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Encyclopedia > Opeongo Line

The Opeongo Line was a one of a series of settlement roads planned by the Canadian government in the 1850s to encourage development of northeastern Ontario. The men who worked on the road were granted 100 acres (0.4 km²) of land in the region. However, this area had a thin layer of soil over the hard rocks of the Canadian Shield and a short growing season, so it was not very suitable for farming. // Events and Trends Technology Production of steel revolutionised by invention of the Bessemer process Benjamin Silliman fractionates petroleum by distillation for the first time First transatlantic telegraph cable laid First safety elevator installed by Elisha Otis Science Charles Darwin publishes The Origin of Species, putting forward the theory of evolution... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Official languages English, French (in some areas) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 106 24 Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 4th 1,076,395... Canadian Shield The Canadian Shield is a large craton in eastern and central Canada and adjacent portions of the United States, composed of bare rock dating to the Precambrian Era (between 4. ...

The Opeongo was one of "Three Great Lines," or colonization roads, that cut into the Canadian Shield. They were the Addington Road, the Hastings Road and the Ottawa and Opeongo Road (Opeongo, or Ope au wingauk in Algonquian, means “sandy at the narrows”). Canadian Shield The Canadian Shield is a large craton in eastern and central Canada and adjacent portions of the United States, composed of bare rock dating to the Precambrian Era (between 4. ...

The Opeongo Line started at the Ottawa River near Castleford, Ontario and continued west along the Bonnechere and Madawaska Rivers to Whitney, Ontario, a bit short of Opeongo Lake, the planned end-point of the route. This is about the river in Canada. ... The Bonnechere River in Renfrew. ... This article is about the Madawaska River in Ontario. ... Opeongo Lake is a lake in Nipissing District, Ontario, the largest lake in Algonquin Park. ...

Construction on the road began in 1854, luring settlers to the area. Large stands of white pine also drew workers to the area. However, near the end of the 19th century, the Ottawa, Arnprior & Parry Sound Railway became the most important transportation route through this region. Sections of the old winding road remain in use today. Some of the communities which sprang up during the construction of the road (primarily those along Highway 60), such as Barry's Bay and Wilno, remain today. Others, such as Balaclava and Esmonde, have become ghost towns. 1854 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Binomial name Pinus strobus L. Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus) is a large pine native to eastern North America, occurring from Newfoundland west to Minnesota and southeasternmost Manitoba, and south along the Appalachian Mountains to the extreme north of Georgia. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Highway 60 runs from Huntsville, Ontario to Renfrew, Ontario, and is maintained by the provincial government of Ontario. ... The village of Wilno, Ontario in Renfrew County, Ontario, is the oldest Polish settlement in Canada. ... Balaclava began as a mill town built on Constant Creek in 1855. ... A street corner in the ghost town of Bodie, California. ...

Additional reading

  • Standing legacy: Ghost towns preserve the Ottawa Valley’s rich history. Photography by Paul Politisand text by Tobi McIntyre. Canadian Geographic Online.

  Results from FactBites:
On The Opeongo Line (875 words)
On the Opeongo Line the drinker drowned his grog Behind closed doors and tight-drawn blinds and chewed cloves to befog The "sleezy," "sniffy" nose that whiffs the embryo of glee A mile away and labels it rank insobriety.
On the Opeongo Line the song of long ago Was the come-all-ye setting for the fate of young Munroe; It never lacked an audience; it filled the tender eye; It caused the old maid's heart to heave the next thing to a sigh.
On the Opeongo Line the parish priest was boss, And for a project, by and large, was never at a loss.
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