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Encyclopedia > Omar Khayyám
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Tomb of Omar Khayyám, Neishapur, Iran.

The man known in English as the poet Omar Khayyám (May 18, 1048 - December 4, 1123, assumed dates) was born in Nishapur (or Naishapur) in Khorasan, Persia, and named Ghiyath al-Din Abu'l-Fath Umar ibn Ibrahim Al-Nisaburi al-Khayyami (al-Khayyami means "the tentmaker"). His name in Persian is "عمر خیام". May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (139th in leap years). ... Events The city of Oslo is founded by Norway. ... December 4 is the 338th day (339th on leap years) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Events First Council of the Lateran confirms Concordat of Worms and demands that priests remain celibate End of the reign of Emperor Toba of Japan. ... Tomb of Omar Khayyam, Neishabur Nishapur (or Neyshâbûr; نیشابور in Persian) is a town in the province of Khorasan in northeastern Iran, situated in a fertile plain at the foot of the Binalud Mountains, near the regional capital of Mashhad. ... Khorasan (also spelled Khurasan and Khorassan; خراسان in Persian) is an area, located in eastern and northeastern Iran. ... Persian art is conscious of a great past, and monumental in many respects. ... Persian (فارسی), also known as Farsi (local name), Parsi (older local name, but still used by some speakers), Tajik (a Central Asian dialect) or Dari (an Afghan dialect), is a language spoken in Iran, Tajikistan, Afghanistan and Uzbekistan. ...

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Omar Khayyam the mathematician

He was famous during his lifetime as a mathematician and astronomer who calculated how to correct the Persian calendar. On March 15, 1079, Sultan Jalal al-Din Malekshah Saljuqi (1072-1092) put Omar's corrected calendar into effect, as in Europe Julius Caesar had done in 46 B.C. with the corrections of Sosigenes, and as Pope Gregory XIII would do in February 1552 with Aloysius Lilius' corrected calendar (although Britain would not switch from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar until 1751, and Russia would not switch until 1918). A mathematician is a person whose area of study and research is mathematics. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... This article is in need of attention. ... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in Leap years). ... Events Halsten and Ingold I succeed Haakon the Red in Sweden. ... Jalal ad-Dawlah Malik Shah was the Seljuk sultan from 1072 to 1092. ... World map showing location of Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is geologically and geographically a peninsula, forming the westernmost part of Eurasia. ... This article is about Julius Caesar the Roman dictator. ... Sosigenes was named by Pliny the Elder as the astronomer consulted by Julius Caesar for the design of the Julian calendar. ... Pope Gregory XIII (1502-1585) Gregory XIII, né Ugo Buoncampagno (January 7, 1502 – April 10, 1585) was pope (1572 – 1585). ... Aloysius Lilius (Luigi Lilio, 1510 – 1576) was a physician from Calabria in Italy (at that time part of the kingdom of Naples). ... Great Britain - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... The Julian calendar was introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, taking force in 45 BC or 709 ab urbe condita. ... The Gregorian calendar is the calendar widely used in the Western world. ... The Russian Federation (Russian: Росси́йская Федера́ция, transliteration: Rossiyskaya Federatsiya or Rossijskaja Federacija), or Russia (Russian: Росси́я, transliteration: Rossiya or Rossija), is a country that stretches over a vast expanse of eastern Europe and northern Asia. ...


He is also well known for inventing the method of solving cubic equations by intersecting a parabola with a circle. A cubic equation is a polynomial equation in which the highest occurring power of the unknown is the third power. ... A parabola A parabola (from the Greek: παραβολή) is a conic section generated by the intersection of a cone, and a plane tangent to the cone or parallel to some plane tangent to the cone. ... In Euclidean geometry, a circle is the set of all points in a plane at a fixed distance, called the radius, from a fixed point, called the centre. ...


Omar Khayyam the astronomer

In 1073, the Malik-Shah, ruler of Esfahan, invited Khayyám to build and work with an observatory, along with various other distinguished scientists. Eventually, Khayyám very accurately (correct to within six decimal places) measured the length of the year as 365.24219858156 days. Events Cardinal Hildebrand elevated to papacy as Pope Gregory VII, succeeding Pope Alexander II Emperor Shirakawa ascends the throne of Japan Rabbi Yitchaki Alfassi finishes writing the Rif, an important work of Jewish law. ...


He was famous in Persian and Arab world for his astronomical observations. He built a (now lost) map of stars in the sky. Persia or Persian most often refer to: Persia The Persians, an ethnic group, also called Tajiks Persian language Persian (Pokémon) See also Iranian, Iranian peoples, Iranian languages and Aryan. ... Arab (disambiguation). ...


Omar Khayyam and Islam

The philosophy of Omar Khayyam was quite different from official Islamic dogmas. He agreed with the existence of God but objected to the notion that every particular event and phenomenon was the result of divine intervention. Instead he supported the view that laws of nature explained all particular phenomena of observed life. Religious officials asked him many times to explain his different views about Islam. Khayyam eventually made a hajj [pilgrimage] to Mecca in order to prove he was a faithful follower of the religion. The Hajj or Haj is the Pilgrimage to Mecca (or, Makkah) and is the fifth of the Five Pillars of Islam. Every able-bodied Muslim who can afford to do so is obliged to make the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime. ... Mecca or Makkah (in full: Makkah al-Mukkaramah; Arabic مكة المكرمة) is revered as the holiest site of Islam, and a pilgrimage to it is required of all Muslims who can afford to go. ...


Omar Khayyam the writer and poet

Hollywood depiction of Omar Khayyam.
Hollywood depiction of Omar Khayyam.

Omar Khayyám is famous today not for his scientific accomplishments, but for his literary works. He is believed to have written about a thousand four-line verses. In the English-speaking world, he is best known for The Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám in the English translations by Edward Fitzgerald (1809-1883). cover of omar khayyam videotape File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Rubáiyát is a collection of poems (of which there are about a thousand) by the Persian mathematician and astronomer Omar Khayyám (1048-1123). ... Edward Marlborough FitzGerald (March 31, 1809–June 14, 1883) was an English writer, best known as the poet of the English translation of Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám. ... 1809 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Events January January 16 - The United States Civil service, is passed January 19 - The first electric lighting system employing overhead wires begins service (Roselle, New Jersey) It was built by Thomas Edison. ...


Other people have also published translations of some of the rubáiyát (rubáiyát means "quatrains"), but Fitzgerald's are the best known. Translations also exist in languages other than English.


See major article: The Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám The Rubáiyát is a collection of poems (of which there are about a thousand) by the Persian mathematician and astronomer Omar Khayyám (1048-1123). ...


See also: Persian literature Persian literature is literature written in Persian, or by Persians in other languages. ...


Miscellaneous

Cornel Wilde (October 13, 1915 – October 16, 1989) was an American actor. ... Raymond Hart Massey (August 30, 1896 - July 29, 1983) was a Canadian-born American actor. ... Michael Rennie (August 25, 1909 - June 10, 1971) was a British actor who made the transition to Hollywood with moderate success. ... 1970 was a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. ...

See also

A list of Iranian (Persian) scientists: Khwarizmi Avicenna Omar Khayyam Farabi Shaykh Bahai Razi Samarqandi Mahani Qazwini Karaji Farsi Al-Kindi Biruni Kushyar ibn Labban Qadi Zada Alhazen Kashi Ulugh Beg Nayrizi Abu al-Wafa Ibn Miskawayh Quhi Abu Sahl Kuhi Sharaf Tusi Ahmad Banu Musa Khujandi Nasireddin Tusi Hasan... The Rubáiyát is a collection of poems (of which there are about a thousand) by the Persian mathematician and astronomer Omar Khayyám (1048-1123). ...

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