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Encyclopedia > Onisifor Ghibu

Onisifor Ghibu (May 31, 1883 - October 3, 1972) was a Romanian teacher of pedagogy, member of the Romanian Academy and politician. May 31 is the 151st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (152nd in leap years), with 214 days remaining. ... 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... October 3 is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... The Romanian Academy (Romanian: Academia Română) is a cultural forum founded in Romania in 1866. ...


He was born into a peasant family in Sălişte, near Sibiu, Transylvania (then known as Herrmannstadt, and part of Austria-Hungary). He completed his studies at the Hungarian high school in Sibiu and at the Romanian gymnasium in Braşov (then known as Kronstadt). Afterwards, he continued his studies at the Romanian Orthodox Seminary in Sibiu, and also obtained stipends for study at the University of Bucharest and Budapest. County Sibiu County Status Town Mayor Banciu Teodor Dumitru, since 2004 Area 226. ... County Sibiu County Status County capital Mayor Klaus Johannis, from the Democratic Forum of Germans of Romania, since 2000 Area 121 km² Population (2002) 171,535 Density 1,417 inh/km² Geographical coordinates Web site http://www. ... Map of Romania with Transylvania in yellow Transylvania (Romanian: or Transilvania; Hungarian: ; German: ; Serbian: / Transilvanija or Ердељ / Erdelj) is a historical region in central and western Romania. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... County Sibiu County Status County capital Mayor Klaus Johannis, from the Democratic Forum of Germans of Romania, since 2000 Area 121 km² Population (2002) 171,535 Density 1,417 inh/km² Geographical coordinates Web site http://www. ... County BraÅŸov County Status County capital Mayor George Scripcaru, since 2004 Area  km² Population (2002) 283,901 Density  inh/km² Geographical coordinates Web site http://www. ... University of Bucharest University of Bucharest is a university founded in 1864 by decree of Prince Alexandru Ioan Cuza to convert the former Saint Sava Academy into the current University of Bucharest. ... This article is about Eötvös Loránd University, which is often referred to as University of Budapest. ...


In 1914, he fled to Romania, and in 1916 he moved to Bessarabia where he participated in the Romanian national movement that led to the integration of Bessarabia into Greater Romania after World War I. Between 1919 and 1940, he was a professor at Cluj University. 1927 map of Bessarabia from Charles Upson Clarks book Bessarabia or Bessarabiya (Basarabia in Romanian, Besarabya in Turkish, Бесарабія in Ukrainian) is a historical term for the geographic entity in Eastern Europe bounded by the Dniester River on the East and the Prut River on the West. ... Anthem: Trăiască Regele Capital Bucharest Language(s) Romanian Government Constitutional monarchy Head of State  - 1918 - 1927 Ferdinand I of Romania  - 1927 - 1930 - 1930 - 1940 - 1940 - 1947 Michael I of Romania Carol II of Romania Michael I of Romania Legislature Adunarea DeputaÅ£ilor and Senatul Historical era Interbellum Years  - Kingdom... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Franz...


Life under communism

After the installation of the communist regime in Romania, he was deported to a labor camp. On March 22, 1945 he was arrested and interned in the political detainee camp in Caracal, where he spent 222 days. The Soviets pressed for inclusion of Romanias heretofore negligible Communist Party in the post-war government, while non-communist political leaders were steadily eliminated from political life. ... March 22 is the 81st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (82nd in leap years). ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Caracal (population: 34,603) is a city in the Olt county, Romania, situated in the plains between the lower reaches of the Jiu and Olt. ...


He was re-arrested on December 10, 1956 and initially sentenced to 5 years in prison for organizing a demonstration of students at the seminary, which was deemed an "action against the democratic people's regime of the People's Republic of Romania". He was incarcerated successively in the prisons of Văcăreşti, Sibiu and Făgăraş. He was released after 2 years, on January 13, 1958. December 10 is the 344th day (345th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, 21 days before the next year. ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... VăcăreÅŸti is a neighbourhood in south-eastern Bucharest, located near DâmboviÅ£a River and the VăcăreÅŸti Lake. ... County Sibiu County Status County capital Mayor Klaus Johannis, from the Democratic Forum of Germans of Romania, since 2000 Area 121 km² Population (2002) 171,535 Density 1,417 inh/km² Geographical coordinates Web site http://www. ... County BraÅŸov County Status Municipality Mayor Ioan Barbuti, Social Democratic Party, since 2004 Population (2002) 40,126 Geographical coordinates , Web site http://www. ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


External links

  • (Romanian) Ilarion Ţiu, 'A cui este ţara aceasta?', Jurnalul Naţional, 29 August 2005. Also contains short bio of O. Ghibu, and is the main source of this article
  • (Romanian) Onisifor Ghibu, Memorialul Victemilor Comunismului şi al Rezistenţei, Centrul Internaţional de Studii Asupra Comunismului: details about his incarceration, and photo of his penal record.

 
 

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