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Encyclopedia > On the Heavens

On the Heavens (or "De Caelo") is Aristotle's chief cosmological treatise: it contains his astronomical theory. According to him, the heavenly bodies are the most perfect realities, (or "substances"), whose motions are ruled by principles other than those of sub-lunar bodies. The latter are composed of one or all of the four elements (earth, water, air, fire) and are perishable; but the matter the heavens are made of is imperishable aether, so they are not subject to generation and corruption. Hence their motions are eternal and perfect, and the perfect motion is the circular one, which, unlike the earthly up- and down-ward locomotions, can last eternally selfsame. As substances, celestial bodies have matter (aether) and a form: it seems that Aristotle did regard them as living beings with a rational soul as their form (see also Metaphysics, bk. XII) Aristotle (sculpture) Aristotle (Greek: Αριστοτέλης Aristotelēs) (384 BC – March 7, 322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher. ... The aether (also spelled ether) is a substance concept, historically used in science and philosophy. ... On Generation and Corruption (or De Generatione et Corruptione) is a text by Aristotle. ... This article is on Aristotelian and Neo-Aristotelian definitions of God. ...


On the Heavens should not be confused with On the Cosmos. See also: Physics (Aristotle) On the Cosmos or De mundo is a spurous work by Aristotle (Bekker numbers 391-401). ... Physics (or Physica) is a text by Aristotle. ...


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  • trans. by J. L. Stocks

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Encyclopedia4U - Heaven - Encyclopedia Article (588 words)
Heaven is a concept found in many world religions or spiritual philosophies that describes a place "not of this world".
Heaven is generally construed as a place of eternal happiness.
Heaven is an especially interesting doctrine in Christian thought, as the afterlife depends largely on the resurrection of the body.
Heaven (3623 words)
In much of Christianity, heaven is a return to the pre-fallen state of humanity, a second and new Garden of Eden, in which humanity is reunited with God in a perfect and natural state of eternal existence.
Heaven after Purgatory, straight to Heaven, or Hell.) This is different from "the general judgement" also known as "the Last judgement" which will occur when Christ returns to judge all the living and the dead.
The ruler of heaven, where one enjoys the fruits of ones good deeds, is known as Indra and life in that realm is said to include interaction with many celestial beings (gandharvas).
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