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Encyclopedia > Olympic Stadium (Berlin)
Olympiastadion

UEFA At the heart of the Olympiapark München in northern Munich, the Olympiastadion was the main venue for the 1972 Summer Olympics. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 403 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 604 pixel, file size: 269 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Panoramic view of the Olympic Stadium in Berlin. ... The UEFA Stadia List is a ranking of football stadia compiled by UEFAs Stadia and Security Committee. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Full name Berlin Olympiastadion
Location Berlin, Germany
Built 1934-36
Opened 1936
Renovated 1974 (Reconfiguration)
2004 (World Cup)
Owner Olympiastadion Berlin GmbH
Operator WALTER BAU-AG/DYWIDAG
Surface Grass
Construction cost 42 million RM (1936)
€242 million (2004)
Architect Werner March (1936)
Friedrich Wilhelm Krahe (1974)
Former names
Deutsches Stadion
Tenants
1936 Summer Olympics
Hertha BSC Berlin (Bundesliga)

(1963-present)
Berlin Thunder (NFL Europa) (2004-2007)
This article is about the capital of Germany. ... 2006 World Cup redirects here. ... A 100 Reichsmark banknote from Germany of 1935 (http://www. ... Werner March was one of Adolph Hitlers architects, his most famouse work was Berlins olypmic stadium. ... The 1936 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XI Olympiad, were held in 1936 in Berlin, Germany. ... Hertha BSC Berlin is a German football club based in Berlin. ... The Bundesliga is the highest level of Germanys football league system. ... Year Founded 1999 Home Field Olympiastadion City Berlin, Germany Team Colors Black, Green, Tan, Orange, and White Head Coach Rick Lantz Championships 3 (2001, 2002, 2004) The Berlin Thunder is a franchise in NFL Europe, which is a springtime American football league serving primarily as a developmental league for the... NFL Europa is an American football league which operates in Europe. ...

Capacity
74,228
Field dimensions
105 x 68 m

The Olympiastadion (Olympic Stadium) is a sports stadium in Berlin. There have been two stadia on the site: the present facility, and one that was built for the aborted 1916 Summer Olympics. Both were designed by members of the same family, the first by Otto March and the second by his son Werner March. This article is about the building type. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... The Games of the VI Olympiad were to have been held in 1916 in Berlin, Germany. ... Werner March was one of Adolph Hitlers architects, his most famouse work was Berlins olypmic stadium. ...


The current Olympiastadion surrounded by the massive Olympischer Platz was originally built for the 1936 Summer Olympics. During World War II these buildings suffered little damage. After the war, the United Kingdom military occupation used it as its headquarters until 1994. The 1936 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XI Olympiad, were held in 1936 in Berlin, Germany. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Aside from its use as an Olympic stadium, the Olympiastadion has a strong footballing tradition. Historically, it's the ground of club Hertha BSC of Berlin. It was also used for 3 matches in the 1974 FIFA World Cup. It hosted six matches, including the final, in the 2006 FIFA World Cup and was renovated for that reason. The German Cup final match is held each year at the Olympiastadion in Berlin. The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... Hertha BSC Berlin is a German football club based in Berlin. ... Qualifying countries The 1974 FIFA World Cup, the tenth staging of the World Cup, was held in West Germany from June 13 to July 7. ... 2006 World Cup redirects here. ... The German Cup (official German title: DFB-Pokal) is an annually held elimination Football tournament for German Football clubs and is the second most important national title in German football after the Bundesliga title. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ...

Contents

History

1916 to 1934: Deutsches Stadion, old Olympiastadion

In 1912 during the 1912 Summer Olympics the city of Berlin was designated by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) to host the 1916 Summer Olympics. Germany's proposed stadium for this event was to be located in Charlottenburg, in the Grunewald Forest, to the west of Berlin -- thus the stadium was also known as Grunewaldstadion. A horse racing-course already existed there which belonged to the Berliner Rennverein, and even today the old ticket booths survive on Jesse-Owens-Allee. The government of Germany decided not to build on the nearby Grunewald forest, or to renovate buildings that already existed. Because of this desire, they hired the same architect who originally had built the "Rennverein", Otto March. The 1912 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the V Olympiad, were held in 1912 in Stockholm, Sweden. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Stamp The International Olympic Committee (French: Comité International Olympique) is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas on June 23, 1894. ... The Games of the VI Olympiad were to have been held in 1916 in Berlin, Germany. ... Location of Charlottenburg in Berlin Charlottenburg palace Charlottenburg is an area of Berlin within the borough of Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf. ... Grunewald is both a forest in Berlin on the east side of the Havel and a municipal district of Berlin (part of the borough of [Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf]]. The district developed out of a so-called mansion colony when the upper class of Berlin discovered Grunewald as an attractive site for... Horse-racing is an equestrian sporting activity which has been practiced over the centuries; the chariot races of Roman times were an early example, as was the contest of the steeds of the god Odin and the giant Hrungnir in Norse mythology. ...


March decided to bury the stadium in the ground ("Erdstadion", in German). The project became the biggest sports stadium in the world at that time with a capacity of 40,000 spectators.


However, the Olympic Games of 1916 were cancelled due to World War I. After this conflict, a school was founded in the vicinity of the Stadium, dedicated to the teaching of professors of physical education and the study of sport science. From 1926 to 1929, Otto March's sons (Werner and Walter) were assigned to build an annex for these institutions: the "Deutsches Sportforum" (German Sportforum), though the construction was intermittent because the project had little financial support. “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Physical education (PE) is the interdisciplinary study of all area of science relating to the transmission of physical knowledge and skills to an individual or a group, the application of these skills, and their results. ... Sports science is the study and application of scientific principles and techniques with the aim of improving sporting performance. ...


1936: Reichssportfeld (sport field of the Reich)

In 1931 the International Olympic Committee made Berlin the host city of the 11th Summer Olympics. The 1936 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XI Olympiad, were held in 1936 in Berlin, Germany. ...


Originally, the German government decided merely to restore the earlier Olympiastadion (German Stadium) of 1916, with Werner March again retained to do this. Werner March was one of Adolph Hitlers architects, his most famouse work was Berlins olypmic stadium. ...


When the Nazis came to power in Germany (1933), they decided to use the Olympic Games for propaganda purposes. With these plans in mind, Hitler ordered the construction of a great sports complex in Grunewald named the "Reichssportfeld" with a totally new Olympiastadion. Architect Werner March remained in charge of the project, assisted by his brother Walter March. The National Socialist German Workers Party (German: , or NSDAP, commonly, the Nazi Party), was a political party in Germany between 1920 and 1945. ... Hitler redirects here. ...


Construction took place from 1934 to 1936. When the Reichssportfeld was finished, it was 1.32 square kilometres (326 acres) and had a symmetrical layout. It consisted of (east to west): the Olympiastadion, the Maifeld (Mayfield) (capacity of 50,000) and the Waldbühne amphitheater (capacity of 25,000), in addition to 150 buildings for different sports such as swimming, equestrian events, and field hockey). Swimmer redirects here. ... A young rider at a horse show in Australia. ... A game of field hockey in progress Field hockey is a popular sport for men, women and children in many countries around the world. ...


Olympiastadion

Over the original Deutsches Stadion, Werner March built the new Olympiastadion, once again with the lower half of the structure buried 12 meters underground.


The capacity of the Olympiastadion reached 110,000 spectators. It also possessed a VIP stand for Adolf Hitler and his political associates. At its end, aligned with the symmetrically-designed layout of the buildings of the Olympischer Platz and toward the Maifeld, was the "Marathontor" (Marathon Arch) with a big receptacle for the Olympic Flame. A Very Important Person, or VIP (pronouced vee-eye-pee) is a person who is accorded special privileges due to his or her status or importance. ... The flame at the 2002 Winter Olympics The Olympic Flame, Olympic Fire, Olympic Torch, Olympic Light, Olympic Eye, and Olympic Sun are all names for an important marketing promotion and symbol of the Olympic Games. ...


Maifeld

Maifeld (Mayfield) was created as a huge lawn (112,000 square metres, 28 acres) for gymnastic demonstrations, specifically annual May Day celebrations by Hitler's government. This article is about the holidays celebrated on May 1. ...


Maifeld was surrounded by 19 metres of land elevation (62 ft), even though the Olympiastadion (to the east) was only 17 metres (55 ft) high.


The total capacity was 250,000 people, with 60,000 in the large stands that extended at the west end. Also located there were the Langemarck-Halle (below) and the Glockenturm (rising high). The bell tower of the Olympic Stadium in Berlin is a 77. ...


The walls were built with sturdy stone from the area of the Lower Alps, and also feature equine sculptures (work of Josef Wackerle).


During the 1936 Olympics the Maifeld was used for polo events and several allegorical Nazi gymnastic demonstrations. For other uses, see Polo (disambiguation). ...


Glockenturm, the Bell Tower

1936 Olympics Bell – note crack in bell and partially obliterated swastika at bottom edge, just to right of crack
1936 Olympics Bell – note crack in bell and partially obliterated swastika at bottom edge, just to right of crack

This tower crowned the western end of the Reichs Sportfield planted amid the tiers of the Maifeld stands. It was 77 metres (247 ft) high. From its peak could be observed the whole city of Berlin. During the games it was used as observation post by administrators and police officials, doctors and the media. This article is about the symbol. ...


In the tower was the Olympics Bell. On its surface, the Nazi regime engraved the five Olympic Rings, a motto ("I summon the youth of the world Olympic Games 1936"), the Brandenburg Gate and an Eagle. [1] Among the recognizable Olympic symbols: The Olympic flag: A white flag with the Olympic Rings on it in five colours. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... The Brandenburg Gate The Brandenburg Gate (German: Brandenburger Tor) is a former city gate and one of the main symbols of Berlin, Germany. ... Genera Several, see text. ...


The Langemarck-Halle

This consisted of huge halls built under the stands of the Maifeld. Pillars were raised on which hung flags and shields commemorating all the forces that participated in a battle fought in Langemark (West Flanders, Belgium) on November 10, 1914, during the First World War. </noinclude> Langemark is a village in the Belgian province of West-Flanders, and a deelgemeente of the municipality of Langemark-Poelkapelle. ... is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Waldbühne, the Forest Theatre

The Waldbühne was built by using the glacial river banks of the Berlin Urstromtal. Reproduction of the old theater of Epidaurus (3rd century BC). The theater was then named "Dietrich-Eckart-Bühne" in homage to Dietrich Eckart. Panoramic view of the theater at Epidaurus Epidaurus (Epidauros) was a small city (polis) in ancient Greece at the Saronic Gulf. ... Dietrich Eckart Dietrich Eckart (March 23, 1868 - December 26, 1923) was one of the early key members of the National-Socialist German Workers Party and one of the participants in the 1923 Beer Hall Putsch. ...


Seating for 22,000 spectators goes down to a depth of 30 metres (97 ft); in the middle section once stood Adolf Hitler's box. The surroundings were decorated with statues by Adolf Wamper. During the Olympics gymnastics competitions and a myriad of cultural programs were staged in the Waldbühne. Gymnastics is a sport involving the performance of sequences of movements requiring physical strength, flexibility, balance, endurance, gracefulness, and kinesthetic awareness, and includes such skills as handsprings, handstands, split leaps, aerials and cartwheels. ...


Berlin, 1936 Summer Olympics

The stadium entrance in 1993
The stadium entrance in 1993

On August 1, 1936, the Olympics were officially inaugurated by the Nazi Dictator, Adolf Hitler, and the Olympic Flame was lit by the athlete Fritz Schilgen. National Socialism redirects here. ... A dictator is an authoritarian, often totalitarian ruler (e. ... Hitler redirects here. ...


While the Olympic Flame had been used for the first time in Amsterdam 1928, in Berlin 1936 a marathon-like tour of the Olympic Torch was introduced, from Olympia in Greece, crossing six frontiers with a journey of 3000 km to Berlin, through Greece, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Austria and Germany. The original idea of this Olympic torch relay was Carl Diem's, who was a notorious political advisor to Nazi Propaganda Minister Josef Goebbels, specializing in Olympic affairs. Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in the Latin alphabet, Југославија in Cyrillic; English: South Slavia, or literary The Land of South Slavs) describes three political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ... The flame at the 2002 Winter Olympics The Olympic Flame, Olympic Fire, Olympic Torch, Olympic Light, Olympic Eye, and Olympic Sun are all names for an important marketing promotion and symbol of the Olympic Games. ... Dr. Carl Diem (born June 24, 1882 in Würzburg - died December 17, 1962 in Cologne) was the originator of the modern tradition of the Olympic torch relay. ... Joseph Goebbels Dr. Paul Joseph Goebbels (October 29, 1897 – May 1, 1945) was Adolf Hitlers Propaganda Minister (see Propagandaministerium) in Nazi Germany. ...


Four million tickets were sold for all the events of the 1936 Summer Olympics. This was also the first Olympics with television transmission (25 giant screens were scattered all over Berlin) and radio transmissions in 28 languages (with 20 radio vans and 300 microphones). A microphone with a cord A microphone, sometimes called a mic (pronounced mike), is a device that converts sound into an electrical signal. ...


Among the sport competitions one of the most memorable events was the performance of the African-American track and field athlete Jesse Owens, representing the United States of America. Owens was awarded the gold medal in 4 categories: 100 metres, 200 metres, long jump and 4 x 100 metres relay. Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ... Athletics, also known as track and field or track and field athletics, is a collection of sport events. ... James Cleveland Jesse Owens (September 12, 1913 – March 31, 1980) was an African American track and field athlete. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Gold Medal is an album by American band The Donnas, released in 2004. ... For other uses, see 1 E+2 m. ... A 200 metre race is a sprint running event. ... Long jumper at the GE Money Grand Prix in Helsinki, July 2005. ... The 4 × 100 metres relay or sprint relay is an athletics track event run in lanes over one lap of the track with four runners completing 100 meters each. ...


The 1936 Olympics held in the stadium were immortalized in the film Olympia (1938) by Leni Riefenstahl. Olympia is a 1938 film by Leni Riefenstahl documenting the 1936 Summer Olympics. ... Helene Bertha Amalie Leni Riefenstahl (August 22, 1902 – September 8, 2003) was a German film director, dancer and actress, and widely noted for her aesthetics and advances in film technique. ...


1939 to 1945: World War II

The Olympiastadion was one of the few buildings that survived not just in a recognizable form, but almost untouched after the Second World War. It only suffered the impact of machine gun shots. A machine gun is a fully-automatic firearm that is capable of firing bullets in rapid succession. ...


The most significant battle around the Olympiastadion was in April 1945 when the Soviet army fought to capture it. This was during the great final battle of the Second World War in Europe, with the total invasion of Berlin as the Allies' target. Combatants Soviet Union Poland Nazi Germany Commanders 1st Belorussian Front – Georgiy Zhukov 2nd Belorussian Front – Konstantin Rokossovskiy 1st Ukrainian Front – Ivan Konev Army Group Vistula – Gotthard Heinrici then Kurt von Tippelskirch[2] Army Group Centre – Ferdinand Schörner Berlin Defense Area – Helmuth Reymann then Helmuth Weidling #[3] Strength 2,500... This article is about the independent states that comprised the Allies. ...


The only part of the Olympischer Platz that was destroyed was the Glockenturm Tower. The Third Reich used this structure to store archives (such as films). The Soviet troops set all its contents on fire, turning the tower into a makeshift chimney. The structure emerged from the fire severely damaged and weakened. The bell tower of the Olympic Stadium in Berlin is a 77. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Soviet redirects here. ...


In 1947 British engineers demolished the tower, which was however reconstructed faithfully in 1962. The Olympic Bell (which had survived the fire and remained in its place in the tower), fell 77 metres and cracked. In 1956 the bell was rescued in order to be used as a practice target for shooting with anti-tank ammunition and has been unable to sound since then. The cracked bell survives to this day.[2] Engineering is the application of scientific and technical knowledge to solve human problems. ... Anti-tank, or simply AT, refers to any method of combating military armored fighting vehicles, notably tanks. ...


1945 to 1994: Occupied Berlin

The Olympiastadion in 1993, its pre-War architecture intact
The Olympiastadion in 1993, its pre-War architecture intact

After the war, the Olympischer Platz was used as a headquarters by the military occupation forces of the UK.


The British forces settled in the places built by the March siblings (back in the 1920s), which the Third Reich had used for official sport organisations like the Reichs Academy of Physical Training and the House of German Sports. Soon the Occupation started a careful reconstruction of the general facilities. From then until 1994, British forces held an annual celebration of Sovereign Day in the Maifeld with thousands of spectators from Berlin present.


During these years Bundesliga (football) matches were played in the Olympiastadion, with Hertha BSC Berlin as local team. In the Maifeld several competitions of football, rugby and polo were staged too. In the summers the Waldbühne resumed its concerts of classical music, as well the showing movies. The theatre was also used as an improvised ring for boxing matches. The official Bundesliga logo. ... Hertha BSC Berlin is a German football club based in Berlin. ... Football (soccer) - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Polo (disambiguation). ... Classical music is a broad, somewhat imprecise term, referring to music produced in, or rooted in the traditions of, European art, ecclesiastical and concert music, encompassing a broad period from roughly 1000 to the present day. ... For other uses see film (disambiguation) Film refers to the celluliod media on which movies are printed Film — also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, — is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as part of... The boxing ring is the space in which a boxing match occurs. ... For other meanings of these words, see boxing (disambiguation) or boxer (disambiguation). ...


The restoration of the "Glockenturm" was carried out from 1960 to 1962, once again by the architect Werner March, following the original blueprints. The new tower became an important tourist destination offering a panorama of Berlin, Spandau, the Havel Valley, Potsdam, Nauen, and Hennigsdorf. For the 2003 film, see Blueprint (movie). ... For the 1980s New Wave group, see Spandau Ballet. ... Potsdam is the capital city of the federal state of Brandenburg in Germany. ... Nauen is a German town west of Berlin. ... Hennigsdorf is a town north west of Berlin, Germany. ...


Hertha BSC Berlin

In 1963 the Bundesliga was formed, and Hertha BSC participated by direct invitation, leaving its old stadium (the "Plumpe") to use the Olympiastadion. In August 24 it played the first local match against FC Nuremberg, with the final score 1:1. However, in 1965 the German Football Association DFB found Hertha BSC guilty of bribery and relegated them to the Regional Leagues. Hertha had illegally bribed several football players in an attempt to add them to the team, following their disinterest in playing in Berlin because of the construction of the Berlin Wall (1961). In 1968 Hertha returned to the first division, and to the Olympiastadion, and in 1971 sold "Plumpe". The second half of 1970s was quite successful for Hertha BSC Berlin. In 1979 it reached the semifinals of the UEFA Cup, but was defeated by Red Star Belgrade. Hertha reached the finals of the German Cup twice (1977 & 1979). The official Bundesliga logo. ... 1. ... DFB, or Dem Franchize Boyz, is a hip-hop group. ... Bribery is a crime implying a sum or gift given alters the behaviour of the person in ways not consistent with the duties of that person. ... View in 1986 from the west side of graffiti art on the walls infamous death strip Walls poster in memory of the fall. ... For the current season, see UEFA Cup 2007-08. ... The name Crvena zvezda can also be applied to KK Crvena zvezda, VK Crvena zvezda, RK Crvena zvezda. ... The German Cup trophy The German Cup (official German name: DFB-Pokal, after Deutscher Fußball Bund Pokal or German Football Association Cup) is an elimination football (soccer) tournament held annually. ...


In the 1980s Hertha had a declining role in the Bundesliga, and fell to the Regional Leagues in 1986, although they later recovered reaching the Second Division (1988-1989).


With the demolition of the Berlin Wall in November 1989, a spontaneous feeling of sympathy between Hertha and FC Union from Eastern Berlin arose, which culminated in a friendly match at the Olympiastadion with 50,000 spectators (January 27, 1990). View in 1986 from the west side of graffiti art on the walls infamous death strip Walls poster in memory of the fall. ... 1. ...


In 1990 Hertha returned to the first division, although it fell again to the Second League from 1991 until 1997.


Since 1997 the club has improved greatly, climbing up the Bundesliga table and qualifying for the UEFA Champions League, with matches against top European teams like Chelsea and A.C. Milan, increasing the international prestige of the club. European Cup redirects here. ... Chelsea Football Club (also known as The Blues or previously The Pensioners) are an English professional football club based in west London. ... Associazione Calcio Milan, commonly referred to by the abbreviation AC Milan or simply Milan, is an Italian professional football club based in Milan, Lombardy. ...


1974 FIFA World Cup

The Langemarck-Halle
The Langemarck-Halle

Some matches of Group A (West Germany, Chile, East Germany and Australia) of the 1974 FIFA World Cup were played in the Olympiastadion. The third match, Australia vs Chile, was played in torrential rain. The hosts, West Germany, won the tournament. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 356 KB) Beschreibung Other versions unknown Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Olympic Stadium (Berlin) Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 356 KB) Beschreibung Other versions unknown Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Olympic Stadium (Berlin) Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the... This article is about the state which existed from 1949 to 1990. ...

FIFA Day Match Round Team 1 Team 2 Destination
June 14 Group A Flag of the German Democratic Republic East Germany 1 Vs. Flag of Chile Chile 1 Second Round
June 18 Group A Flag of West Germany West Germany 1 Vs. Flag of Chile Chile 0 Second Round
June 22 Group A Flag of Australia Australia 0 Vs. Flag of Chile Chile 0 Second Round
Team Pts Pld W D L GF GA GD
Flag of the German Democratic Republic East Germany 5 3 2 1 0 4 1 3
Flag of West Germany West Germany 4 3 2 0 1 4 1 3
Flag of Chile Chile 2 3 0 2 1 1 2 -1
Flag of Australia Australia 1 3 0 1 2 0 5 -5

is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_East_Germany. ... First international Poland 3 - 0 East Germany (Warsaw, Poland; 21 September 1952) Last International Belgium 0 - 2 East Germany (Brussels, Belgium; 12 September 1990) Biggest win Ceylon 1 - 12 East Germany (Colombo, Ceylon; 12 January 1964) Biggest defeat 0 - 3, 12 times; 1 - 4, three times World Cup Appearances 1... Image File history File links Flag_of_Chile. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Chile. ... is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Chile. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_East_Germany. ... First international Poland 3 - 0 East Germany (Warsaw, Poland; 21 September 1952) Last International Belgium 0 - 2 East Germany (Brussels, Belgium; 12 September 1990) Biggest win Ceylon 1 - 12 East Germany (Colombo, Ceylon; 12 January 1964) Biggest defeat 0 - 3, 12 times; 1 - 4, three times World Cup Appearances 1... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Chile. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ...

1994 to 2005

View of the interior
View of the interior

In 1998 Berliners debated the destiny of the Olympiastadion in light of the legacy it represented for Germany. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ...


Some wanted to tear the stadium down and build a new one from scratch, while others favoured letting it slowly crumble "like the Colisseum in Rome". [3]


Finally, it was decided to renovate the Olympiastadion. FIFA then chose it as one of the venues of the 2006 FIFA World Cup. The State of Berlin hired a consortium composed of WALTER BAU-AG and DYWIDAG that won the 45 million franchise. The consortium took charge of the operation of the facilities together with Hertha BSC and the Government of Berlin after the remodelling. This article is about an international football organization. ... 2006 World Cup redirects here. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation). ... Hertha BSC Berlin is a German football club based in Berlin. ...


In July 3 2000, the renovation began with a ceremony presided over by the Chancellor Gerhard Schröder, accompanied by Eberhard Diepgen (Berlin Mayor), Franz Beckenbauer and Prof. Dr. Ignaz Walter. For other uses, see Chancellor (disambiguation). ...   [] (born April 7, 1944), German politician, was Chancellor of Germany from 1998 to 2005. ... Eberhard Diepgen (born November 13, 1941 in Berlin) is a German politician of the CDU. He studied law at the Free University of Berlin. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Franz Anton Beckenbauer (born September 11, 1945) is a German football coach, manager, and former player, nicknamed der Kaiser (the emperor) because of his elegant style, his leadership qualities, his first name Franz (reminiscent of the Austrian emperors), and his dominance on the football pitch. ...


Technical details

70,000 cubic metres (2.5 million cu. ft.) of concrete and 20,000 cubic metres (700,000 cu. ft.) of pre-cast reinforced concrete elements were used. 12,000 cubic metres (424,000 cu. ft.) of concrete was demolished and removed and 30,000 cubic metres (1.1 million cu. ft.) of natural stone was refurbished. This article is about the construction material. ... This article is about the geological substance. ...


The roof was extended, to cover a total of 37,000 square metres. With 20 roof-supporting columns carrying a weight of 3,500 tons of steel. For other uses, see Steel (disambiguation). ...


With the intention to create a more intimate atmosphere for football games the playing field was lowered (even more) by 2.65 metres (9 ft); approximately 90,000 cubic metres (3.2 million cu. ft.) of sand was excavated. The lower tier of seating in the stadium was demolished and rebuilt at a completely different angle of inclination. A playing field is a field used for playing sports or games. ... // Seating arrangements: Reserved seating: each seat is reserved for a specific ticket holder. ...


The conservation factor of the Olympiastadion as a historical monument was also considered, especially with respect to the preservation of the natural stone blocks. After criticisms, the colour of the athletics track around the game field was changed from red to blue.

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 132 pixelsFull resolution (2000 × 330 pixel, file size: 193 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Panoramic view of the Olympic Stadium in Berlin. ...

The renovation

Air photograph of the Berlin Olympiastadion and the Olympischer Platz after the renovation.
Air photograph of the Berlin Olympiastadion and the Olympischer Platz after the renovation.

The inauguration celebrations of the new Olympic Stadium were carried out on July 31, 2004 and August 1, 2004. On that day, Saturday, the party began with performances from Pink, Nena (99 Red Ballons) and Daniel Barenboim. It culminated at night with the opening ceremony. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 212th day of the year (213th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Alecia Beth Moore (born September 8, 1979 in Doylestown, Pennsylvania), better known by her stage name P!NK (also written as Pink), is an American singer-songwriter who gained prominence in early January of 2000. ... Nena (born March 24, 1960 in Hagen, North Rhine-Westphalia) is a German singer who became famous with the New German Wave song 99 Luftballons (99 Red Balloons in the English version). ... 99 Luftballons (99 Red Balloons) is a protest song by Nena that reached number one in Germany in 1983 and in the UK in military. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


On day two, friendly matches were played between different categories of the club Hertha BSC and visiting teams. On September 8, 2004 Brazil played Germany. is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The new Olympic Stadium seated 76,000, second most in Germany behind Dortmund's Signal Iduna Park (formerly Westfalenstadion). Dortmund is a city in Germany, located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the Ruhr area. ... The Westfalenstadion is a German football stadium in Dortmund that is host to the Borussia Dortmund (BVB) football team and will host several matches of the 2006 World Cup, including a semi-final. ...


The roof rises 68 metres over the seats and is made up of transparent panels that allow sunlight to stream in during the day. The western portion (on the Marathon Arch) is open to reveal the "Glockenturm" to the spectators.


The Olympiastadion was equipped with the latest technology in artificial illumination and sound equipment. It has 113 VIP stands, a set of restaurants, and two underground garages (for 630 cars).


The total cost of the remodeling and amplification was 242 million euros.


Current usage

Olympiastadion (April 2007)
  1. Hertha BSC Berlin plays its DFB-Bundesliga matches. Historical local team.
  2. German Cup's (official German title: "DFB-Pokal") final match is held at the Olympiastadion yearly.
  3. Ladies DFB-Cup, since 1985.
  4. ISTAF, annually as the Final of the Golden League in athletics.

The stadium also served as home to the Berlin Thunder, an American football team in NFL Europa, until the league's operator, the U.S. National Football League, closed down the money-losing competition in 2007. Hertha BSC Berlin is a German football club based in Berlin. ... DFB, or Dem Franchize Boyz, is a hip-hop group. ... The official Bundesliga logo. ... The German Cup trophy The German Cup (official German name: DFB-Pokal, after Deutscher Fußball Bund Pokal or German Football Association Cup) is an elimination football (soccer) tournament held annually. ... DFB, or Dem Franchize Boyz, is a hip-hop group. ... The Internationales Stadionfest (ISTAF) is an annual athletics meet at the Olympiastadion in Berlin, Germany that takes place on September 4 as the final meet of the IAAF Golden League. ... The IAAF Golden League is an annual series of athletics meetings organised by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF). ... A womens 400 m hurdles race on a typical outdoor red rubber track in the Helsinki Olympic Stadium in Finland. ... Year Founded 1999 Home Field Olympiastadion City Berlin, Germany Team Colors Black, Green, Tan, Orange, and White Head Coach Rick Lantz Championships 3 (2001, 2002, 2004) The Berlin Thunder is a franchise in NFL Europe, which is a springtime American football league serving primarily as a developmental league for the... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... NFL Europa is an American football league which operates in Europe. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... NFL redirects here. ...


FIFA World Cup 2006

Scheduled matches

Date Time (CET) Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Spectators
13 June 2006
21.00
Flag of Brazil Brazil
1 – 0
Flag of Croatia Croatia
Group F
72,000
15 June 2006
21.00
Flag of Sweden Sweden
1 – 0
Flag of Paraguay Paraguay
Group B
72,000
20 June 2006
16.00
Flag of Germany Germany
3 – 0
Flag of Ecuador Ecuador
Group A
72,000
23 June 2006
16.00
Flag of Ukraine Ukraine
1 – 0
Flag of Tunisia Tunisia
Group H
72,000
30 June 2006
17.00
Flag of Germany Germany
1 – 1 (4 – 2 PEN)
Flag of Argentina Argentina
Quarter-finals
72,000
9 July 2006
20.00
Flag of Italy Italy
1 – 1 (5 – 3 PEN)
Flag of France France
Final
72,000

is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia. ... Play in Group F of the 2006 FIFA World Cup completed on June 22, 2006. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Paraguay. ... Detailed results of the 2006 FIFA World Cup Group B. (Key) // Qualification scenarios (after four of six matches) England are assured of qualification for the second round and will win the group if they win or draw their match against Sweden. ... is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ecuador. ... Play in Group A of the 2006 FIFA World Cup completed on June 20, 2006. ... is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tunisia. ... Detailed results of the 2006 FIFA World Cup Group H. (Key) // Qualification scenarios (after three of six matches) Spain will qualify with a win over Tunisia or Saudi Arabia. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... 2006 World Cup redirects here. ... is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... 2006 World Cup redirects here. ...

Political considerations

The Olympiastadion was designated to play the final match of the 2006 FIFA World Cup. And this has taken place exactly 70 years after the 1936 Summer Olympics. 2006 World Cup redirects here. ... The 1936 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XI Olympiad, were held in 1936 in Berlin, Germany. ...


Peter Steinhorst, chief technician on the project, said to the BBC: "Whenever you enter, you will still know this was the site of the 1936 Games. You will pass all the old Nazi sculptures". [4] For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ...


"The history is there, the totality of the buildings is there. The whole Nazi landscape has not disappeared", added the sports sociologist Günther Gebauer. "There are towers like in a fortress, and people who come will always ask where the Führer sat.". [5]


Germany's Interior Minister Otto Schily, who attended the opening party, concluded: "The stadium recalls the dark elements present in its creation. But in 2006 the world will look upon to modern, democratic, and open Germany". [6] Otto Georg Schily (SPD; born July 20, 1932) was Federal Minister of the Interior of Germany from 1998-2005, in the cabinet of former Bundeskanzler Gerhard Schröder. ...


Trivia

  • On January 9, 2002, construction workers found a World War II bomb buried beneath a section of seating. It was detonated outside the stadium by Berlin police. [7]
  • From 1951 to 2005, the Olympischer Platz had a giant antenna transmitting for all the portable radios in Berlin.
  • The outside of the stadium was used in the filming of the 2002 film Equilibrium.
  • The stadium holds the world record for the attendance of a baseball game, thought to be over 110,000.

Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... For other uses, see Bomb (disambiguation). ... A Yagi-Uda beam antenna Short Wave Curtain Antenna (Moosbrunn, Austria) A building rooftop supporting numerous dish and sectored mobile telecommunications antennas (Doncaster, Victoria, Australia) An antenna is a transducer designed to transmit or receive radio waves which are a class of electromagnetic waves. ... Regency TR-1. ... Equilibrium is a 2002 action/science fiction film written and directed by Kurt Wimmer. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Olympiastadion Berlin

Coordinates: 52°30′52.66″N, 13°14′22.37″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

The International Stadium of Yokohama ) has 73,237 seats, and was inaugurated in March 1998. ... For the town of Yokohama in Aomori Prefecture, see Yokohama, Aomori. ... The FIFA World Cup, sometimes called the Football World Cup or the Soccer World Cup, but usually referred to simply as the World Cup, is an international association football (soccer) competition contested by the mens national teams of the members of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA... 2006 World Cup redirects here. ... FNB-Stadium, Johannesburg First National Bank Stadium (FNB Stadium or Soccer City) is a stadium built in 1987, located in Johannesburg, South Africa. ... This article is about the city in South Africa. ... Nagai Stadium is a football stadium in the Japanese city of Osaka. ... For other uses, see Osaka (disambiguation). ... The World Championships in Athletics is an event organized by the International Association of Athletics Federations. ... The 2009 World Championships in Athletics will be held in Berlin, Germany, in 2009. ... Daegu World Cup Stadium(Blue Arc) is a sports stadium located in Daegu, South Korea. ... Short name Statistics Location map Map of South Korea highlighting the city. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Olympic Stadium (Berlin) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2871 words)
On August 1, 1936, the Olympics were officially inaugurated by Chancellor Adolf Hitler, and the Olympic Flame was lit by the athlete Fritz Schilgen.
With the demolition of the Berlin Wall in November 1989, a spontaneous feeling of sympathy between Hertha and FC Union from Eastern Berlin arose, which culminated in a friendly match at the Olympiastadion with 50,000 spectators (January 27, 1990).
In 1998 Berliners debated the destiny of the Olympiastadion in light of the legacy it represented for Germany.
Hertha BSC: Stadium (731 words)
The highlight of the whole refurbishment of the Olympic stadium was the roof construction, which cost around 26 million Euros…11% of the total budget.
The patriotic enthusiam of the gymnasts was later exploited by nationalists as a means to their non-sport-related ends, which are supposely embodied in the architecture of the the Olympic Stadium complex, whose monumentality can be interpreted as an expression of nationalsocialist ideology.
Despite substantial damage, a reconstruction was possible, thereby reconfirming the stadium's status as a symbol for the Olympic spirit, unbroken despite the storms of history.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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