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Encyclopedia > Olympia (film)

Olympia is a 1938 film by Leni Riefenstahl documenting the 1936 Summer Olympics. The movie was produced in two parts: Olympia 1. Teil - Fest der Völker (The Festival of Peoples) and Olympia 2. Teil - Fest der Schönheit (The Festival of Beauty). It was the first documentary film on the Olympic Games ever made. Many advanced motion picture techniques, which later became industry standards but which were groundbreaking at the time, were employed, including unusual camera angles, smash-cut editing techniques, extreme close-ups, setting the railway tracks on the stadium to shoot the crowd and the like. The techniques employed are almost universally admired, but the film is controversial due to its political content. 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Riefenstahl in The Blue Light, 1931 Berta Helene Amalie Leni Riefenstahl (August 22, 1902 – September 8, 2003) was a German actress, director and filmmaker widely noted for her aesthetics and advances in film technique. ... The Games of the XI Olympiad were held in 1936 in Berlin, Germany. ... For other uses see film (disambiguation) Film refers to the celluliod media on which movies are printed Film — also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, — is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as part of... In film, a close-up is a shot that is closely zoomed in on a person or object. ...


There has been much discussion of whether this film should be classified as a Nazi propaganda film, unlike her earlier Triumph of the Will, which is unquestionably such. While the entire 1936 Olympics has been derided as the "Hitler Olympics" and was unquestionably designed primarily to showcase the alleged accomplishments of the Third Reich, and to this extent any film accurately documenting the proceedings would come off as something of a propaganda film, Riefenstahl's defenders have pointed to her close-up shot of the expression on Hitler's face when Jesse Owens, an African-American, won a gold medal, as showing a tacit dissent from Nazi racial supremacy doctrines. Other non-Aryan winners are featured as well. Were it not for Riefenstahl's well-documented connection to Hitler and other high-ranking Nazi figures, the film would probably be far less controversial. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Nazism. ... The Why We Fight Series depicts the Nazi propaganda machine. ... Triumph of the Will (Triumph des Willens in German) is a propaganda film with elements of a documentary by the German filmmaker Leni Riefenstahl, chronicling the 1934 Nazi Party Congress in Nuremberg. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Hitler redirects here. ... Jesse Owens 1936 Berlin Olympics James Cleveland Jesse Owens (September 12, 1913 – March 31, 1980) was an African-American athlete and civic leader. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black), is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Doctrine, from Latin doctrina, (compare doctor), means a body of teachings or instructions, taught principles or positions, as the body of teachings in a branch of knowledge or belief system. ... Aryan is an English word derived from the Indo-Aryan Vedic Sanskrit and Iranian Avestan terms ari-, arya-, ārya-, and/or the extended form aryāna-. The Old Persian (Iranian) ariya- is a cognate as well. ...


Olympia set the precedent for future films documenting and glorifying the Olympic Games, particularly the Summer Games. The "Olympic Torch Run", now revered as a seemingly-ancient tradition, was devised by Riefenstahl for these games and this film in conjunction with the German sports official Dr. Carl Diem. In 2005, Time.com named it one of the 100 best films of the last 80 years. Dr. Carl Diem (born June 24, 1882 in Würzburg - died December 17, 1962 in Cologne) was the originator of the modern tradition of the Olympic torch relay. ... 2005 (MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Scenes from Olympia were used by the German rock band Rammstein in their video for the song Stripped. Rammstein is a German band formed in 1994. ... Strip can refer to: as a noun a long narrow piece cut from a sheet material (metal plastic plywood etc) a power strip a landing strip a comic strip other items of a similar shape to that above e. ...


External links

  • Olympia 1. Teil - Fest der Völker at the Internet Movie Database
  • Olympia 1. Teil - Fest der Völker - reviews gathered by MRQE.
  • Olympia 2. Teil - Fest der Schönheit at the Internet Movie Database
  • Olympia 2. Teil - Fest der Schönheit - reviews gathered by MRQE

  Results from FactBites:
 
Olympia (film) - definition of Olympia (film) in Encyclopedia (196 words)
Olympia is a 1938 propaganda film by Leni Riefenstahl documenting the 1936 Summer Olympics.
Many advanced motion picture techniques, which later became industry standards but which were groundbreaking at the time, were employed, including unusual camera angles, smash-cut editing techniques, extreme close-ups and the like.
There has been much discussion of whether this film should be classified as a Nazi propaganda film, unlike her earlier Triumph of the Will, which is unquestionably such.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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