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Encyclopedia > Olympia
Ancient Olympia (Αρχαία Ολυμπία)
Location of Ancient Olympia in Greece
 
Periphery West Greece
Prefecture Elis
Province
Population 11,069 source (2001)
Area km²
Population density /km²
Elevation 63 m
Coordinates 37°38′ N 21°37′ E
Postal code 270 65
Area code 26240
Licence plate code ΗΑ
Mayor
Website

Olympia (Greek: Ολυμπία Olympí'a or Ολύμπια Olýmpia, older transliterations, Olimpia, Olimbia), a sanctuary of ancient Greece in Elis, is known for having been the site of the Olympic Games in classical times, comparable in importance to the Pythian Games held in Delphi. Both games were held every olympiad (i.e. every four years), the Olympic Games dating back possibly further than 776 BC. In 394 emperor Theodosius I, or possibly his grandson Theodosius II in 435, abolished them because they were reminiscent of paganism. File links The following pages link to this file: Ilia Prefecture Categories: GFDL images ... The peripheries (περιφέρειες) are the subnational divisions of Greece. ... Categories: Greece geography stubs ... Greece consists of 13 administrative regions known as Peripheries of Greece, which are further subdivided into 51 prefectures (nomoi, singular - nomos, Greek: νομοί, νομός)): See also List of the prefectures of Greece by area List of the prefectures of Greece by population density List of the prefectures of Greece by population External... Elis (Modern Greek: Ηλεία - Ileía, also Ilia and Elia) is a prefecture in the Western Peloponnese and in Western portion of Greece. ... Here are a lists of the provinces (Greek: επαρχεία, eparcheia fr. ... -1... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... See Cartesian coordinate system or Coordinates (elementary mathematics) for a more elementary introduction to this topic. ... Here are list of postal codes in Greece. ... This is an alphabetical list by town of dialing codes in Greece. ... Greek car number plates are composed of three letters and four digits per plate (e. ... A mayor (from the Latin maÄ«or, meaning larger,greater) is the politician who serves as chief executive official of some types of municipalities. ... The front page of the English Wikipedia Website. ... Elis, or Eleia (Greek, Modern: Ήλιδα Ilida, Ancient/Katharevousa: Ήλις, also Ilis, Doric: Άλις) is an ancient district within the modern prefecture of Ilia. ... For months before the Olympic Games, runners relay the Olympic Flame from Olympia to the opening ceremony. ... View of the stadium of the Delphi sanctuary, used for the Pythian Games. ... The theatre, seen from above Delphi (Greek Δελφοί - Delphoi; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is an archaeological site and a modern town in Greece. ... An Olympiad is a period of four years, associated with the Olympic Games. ... For months before the Olympic Games, runners relay the Olympic Flame from Olympia to the opening ceremony. ... Centuries: 9th century BC - 8th century BC - 7th century BC Decades: 820s BC 810s BC 800s BC 790s BC 780s BC - 770s BC - 760s BC 750s BC 740s BC 730s BC 720s BC Events and Trends 778 BC - Agamestor, King of Athens dies after a reign of 17 years and... Events September 6 - Battle of the Frigidus: The christian Roman Emperor Theodosius I defeats and kills the pagan usurper Eugenius and his Frankish magister militum Arbogast. ... On the reverse of this coin minted under Valentinian II, both Valentinian and Theodosius are depicted with halos. ... Theodosius II Flavius Theodosius II (April, 401 - July 28, 450 ). The eldest son of Eudoxia and Arcadius who at the age of 7 became the Roman Emperor of the East. ... Events August 3 - Nestorius is exiled by Imperial edict to a monastery in a Sahara oasis. ...


The sanctuary itself consists of an unordered arrangement of various buildings. To the north of the sanctuary can be found the prytaneion and the Philippeion, as well as the array of treasuries representing the various city states. The metroon lies to the south of these treasuries, with the Echo Stoa to the East. To the south of the sanctuary is the South Stoa and the Bouleuterion, whereas the West side houses the palaistra, the workshop of Pheidias, the Gymnasion and the Leonidaion. Enclosed within the temenos are the temples of Hera and Zeus, the Pelopion and the area of the latar, where the sacrifices were made. The hippodrome and later stadium were also to the East.


Olympia is also known for the gigantic ivory and gold statue of Zeus that used to stand there, sculpted by Pheidias, which was named one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World by Herodotus. Very close to the temple of Zeus (see photo of ruins below) which housed this statue, the studio of Pheidias was excavated in the 1950s. Evidence found there such as sculptor's tools, corroborates this opinion. An elaborately carved ivory decoration Ivory is a hard, white, opaque substance that is the bulk of the teeth and tusks of animals such as the elephant, hippopotamus, walrus, mammoth, narwhal, etc. ... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... Statue of Zeus The Greek sculptor Phidias created the 12-m (40-ft) tall Statue of Zeus in about 435 bc. ... Phidias, (or Pheidias), son of Charmides, (circa 490 BC - circa 430 BC) was an ancient Greek sculptor, universally regarded as the greatest of Greek sculptors. ... The seven wonders of the world are usually taken to be the seven wonders of the ancient world, the name of a list of the most impressive achievements of ancient civilizations in the east of the Mediterranean world. ... // Events and No. ...


Image File history File links Download high resolution version (901x603, 166 KB)Large version, by mdoege@compuserve. ...


Excavation of the Olympia temple district and its surroundings began with a French expedition in 1829. German archaeologists continued the work in the latter part of the 19th century. The latter group uncovered, intact, the Hermes of Praxiteles statue, among other artifacts. In the middle of the 20th Century, the stadium where the running contests took place was excavated. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1829 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Archaeology or sometimes in American English archeology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains, including architecture, artefacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hermes bearing the infant Dionysus, by Praxiteles Hermes (Greek IPA ), in Greek mythology, is the god of boundaries and of the travelers who cross them, of shepherds and cowherds, of orators, literature and poets, of athletics, of weights and measures and invention and commerce in general, of liars, and of... Praxiteles of Athens, the son of Cephisodotus, was the greatest of the Attic sculptors of the 4th century BC, who has left an imperishable mark on the history of art. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... The Athens Olympic Stadium A modern stadium (plural stadiums, Latin plural stadia) is a place, or venue, for (mostly) outdoor sports, concerts or other events, consisting of a field or stage partly or completely surrounded by a structure designed to allow spectators to stand or sit and view the event. ...


The Olympic flame of the modern-day Olympic Games is lit by reflection of sunlight in a parabolic mirror at the restored Olympia stadium and then transported by a torch to the place where the games are held. Listen to this article · (info) This audio file was created from an article revision dated 2006-01-10, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ... For months before the Olympic Games, runners relay the Olympic Flame from Olympia to the opening ceremony. ... A parabolic reflector (also known as a parabolic dish or a parabolic mirror) is a reflective device formed in the shape of a paraboloid of revolution. ...


When the modern Olympics came to Athens in 2004, the men's and women's shot put competition was held at the restored stadium. Athens (Greek: Αθήνα Athína IPA ) is the capital of Greece and one of the most famous cities in the world. ... The Games of the XXVIII Olympiad were held in Athens, Greece, over a period of 17 days from August 13 to August 29, 2004. ... Shot put The shot put is an athletics (track and field) event involving putting (throwing in a pushing motion) a heavy metal ball, also called the shot, as far as possible. ...


The ancient ruins sits north of the Alfeios River and lies next to Cronius or Kronios hill (the hill of Kronos, or Saturn). Kladeos, a tributary of Alfeios, flows around the area. The Alfeiós (Greek: Αλφειός, also Alfiós) is a river in Peloponnese, Greece. ... Chronos is the personification of time in Greek mythology There is also Cronus, the similarly named Greek mythological Titan, father of Zeus. ...


The town has a school and a square (plateia). Tourism is popular throughout the late-20th century. The city has a train station and is the easternmost terminus of the line of Olympia-Pyrgos (Ilia). The train station which the freight yard is west of it is about 300 m east of the town centre. Plateia (πλατεία) is the Greek word for town square. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... For other places that have the same name, click Pyrgos (disambiguation) Pyrgos (Greek: Πύργος) is the capital of the Prefecture of Ilia in Greece. ...


It is linked by GR-74 and the new road was opened in the 1980s, the next stretch N and NE of Olympia will open in around 2005. Distance from Pyrgos is 20 km E(old: 21 km), about 50 km SW of Lampeia, W of Tripoli and Arcadia and 4 km north of Krestena and N of Kyparissia and Messenia. The highway passed north of the ancient ruins. Greece Interstate 74 is a highway linking Pyrgos, Olympia, Tripoli and GR-7/E65. ... The 1980s decade refers to the years from 1980 to 1989, inclusive. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other places that have the same name, click Pyrgos (disambiguation) Pyrgos (Greek: Πύργος) is the capital of the Prefecture of Ilia in Greece. ... Lampeia (Greek: Λαμπεία, Romanization before the 1990s, Lambia), rarely Lampia, is a Greek town and a muinicipality on the southern part of the Divri (Δίβρη) range and is also known as that name. ... This page refers to Tripoli, the capital of Libya. ... Arcadia or Arkadía (Greek Αρκαδία; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is a region of Greece in the Peloponnesus. ... Krestena (Greek: Κρέστενα), is a city located in the Prefecture of Ilia. ... Kyparissia, rarely Cyparissia (Greek: Κύπαρισσία) is a town of around 4,000 in western Messenia. ... Messinia Messinia (also spelled Messenia) is a district in the Peloponnesus, a region of Greece. ...

Ruins of the Temple of Zeus at Olympia, Greece
Ruins of the Temple of Zeus at Olympia, Greece

A reservoir is located 2 km southwest damming up the Alfeios river and has a road from Olympia and Krestena which in the late-1990s has been closed. Image File history File links Ruins of Temple of Zeus in Olympia, Greece My aunt and/or uncle made this photograph when they went on vacation to Greece. ... Image File history File links Ruins of Temple of Zeus in Olympia, Greece My aunt and/or uncle made this photograph when they went on vacation to Greece. ... A kilometre (American spelling: kilometer), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ... The 1990s decade refers to the years from 1990 to 1999, inclusive. ...


The area is hilly and mountains, most of the area within Olympia is forested.


Nearest Places

Varvasena or Varvassena (Greek: Βαρβάσαινα) is a town in the eastern part of the municipality of Pyrgos in the central part of the prefecture of Ilia. ...

Subdivision:

  • Drouva

Communes:

  • Ancient Pisa (Miraka)
    • International Olympic Academy (pop: 63)
  • Aspra Spitia
    • Ypsilo
  • Chelidonio
  • Floka
  • Irakleia
  • Kafkonia
  • Kamena
    • Nea Kamena
  • Vasilaki
  • Kladeos
  • Koskina
    • Fanara
  • Kryonero
  • Linaria
  • Louvro
    • Gyros
  • Mageira
  • Mouria
  • Pefko
  • Pelopio
    • Ampari
  • Platanos
    • Agios Georgios (pop: 7)
  • Pournario
  • Smila
    • Kourouta
  • Strefi
    • Kato Strefi (Flokeika)
  • Xirokampos

Kladeos (Greek: Κλάδεος) or Kladeus, Latin: Cladeus or Cladeos was a river god in Greek mythology. ... Smila is a little village near Olympia with about 400 citizens. ...

Historical population:

Year Communal population Change Municipal population Change
1981 1,125 - - -
1991 1,742 -349/-4.87% 11,229 -
2001 1,475 -267/-15.33% 11,069 -160/1.42%

1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ...

External links

North: Foloi
West: Pyrgos
Olympia East:
South:Skillounta, Alifeira

Foloi (Greek: Φολόη), older forms Foloe, older form and Latin: Pholoe is a village and a municipality in the eastern part of the prefecture of Ilia. ... ... Krestena (Greek: Κρέστενα), is a city located in the Prefecture of Ilia. ... Photo 1: Kallithea on the simulated view of Greater Athens from above. ...

See also:

Municipalities of the Elis Prefecture
Alifeira | Amaliada | Andravida | Andritsaina | Ancient Olympia | Figaleia | Foloi | Gastouni | Iardanos | Kastro-Kyllini | Lampeia | Lasiona | Lechaina | Oleni | Pineia | Pyrgos | Skillounta | Tragano | Vartholomio | Volakas | Vouprasia | Zacharo

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