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Encyclopedia > Ontario Liberal Party
Ontario Liberal Party
Image:Ontarioliberallogo.PNG
Active Provincial Party
Founded 1857
Leader Dalton McGuinty
President Gord Phaneuf
Headquarters Suite 210
10 St. Mary Street
Toronto, Ontario
M4Y 1P9
Political ideology Liberalism
International alignment None
Colours Red
Website http://www.ontarioliberal.ca

The Ontario Liberal Party is a centrist provincial political party in the province of Ontario, Canada. It has formed the Government of Ontario since the provincial election of 2003. The party is ideologically aligned with the Liberal Party of Canada but the two parties are organizationally independent and have separate, though overlapping, memberships. The party is currently led by Dalton McGuinty who has been its leader since 1996. Image File history File links Ontario Liberal Party Logo File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Dalton James Patrick McGuinty, Jr. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor David C. Onley Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 107 Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area... Liberalism is an ideology, philosophical view, and political tradition which holds that liberty is the primary political value. ... For other uses, see Red (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... In politics, centrism usually refers to the political ideal of promoting moderate policies which land in the middle ground between different political extremes. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor David C. Onley Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 107 Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area... Map of Ontarios ridings and their popular vote for their party elected The Ontario Legislature after the 2003 election. ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: ), colloquially known as the Grits (originally Clear Grits), is a Canadian federal political party. ... Dalton James Patrick McGuinty, Jr. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ...

Contents

Origins

The Liberal Party of Ontario is descended from the Reform Party of Robert Baldwin and William Lyon Mackenzie, who argued for responsible government in the 1830s and 1840s against the conservative patrician rule of the Family Compact. The Reform movement, sometimes referred to as the Reform Party, began in the 1830s as the movement in the English speaking parts of British North America (Canada). ... Robert Baldwin (12 May 1804 – 9 December 1858), Canadian statesman, was born at York (now Toronto). ... William Lyon Mackenzie (March 12, 1795 – August 28, 1861) was a Scottish-Canadian journalist, politician, and leader of an unsuccessful rebellion. ... Responsible government is a conception of a system of government that embodies the principle of parliamentary accountability which is the foundation of the Westminster system of parliamentary democracy. ... The Family Compact was the informal name for the wealthy, conservative elite of Upper Canada in the early 19th century. ...


The modern Liberals were founded by George Brown, who sought to rebuild the Reform Party after its collapse in 1854. In 1857, Brown brought together the Reformers and the radical "Clear Grits" of southwestern Ontario to create a new party in Upper Canada with a platform of democratic reform and annexation of the northwest. The party adopted a position in favour of uniting Upper and Lower Canada into the United Province of Canada, a concept that eventually led to Canadian confederation. George Brown George Brown (November 29, 1818 – May 9, 1880) was a Scottish-born Canadian journalist and politician. ... Clear Grits were Upper Canadian reformers with support concentrated among southwestern Ontario farmers, who were frustrated and disillusioned by the 1849 Reform government of Robert Baldwin and Louis_Hippolyte Lafontaines lack of radicalism. ... Flag Map of Upper Canada (orange) Capital Newark 1792 - 1797 York(later renamed Toronto in 1834) 1797 - 1841 Language(s) English Religion Anglican Government Constitutional monarchy Sovereign  - 1791-1820 George III  - 1837-1841 Victoria Lieutenant-Governor See list of Lieutenant-Governors Legislature Parliament of Upper Canada  - Upper house Legislative Council... Map of Lower Canada (green) Lower Canada was a British colony on the lower Saint Lawrence River and the shores of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence (1791-1841). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... We dont have an article called Canadian-confederation Start this article Search for Canadian-confederation in. ...


Confederation

After 1867, Edward Blake became leader of the Ontario Liberal Party. The party sat in opposition to the Conservative government led by John Sandfield Macdonald. Blake's Liberals defeated the Tories in 1871, but Blake left Queen's Park for Ottawa the next year, leaving the provincial Liberals in the hands of Oliver Mowat. Mowat served as Premier of Ontario until 1896. Dominick Edward Blake, PC, QC (October 13, 1833 – March 1, 1912), (known as Edward Blake) was Premier of Ontario, Canada, from 1871 to 1872 and leader of the Liberal Party of Canada from 1880 to 1887. ... The Ontario Progressive Conservative Party (PC Party of Ontario, also known as Tories) is a right-of-centre political party in Ontario, Canada. ... John Sandfield Macdonald John Sandfield Macdonald, QC (December 12, 1812 – June 1, 1872) was the first Premier of the Canadian province of Ontario after the province was created as a result of the confederation of Canada in 1867. ... The Ontario general election of 1871 was the second general election held in the Province of Ontario, Canada. ... Queens Park is an historic green space in central Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... The Honourable Sir Oliver Mowat, QC (July 22, 1820 – 19 April 1903) was a Canadian politician, and premier of Ontario from 1872 to 1896. ... The Premier of Ontario is the first minister for the Canadian province of Ontario. ...


While the Tories became a narrow, sectarian Protestant party with a base in the Orange Order, the Liberals under Mowat attempted to bring together Catholics and Protestants, rural and urban interests under moderate, pragmatic leadership. The term Tory derives from the Tory Party, the ancestor of the modern UK Conservative Party. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... Orange parade in Glasgow (1 June 2003) The Orange Institution, more commonly known as the Orange Order, is a Protestant fraternal organisation based predominantly in Northern Ireland and Scotland with lodges throughout the Commonwealth and in Canada and the United States. ...


Decline and opposition

The Liberals were defeated in 1905 after over thirty years in power. The party had grown tired and arrogant in government and became increasingly cautious. As well, a growing anti-Catholic sectarian sentiment hurt the Liberals. The Liberals continued to decline after losing power, and, for a time, were eclipsed by the United Farmers of Ontario (UFO) when the Liberals were unable to attract the growing farmers' protest movement to its ranks. The Ontario general election, 1905 was the eleventh general election held in the Province of Ontario, Canada. ... The United Farmers of Ontario (UFO) were the Ontario section of the nation-wide United Farmers movement that arose in Canada in the early part of the 20th century. ...


Debates over the party's policy on liquor divided the membership, forced the resignation of at least one leader, and drove away many reform minded Liberals who supported the federal party under William Lyon Mackenzie King but found the provincial party too narrow and conservative to support. The party was so disorganized that it was led for seven years (and through two provincial elections) by an interim leader, W.E.N. Sinclair, as there was not enough money or a sufficient level of organization, and too many divisions within the party to hold a leadership convention. By 1930, the Liberals were reduced to a small, rural, largely Protestant and prohibitionist rump with a base in south western Ontario. Not to be confused with William Lyon Mackenzie, Mackenzie Kings grandfather. ... An interim leader, in Canadian politics, is a party leader who is appointed by the partys legislative caucus or the partys executive to temporarily act as leader when there is a gap between the resignation or death of a party leader and the election of his or her... William Edmund Newton Sinclair (1873-1947) was a Canadian politician. ... In Canadian politics, a leadership convention is held by a political party when the party needs to choose a leader due to a vacancy or a challenge to the incumbent leader. ... The term Prohibition, also known as A Dry Law, refers to a law in a certain country by which the manufacture, transportation, import, export, and sale of alcoholic beverages is restricted or illegal. ...


Mitch Hepburn

After a series of ineffective leaders, the Liberals turned to Mitchell Hepburn, an onion farmer, federal Member of Parliament and former member of the UFO. Hepburn was able to build an electoral coalition with Liberal-Progressives and attract reformers and urban voters to the party. The Liberal-Progressives had previously supported the UFO and the Progressive Party of Canada. A "wet", Hepburn was able to end the divisions in the party around the issue of temperance which had reduced it to a narrow sect. The revitalized party was able to win votes from rural farmers, particularly in southwestern Ontario, urban Ontario, Catholics and francophones. It also had the advantage of not being in power at the onset of the Great Depression. With the economy in crisis, Ontarians looked for a new government, and Hepburn's populism was able to excite the province. Mitchell Frederick Hepburn (August 12, 1896 - January 5, 1953) was Premier of Ontario, Canada, from 1934 to 1942. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ... Liberal-Progressive was a label used by a number of candidates in Canadian elections between 1926 and 1953. ... The Progressive Party of Canada was a political party in Canada in the 1920s and 1930s. ... A cartoon from Australia ca. ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ...


In government, Hepburn's Liberals warred with organized labour led by the Congress of Industrial Organizations, who were trying to unionize the auto sector. Later, he battled with the federal Liberal government of William Lyon Mackenzie King, which, Hepburn argued, was insufficiently supportive of the war effort. The battle between Hepburn and King split the Ontario Liberal Party and led to Hepburn's ouster as leader. It also contributed to the party's defeat in the 1943 election, which was followed by the party's long stint in opposition. The Liberals declined to a right wing, rural rump. The "Progressive Conservatives" under George Drew established a dynasty which was to rule Ontario for the next 42 years. The labor movement (or labour movement) is a broad term for the development of a collective organization of working people, to campaign in their own interest for better treatment from their employers and political governments. ... The Congress of Industrial Organizations, or CIO, proposed by Senator Huey Long in 1932, was a federation of unions that organized workers in industrial unions in the United States and Canada from 1935 to 1955. ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: ), colloquially known as the Grits (originally Clear Grits), is a Canadian federal political party. ... Not to be confused with William Lyon Mackenzie, Mackenzie Kings grandfather. ... The Ontario general election of 1943 was held on August 4, 1943, to elect the 90 Members of the Legislative Assembly (Members of Provincial Parliament, or MPPs) of the Province of Ontario, Canada. ... For his grandfather, see George Alexander Drew (Liberal-Conservative MP). ...


Post-war boom and opposition

Ontario politics in recent times have been dominated by the Progressive Conservatives, also known as the Tories. The Liberals had formed the Government for only five years out of sixty years from 1943 to 2003. For forty-two years, from 1943 to 1985, the province was governed by the Tories. During this period, the Liberal Party was a rural, conservative rump with a southwestern Ontario base, and were often further to the right of the moderate Red Tory Conservative administrations. John Sandfield Macdonald The Ontario PC Party, formally known as the Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario, is a right-of-centre political party in Ontario, Canada. ... “Right wing” redirects here. ... The Red Tory Tradition: Ancient Roots-New Routes, by Ron Dart Red Tory is a term given to a political philosophy, tradition, and disposition in Canada. ...


Throughout the 1960s and 1970s, the Liberals were almost shut out of Metropolitan Toronto and other urban areas and, in 1975, fell to third place behind the dynamic Ontario New Democratic Party (NDP) under Stephen Lewis. With the NDP in ascendency in the late 1960s and 1970s, it appeared that the Liberals could disappear altogether. Metro Council redirects here. ... The Ontario New Democratic Party (formerly known as the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, Ontario Section) is a social democratic political party in Ontario, Canada. ... This article is about the Canadian politician and broadcaster. ...


The Liberals remained more popular than the Tories among Catholic and francophone voters, due to its support for extending Separate school funding to include Grades 11-13. The Tories opposed this extension until 1985, when they suddenly reversed their position. This reversal angered traditional Conservative voters, and may have contributed to their defeat in the 1985 election. A separate school is a publicly funded school which includes religious education in its curriculum, as opposed to a private school or public school. ... David Petersons Liberals, with support from Bob Raes New Democrats, form a minority government despite having fewer seats than Frank Millers Progressive Conservatives. ...


The Peterson years

The Ontario Liberal Party first broke the Tories' hold on the province in 1985 under the leadership of David Peterson. Peterson modernised the party and made it appealing to urban voters and immigrants who had previously supported the cautious, moderate government of Tory Premiers John Robarts and William Davis. The Honourable David Robert Peterson, PC , LL.B , BA (born December 28, 1943 in Toronto, Ontario) was the twentieth Premier of the Province of Ontario, Canada, from June 26, 1985 to October 1, 1990. ... For the recipient of the Victoria Cross see John Robarts (VC). ... For the artist, animator, creative director, see Bill Davis (artist) (animator) (computer games). ...


Peterson was able to form a minority government from 1985 to 1987 due to an accord signed with the NDP. Under this accord, the NDP exchanged its support in the Legislature for the implementation of several NDP policies. As the result of the 1987 election held once the accord expired, Peterson won a strong majority government with 95 seats, its most ever. For minority governments in general, see dominant minority. ... Map of the 1987 election, showing the ridings and their popular vote The Ontario general election of 1987 was held on September 10, 1987, to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Ontario, Canada. ... In the Westminster System, a majority government is one in which the government enjoys an absolute majority of seats in the legislature or Parliament. ...


Peterson's government ruled in a time of economic plenty where occasional instances of fiscal imprudence were not much remarked on. Peterson was a close ally of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney on the Meech Lake Accord, but opposed Mulroney on the issue of free trade. Martin Brian Mulroney PC CC GOQ (predominantly known as Brian Mulroney) (born March 20, 1939), was the eighteenth Prime Minister of Canada from September 17, 1984, to June 25, 1993 and was leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada from 1983 to 1993. ... The Meech Lake Accord was a set of failed amendments to the Constitution of Canada negotiated in 1987 by Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and the provincial premiers, including Robert Bourassa, premier of Quebec. ... Free trade is an economic concept referring to the selling of products between countries without tariffs or other trade barriers. ...


The majority Liberal government of 1987 to 1990 was less innovative than the previous minority government. The Liberals' increasing conservatism caused many centre-left voters to look at the NDP and its leader Bob Rae, and consider the social democratic party as an alternative to the Liberals. The NDP's co-operation with the Liberals between 1985 to 1987 helped the party appear more moderate and acceptable to voters. Hon. ... Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. ...


The Liberals went into the 1990 election with apparently strong support in the public opinion polls.This support quickly evaporated, however. On the campaign trail, the media reported that the Liberals were met by voters who were angry at going to the polls just three years into the government's mandate. Another negative factor was Peteron's association with Mulroney and the failed 'Meech Lake accord' attempt at constitutional reform, about which the public felt strongly. The campaign was also poorly run: a mid-campaign proposal to cut the provincial sales tax was a particularly bad blunder. The party had also underestimated the impact of the Patti Starr fundraising scandal, as well as allegations surrounding the Liberal government's links with land developers. As a result of serious scandals, David Petersons Liberal government was defeated by a large protest vote. ...


Peterson's government lost to Bob Rae's NDP, who promised a return to the activist form of government Peterson had abandoned. The Liberals suffered their worst defeat ever, falling from 95 seats to 36; the 59-seat loss surpassed the 48-seat loss in 1943 that began the Tories' long rule over the province. Peterson himself was heavily defeated in his own riding by the NDP challenger.


Common Sense Revolution

By the 1995 election, the NDP government had become very unpopular due to perceived mismanagement, a few scandals, and because of the severe downturn in the economy. The Liberal Party was expected to replace the unpopular NDP, but it ran a poor campaign under leader Lyn McLeod, and was beaten by the Progressive Conservatives under Mike Harris. Harris swept to power on a right-wing "Common Sense Revolution" platform. The Ontario general election of 1995 was held on June 8, 1995, to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of the province of Ontario, Canada. ... Lyn McLeod (born 1942) is a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... Michael Deane Harris (born January 23, 1945, in Toronto, Ontario) was the twenty-second Premier of Ontario from June 26, 1995 to April 15, 2002. ... The phrase Common Sense Revolution (CSR) has been used as a political slogan to describe common sense conservative platforms in Australia and the U.S. state of New Jersey in the 1990s. ...

Lyn McLeod

In 1996, the Ontario Liberals selected Dalton McGuinty as their leader in a free-wheeling convention. Starting in fourth place, McGuinty's fiscally prudent record and moderate demeanor made him the second choice of a convention polarized around the candidacy of former Toronto Food Bank head Gerard Kennedy. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Gerard Kennedy, (born 1960 in The Pas, Manitoba) is a Canadian politician. ...


In the 1999 election, the governing Conservatives were reelected on the basis of strong economic growth and a negative campaign tightly focused on portraying McGuinty as "not up to the job". A poor performance in the leader's debate and a weak overall campaign hamstrung the new leader, but he was able to rally his party in the final weeks of the campaign. The Ontario Liberals garnered 40% of the vote, at the time their second-highest total in 50 years. Map of Ontarios ridings and their popular vote for their party elected The Ontario Legislature after the 1999 election. ...


McGuinty's second term as opposition leader was more successful than his first. With the Liberals consolidated as the primary opposition to Harris's Progressive Conservatives, McGuinty was able to present his party as the "government in waiting". He hired a more skilled group of advisors and drafted former cabinet minister Greg Sorbara as party president. McGuinty also rebuilt the party's fundraising operation, launching the Ontario Liberal Fund. He personally rebuilt the party's platform to one that emphasized lowering class sizes, hiring more nurses, increasing environmental protections and "holding the line" on taxes in the buildup to the 2003 election. McGuinty also made a serious effort to improve his debating skills, and received coaching from Democratic Party trainers in the United States. Greg Sorbara (born September 4, 1946 in Toronto, Ontario) is a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic...


Return to power

In the 2003 election, however, the Tories ran the poor campaign, and their new leader, Ernie Eves was seen to be weak and untrustworthy. The Tories' attempt to repeat the 1999 attacks on McGuinty were unsuccessful. A strong performance by McGuinty on the campaign trail and in the debates led to a 72-seat majority government. Map of Ontarios ridings and their popular vote for their party elected The Ontario Legislature after the 2003 election. ... Ernest Eves (born June 17, 1946) was the twenty-third Premier of the province of Ontario, Canada, from April 15, 2002, to October 23, 2003. ...


The new government called the Legislature back in session in late 2003, and passed a series of bills relating to its election promises. The government brought in auto insurance reforms (including a price cap), fixed election dates, rolled-back a series of corporate and personal tax cuts which had been scheduled for 2004, passed legislation which enshrined publicly-funded Medicare into provincial law, hired more meat and water inspectors, opened up the provincially-owned electricity companies to Freedom of Information laws and enacted a ban on partisan government advertising.


The McGuinty government also benefited from a scandal involving the previous government's management of Ontario Power Generation and Hydro One, which broke in the winter of 2003-04. It was revealed that a number of key figures associated with Mike Harris's "Common Sense Revolution" had received lucrative, untendered multi-million dollar consulting contracts from these institutions. Among the figures named in the scandal were Tom Long, former Harris campaign chairman, Leslie Noble, former Harris campaign manager and Paul Rhodes, former Harris communications director. Tom Long (born 1958) is a Canadian political strategist. ... Leslie Noble is a Canadian political strategist. ... Paul Rhodes is a Canadian political strategist. ...


On May 18, 2004, Provincial Finance Minister Greg Sorbara released the McGuinty government's first budget. The centrepiece was a controversial new Health Premium of $300 to $900, staggered according to income. This violated a key Liberal campaign pledge not to raise taxes, and gave the government an early reputation for breaking promises. The Liberals defended the premium by pointing to the previous government's hidden deficit, and McGuinty claimed he needed to break his campaign pledge on taxation to fulfill his promises on other fronts. Deserved or not, however, the government's early reputation for breaking promises has created a lasting public relations difficulty. Greg Sorbara (born September 4, 1946 in Toronto, Ontario) is a politician in Ontario, Canada. ...


The Ontario Health Premium also became a major issue in the early days of the 2004 federal election, called a week after the Ontario budget. Most believe that the controversy seriously hampered Liberal Prime Minister Paul Martin's bid for re-election. For other uses, see Paul Martin (disambiguation). ...


Also controversial were the elimination of coverage for health services not covered by the Canada Health Act including eye examinations and physical therapy. Other elements included a four-year plan to tackle the deficit left behind by the Conservatives, free immunization for children, investments in education and investments to lower waiting times for cancer care, cardiac care, joint replacement and MRI and CT scans.


Soon after the federal election, McGuinty hosted a federal-provincial summit on health-care funding which resulted in a new agreement for a national health accord. This accord allowed the premiers and territorial leaders to draw more money from Ottawa for health services, and requires the federal government to take provincial concerns such as hospital waiting-lists into account. McGuinty's performance at the summit was generally applauded by the Canadian media.


The McGuinty government brought forward a number of regulatory initiatives in the fall of 2004. These included legislation allowing bring-your-own-wine in restaurants, banning junk food in public schools to promote healthier choices, outlawing smoking in public places and requiring students to stay in school until age 18. Following a series of high-profile maulings, the government also moved to ban pit bulls.


During early 2005, McGuinty called the Legislature back for a rare winter session to debate and pass several high-profile bills. The government legislated a Greenbelt around Toronto. The size of Prince Edward Island, the Greenbelt protects a broad swath of land from development and preserves forests and farmland. In response to court decisions, the Liberals updated the definition of marriage to include homosexual couples.


McGuinty also launched a PR campaign to narrow the politically charged $23 billion gap between what Ontario contributes to the federal government and what is returned to Ontario in services. This came as a sharp turn after more than a year of cooperating with the federal government, but McGuinty pointed to the special deals worked out by the federal government with Newfoundland and Nova Scotia as compromising the nature of equalization. In particular, McGuinty noted that immigrants in Ontario receive $800 in support from the federal government, while those in Quebec receive $3800. For information about Canadas fiscal transfer system, see Equalization payments. ...


In the 2003 campaign, the Liberals denounced public-private partnerships (also known as "3P" deals) for infrastructure projects such as the building of hospitals. Following the campaign, however, the McGuinty government allowed "3P" hospital construction deals arranged by the previous government to continue.


The Ontario Liberals won their second majority in a row on October 10, 2007, winning 71 of the province's 107 seats. Winning two majorities back to back is a feat that had not occurred for the party in exactly 70 years. [1].


Recent election results

Results of recent elections for the Legislative Assembly of Ontario: The Provincial Parliament of Ontario, is the legislature of the Canadian province of Ontario. ...

Year of election # of seats won # of seats available # of votes % of popular vote
1985 48 125 1,377,965 37.9%
1987 95 130 1,788,214 47.3%
1990 36 130 1,302,134 32.4%
1995 30 130 1,291,326 31.1%
1999 35 103 1,751,472 39.9%
2003 72 103 2,090,001 46.5%
2007 71 107 1,867,192 42.2%

David Petersons Liberals, with support from Bob Raes New Democrats, form a minority government despite having fewer seats than Frank Millers Progressive Conservatives. ... Map of the 1987 election, showing the ridings and their popular vote The Ontario general election of 1987 was held on September 10, 1987, to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Ontario, Canada. ... As a result of serious scandals, David Petersons Liberal government was defeated by a large protest vote. ... The Ontario general election of 1995 was held on June 8, 1995, to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of the province of Ontario, Canada. ... Map of Ontarios ridings and their popular vote for their party elected The Ontario Legislature after the 1999 election. ... Map of Ontarios ridings and their popular vote for their party elected The Ontario Legislature after the 2003 election. ... The Ontario general election of 2007 was held on October 10, 2007 to elect members (MPPs) of the 39th Legislative Assembly of the Province of Ontario, Canada. ...

Leaders of the Ontario Liberal Party

Further information: Ontario Liberal Party leadership conventions
Leader Years in office
1 Sir George Brown 1857-1867
2 Archibald McKellar 1867-1868
3 Edward Blake 1868-1872
4 Sir Oliver Mowat 1872-1896
5 Arthur S. Hardy 1896-1899
6 George William Ross 1899-1907
7 George P. Graham 1907
8 Alexander Grant MacKay 1907-1911
9 Newton Wesley Rowell 1911-1917
10 William Proudfoot 1918-1919
11 Hartley Dewart 1919-1921
12 Wellington Hay 1922-1923
13 W.E.N. Sinclair 1923-1930 [A]
14 Mitchell Hepburn 1930-1942 [B]
15 Gordon Daniel Conant 1942-1943 [B](interim)
16 Harry Nixon 1943-1944
17 Mitchell Hepburn 1944-1945 (second time)
18 Farquhar Oliver 1945-1950
19 Walter Thomson 1950-1954
20 Farquhar Oliver 1954-1958 (second time)
21 John Wintermeyer 1958-1964
22 Andy Thompson 1964-1967
23 Robert Nixon 1967-1976
24 Stuart Smith 1976-1982
25 David Peterson 1982-1990
26 Robert Nixon 1990-1991 (interim) [C]
27 Murray Elston 1991 (interim) [D]
28 Jim Bradley 1991-1992 (interim)
29 Lyn McLeod 1992-1996
30 Dalton McGuinty 1996-
A  Though Sinclair led the party through two elections, he was never formally elected as leader by the Ontario Liberal Association which, due to its state of disorganization, did not organize a leadership convention until 1930.
B  Hepburn resigned as Premier in October 1942 after designating Gordon Daniel Conant as his successor, and Conant was sworn in as Premier. The Ontario Liberal Association (particularly supporters of William Lyon Mackenzie King) demanded a leadership convention and one was finally held in May 1943 electing Harry Nixon. Technically, Hepburn did not resign as Liberal leader until the convention.
C  Nixon resigned as interim leader and MPP in order to accept a federal appointment.
D  Elston resigned as interim leader when he entered the Liberal leadership race as a candidate.

... George Brown George Brown (November 29, 1818 – May 9, 1880) was a Scottish-born Canadian journalist and politician. ... Archibald McKellar (1816-1894) was briefly leader (1867-1868) of Canadas Ontario Liberal Party and, unofficially, the first Leader of the Opposition in Ontarios new provincial legislature (though he was not officially recognised as such) and went on to serve as Commissioner of Public Works in Ontario Premier... Dominick Edward Blake, PC, QC (October 13, 1833 – March 1, 1912), (known as Edward Blake) was Premier of Ontario, Canada, from 1871 to 1872 and leader of the Liberal Party of Canada from 1880 to 1887. ... The Honourable Sir Oliver Mowat, QC (July 22, 1820 – 19 April 1903) was a Canadian politician, and premier of Ontario from 1872 to 1896. ... Arthur Sturgis Hardy (December 14, 1837 – June 13, 1901) was a lawyer and Liberal politician who served as Ontarios fourth Premier from 1896 to 1899. ... Sir George William Ross Sir George William Ross (September 18, 1841 – March 7, 1914) was an educator and politician in Ontario, Canada. ... George Perry Graham (1859-1943) was a journalist and editor in his early career. ... Alexander Grant MacKay (born: March 7, 1860 Sydenham, Ontario - died: April 25, 1920 Edmonton, Alberta) was a Canadian teacher, lawyer and provincial level politician. ... Newton Wesley Rowell (November 1, 1867-November 22, 1941) was a Canadian lawyer and politician and leading lay figure in the Methodist church. ... William Proudfoot (1859-1922) was an Ontario politician and barrister. ... Herbert Hartley Dewart was an Ontario politician. ... Francis Wellington Hay (1864-1932) was a grain merchant and Canadian politician. ... William Edmund Newton Sinclair (1873-1947) was a Canadian politician. ... Mitchell Frederick Hepburn (August 12, 1896 - January 5, 1953) was Premier of Ontario, Canada, from 1934 to 1942. ... Gordon Daniel Conant (January 11, 1885-January 2, 1953) was Attorney-General of Ontario during the government of Mitchell Hepburn whom he succeeded as Premier. ... An interim leader, in Canadian politics, is a party leader who is appointed by the partys legislative caucus or the partys executive to temporarily act as leader when there is a gap between the resignation or death of a party leader and the election of his or her... Harry Corwin Nixon (April 1, 1891-October 22, 1961) was a Canadian politician and briefly Premier of Ontario. ... Mitchell Frederick Hepburn (August 12, 1896 - January 5, 1953) was Premier of Ontario, Canada, from 1934 to 1942. ... Farquhar Robert Oliver (March 6, 1904-January 22, 1989) was a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... Walter Cunningham Thomson (1895-1964) was first elected to the Canadian House of Commons in 1949. ... Farquhar Robert Oliver (March 6, 1904-January 22, 1989) was a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... John Joseph Wintermeyer (1916 - 1994) was a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... Andrew Ernest Joseph (Andy) Thompson, MSW (born December 14, 1924) is a former Canadian politician. ... Robert Fletcher Nixon (born July 17, 1928 in St. ... The Honourable David Robert Peterson, PC , LL.B , BA (born December 28, 1943 in Toronto, Ontario) was the twentieth Premier of the Province of Ontario, Canada, from June 26, 1985 to October 1, 1990. ... Robert Fletcher Nixon (born July 17, 1928 in St. ... An interim leader, in Canadian politics, is a party leader who is appointed by the partys legislative caucus or the partys executive to temporarily act as leader when there is a gap between the resignation or death of a party leader and the election of his or her... Murray John Elston (born October 8, 1949 in Wingham, Ontario) is an executive and former Canadian politician. ... An interim leader, in Canadian politics, is a party leader who is appointed by the partys legislative caucus or the partys executive to temporarily act as leader when there is a gap between the resignation or death of a party leader and the election of his or her... James J. Bradley (born February 19, 1945 in Sudbury, Ontario) is a long-time Ontario Liberal Party politician and MPP in the Ontario legislature. ... An interim leader, in Canadian politics, is a party leader who is appointed by the partys legislative caucus or the partys executive to temporarily act as leader when there is a gap between the resignation or death of a party leader and the election of his or her... Lyn McLeod (born 1942) is a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... Dalton James Patrick McGuinty, Jr. ... Gordon Daniel Conant (January 11, 1885-January 2, 1953) was Attorney-General of Ontario during the government of Mitchell Hepburn whom he succeeded as Premier. ... Not to be confused with William Lyon Mackenzie, Mackenzie Kings grandfather. ... Harry Corwin Nixon (April 1, 1891-October 22, 1961) was a Canadian politician and briefly Premier of Ontario. ...

See also

Beginning with the 2003 election, Ontario elections are held every 4 years in October. ... This is a list of the premiers of the province of Ontario, Canada, since Confederation (1867). ... This article lists political parties in Canada. ... The Leader of the Opposition in Ontario is usually leader of the largest party in the Ontario legislature which is not the government. ... The Ontario Liberal Party is a political party in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: ), colloquially known as the Grits (originally Clear Grits), is a Canadian federal political party. ...

References

External links

  • Ontario Liberal Party
The New Brunswick Liberal Association (NBLA), more popularly known as the New Brunswick Liberal Party or Liberal Party of New Brunswick, is one of the two major political parties in the Canadian province of New Brunswick. ... The Prince Edward Island Liberal Party is a left of center political party in the province of Prince Edward Island, Canada. ... The Parti libéral du Québec (Liberal Party of Quebec), or PLQ, is a liberal political party in the Canadian province of Quebec. ... The British Columbia Liberal Party (usually referred to as the BC Liberals) is the governing political party in British Columbia, Canada. ... The Parliamentary Opposition is a form of political opposition to a designated government, particularly in a Westminster-based parliamentary system. ... The Liberal Party of Newfoundland and Labrador is a political party in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada and the provincial wing of the Liberal Party of Canada. ... The Alberta Liberal Party is a political party in Alberta, Canada. ... The Yukon Liberal Party is a political party in the Yukon Territory in Canada. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Manitoba Liberal Party is a political party in Manitoba, Canada. ... The Liberal Party of Nova Scotia is a political party in Nova Scotia, Canada. ... The Saskatchewan Liberal Party is a political party in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. ... // Ontario Liberal Party Ontario New Democratic Party Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario Communist Party of Ontario Confederations of Regions Party (founded 1990) Family Coalition Party of Ontario (founded 1986) Freedom Party of Ontario (founded 1984) Green Party of Ontario (founded 1983) Ontario Libertarian Party (founded 1975) Ontario Humanist Party Representative... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ontario. ... The Provincial Parliament of Ontario, is the legislature of the Canadian province of Ontario. ... John Sandfield Macdonald The Ontario PC Party, formally known as the Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario, is a right-of-centre political party in Ontario, Canada. ... The Ontario New Democratic Party (formerly known as the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, Ontario Section) is a social democratic political party in Ontario, Canada. ... Elections Ontario is the non-partisan agency of the Government of Ontario, responsible for the conduct of provincial elections. ... The Green Party of Ontario (GPO) is a political party in Ontario, Canada. ... The Family Coalition Party is a minor political party in Ontario, Canada that was founded in 1987 with a social conservative platform. ... The Ontario Libertarian Party is a political party in Ontario, Canada that was founded in 1975 as an offshoot of the Libertarian Party in the USA. It is inspired by the philosophical ideas of such authors and thinkers as Jan Narveson, anarcho-capitalist socio-economic ideas of Murray Rothbard. ... The Freedom Party of Ontario is a provincial political party in Ontario, Canada. ... The Communist Party of Ontario is the Ontario, Canada provincial wing of the Communist Party of Canada. ... The Party for People with Special Needs is a minor political party in Ontario, Canada, founded in 2007 and currently contesting the upcoming provincial election. ... The Reform Party of Ontario was, until September 2003, a pseudo party that ran one candidate each election merely to keep the party’s name in the possession of the Reform Party of Canada. ... The Republican Party of Ontario is a minor political party in Ontario, Canada, approved by Elections Ontario in 2004 and currently contesting the 2007 provincial election. ... The Confederation of Regions Party (CoR) was a right-wing Canadian political party founded in 1984 by Elmer Knutson. ... The Ontario New Democratic Party (formerly known as the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, Ontario Section) is a social democratic political party in Ontario, Canada. ... There have been various groups in Canada that have nominated candidates under the label Labour Party or Independent Labour Party or other variations from the 1870s until the 1960s. ... The Labour-Progressive Party was a Communist party in Canada. ... The Liberal-Labour banner has also been used several times by candidates in Canadian elections: Malcolm Lang, who was elected as a Labour Party of Canada Member of Parliament in the 1926 federal election, was re-elected as Liberal-Labour in the north-eastern Ontario riding of Timiskaming South in... Liberal-Progressive was a label used by a number of candidates in Canadian elections between 1926 and 1953. ... The Patrons of Industry was a Canadian farmers organization formed in 1890 that cooperated with the urban labour movement to address the political frustrations of both groups with big business. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Protestant Protective Association was an anti-Catholic group based in Ontario, Canada, associated with the Orange Order. ... The United Farmers of Ontario (UFO) were the Ontario section of the nation-wide United Farmers movement that arose in Canada in the early part of the 20th century. ... Clear Grits were Upper Canadian reformers with support concentrated among southwestern Ontario farmers, who were frustrated and disillusioned by the 1849 Reform government of Robert Baldwin and Louis_Hippolyte Lafontaines lack of radicalism. ... The Reform movement, sometimes referred to as the Reform Party, began in the 1830s as the movement in the English speaking parts of British North America (Canada). ... The Family Compact was the informal name for the wealthy, conservative elite of Upper Canada in the early 19th century. ... The Province of Ontario is governed by a unicameral legislature, the Legislative Assembly of Ontario, which operates in the Westminster system of government. ... This is a list of Lieutenant Governors of the Canadian province of Ontario. ... David C. Onley book Shuttle. ... The flag of the Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario This is a list of Lieutenant Governors of the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ontario. ... The Premier of Ontario is the first minister for the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Dalton James Patrick McGuinty, Jr. ... This is a list of the premiers of the province of Ontario, Canada, since Confederation (1867). ... This is a list of Premier of Ontario in order of time served in office as Premier of Ontario up to and including March 6, 2007. ... The Leader of the Opposition in Ontario is usually leader of the largest party in the Ontario legislature which is not the government. ... The Honourable Robert W. Runciman (born in Brockville, Ontario) is a veteran Canadian politician. ... The Leader of the Opposition in Ontario is usually leader of the largest party in the Ontario legislature which is not the government. ... The Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario is the presiding officer of the provincial legislature. ... Michael A. Brown (born April 18, 1950 in Sarnia, Ontario) is a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... The Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario is the presiding officer of the provincial legislature. ... The Provincial Parliament of Ontario, is the legislature of the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Further information: Politics of Ontario Type Unicameral Speaker Steve Peters, Liberal since 2007 Government House Leader Michael Bryant, Liberal since 2007 Opposition House Leader TBA, PC since 2007 Members 107 Last elections 2007 Meeting place Queens Park Web site The Ontario Legislature Building at Queens Park The Legislative... The Ontario Legislature Building at Queens Park This is a list of the Ontario Legislative Assemblies, also called Ontario Parliaments of the province of Ontario, Canada, since Confederation in 1867. ... The Executive Council of Ontario (informally and more commonly, the Cabinet of Ontario) is the cabinet of the Canadian province of Ontario. ... This article lists political parties in Canada. ... John Sandfield Macdonald The Ontario PC Party, formally known as the Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario, is a right-of-centre political party in Ontario, Canada. ... The Ontario New Democratic Party (formerly known as the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, Ontario Section) is a social democratic political party in Ontario, Canada. ... This is a list of Ontario political parties in order of time in power, since confederation. ... Beginning with the 2003 election, Ontario elections are held every 4 years in October. ... The Ontario general election of 2007 was held on October 10, 2007 to elect members (MPPs) of the 39th Legislative Assembly of the Province of Ontario, Canada. ... Beginning with the 2003 election, Ontario elections are held every 4 years in October. ... Equalization payments are cash payments made in some federal systems of government from the federal government to state or provincial governments with the objective of offsetting differences in available revenue or in the cost of providing services. ... The Ontario general election of 2007 was held on October 10, 2007 to elect members (MPPs) of the 39th Legislative Assembly of the Province of Ontario, Canada. ... The politics of Canada function within a framework of constitutional monarchy and a federal system of parliamentary government with strong democratic traditions. ... Prior to 1903, there were no political parties in British Columbia, Canada, other than at the federal level. ... Albertas first Legislature, Edmonton, 1906 The politics of Alberta are centred on a provincial government resembling that of the other Canadian provinces. ... Legislative Legislatures Politics of: AB | BC | MB | NB | NL | NT | NS | NU | ON | PE | QC | SK | YT Elections Elections in: AB | BC | MB | NB | NL | NT | NS | NU | ON | PE | QC | SK | YT Federal Politics of Canada General Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Politics... The Canadian province of Manitoba is governed by a unicameral legislature, the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba, which operates under the Westminster system of government. ... The Province of Ontario is governed by a unicameral legislature, the Legislative Assembly of Ontario, which operates in the Westminster system of government. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... New Brunswick has a unicameral legislature with 55 seats. ... Nova Scotia is a parliamentary democracy. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The politics of Prince Edward Island are centred on a provincial government resembling that of the other Canadian provinces. ... BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NL YT NT NU The Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador The Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador is governed by a unicameral legislature, the House of Assembly, which operates under the Westminster model of government. ... The politics of Northwest Territories have been centered around the struggle for responsible government and provincial rights. ...

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Ontario Liberal Party: Information from Answers.com (2595 words)
The Ontario Liberal Party is a centrist provincial political party in the province of Ontario, Canada.
The Liberal Party of Ontario is descended from the Reform Party of Robert Baldwin and William Lyon Mackenzie, who argued for responsible government in the 1830s and 1840s against the conservative patrician rule of the Family Compact.
During this period, the Liberal Party was a rural, conservative rump with a southwestern Ontario base, and were often further to the right of the moderate Red Tory Conservative administrations.
1938: Ontario - Archive Article - MSN Encarta (590 words)
The Liberals won two of the three by-elections held during the year for the provincial legislature.
Although the mayors defeated a resolution which would have given them 'a mandate to take over the provincial government' if steps were not taken to relieve the burden on the cities, the introduction of such a resolution indicated that their patience was very rapidly becoming exhausted.
Ontario's most renowned citizens — the Dionne Quintuplets — underwent a successful operation for the removal of their tonsils and adenoids in the late fall.
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