... 1945, the attack took place in The Republic of Hungary (Magyar Köztársaság) or Hungary (Magyarország) is a landlocked country in Central Europe, bordered by Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia. It is known locally as the Country of the Magyars. National motto: (none current) historical: Regnum... Hungary around the Lake Balaton - Landsat satellite photo Lake Balaton (Hungarian Balaton; German Plattensee; Slovak Blatenské jazero, meaning approximately muddy lake, probable origin of the name), located in Hungary, is the largest lake of Central Europe with a surface area of 592 km². Its length is 77 kilometres and the width ranges from... Lake Balaton area, and involved mostly units leftover from the failed The German Ardennes Offensive1, popularly known as the Battle of the Bulge, started in late December 1944 and was the last major German offensive on the Western Front during World War II. The German army had intended to split the Allied line in half, capturing Antwerp and then proceding to... Ardennes Offensive of winter 1944.

Despite the unfavourable conditions (with German First Tiger I tank captured near Tunis The Panzerkampfwagen VI Ausf. E Tiger I (also called Mark VIE, Panzer VIE, Pzkw VIE, SdKfz 181, or Sonderkraftfahrzeug 181) was a German tank of World War II. That name replaced the earlier name of Panzerkampfwagen VI Ausf. H in March 1943. In... Tiger tanks sinking up to their turrets in the marshy ground) the force, which was spearheaded by General Sepp Dietrich Josef Sepp Dietrich (May 28, 1892–April 21/22, 1966) was a German Waffen-SS general, an SS-Oberstgruppenführer, and one of the closest men to Hitler. Early life and career Sepp Dietrich was born in Hawangen, near Memmingen in Bavaria on May 28, 1892... Sepp Dietrich's 6th Panzer Army, took the The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) .( Russian: Сою́з Сове́тских Социалисти́ческих Респу́блик... Russians by surprise and made an impressive advance for such a late stage in the war. However, once the Soviets became aware of the presence of elite SS units ( Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler (April 20, 1889 – April 30, 1945, standard German pronunciation in the IPA) was the Führer (leader) of the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party) and of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945. He was also Chancellor of Germany, head of government, and head... Hitler's personal unit, the The Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler started life in the early days of the NSDAP as Adolf Hitlers personal elite bodyguard. As the Waffen (or armed) SS increased in size throughout the 1930s and into the war years, so the Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler evolved into a full sized division, the 1st... Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler took part in the operation) they counterattacked in strength. By March 14 is the 73rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (74th in Leap years) with 292 days remaining in the year. Events 1400-1899 1489 - The Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro, sells her kingdom to Venice. 1492 - Queen Isabella of Castille ordered her 150 000 Jewish subjects... March 14, the operation was in serious trouble with Joseph Goebbels Dr. Paul Joseph Goebbels (October 29, 1897 – May 1, 1945) was Adolf Hitlers Propaganda Minister (see Propagandaministerium) in Nazi Germany. He came from a Catholic family, like many of the Nazi leaders. He was a prominent figure of the regime, known for his great rhetorical skills... Joseph Goebbels admitting in his diary that failure was likely; three days later, the Germans were back at their original starting positions. Hopelessly outnumbered and with just six tanks left (Dietrich amusingly reflected on this by saying the "6th Panzer Army is well named — we have just six tanks left") the remaining German forces withdrew into The Republic of Austria ( German: Republik Österreich) is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It borders Germany and the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The state is a representative democracy... Austria in order to defend This article is about the city and federal state in Austria. For other places or things called Vienna, see Vienna (disambiguation). Vienna (German: Wien [viːn]) is the capital of Austria, and also one of Austrias nine federal states (Bundesland Wien). Situated on both sides of the river... Vienna.

Ultimately, the operation was a failure, despite early gains, and is a perfect example of Hitler's increasingly erroneous military decisions towards the end of the war. It was aimed at raising the siege of See Budapest (band) for the British melancholic post-grunge band. Budapest (pronounced BOO-dah-pesht, IPA ), the capital city of Hungary and the countrys principal political, industrial, commercial and transportation centre, has more than 1.7 million inhabitants, down from a mid-1980s peak of 2.07 million. It... Budapest and defending the Nagykanizsa, also known as Kanizsa, is medium-sized town in Southwest Hungary, it lies in the county of Zala. Not far from the edge of Lake Balaton, lies the town of Nagykanizsa at the meeting point of five routes. For centuries the town has been a connecting link. Goods from... Nagykanizsa oilfields (Germany's last source of oil); however, Hitler's commanders had evidently felt that these elite troops and sizeable amounts of equipment and supplies could have been put to better use elsewhere, particularly on German territory on the Eastern front, and they pleaded with him to "throw everything into the East". Hitler however insisted on his grand plan to somehow destroy the whole of the Russian Southern/Ukrainian Front, and for the weeks preceding the attack, trainloads of men and tanks rolled out of the The Rhineland (Rheinland in German) is the general name for the land on both sides of the river Rhine in the west of Germany. A geographical term originally, it has also acquired some political and cultural connotations, becoming a political entity as the Prussian Rhine Province, and continuing in the... Rhineland and into Hungary.

Strategically, Operation Frühlingserwachen made little impression upon the war, but on a tactical level it did highlight that the fighting qualities of the German army still existed, and the gains it made considering Hitler's order forbidding any reconnaissance previous to the attack (to maintain secrecy), and the poor spring weather, especially for tank warfare, as well as the fuel shortages facing the German army at that time (it was at around this time that Hitler ordered troops to retrieve fuel from abandoned tanks), were quite impressive. Apparently, a number of villages were captured and the Russian forces were initially totally surprised at such an attack in force when the Germans were thought to be finished.

This debacle is famous for the notorious "armband order" issued by Hitler when it was evident the Leibstandarte had failed. They were told to remove their sacred "Adolf Hitler" armbands as a show of their disloyalty. Disgusted by this command, the loyal troops who had fought hard through six years of war for Hitler apparently returned the armbands to him in a chamber pot.



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