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Encyclopedia > Operation Brevity
Operation Brevity
Part of World War II, North African Campaign

Rommel's first offensive and Operation Brevity — March 24, 1941 - June 15, 1941
Date May 15, 1941May 27, 1941
Location Tobruk, Libya
Result Axis victory
Combatants
Germany
Italy
Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom
Commanders
Erwin Rommel Archibald Wavell
Noel Beresford-Peirse
Strength
Afrika Korps:
German 5th Light Division
German 15th Panzer Division
Italian 132nd Armored Division Ariete
Italian 27 Infantry Division Brescia
Italian 102 Motorised Division Trento
XIII Corps:
British 7th Armoured Division
Indian 4th Infantry Division
20,000+
220 tanks
Casualties
Less than 500 casualties
5 tanks
About 1,000 casualties
96 tanks
Plus equipment and supplies.

Operation Brevity was the first, unsuccessful, attempt to relieve the Siege of Tobruk. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... During World War II, the North African Campaign, also known as the Desert War, took place in the North African desert from September 13, 1940 to May 13, 1943. ... Download high resolution version (1202x446, 105 KB)Rommels first offensive -- March 24, 1941 - June 15, 1941 Source: US ARMY License: US Government document. ... is the 83rd day of the year (84th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... is the 147th day of the year (148th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Tobruk or Tubruq (Arabic: طبرق; also transliterated as Tóbruch, Tobruch, Å¢ubruq, Tobruck ) is a town, seaport, municipality, and peninsula in eastern Libya in Northern Africa. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy_(1861-1946). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Erwin Johannes Eugen Rommel ( ) (15 November 1891 – 14 October 1944) was one of the most distinguished German field marshals of World War II. He was the commander of the Deutsches Afrika Korps and also became known by the nickname “The Desert Fox” (Wüstenfuchs,  ) for the skillful military campaigns he... Archibald Percival Wavell, 1st Earl Wavell (May 5, 1883 - May 24, 1950) was a British Field Marshal and the commander of British Army forces in the Middle East during World War II. He led British forces to victory over the Italians, only to be defeated by the German army. ... Noel Monson de la Poer Beresford-Pierce, KBE CB DSO (Born 22nd December 1887 - Died 14th January 1953 ) was a British Army officer. ... The seal of the Deutsches Afrikakorps. ... The 21st Panzer Division was a German armoured division best known for its role in the Battles of El Alamenein (1942) and Normandy (1944) during World War II. Created as 5th Light Division or 5th Light Afrika Division in Africa in early 1941, from an ad hoc collection of smaller... 33rd Infantry Division 15th Panzer Division 15th Panzergrenadier Division History This unit was created as the 33rd Infantry Division in 1936, and mobilized in 1939, but it did not take part in the invasion of Poland. ... ARIETE Armoured Division was formed in MILAN on February 1939; marked by No. ... The 7th Armoured Division (The Desert Rats) of the British Army was the most famous unit of its type in British service during World War II. It was a regular division in the Middle East, designated the Mobile Division at first, renamed the Armoured Division (Egypt) in September 1939, and... Fourth Indian division during world war two served first in egypt where with western desert force it fought the italians who had decided to invaded egypt. ... The Western Desert Campaign was the primary early theatre of the North African Campaign of World War II. It is sometimes referred to as the Egypt-Libya Campaign. ... Combatants Western Desert Force Italian Tenth Army Commanders Richard OConnor Rodolfo Graziani Pietro Maletti † Strength 50,000 soldiers 120 guns 275 tanks 100,000 soldiers 1,600 guns 600 light tanks Casualties 494 dead 1,225 wounded 3,000 dead 115,000 captured 400 tanks 1,292 guns Operation... During World War II. Operation Sonnenblume (German for sunflower) was the deployment of German troops (the “Afrika Korps”) to the North African Campaign in February, 1941. ... Combatants Australia United Kingdom South Africa Poland Czechoslovakia Germany Italy Commanders Leslie Morshead Erwin Rommel Strength 14,000 35,000? Casualties Britain: 9009 killed 941 captured estimated 12,000 total 8,000 The Siege of Tobruk was a lengthy confrontation between Axis and Allied forces, mostly Australian, in the North... Combatants Panzer Army Africa British XIII Corps Commanders Erwin Rommel Archibald Wavell Noel Beresford-Peirse Strength 13,000 infantry 150-200 tanks[1] 20,000+ infantry[2] 200 tanks[3] Casualties 685 Germans, 592 Italians[4] 12 tanks[5] 10 aircraft[6] 960 (122 killed[7]) 91 tanks[8] 36... Combatants United Kingdom Australia New Zealand Poland Germany Italy Commanders Claude Auchinleck Alan Gordon Cunningham Neil Ritchie Erwin Rommel Ludwig Crüwell Strength 8th Army comprising XIII Corps, XXX Corps and 70th Division. ... Combatants Panzer Army Afrika Italian Army Eighth Army Commanders Erwin Rommel Claude Auchinleck Neil Ritchie Strength 80,000 390 tanks 175,000 949 tanks Casualties 32,000 dead, wounded, or captured 114 tanks destroyed 98,000 dead, wounded, or captured 540 tanks destroyed The Battle of Gazala was an important... Combatants Free French Forces Afrika Korps Commanders Marie Pierre Koenig Erwin Rommel Strength 3703  ? Casualties 140 Dead, 229 Wounded, 814 Captured 3300 Dead and Wounded, 277 Captured The Battle of Bir Hakeim (May 26, 1942 - June 11, 1942) is a World War II battle following the Afrika Korps 1942 campaign. ... During the siege of Bir Hakeim, and north of it, was a parallel complementary siege. ... The First Battle of El Alamein 1–July 27, 1942 was a battle of the Western Desert Campaign of World War II, fought between the German–Italian Afrika Korps commanded by Erwin Rommel and the British Eighth Army, commanded by Claude Auchinleck. ... Battle of Alam Halfa Conflict World War II Date August 30–September 6, 1942 Place El Alamein, Egypt Result Allied strategic victory Axis tactical victory The Battle of Alam el Halfa took place between August 30 and September 6, 1942 during the Western Desert Campaign of World War II... During World War II, Operation Agreement consisted of ground and amphibious attacks by British, Rhodesian and New Zealand forces on German- and Italian-held Tobruk (Operation Daffodil), Benghazi (Operation Snowdrop), Jalo oasis (Operation Tulip) and Barce (Operation Hyacinth) launched on 13 September 1942. ... For the Battle of Alam Halfa, which is also often termed the Second Battle of El Alamein, see Battle of Alam Halfa Combatants British Eighth Army: United Kingdom Australia New Zealand South Africa India Panzer Army Africa: Nazi Germany Fascist Italy Commanders Bernard Montgomery Erwin Rommel Strength 220,000 men... Combatants Australia United Kingdom South Africa Poland Czechoslovakia Germany Italy Commanders Leslie Morshead Erwin Rommel Strength 14,000 35,000? Casualties Britain: 9009 killed 941 captured estimated 12,000 total 8,000 The Siege of Tobruk was a lengthy confrontation between Axis and Allied forces, mostly Australian, in the North...


Under pressure from Churchill to relieve Tobruk, General Archibald Wavell hastily refitted and reorganized the XIII Corps (formally the Western Desert Force) under Lieutenant General Noel Beresford-Peirse. Peirse's Corps had the 7th Armoured Division and 4th Indian Division with 220 tanks. Their goal was first, to seize the Sollum and Halfaya passes along with Fort Capuzzo, then drive on to relieve Tobruk. Against them, Rommel had more divisions, but fewer tanks and while his vaunted Afrika Korps were hardened veterans, the remainder were Italians, who were ill-equipped, poorly trained and terribly led. Despite these shortcomings, some of the latter proved worthy opponents. The Halfaya Pass garrison included a German motorcycle company and an Italian Bersaglieri (light infantry) company with a few 47/32 mm antitank guns. While the Germans retreated, the Italians held their own knocking out seven of ten Matilda heavy tanks of C Squadron, 4th Royal Tank Regiment until they were finally overrun. Operation Brevity enjoyed some initial success. However, failure to quickly follow-up on these gains, along with piecemeal use of British armour meant the offensive was doomed to be stopped by Rommel. Failure to coordinate ground and air forces or to coordinate with Major General Morshead's Australian 9th Division defending Tobruk, also helped doom the operation. 13th Corps withdrew to Egypt. Rommel would soon launch a counter-attack, retaking all the ground gained by Brevity. Then he would fortify the passes with minefields and hidden emplacements of deadly 88 mm guns. The following month, when the same two allied divisions, under the same commander would again attack at the same places, they would receive a bloody surprise and a costly lesson. Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, KG, OM, CH, TD, FRS, PC (Can) (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955. ... Archibald Percival Wavell, 1st Earl Wavell (May 5, 1883 - May 24, 1950) was a British Field Marshal and the commander of British Army forces in the Middle East during World War II. He led British forces to victory over the Italians, only to be defeated by the German army. ... The Western Desert Force, during World War II, was a British Commonwealth Army unit stationed in Egypt. ... Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Noel Monson de la Poer Beresford-Pierce, KBE CB DSO (Born 22nd December 1887 - Died 14th January 1953 ) was a British Army officer. ... The 7th Armoured Division (The Desert Rats) of the British Army was the most famous unit of its type in British service during World War II. It was a regular division in the Middle East, designated the Mobile Division at first, renamed the Armoured Division (Egypt) in September 1939, and... Fourth Indian division during world war two served first in egypt where with western desert force it fought the italians who had decided to invaded egypt. ... Halfaya Pass (Hellfire Pass) is located in North Africa. ... Fort Capuzzo, at the beginning of World War II, was an Italian fort in Libya, Africa. ... The seal of the Deutsches Afrikakorps. ... The 4th Royal Tank Regiment (4 RTR) was an armoured regiment of the British Army until 1993. ... Lieutenant General Sir Leslie James Morshead, KCB, KBE, CMG, DSO, ED (September 18, 1889 – September 26, 1959) was an Australian soldier with a distinguished career in both world wars. ... The 9th Division of the Australian Army was formed to serve in World War II, as part of the Second Australian Imperial Force (AIF). ... German 88 mm guns were used in anti-aircraft and anti-tank roles. ...


References

  • Thomas L. Jentz (1998). Tank Combat in North Africa: The Opening Rounds. Schiffer Military History. ISBN 0-7643-0226-4.
  • B. H. Liddell Hart (1959). The Tanks, II. Cassell. P. 78.
  • Jon Latimer, Tobruk 1941, Osprey, 2001

External links

  • BBC - WW2 People's War - Operation Brevity

  Results from FactBites:
 
Apparatus for displaying the status of individual dictated messages in a central dictation system - Patent 4319337 (15506 words)
In accordance with an advantageous operating feature of the endless-loop recorder, a message which is dictated and which is awaiting transcription may be assigned a "priority" status, whereupon the transcriptionist advances the endless loop of magnetic tape until the "priority" message is reached and then proceeds to transcribe this priority message.
Operation buffer 70 is provided with a plurality of signal inputs connected to receive respective signals which are transmitted thereto from the central recorder to which the operation buffer is connected, and an enable input which is responsive to an enable signal to transmit, or pass, the signals which are supplied to its signal inputs.
In response to the operation buffer enable signal, operation buffer 70 transmits, or passes, the respective signals which are supplied to its signal inputs from the central recorder to which operation buffer 70 is connected, to input terminals 94a and 94b of multiplexer drivers 76 and 78, respectively.
Military.com Content (2387 words)
Operation Battleaxe began with a frontal attack on the Sollum-Halfaya Pass axis.
Operation Crusader opened on November 18, with the British XIII Corps advancing on Halfaya Pass and the XXX Corps attempting to sweep around Rommel's southern flank to reach the besieged garrison at Tobruk.
Operation Crusader resulted in a clear victory for the British, but one they were unable to exploit due to a lack of reinforcements.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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