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Encyclopedia > Operation 34A

Operation 34A (full name, Operational Plan 34A, also known as OPLAN 34A) was a highly classified U.S. program of covert actions against North Vietnam, consisting of reconnaissance missions and sabotage operations. Though begun in 1961 by the Central Intelligence Agency, in 1964 the program was transferred to the Studies and Observations Group (SOG), the cover name for a special operations unit of Military Assistance Command, Vietnam. A covert operation is a military or political activity performed in secrecy that would break specific laws or compromise policy in another country. ... The Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRVN), or less commonly, Vietnamese Democratic Republic (Vietnamese: Việt Nam Dân Chủ Cộng Hòa), also known as North Vietnam, was proclaimed by Ho Chi Minh in Hanoi, September 2nd1945 and was recognized by the Peoples Republic of China and the... Mixed reconnaissance patrol of the Polish Home Army and the Soviet Red Army during Operation Tempest, 1944 Reconnaissance is the military term for the active gathering of information about an enemy, or other conditions, by physical observation. ... German supply train blown up by the Armia Krajowa during World War II Sabotage is a deliberate action aimed at weakening an enemy, oppressor or employer through subversion, obstruction, disruption, and/or destruction. ... The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA, colloquially known as The Company or simply, The Agency) is an intelligence agency of the United States Government. ... The Military Assistance Command, Vietnam Studies and Observations Group (MACV-SOG) was a highly classified, multi-service U.S. Special Operations Forces unit which conducted covert unconventional warfare operations prior to and during the Vietnam Conflict. ... The United States Special Operations Forces is the official category where the United States Department of Defense lists the U.S. military units that have a training specialisation in unconventional warfare and special operations. ... The U.S. Military Assistance Command, Vietnam, or MACV (phonetically mack vee), was the United States unified command structure for all its military forces in South Vietnam during the Vietnam War. ...


After a series of failed operations, in which South Vietnamese commandos were captured after insertion into North Vietnam, the SOG shifted the main thrust of OPLAN 34A activities to maritime operations. A small fleet of fast patrol boats was acquired for use in offshore bombardment of small North Vietnamese facilities (such as radar installations), with the pace of these operations doubling between June and July 1964. {| border=1 align=right cellpadding=4 cellspacing=0 width=300 style=margin: 0 0 1em 1em; background: #f9f9f9; border: 1px #aaaaaa solid; border-collapse: collapse; font-size: 95%; |+Quốc gia Việt Nam (1949–1955) Việt Nam Cộng Hòa (1955–1975) Cộng Hòa Mi... In military science, the term commando can refer to an individual, a military unit or a raiding style of military operation. ... Categories: Ship types ... This long range Radar antenna, known as ALTAIR, is used to detect and track space objects in conjunction with ABM testing at the Ronald Reagan Test Site on the Kwajalein atoll[1]. Radar is a system that uses radio waves to determine and map the location, direction, and/or speed...


In the same time frame, the U.S. Navy was conducting electronic surveillance with destroyers that were operating along the coast of North Vietnam. Although the two sets of operations were at least nominally independent of one another, the attacks carried out by the patrol boats provoked responses by the North Vietnamese military that were monitored by the American destroyers, thus providing very useful intelligence on North Vietnamese military capabilities. The United States Navy, also known as the USN or the U.S. Navy, is a branch of the United States armed forces responsible for conducting naval operations. ... USS Lassen, an Arleigh Burke-class destroyer In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast and maneuverable yet long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet or battle group and defend them against smaller, short-range attackers (originally torpedo boats, later submarines and aircraft). ...


On the morning of August 2, 1964 — a day after an attack on a North Vietnamese radio transmitter located on an offshore island — one of these destroyers, the USS Maddox, came under attack by North Vietnamese patrol torpedo boats in the Gulf of Tonkin. This attack, and the ensuing naval actions, known as the Gulf of Tonkin Incident, were seized upon by President Lyndon Johnson to secure passage by the U.S. Congress of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution on August 7, 1964, leading to a dramatic escalation of the Vietnam conflict. August 2 is the 214th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (215th in leap years), with 151 days remaining. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... There were three American destroyers named the U.S.S. Maddox. ... A torpedo boat is a relatively small and fast naval ship designed to launch torpedoes at larger surface ships. ... The Gulf of Tonkin is located to the south of China. ... Chart showing the US Navy’s interpretation of the events of the first part of the Gulf of Tonkin incident The Gulf of Tonkin Incident was an alleged pair of attacks by naval forces of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (commonly referred to as North Vietnam) against two American destroyers... Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908–January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, was an American politician. ... Type Bicameralism Houses Senate House of Representatives United States Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, D, since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, D, since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups (as of November 7, 2006 elections) Democratic Party Republican... The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution was a 1964 resolution of the U.S. Congress. ... August 7 is the 219th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (220th in leap years), with 146 days remaining. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000...


Sources

  • http://www.usni.org/navalhistory/Articles99/NHandrade.htm
  • http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/vietnam/index-1961.html

 
 

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