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Encyclopedia > One Nation

One Nation, One Nation Conservatism, or Tory Democracy is a term used in political debate in the United Kingdom and sometimes Canada to refer to the moderate wing of the Conservative Party, and the Red Tory wing of the original Progressive Conservative Party in Canada who like to describe themselves as "One Nation Conservatives." The term is used to denote a nation characterised by social solidarity and harmony between classes, rather than a nation polarised into "two nations" along class lines. Harold MacMillan, British prime minister from 1957 to 1963, is usually seen as the leading exponent of One Nation Conservatism. John Diefenbaker, Prime Minister of Canada from 1957 to 1963, is generally seen as a representative of the Canadian strain, via his "New Vision" Speech of 1958. [1] The Conservative Party is the largest political party on the centre-right in the United Kingdom. ... Red Tory is a nickname given to a political tradition in Canadas conservative political parties. ... The Progressive Conservative Party of Canada (PC) was a Canadian conservative political party that existed from 1867 to 2003. ... The Right Honourable Maurice Harold Macmillan, 1st Earl of Stockton, OM, PC (10 February 1894–29 December 1986), nicknamed Supermac and Mac the Knife, was a British Conservative politician and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1957 to 1963. ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Right Honourable John George Diefenbaker, CH , PC , QC , BA , MA , LL.B , LL.D , FRSC , FRSA , D.Litt , DSL (September 18, 1895 – August 16, 1979) was the thirteenth Prime Minister of Canada (1957 – 1963). ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


The term derives indirectly from one of Benjamin Disraeli's political novels, Sybil, or the Two Nations, in which he described Britain as "Two nations between whom there is no intercourse and no sympathy; who are as ignorant of each other's habits, thoughts, and feelings, as if they were dwellers in different zones, or inhabitants of different planets: the rich and the poor." Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield (December 21, 1804 - April 24, British Conservative Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and author. ...


In his 2000 MacMillan Lecture, the Conservative front-bencher Damian Green MP asked "Who Needs One Nation Conservatism?" He answered: "My answer to the question posed tonight, 'Who needs One Nation Conservatism?' is first the Conservative Party, and secondly the British people. The current public debate on this topic is most peculiar. Many of those who for years have led the forces of One Nation Conservatism are now excoriated as dinosaurs by certain commentators. At the same time the One Nation label has never been so much in demand. Tony Blair wastes no opportunity to try on, at least in his rhetoric, this comfortable old Tory garment. Rather more convincing is the Conservative Party's former leader William Hague, who on 26 January of this year said, 'The Conservative Party I feel at home in is the party of One Nation reflecting the whole nation'." This article is about the year 2000. ... Damian Howard Green (born January 17, 1956) is an English Conservative Party (UK) politician, and Member of Parliament for Ashford (UK Parliament constituency) in Kent. ... The Right Honourable Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born 6 May 1953) is the current Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, First Lord of the Treasury and Minister for the Civil Service. ... William Hague The Right Honourable William Jefferson Hague (born March 26, 1961) is a British politician, the Member of Parliament for Richmond, North Yorkshire and a former leader of the Conservative Party. ... January 26 is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


As this quotation illustrates, many Conservatives have tried since the party went into opposition in 1997 to reclaim the "One Nation" ideal for their party, but (like William Hague) have found their way blocked by Tony Blair and his New Labour agenda espousing the Third Way in British politics. 1997 (MCMXCVII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... New Labour is an alternative name of the British political Labour Party. ... The Third Way is a centrist philosophy of governance that, at least from a traditional social democratic perspective, usually stands for deregulation, decentralisation and lower taxes. ...


One Nation Conservatives were referred to as "wets" by former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. One Nation Conservatives were often the most vociferous opponents of Thatcherism within the British Conservative Party. In Canada, One Nation Conservatives and the Red Tory were the most active & vocal opponents of the merger between the Progressive Conservative Party and the Canadian Alliance Party which they viewed as a disavowal of the Conservative - or Tory - tradition in Canada. The Wets was Margaret Thatchers disparaging term for moderate members of the British Conservative Party. ... In the United Kingdom, the Prime Minister is the head of government, exercising many of the executive functions nominally vested in the Sovereign, who is head of state. ... The Right Honourable Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC, FRS (born 13 October 1925), is a British stateswoman. ... Thatcherism is the system of political thought attributed to the governments of Margaret Thatcher, British Prime Minister from 1979 to 1990. ... Red Tory is a nickname given to a political tradition in Canadas conservative political parties. ... The Progressive Conservative Party of Canada (PC) was a Canadian conservative political party that existed from 1867 to 2003. ... The Canadian Alliance (in full, the Canadian Reform Conservative Alliance) was a Canadian right_of_centre conservative political party that existed from 2000 to 2003. ...


External links

  • For One Nation, then and now (Tory Reform Group website)
  • Who needs One Nation Conservatism? MacMillan Lecture by Damian Green MP
  • Reclaim one nation: the Conservatives must rediscover how to contest the only ground that offers hope of power (New Statesman article)

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