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Encyclopedia > Olympic Stadium, Berlin
Olympiastadion
Olympiastadion 2005
Facility Statistics
Location Olympischer Platz, Charlottenburg, Berlin, Germany
Inauguration 1936
Renovated 2004
Surface Grass
Owner/Operator WALTER BAU-AG/DYWIDAG, HERTHA BSC, Government of Berlin
Initial construction (1934-1936) Architect Werner March
Reconfiguration (1974) Architect: Friedrich Wilhelm Krahe. Geotechnical engineering: GuD Consult GmbH.
Renovation (2000-2004) von Gerkan, Marg und Partner Arcadis Deutschland GmbH (architect); Krebs und Kiefer Beratende Ingenieure für das Bauwesen GmbH; Riedel und Gastmeyer Partnerschaftsgesellschaft; Schlaich, Bergermann und Partner sbp gmbh. Main contractors: Walter Bau AG and Dywiday.
Reconstruction Cost EUR 242 million
Structural Type Horizontal cantilever structure
Dimensions Circumference: 840 m
Tenants
Hertha BSC Berlin
Berlin Thunder
Bundesliga
NFL Europe
Seating Capacity
Football 76,000 (Germany's second largest arena)


The Olympiastadion (Olympic Stadium) is a sports stadium in Berlin. There have been two stadia on the site: the present facility, and one that was built for the aborted 1916 Summer Olympics. Both were designed by members of the same family, the first by Otto March and the second by his son Werner March. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 232 KB) Beschreibung en: Description: The Berlin Olympic stadium after renovation Author: Sandro Schachner Date: July 13, 2005 Source: German Wikipedia License: GFDL de: Beschreibung: Das Berliner Olympiastadion nach dem Umbau 2004/2005 Autor: Sandro Schachner Datum: 13. ... Charlottenburg is an area in Berlin, formerly a borough now part of Charlottenburg_Wilmersdorf. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A typical lawn A lawn sprinkler A lawn is an area of land planted with grass and sometimes clover and other plants, which are maintained at an even low height. ... Werner March was one of Adolph Hitlers architects, his most famouse work was Berlins olypmic stadium. ... EUR is an initialism that may mean: Euro, the currency; Esposizione Universale Roma, a neighbourhood of Rome built for the World Fair Esposizione universale (1942). Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam (Erasmus University of Rotterdam, the Netherlands) This page concerning a three-letter acronym or abbreviation is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid... Hertha BSC Berlin is a German football club based in Berlin. ... Year Founded 1999 Home Field Olympic Stadium City Berlin, Germany Team Colors Black, Green, Tan, Orange and White Head Coach Rick Lantz Championships 3 (2001, 2002, 2004) The Berlin Thunder is a franchise in NFL Europe, which is a springtime American football league serving primarily as a developmental league for... The Bundesliga (plural: -ligen) (Federal League, meaning nation-wide league) is the name for the premier league of any sport in Austria and Germany. ... NFL Europe logo Old World League of American Football (WLAF) logo The NFL Europe League is an American football league which operates in Europe. ... Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) Asian Football Confederation (AFC) Confederation of African Football (CAF) Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football (CONCACAF) Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) South American Football Confederation (CONMEBOL) Oceania Football Confederation (OFC) The Current Laws of the Game (LOTG) The Rec. ... Montreals Olympic Stadium The Athens Olympic Stadium Most stadiums are open-air, such as this football (soccer) stadium in the Netherlands. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Games of the VI Olympiad were to have been held in 1916 in Berlin, Germany. ... Werner March was one of Adolph Hitlers architects, his most famouse work was Berlins olypmic stadium. ...


For the 1936 Summer Olympics, and to satisfy his own political plans, Hitler's National-Socialist (Nazi) Party built the Olympiastadion surrounded by the massive Olympischer Platz. During World War II these buildings suffered little damage. After the war, the United Kingdom military occupation used it as its headquarters until 1994. The Games of the XI Olympiad were held in 1936 in Berlin, Germany. ... Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler (April 20, 1889 – April 30, 1945, standard German pronunciation in the IPA) was the Führer (leader) of the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party) and of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945. ... The National Socialist German Workers Party (German: â–¶ (help· info)), better known as the NSDAP or the Nazi Party was a political party that was led to power in Germany by Adolf Hitler in 1933. ... Combatants Allied Powers Axis Powers Commanders {{{commander1}}} {{{commander2}}} Strength {{{strength1}}} {{{strength2}}} Casualties 17 million military deaths 7 million military deaths World War II, also known as the Second World War (sometimes WW2 or WWII), was a mid-20th century conflict that engulfed much of the globe and is accepted as...


Aside from its use as an Olympic stadium, the Olympiastadion has a strong footballing tradition. Historically, it's the ground of club Hertha BSC of Berlin. It was also used for 3 matches in the 1974 Football World Cup. It will host six matches in the 2006 Football World Cup and was renovated for that reason. German Cup's final match is held each year at the Olympiastadion in Berlin. For months before the Olympic Games, runners relay the Olympic Flame from Olympia to the opening ceremony. ... Hertha BSC Berlin is a German football club based in Berlin. ... The 1974 Football World Cup was held in West Germany. ... The final stages of the 2006 Football World Cup (officially titled 2006 FIFA World Cup Germanyâ„¢) are scheduled to take place in Germany between 9 June and 9 July. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


The stadium is sometimes seen as controversial, as it was constructed under the Third Reich, and is a concrete, historical manifestation of Adolf Hitler's personal political dreams in 1936. Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...

Olympiastadion from the Bell Tower (Glockenturm) before the renovation, with its noticeable burying in the land.
Enlarge
Olympiastadion from the Bell Tower (Glockenturm) before the renovation, with its noticeable burying in the land.

Contents

Image File history File links Zz-Olympiastadion-002. ... Image File history File links Zz-Olympiastadion-002. ...


1916 to 1934. Deutsches Stadion, old Olympiastadion.

In 1912 during the 1912 Summer Olympics the city of Berlin was designated by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) to host the 1916 Summer Olympics. Germany's proposed stadium for this event was to be located in lands located in Charlottenburg, in Grunewald Forest, to the west of Berlin -- thus the stadium was also known as Grunewaldstadion. A horse racing-course already existed there which belonged to the Berliner Rennverein, and even today the old ticket booths survive, on Jesse-Owens-Allee street .) The government of Germany decided to keep the nearby Grunewald forest as it was, as well as the exisiting built environment. With all this in mind they hired the same architect who originally had built the "Rennverein", Otto March. The Games of the V Olympiad were held in 1912 in Stockholm, Sweden. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The International Olympic Committee is an organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin in 1894 to reinstate the Ancient Olympic Games held in Greece, and organise this sports event every four years. ... The Games of the VI Olympiad were to have been held in 1916 in Berlin, Germany. ... Charlottenburg is an area in Berlin, formerly a borough now part of Charlottenburg_Wilmersdorf. ... Horse-racing is an equestrian sporting activity which has been practiced over the centuries; the chariot races of Roman times were an early example, as was the contest of the steeds of the god Odin and the giant Hrungnir in Norse mythology. ...


March decided to bury the stadium in the ground ("Erdstadion", in German). The project became the biggest sports stadium in the world to date with a capacity of 40,000 spectators.


Eventually, however, the Olympic Games of 1916 were cancelled due to the First World War. After this conflict, a school was founded in the vicinity of the Stadium, dedicated to the instruction of physical education professors and to do sports research. From 1926 to 1929, Otto March's sons (Werner and Walter) were assigned to build an annex for these institutions: the "Deutsches Sportforum" (German Sportforum), though the construction was intermittent because the project had little financial support. Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... In most educational systems, physical education (PE), also called physical training (PT) or gym, is a course in the curriculum which utilizes the learning medium of large-muscle activities in a play or movement exploration setting. ...


1936. Olympischer Platz, sportfield of the Reich.

In 1931 the International Olympic Committee made Berlin the host city of the 11th Summer Olympics. The Games of the XI Olympiad were held in 1936 in Berlin, Germany. ...


Originally, the German government decided merely to restore the earlier Olympiastadion (German Stadium) of 1916, with Werner March being again ordered to do this. Werner March was one of Adolph Hitlers architects, his most famouse work was Berlins olypmic stadium. ...


When the Nazis came to power in Germany (1933), they decided to use the Olympic Games for certain propaganda purposes. With these plans in mind, Hitler ordered the construction of a great sports complex in Grunewald named the "Olympischer Platz," with a totally new Olympiastadion. Architect Werner March remained in charge of the project, assisted by his brother Walter March. The National Socialist German Workers Party (German: â–¶ (help· info)), better known as the NSDAP or the Nazi Party was a political party that was led to power in Germany by Adolf Hitler in 1933. ... Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler (April 20, 1889 – April 30, 1945, standard German pronunciation in the IPA) was the Führer (leader) of the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party) and of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945. ...


Construction took place from 1934 to 1936. When the Olympischer Platz was finished, it was 132 hectares (326 acres) and had a symmetrical layout. It consisted of (east to west): Olympiastadion, Maifeld (Mayfield) (capacity of 500,000) and Waldbühne amphitheater (capacity of 25,000), in addition to 150 buildings for different sports such as swimming, equestrian events, and field hockey). Swimming describes any method by which living creatures move themselves through water apart from walking on the bottom. ... A game of field hockey in progress Field hockey is a popular sport for men and women in many countries around the world. ...


Image File history File links Zz-Olympiastadion-000. ...


Olympiastadion

Over the original Deutsches Stadion, Werner March built the new Olympiastadion, once again buried 12 meters underground. The lower half of the structure is buried.


The capacity of the Olympiastadion reached 110,000 spectators. It also possessed a VIP stand for Adolf Hitler and his political associates. At its end, aligned with the symmetrically-designed layout of the buildings of the Olympischer Platz and toward the Maifeld, was the "Marathontor" (Marathon Arch) with a big receptacle for the Olympic Flame. Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The Olympic Flame at the Athens 2004 Summer Olympics The Olympic Flame or Olympic Fire is a symbol of the Olympic Games. ...


Maifeld

Maifeld (Mayfield) was created as a huge lawn (112,000 square meters, 28 acres) for gymnastic demonstrations, specifically annual May Day celebrations by Hitler's government. May Day is a name for various holidays celebrated on May 1 (or in the beginning of May), the most famous one being Labor Day. ...


Maifeld was surrounded by land elevations of 19 meters (62 feet). Although the Olympiastadion (at the east) was only 17 meters (55 feet) high.


The total capacity was 250,000 people, with 60,000 in the large stands that extended at the west end. Also located there were the Langemarck-Halle (below) and the Glockenturm (rising high). The bell tower of the Olympic Stadium in Berlin is a 77. ...


The walls were built with sturdy stone from the area of the Lower Alps, and also feature equine sculptures (work of Josef Wackerle).


During the 1936 Olympics the Maifeld was used for polo events and several allegorical Nazi gymnastic demonstrations. Playing polo Polo (also known as Cho-gan) is a team game played on a field with one goal for each team. ...


Glockenturm, the Bell Tower

This tower crowned the western end of the Reichs Sportfield planted amid the tiers of the Maifeld stands. It was very high: 77 meters (247 feet). From its peak could be observed the whole city of Berlin. During the games it was used as observation post by administrators and police officials, doctors and the media.


In the tower as well was the Olympic Bell. On its surface, the Nazi regime engraved the five Olympic Rings, a motto ("I summon the youth of the world Olympic Games 1936"), the Brandenburg Gate and an Eagle. [1] Among the recognizable Olympic symbols: The Olympic flag: A white flag with the Olympic Rings on it in five colours. ... A motto is a phrase or a short list of words meant to formally describe the general motivation or intention of a social group or organization. ... The Brandenburg Gate The Brandenburg Gate in 1982. ... Genera Several, see below. ...


The Langemarck-Halle

Consisted of huge halls built under the stands of the Maifeld. Pillars were raised on which hung flags and shields commemorating all the forces that participated in a battle fought in Langemarck (West Flanders, Belgium) on November 10, 1914, during the First World War.


Waldbühne, the Forest Theatre

The Waldbühne was built by using the glacial river banks of the Berlín Urstromtal. Reproduction of the old theater of Epidaurus (3rd century BC). The theater was then named "Dietrich-Eckart-Bühne" in homage to Dietrich Eckart. Panoramic view of the theater at Epidaurus Epidaurus (Epidauros) was a small city (polis) in ancient Greece at the Saronic Gulf. ... Dietrich Eckart (March 23, 1868 - December 26, 1923) was one of the early key members of the National-Socialist German Workers Party and one of the participants in the 1923 Beer Hall Putsch. ...


Seating for 22,000 spectators goes down to a depth of 30 meters (97 feet); in the middle section was once Adolf Hitler's box. The surroundings were decorated with statues by Adolf Wamper.


During the Olympics gymnastics competitions and a myriad of cultural programs were staged in the Waldbühne. Gymnastics is a sport involving the performance of sequences of movements requiring physical strength, flexibility, and kinesthetic awareness, such as handsprings and handstands. ...


Berlin, 1936 Summer Olympics.

In August 1 of 1936 the Olympics were officially inaugurated by Chancellor Adolf Hitler, and the Olympic Flame was lit by the athlete Fritz Schilgen. The Games of the XI Olympiad were held in 1936 in Berlin, Germany. ... Various governments have a Chancellor who serves as some form of junior or senior minister. ...


While the Olympic Flame had been used for the first time in Amsterdam 1928, in Berlin 1936 a marathon-like tour of the Olympic Torch was introduced, from Olympia in Greece, crossing six frontiers with a journey of 3000 km to Berlin, through Greece, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Austria and Germany. The original idea of this Olympic torch relay belonged to Carl Diem, who was a notorious political advisor in Germany specializing in Olympic affairs. Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in all south Slavic languages, in Cyrillic Југославија) is a term used for three separate but successive political entities that existed during most of the 20th century on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe. ... Dr. Carl Diem (born June 24, 1882 in Würzburg - died December 17, 1962 in Cologne) was the originator of the modern tradition of the Olympic torch relay. ...


Four million tickets were sold for all the events of the 1936 Summer Olympics. This was also the first Olympics with television transmission (25 giant screens were scattered all over Berlin) and radio transmissions in 28 languages (with 20 radio vans and 300 microphones). A microphone with a cord A microphone, sometimes called a mic (pronounced mike), is a device that converts sound into an electrical signal. ...


Among the sport competitions one of the most memorable events was the performance of the African-American track and field athlete Jesse Owens, representating the United States of America. Owens was awarded the gold medal in 4 categories: 100-meter dash, 200-meter dash, long jump and 4X100 meter relays. An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or black), is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Athletics, also known as track and field or track and field athletics, is a collection of sport events. ... Jesse Owens 1936 Berlin Olympics James Cleveland Jesse Owens (September 12, 1913 – March 31, 1980) was an African-American athlete and civic leader. ... Gold Medal is an album by American band The Donnas, released in 2004. ... Officials watch as Salim Sdiri of France jumps at the GE Money Grand Prix in Helsinki, July 2005. ...


Image File history File links Zz-Olympiastadion-001. ...


1939 to 1945. Second World War.

The Olympiastadion was one of the few buildings that survived not just recognizable, but almost untouched after the Second World War. It only suffered impacts of machine gun shots. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... A machine gun is a fully-automatic firearm that is capable of firing bullets in rapid succession. ...


The most notorious battle around the Olympiastadion was in April 1945 when the Russian army fought to capture it. This was when the great final battle of the Second World War, with the total invasion of Berlin as the Allies' target. The group of countries known as the Allies of World War II came together as World War II unfolded and progressed. ...


By these weeks, in one of his last moves Adolf Hitler had called for the "Volkssturm" (Popular Storm): the recruitment of all German males from 16 to 60 years old in order to add six million more combatants. This resulted in a ill-prepared army of what could almost be called partisans (though they were not this by definition because they wore a military armlet). One of the components of the Volkssturm was the Hitler Youth, led politically by Carl Diem (one of Hitler's sports advisors) and Arthur Axmann. The Volkssturm, literally translated as Peoples Storm in the meaning of National Storm, was a German national militia of the last months of the Nazi regime. ... Irregular soldiers in Beauharnois, Quebec, 19th century Irregular military refers to any non-standard military. ... Flag of the Hitler Youth (General flag) The Hitler Youth (German: Hitler-Jugend, abbreviated HJ) was a paramilitary organization of the Nazi Party that existed from 1922 to 1945. ... Dr. Carl Diem (born June 24, 1882 in Würzburg - died December 17, 1962 in Cologne) was the originator of the modern tradition of the Olympic torch relay. ... Arthur Axmann (February 18, 1913 - October 24, 1996) was a Nazi official in the Hitler Youth. ...


Then, when the Soviet army had already taken the Olympitzer Platz and knowing the terrain because his political activities, Diem called for the reconquest of the facilities offering them to Hitler's honor [2]. Eventually, the Hitler Youth suffered 2000 deaths in this futile attempt. Soviet redirects here. ...


The only part of the Olympischer Platz that was destroyed was the Glockenturm Tower. The Third Reich used this structure to store archives (such as films). The Soviet troops set on fire all its contents turning the tower into a makeshift chimney. The structure emerged from the fire severely damaged and weakened. In 1947 British engineers demolished the tower once and for all. The Olympic Bell (which had survived the fire and remained in its place in the tower), fell 77 meters and cracked. In 1956 the bell was rescued in order to be used as a practice target for shooting with anti-tank ammunition and was unable to sound since then. The cracked bell survives to this day.[3] The bell tower of the Olympic Stadium in Berlin is a 77. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Soviet redirects here. ... Engineering is the application of science to the needs of humanity. ... A target can signify: from ca. ... Anti-tank, or simply AT, refers to any method of combating military armored fighting vehicles, notably tanks. ...


1945 to 1994. Occupied Berlin

After the war the Olympischer Platz was used as headquarters by the military ocupation forces of the UK.


The British forces settled in the places built by the March siblings (back in the 1920s), which the Third Reich had used for official sport organisms (like the Reichs Academy of Physical Training and the House of German Sports).


Soon the Occupation started a careful reconstruction of the general facilities.


Since then, until 1994, British forces held an annual celebration of Sovereign Day in the Maifeld with thousands of spectators from Berlin present.


During these years in the Olympiastadion were played Bundesliga (football) matches with the Hertha Berlin as local team. In the Maifeld, also several competitions of football, rugby and polo were staged. The official Bundesliga logo. ... Hertha BSC Berlin is a football club based in Berlin, Germany. ... Football (soccer) - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Rugby may refer to: The sport of Rugby football, in its various forms: Rugby league Rugby union Touch Rugby Tag Rugby Wheelchair Rugby Places: Rugby, Warwickshire, England Rugby borough Rugby Rural District Rugby and Kenilworth constituency Rugby, Cape Town, South Africa Rugby, North Dakota, USA Rugby, Tennessee, USA Rugby, Brooklyn... Playing polo Polo (also known as Cho-gan) is a team game played on a field with one goal for each team. ...


In the summers the Waldbühne resumed its concerts of classical music, as well the projection of movies. The theatre was also used as an improvised ring for boxing matches. Classical music is a broad, somewhat imprecise term, referring to music produced in, or rooted in the traditions of, European art, ecclesiastical and concert music, encompassing a broad period from roughly 1000 to the present day. ... For other uses see film (disambiguation) Film refers to the celluliod media on which movies are printed Film — also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, — is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as part of... The boxing ring is the space in which a boxing match occurs. ... Joe Louis and Rocky Marciano at Madison Square Garden, 1951 Julio Cesar Chavez and Ivan Robinson at the Staples Centre, Los Angeles, 2005 Amir Khan of Britain and Mario Cesar Kindelan Mesa of Cuba at the Athens Olympics, 2004 Boxing, nicknamed the sweet science and also called pugilism or prizefighting...


The restoration of the "Glockenturm" was carried out from 1960 to 1962, once again by the architect Werner March. The new tower became an important tourist destination offering a magnificent panorama of Berlin, Spandau, the Havel Valley, Potsdam, Nauen, and Henningsdorf. For the 1980s new wave group, see Spandau Ballet. ... Potsdam is the capital city of the state of Brandenburg in Germany. ... Nauen is a German town west of Berlin. ...


Hertha Berlin

In 1963 the Bundesliga was formed, and Hertha participated by direct invitation, leaving its old stadium (called the "Plumpe") to use the Olympiastadion. In August 24 it played the first local match against the FC Nuremberg, ending in a tie (1:1). 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Bundesliga (plural: -ligen) (Federal League, meaning nation-wide league) is the name for the premier league of any sport in Austria and Germany. ...


But in 1965 the German Football Association DFB found Hertha guilty of bribery and relegated it to the lower divisions (Regional Leagues). Hertha had illegally bribed several fooball players in an attempt to add them to the team, following their lack of interest to play in Berlin because of the construction of the Berlin Wall ([[1963] In 1968 Hertha returned to the first division, and to the Olympiastadion, and in 1971 sold its old "Plumpe". 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link goes to calendar). ... Football is the name given to a number of different team sports. ... The German Football Association (DFB) (German: Deutscher Fußball-Bund) is the governing body of football in Germany. ... Bribery is a crime defined by Blacks Law Dictionary as the offering, giving, receiving, or soliciting of any item of value to influence the actions as an official or other person in discharge of a public or legal duty. ... Berlin Wall on November 16, 1989 The Berlin Wall (German: Die Berliner Mauer) was a long barrier separating West Berlin from East Berlin and the surrounding territory of East Germany. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ...


The second half of 1970s was quite successful for the Hertha Berlin. In 1979 were held the semifinals of the UEFA Cup, but it was defeated by the Red Star of Belgrade. Hertha reached the finals of the German FA Cup twice (1977 & 1979). The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... UEFA Cup logo The UEFA Cup is a football competition for European club teams. ...


In 1980s Hertha had a declining role in the Bundesliga, and fell to the Regional Leagues in 1986, although it later recovered reaching the Second Division (1988-1989).


With the demolition of the Berlin Wall in November, 1989, there arose a spontaneous feeling of sympathy between Hertha and the club FC Union from Eastern Berlin, which culminated in a friendly match at the Olympiastadion with 50.000 spectators (January 27, 1990). Berlin Wall on November 16, 1989 The Berlin Wall (German: Die Berliner Mauer) was a long barrier separating West Berlin from East Berlin and the surrounding territory of East Germany. ...


In 1990 Hertha returned to the first division, although it fell again to the Second League from 1991 until 1997.


Since 1997 the club has improved greatly, climbing up the Bundesliga table and qualifying for the UEFA Champions League, with matches against top European teams like Chelsea and A.C. Milan increasing the international prestige of the club. The Champions League logo The UEFA Champions League is an annual club football competition for Europes most successful clubs. ... Chelsea can refer to: Locations in the United Kingdom: A neighbourhood in London, see: Chelsea, London A now defunct, but still famous, porcelain factory, see Chelsea porcelain factory A borough in London, see: Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea A bridge in London, see: Chelsea Bridge Locations in the United... AC Milan is an Italian football club. ...


Football World Cup 1974

Some matches of Group A (West Germany, Chile, East Germany and Australia) of the FIFA World Cup ´74 were played in the Olympiastadion. The 1974 Football World Cup was held in West Germany. ... National motto: none Official languages German Capital East Berlin Largest city East Berlin Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 106th 108,333 km² Negligible Creation -Unified 7 October 1949 3 October 1990 Currency East German mark Time zone  â€“ in summer CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) National anthem Auferstanden aus Ruinen Internet...

FIFA Day Match Round Team 1 Team 2 Destination
June 14 Group A East Germany 1 Vs. Chile 0 Second Round
June 18 Group A West Germany 1 Vs. Chile 1 Second Round
June 22 Group A Australia 0 Vs. Chile 0 Second Round
Team Pts Pld W D L GF GA GD
East Germany 5 3 2 1 0 4 1 3
West Germany 4 3 2 0 1 4 1 3
Chile 2 3 0 2 1 1 2 -1
Australia 1 3 0 1 2 0 5 -5

The host West German team eventually became World Cup Champion for 1974'. June 14 is the 165th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (166th in leap years), with 200 days remaining. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_East_Germany. ... First International Poland 3 - 0 East Germany (Warsaw, Poland; 21 September 1952) Last International Belgium 0 - 2 East Germany (Brussels, Belgium; 12 September 1990) Largest win Ceylon 1 - 12 East Germany (Colombo, Ceylon; 12 January 1964) Worst defeat 0 - 3, 12 times; 1 - 4, three times World Cup Appearances 1... Image File history File links Chile flag 300px height unified for the national flags serie, by user:Marc Mongenet, from CIA World Factbook, borders removed, high compression ratio, some color or ratio corrections from http://www. ... June 18 is the 169th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (170th in leap years), with 196 days remaining. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Image File history File links Chile flag 300px height unified for the national flags serie, by user:Marc Mongenet, from CIA World Factbook, borders removed, high compression ratio, some color or ratio corrections from http://www. ... June 22 is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 192 days remaining. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Australia. ... Image File history File links Chile flag 300px height unified for the national flags serie, by user:Marc Mongenet, from CIA World Factbook, borders removed, high compression ratio, some color or ratio corrections from http://www. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_East_Germany. ... First International Poland 3 - 0 East Germany (Warsaw, Poland; 21 September 1952) Last International Belgium 0 - 2 East Germany (Brussels, Belgium; 12 September 1990) Largest win Ceylon 1 - 12 East Germany (Colombo, Ceylon; 12 January 1964) Worst defeat 0 - 3, 12 times; 1 - 4, three times World Cup Appearances 1... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Image File history File links Chile flag 300px height unified for the national flags serie, by user:Marc Mongenet, from CIA World Factbook, borders removed, high compression ratio, some color or ratio corrections from http://www. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Australia. ...


1994 to 2005

In 1998 a debate was unleashed among Berlin public, concerning the destiny of the Olympiastadion in light of the historical legacy it represented for Germany.


For example some wanted to tear the stadium down and build a new one from scratch, while others favoured letting it slowly crumble "like the Coliseum in Rome". [4]


Finally it was decided to renovate the Olympiastadion. Also FIFA appointed it as one of the venues of the Football World Cup 2006. The State of Berlin finally hired a company, WALTER BAU-AG together with DYWIDAG that contributed for franchise award with 45 million of the works, which after the remodelling took charge of the operation of the facilities together with Hertha BSC and the own Government of Berlin. The Fédération Internationale de Football Association, universally known by its acronym FIFA, is the international governing body of football (soccer). ... The 2006 FIFA World Cup™ (officially titled 2006 FIFA World Cup Germany™, sometimes referred to as the Football World Cup) finals are scheduled to take place in Germany between 9 June and 9 July 2006. ... The euro (symbol: €; banking code: EUR) is the currency of twelve European Union member states: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, the Republic of Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, and Spain, collectively known as the Eurozone. ...


In July 3 of 2000, began the works of renovation and amplification. With a ceremony presided by the Chancellor Gerhard Schröder. Accompanied by Eberhard Diepgen (Berlin Mayor), Franz Beckenbauer and Prof. Dr. Ignaz Walter. Various governments have a Chancellor who serves as some form of junior or senior minister. ... Gerhard Fritz Kurt Schröder [] (born April 7, 1944), German politician, was Chancellor of Germany from 1998 to 2005. ... Eberhard Diepgen (born November 13, 1941 in Berlin) is a German politician of the CDU. He studied law at the Free University of Berlin. ... A mayor (from the Latin maÄ«or, meaning larger,greater) is the politician who serves as chief executive official of some types of municipalities. ... Franz Beckenbauer (born September 11, 1945) is a famous German football player, coach and manager, nicknamed der Kaiser (the emperor) because of his elegant style, his leadership qualities and his domination on the football pitch. ...


Technical details

70,000 cubic metres (2.5 million cu. ft.) of concrete and 20,000 cubic metres (700,000 cu. ft.) of pre-cast reinforced concrete elements were used. 12,000 cubic metres (424,000 cu. ft.) of concrete was demolished and removed and 30,000 cubic metres (1.1 million cu. ft.) of natural stone was refurbished. Placing a concrete floor for a commercial building Installing rebar in a floor during a concrete pour In construction, concrete is a composite building material made from the combination of aggregate and cement binder. ... Stone can refer to any of the following: Stone may be used as a building material, as in this dry stone wall Look up stone in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


The roof was extended, to cover a total of 37,000 square metres. With 20 roof-supporting columns carrying a weight of 3,500 tones of steel. The old steel cable of a colliery winding tower Steel is a metal alloy whose major component is iron, with carbon being the primary alloying material. ...


With the intention to create a more intimate atmosphere for football games the playing field was lowered (even more) by 2.65 metres (9 feet); approximately 90,000 cubic metres (3.2 million cu. ft.) of sand was excavated. The lower tier of seating in the stadium was demolished and rebuilt at a completely different angle of inclination. A playing field is a field used for playing sports or games. ...


The conservation factor of the Olympiastadion as a historical monument was also considered, especially with respect to the preservation of the natural stone blocks. Deserving a separate comment the critics that caused the change of the colour of the carpet for the athletics around the game field from red to blue. A carpet is any loom-woven, felted textile or grass floor covering. ...


The renovation

Air photograph of the Berlin Olympiastadium and the Olympischer Platz after the renovation.
Enlarge
Air photograph of the Berlin Olympiastadium and the Olympischer Platz after the renovation.

Among 31th July 2004 to 1st August 2004 were carried out the inauguration celebrations of the new Olympiastadion. On that Saturday the party began with the performance of the pop-stars Pink, Nena (99 Red Ballons) and of Daniel Barenboim. It culminated at night with the opening ceremony. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x293, 86 KB) Summary german wikipedia Licensing This is a screenshot of a copyrighted Wikipedia web page. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x293, 86 KB) Summary german wikipedia Licensing This is a screenshot of a copyrighted Wikipedia web page. ... Popstars is an international reality television program and a precursor to the Idol series. ... Alecia Moore (born September 8, 1979 in Doylestown, Pennsylvania), better known by her stage name P!NK (also written as Pink), is an American singer-songwriter who gained prominence in early January of 2000. ... Nena, a popular German singer. ... 99 Luftballons (99 Red Balloons) is a protest song by Nena that reached number one in Germany in 1983 and in the UK in military. ... Daniel Barenboim Daniel Barenboim (born November 15, 1942) is an Argentinean-Israeli pianist and conductor. ...


On the second day friendly matches were played with different categories of the club Hertha BSC and other visitor teams. And on September 8 2004 Brazil confronted Germany.


The new Olympiastadion of Berlin resulted with capacity of 76,000 seats, which made it the second stadium in Germany (behind the Westfalenstadion). Seating capacity refers to the number of people who can be seated in a specific space, either in terms of the space available, or in terms of limitations set by law. ... The Westfalenstadion is a German football stadium in Dortmund that is host to the Borussia Dortmund (BVB) football team and will host several matches of the 2006 World Cup, including a semi-final. ...


The roof rises 68 meters over the seats and is made up of transparent panels that assure great brightness. With a picturesque detail: the western portion (on the Marathon Arch) is open to reveal the "Glockenturm" to the assistants.


Also the Olympiastadion was equipped with the latest technology in artificial illumination and sound equipment. And it now has 113 VIP stands, a set of restaurants and two underground garages (for 630 cars).


The total cost of the remodeling and amplification is generally qualified as "not expensive": EUR 242 million.


Current Usage

  1. Hertha BSC Berlin, plays it's DFB-Bundesliga matches. Historical local team.
  2. German Cup's (official German title: "DFB-Pokal") final match is held at the Olympiastadion yearly.
  3. Ladies DBF-Cup, since 1985.
  4. ISTAF, annualy as part of the Golden League in athletics.
  5. Berlin Thunder, NFL Europe (American Football) club.

Hertha BSC Berlin is a German football club based in Berlin. ... The German Football Association (DFB) (German: Deutscher Fußball-Bund) is the governing body of football in Germany. ... The Bundesliga (plural: -ligen) (Federal League, meaning nation-wide league) is the name for the premier league of any sport in Austria and Germany. ... The German Cup (official German title: DFB-Pokal) is an annually held elimination football tournament for German football clubs and is the second most important national title in German football after the Bundesliga title. ... The German Football Association (DFB) (German: Deutscher Fußball-Bund) is the governing body of football in Germany. ... The IAAF Golden League is an annual series of athletics meetings organised by the International Association of Athletics Federations. ... Athletics, also known, especially in American English, as track and field or track and field athletics, is a collection of sport events, which can roughly be divided into running, throwing, and jumping. ... Year Founded 1999 Home Field Olympic Stadium City Berlin, Germany Team Colors Black, Green, Tan, Orange and White Head Coach Rick Lantz Championships 3 (2001, 2002, 2004) The Berlin Thunder is a franchise in NFL Europe, which is a springtime American football league serving primarily as a developmental league for... NFL Europe logo Old World League of American Football (WLAF) logo The NFL Europe League is an American football league which operates in Europe. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ...

FIFA World Cup 2006

Scheduled Matches

FIFA Day Match Round Team 1 Team 2 Destination
June 13 Tue 11 Group matches Brazil Vs. Croatia Rounds of Sixteen
June 15 Thu 20 Group matches Sweden Vs. Paraguay Rounds of Sixteen
June 20 Tue 33 Group matches Ecuador Vs. Germany Rounds of Sixteen
June 23 Fri 48 Group matches Ukraine Vs. Tunisia Rounds of Sixteen
June 30 Fri 57 Quarter finals W49 (WA-RB) Vs. W50 (WC-RD) Semi Finals (61, Dortmund)
July 9 Sun 64 Final W61 Vs. W62 World Champion

June 13 is the 164th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (165th in leap years), with 201 days remaining. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... General info: Large flag of Croatia Dimensions: 604x302 pixels Source: Image originally derived from the public domain flags of the CIA World Factbook Most of the flags have had their colours improved and many have been resized to the proper ratios. ... June 15 is the 166th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (167th in leap years), with 199 days remaining. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Large flag of Paraguay Image originally derived from the public domain flags of the CIA World Factbook. ... June 20 is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 194 days remaining. ... File links The following pages link to this file: Ecuador Politics of Ecuador Latin America Organization of American States Aston Villa F.C. Freedom House Football World Cup 2002 User:AntonioMartin Football World Cup 2006 OPEC Guayas F.C. Dallas Copa América UN Human Development Index List of national... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... June 23 is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 191 days remaining. ... Large flag of Ukraine Image originally derived from the public domain flags of the CIA World Factbook. ... Large flag of Tunisia Image originally derived from the public domain flags of the CIA World Factbook. ... June 30 is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 184 days remaining, and the last day of June. ... July 9 is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 175 days remaining. ...

Political considerations.

The Olympiastadion was designated to play the final match of the FIFA World Cup 2006. And this will take place exactly 70 years after the 1936 Summer Olympics. The 2006 Football World Cup (officially titled 2006 FIFA World Cup Germanyâ„¢) finals are scheduled to take place in Germany between 9 June and 9 July 2006. ... The Games of the XI Olympiad were held in 1936 in Berlin, Germany. ...


Peter Steinhorst, chief technician on the project, said to the BBC: "Whenever you enter, you will still know this was the site of the 1936 Games. You will pass all the old Nazi sculptures". [5] Corporate logo of the British Broadcasting Corporation The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is the national public service broadcaster of the United Kingdom (see British television). ...


"The history is there, the totality of the buildings is there. The whole Nazi landscape has not disappeared", added the sports sociologist Guenter Gebauer. "There are towers like in a fortress, and people who come will always ask where the Fuehrer sat.". [6]


The Interior Germany's Minister Otto Schilly, who attended the opening party, concluded: "The stadium recalls the dark elements present in its creation. But in 2006 the world will look upon to modern, democratic, and open Germany". [7]


Trivia

  1. In January 9 2002, workers of the construction found a bomb remaining under a seat from the Second World War. It was detonated outside of the Olympiastadion by the police of Berlin. [8]
  2. One of the streets in the surroundings takes Jesse Owens' name.
  3. Between 1951 to 2005, the Olympitzer Platz had a giant antenna transmitting for all the portable radios in Berlin.
  4. The Olympiastadion had a role in Contact, the popular science fiction history by Carl Sagan. Both in the novel and the film, the extraterrestrial civilization intercepted the Nazi televised transmission of the opening ceremony of the 1936 Summer Olympics, with the speech (and the nazi harangue in the movie) of Adolf Hitler. And later the extraterrestrials sent it back towards the Earth, initiating a dialogue.

Massive ordinance air-burst bomb. ... A yagi antenna Most simply, an antenna (U.S.) or aerial (UK) is an electronic component designed to transmit or receive radio waves. ... The Regency TR-4 shown here is similar in appearance to the original Regency TR-1 model, but the TR-1 has a gold tuning knob and lettering. ... A respected astronomer and dogged critic of pseudoscience, Carl Sagan is best known for his enthusiastic efforts at popularizing science. ... Contact is a science fiction novel written by Carl Sagan and published in 1985. ... Contact is a 1997 film adaptation of the science fiction novel Contact by Carl Sagan. ... In popular fiction and conspiracy theories, life forms, especially intelligent life forms, that are of extraterrestrial origin, i. ... The word civilization (or civilisation) has a variety of meanings related to human society. ... The Games of the XI Olympiad were held in 1936 in Berlin, Germany. ... Earth, also known as the Earth or Terra, is the third planet outward from the Sun. ... The term dialogue (or dialog) expresses basically reciprocal conversation between two or more persons. ...

External links

  • Official Olympiastadion Site: Partially under construction. Scarce information, though it allows to reserve tickets.
  • The Nazi Olympics: Complete historical enumeration of the Nazi projects (in the 1930s). Some of the images few times seen before. As example, seems that after the successful 1936 Summer Olympics Adolf Hitler dreamt with creating a massive stadium in Germany to 400,000 spectators. Where would take place all the other Olympic Games.
  • Picture galleries: An illustrative walk along the facilities of the Olympitzer Platz.
  • Photos of the stadium taken in 1989: Interesting details, particularly of the statues of the Nazi era.
  • Site of HERTA BSC football club: Very informative site.
Olympic Stadia

Athens, 1896 | Paris, 1900 | St Louis, 1904 | London, 1908 | Stockholm, 1912 | Berlin, 1916 | Antwerp, 1920 | Paris, 1924 | Amsterdam, 1928 | Los Angeles, 1932 | Berlin, 1936 | Helsinki, 1940 | London, 1944 | London, 1948 | Helsinki, 1952 | Melbourne, 1956 | Rome, 1960 | Tokyo, 1964 | Mexico City, 1968 | Munich, 1972 | Montreal, 1976 | Moscow, 1980 | Los Angeles, 1984 | Seoul, 1988 | Barcelona, 1992 | Atlanta, 1996 | Sydney, 2000 | Athens, 2004 | Beijing, 2008 | London, 2012 Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... The Olympic Stadium is the name usually given to the big centrepiece sports arena of the Summer Olympic Games. ... The Panathinaiko Stadium Archery matches in progress at the Panathinaiko Stadium during the 2004 Athens Olympics Panathinaiko Stadium (also known as the Kallimarmaron, i. ... The Vélodrome de Vincennes was a stadium in the Vincennes area of Paris. ... Francis Field is a stadium in St Louis. ... White City Stadium, built in London, England, for the 1908 Summer Olympics, was the first purpose-built Olympic stadium. ... Stockholms Olympiastadion, most often called Stockholms Stadion, is a stadium in Stockholm, Sweden. ... The Olympisch Stadion was built as the main stadium for the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp. ... The Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir in Colombes, near Paris, France (also known as the Stade Olympique de Colombes, or plain Colombes to the locals) was the main stadium for the 1924 Summer Olympics and had a capacity of 45,000 at the time. ... The Olympisch Stadion was built as the main stadium for the 1928 Summer Olympics. ... For other uses, see Memorial Coliseum (disambiguation) and Coliseum. ... Categories: Buildings and structures stubs | Stadiums | Helsinki | Finnish sport ... Old Wembley Stadium (1923-2000) Wembley Stadium is a football stadium in Wembley, London, England, which is currently being rebuilt. ... Old Wembley Stadium (1923-2000) Wembley Stadium is a football stadium in Wembley, London, England, which is currently being rebuilt. ... Categories: Buildings and structures stubs | Stadiums | Helsinki | Finnish sport ... The MCG situated in Yarra Park The Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG) is an iconic Australian sporting venue located in Yarra Park in inner Melbourne, home to the Melbourne Cricket Club. ... Stadio Olimpico is a stadium in Rome, Italy. ... The National Olympic Stadium is a stadium in Tokyo, that served as the main stadium for the 1964 Summer Olympics. ... Estadio Olímpico Universitario is a stadium located in Mexico City. ... The Munich Olympiastadion from bigfotos Found in north Munich, the Olympiastadion is located in the Olympiapark Münchens and was the main venue for the 1972 Summer Olympics. ... Montreals Olympic Stadium (French Le Stade Olympique) was the main venue of the 1976 Summer Olympics and was the home ballpark of Major League Baseballs Montreal Expos from 1977 until the franchise was moved to Washington, DC after the 2004 season. ... Lenin Stadium in Luzhniki, Moscow, nowadays called Luzhniki, is the biggest sports stadium in Russia. ... For other uses, see Memorial Coliseum (disambiguation) and Coliseum. ... The Jamsil Olympic Stadium (formerly Anglicized Chamshil) in Seoul, South Korea was the main stadium built for the 1988 Summer Olympics, and is the centrepiece of the Jamsil Sports Complex in the Songpa-gu District, in the southeast of the city south of the Han River. ... Estadi Olimpic Lluis Companys The Estadi Olimpic Lluis Companys (also known as the Estadi Olimpic de Montjuïc) is a stadium in Barcelona. ... Centennial Olympic Stadium, looking due north Centennial Olympic Stadium was the 85,000-seat main stadium of the 1996 Summer Olympic Games in Atlanta. ... This page is for Telstra Stadium, Sydney. ... The Olympic Stadium (also known as the Athens Olympic Stadium, and Spiridon Spiros Louis Stadium, after the first man to win a marathon race) is a stadium that is part of the Athens Olympic Sports Complex. ... The Beijing National Stadium will be the main track and field stadium for the 2008 Summer Olympics and be host to the Opening and Closing ceremonies. ... The 80,000 seat Olympic Stadium will host the opening and closing ceremonies, as well as the Athletics. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Olympic Stadium (Berlin) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2871 words)
On August 1, 1936, the Olympics were officially inaugurated by Chancellor Adolf Hitler, and the Olympic Flame was lit by the athlete Fritz Schilgen.
With the demolition of the Berlin Wall in November 1989, a spontaneous feeling of sympathy between Hertha and FC Union from Eastern Berlin arose, which culminated in a friendly match at the Olympiastadion with 50,000 spectators (January 27, 1990).
In 1998 Berliners debated the destiny of the Olympiastadion in light of the legacy it represented for Germany.
Hertha BSC: Stadium (731 words)
The highlight of the whole refurbishment of the Olympic stadium was the roof construction, which cost around 26 million Euros…11% of the total budget.
The patriotic enthusiam of the gymnasts was later exploited by nationalists as a means to their non-sport-related ends, which are supposely embodied in the architecture of the the Olympic Stadium complex, whose monumentality can be interpreted as an expression of nationalsocialist ideology.
Despite substantial damage, a reconstruction was possible, thereby reconfirming the stadium's status as a symbol for the Olympic spirit, unbroken despite the storms of history.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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