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Encyclopedia > Olusegun Obasanjo
Olusegun Obasanjo
Olusegun Obasanjo

In office
May 29, 1999 – May 29, 2007
Vice President(s) Atiku Abubakar
Preceded by Abdulsalami Abubakar
Succeeded by Umaru Yar'Adua

In office
February 13, 1976 – October 1, 1979
Vice President(s) Shehu Musa Yar'Adua
Preceded by Murtala Mohammed
Succeeded by Shehu Shagari

In office
July 29, 1975 – February 13, 1976
President Murtala Mohammed
Preceded by J.E.A. Wey
Succeeded by Shehu Musa Yar'Adua

Born March 5, 1937 (1937-03-05) (age 70)
Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria
Political party People's Democratic Party
Spouse Lynda Obasanjo (ex-wife, deceased), Stella Obasanjo (deceased)
Religion Christianity

General (rtd.) Olusegun Aremu Okikiola Matthew Obasanjo, GCFR[1] (Yoruba: Oluṣẹgun Mathew Okikiọla Arẹmu Ọbasanjọ, IPA: /ɒˈluʃɛguːŋ obˈæsændʒo/[2]) (born circa March 5, 1937) is a retired Nigerian Army general and former President of Nigeria. A Christian of Yoruba descent, Obasanjo was a career soldier before serving twice as his nation's head of state, once as a military ruler, between February 13, 1976 to October 1, 1979 and again from May 29, 1999 to May 29, 2007, as elected President. His current home is Ado-Odo/Ota. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1923x1888, 391 KB) Summary Olusegun Obasanjo (*1937), president of Nigeria, Brasília, 6 September 2005 Photo: José Cruz/ABr. ... Seal of the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria Flag of the President of Nigeria The President of Nigeria is the elected head of government and head of state of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. ... is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Seal of the Vice-President of Nigeria Alhaji Atiku Abubakar (Turakin Adamawa), GCON (born 25 November 1946) is the Vice-President of Nigeria. ... General Abdulsalam Abubakar (born June 13, 1942) became Nigerias eighth military Head of State in 1998, after Ironsi, Gowon, Murtala, Obasanjo, Buhari, Babangida and Abacha, since the countrys independence from Britain in 1960. ... Umaru Musa YarAdua (born July 9, 1951 in Katsina, Katsina State, Nigeria) is the 2nd President of Nigerias Fourth Republic. ... Seal of the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria Flag of the President of Nigeria The President of Nigeria is the elected head of government and head of state of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. ... is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Shehu Musa YarAdua (March 5, 1943–December 8, 1997) was a Nigerian businessman, soldier, and politician. ... Murtala Mohammed General Murtala Ramat Mohammed (November 8, 1938–February 13, 1976) was a military ruler (Head of the Federal Military Government) of Nigeria (1975–1976). ... Alhaji Shehu Usman Aliyu Shagari, Turakin Sakkwato (born May 25, 1925) was the President of Nigerias ill-fated Second Republic (1979 - 1983), after the handover of power by General Olusegun Obasanjos caretaker government. ... The Vice-President of Nigeria is the second-in-command to the President of Nigeria. ... is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Murtala Mohammed General Murtala Ramat Mohammed (November 8, 1938–February 13, 1976) was a military ruler (Head of the Federal Military Government) of Nigeria (1975–1976). ... Commodore Joseph Edet Akinwale Wey is a Nigerian naval officer who served, at various times, as head of the Nigerian Navy,[1] acting Foreign Minister,[2] and Chief of Staff of the Supreme Headquarters,[3] making him the de facto Vice President of Nigeria during Yakubu Gowons regime. ... Shehu Musa YarAdua (March 5, 1943–December 8, 1997) was a Nigerian businessman, soldier, and politician. ... This article is about the day. ... Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Location of Abeokuta in Nigeria Abeokuta is a city of southwest Nigeria, situated at , on the Ogun river, 64 miles north of Lagos by railway, or 81 miles by water. ... Ogun State is a state in South-western Nigeria. ... The Peoples Democratic Party is a centrist political party in Nigeria. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... Nigerian National Honours are a set of orders and decorations conferred upon Nigerians and friends of Nigeria every year The Nigerian National Honors were instituted by the National Honors Act No. ... Yoruba (native name èdè Yorùbá, the Yoruba language) is a dialect continuum of West Africa with over 22 million speakers. ... IPA may refer to: The International Phonetic Alphabet or India Pale Ale ... This article is about the day. ... Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Military of Nigeria has active duty personnel in three armed services divisions, totalling approximately 76,000 troops. ... Seal of the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria Flag of the President of Nigeria The President of Nigeria is the elected head of government and head of state of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... The Yoruba (Yorùbá in Yoruba orthography) are a large ethno-linguistic group or ethnic nation in Africa; the majority of them speak the Yoruba language (èdèe Yorùbá; èdè = language). ... is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Ado-Odo/Ota Local Government Area is one of 19 Local Government Areas of Ogun State, Nigeria. ...

Contents

Early life and first term as head of state

Obasanjo was born in Ogun State,[3] grew up in Owu, and he enlisted in the army in 1958. He trained at Aldershot, was commissioned as an officer, and fought against the Biafran secessionists in the Nigerian Civil War. Although he did not directly participate in the military coup of July 29, 1975, led by Murtala Mohammed, he supported it and was named Mohammed's deputy in the new government. Ogun State, Nigeria was created in February 1976 from the former Western region. ... For other uses, see Aldershot (disambiguation). ... National motto: Peace, Unity, Freedom Official language English Capital Enugu Head of State Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu Area ?- Total ?- % water Population;- Total 13,500,000 (1967) Currency Biafran pound (BIAP) Created May 30, 1967 Dissolved January 15, 1970 Demonym Biafran The Republic of Biafra was a short-lived secessionist state in... Combatants Nigerian federal government Republic of Biafra Commanders Yakubu Gowon Odumegwu Ojukwu Casualties 200,000 soldiers and civilians Estimated 1,000,000 soldiers and civilians The Nigerian Civil War, also known as the Biafran War, July 6, 1967 – January 13, 1970, was a political conflict caused by the attempted secession... A coup détat, or simply a coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government, usually done by a small group that just replaces the top power figures. ... is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Murtala Mohammed General Murtala Ramat Mohammed (November 8, 1938–February 13, 1976) was a military ruler (Head of the Federal Military Government) of Nigeria (1975–1976). ...


As chief of staff of Supreme Headquarters, Obasanjo was Mohammed's deputy and had the support of the military. He had earlier commanded the federal division that took Owerri, effectively bringing an end to the civil war. In 1976, he was marked for assassination along with Mohammed and other senior military personnel by coup ploters, lead by army col. Dimka. But one colonel was mistaken for Obasanjo, and was subsequently killed together with Murtala on February 13, 1976. A low profile security policy adopted by Murtala in guarding very important persons allowed the plotters easy access to their targets. However, the coup was foiled because they missed Obasanjo and General Theophilus Danjuma, chief of army staff and de facto number three man in the country. The plotters also failed to cut off the communication line, although they were able to take over the radio station to make their announcement. Obasanjo and Danjuma where able to establish a chain of command and re-established security in Lagos, thereby regaining control. Obasanjo was made head of state in a meeting of the Supreme Military Council. Keeping the chain of command established by Murtala Muhammad in place, Obasanjo pledged to continue the programme for the restoration of civilian government in 1979 and to carry forward the reform programme to improve the quality of public service. Owerri is a city in southeastern Nigeria. ... is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Gen. ... For other uses, see Lagos (disambiguation). ...

With US President Jimmy Carter in Lagos, 1978
With US President Jimmy Carter in Lagos, 1978

The model for the second republican constitution, which was adopted in 1979, was modelled on the Constitution of the United States, with provision for a President, Senate, and House of Representatives. The country was now ready for local elections, to be followed by national elections, that would return Nigeria to civilian rule. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other persons named Jimmy Carter, see Jimmy Carter (disambiguation). ... The Second Republic was the republican government of Nigeria between 1979 and 1983 governed by the second republican constitution. ... Page I of the Constitution of the United States of America Page II of the United States Constitution Page III of the United States Constitution Page IV of the United States Constitution The Syng inkstand, with which the Constitution was signed The Constitution of the United States is the supreme... Seal of the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria Flag of the President of Nigeria The President of Nigeria is the elected head of government and head of state of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. ... The Senate is the upper house of the National Assembly of Nigeria. ... The House of Representatives of Nigeria is the lower house of the countrys bicameral National Assembly. ...


The military regimes of Murtala Muhammad and Obasanjo benefited from a tremendous influx of oil revenue that increased 350 percent between 1973 and 1974, when oil prices skyrocketed, to 1979, when the military stepped down. Increased revenues permitted massive spending; this spending, however, was poorly planned and concentrated in urban areas. The oil boom was marred by a minor recession in 1978-79, but revenues rebounded until mid-1981. The increase in revenues made possible a rapid rise in income, especially for the urban middle class. There was a corresponding inflation, particularly in the price of food, that promoted both industrialisation and the expansion of agricultural production. As a result of the shift to food crops, the traditional export earners — peanuts, cotton, cocoa, and palm products — declined in significance and then ceased to be important at all. Nigeria's exports became dominated by oil.


Industrialisation, which had grown slowly after World War II through the civil war, boomed in the 1970s, despite many infrastructure constraints. Growth was particularly pronounced in the production and assembly of consumer goods, including vehicle assembly and the manufacture of soap and detergents, soft drinks, pharmaceuticals, beer, paint, and building materials. Furthermore, there was extensive investment in infrastructure from 1975 to 1980, and the number of parastatals — jointly government- and privately owned companies — proliferated. The Nigerian Enterprises Promotion decrees of 1972 and 1977 further encouraged the growth of an indigenous middle class. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Plans were undertaken for the movement of the federal capital from Lagos to Abuja, a more central location in the interior of the country. Such a step was seen as a means of encouraging the spread of industrial development inland and of relieving the congestion that threatened to choke Lagos. Abuja also was chosen because it was not identified with any particular ethnic group. For other uses, see Lagos (disambiguation). ... Aso Rock Abuja is the capital city of Nigeria. ...


Heavy investment was planned in steel production. With Soviet assistance, a steel mill was developed at Ajaokuta in Kogi State, not far from Abuja. The most significant negative sign was the decline of industry associated with agriculture, but large-scale irrigation projects were launched in the states of Borno, Kano, Sokoto, and Bauchi under World Bank auspices. Soviet redirects here. ... Home of the multi billion dollar Ajaokuta Steel Rolling Mill in Kogi State, Nigeria ... Kogi is a state in the north-central zone of Nigeria. ... Borno may refer to: Borno, Italy Borno State, Nigeria The Kanem-Bornu Empire A Fundamentalist Christian This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Kano is the administrative center of the Kano State and the third largest city in Nigeria, in terms of geographical size, after Ibadan and Lagos. ... Location of Sokoto in Nigeria, Sokoto is a city located in the extreme northwest of Nigeria, near to where the Sokoto River and Rima River meet. ... Bauchi is the capital of Bauchi State in Nigeria. ... The World Bank logo The World Bank (the Bank) is a part of the World Bank Group (WBG), is a bank that makes loans to developing countries for development programs with the stated goal of reducing poverty. ...


Education also expanded rapidly. At the start of the civil war, there were only five universities, but by 1975 the number had increased to thirteen, with seven more established over the next several years. In 1975 there were 53,000 university students. There were similar advances in primary and secondary school education, particularly in those northern states that had lagged behind.


Obasanjo served until October 1, 1979, when he handed power to Shehu Shagari, a democratically elected civilian president; this made Obasanjo the first leader in Nigerian history to surrender power willingly. In late 1983, however, the military seized power again. Obasanjo, being in retirement, did not participate in that coup, and did not publicly support it. is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Alhaji Shehu Usman Aliyu Shagari, Turakin Sakkwato (born May 25, 1925) was the President of Nigerias ill-fated Second Republic (1979 - 1983), after the handover of power by General Olusegun Obasanjos caretaker government. ...


Later career and presidency

During the dictatorship of Sani Abacha (1993–1998), Obasanjo spoke out against the human rights abuses of the regime, and was imprisoned with the claim of planning a coup. He was released only after Abacha's sudden death on 8 June 1998. It was after his release from prison that Obasanjo announced that he was a born-again Christian. Sani Abacha General Sani Abacha (Kano, 20 September 1943 – Abuja, 8 June 1998) was a Nigerian politician and military leader. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ... is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Born again is a term used originally and mainly in Christianity, where it is associated with salvation, conversion and spiritual rebirth. ...


First term

In the 1999 elections, the first in sixteen years, he decided to run for the presidency as the candidate of the People's Democratic Party. Obasanjo won with 62.6% of the vote, sweeping the strongly Christian Southeast and the predominantly Muslim north, but decisively lost his home region, the Southwest, to his fellow-Yoruba and Christian, Olu Falae, the only other candidate. It is thought that lingering resentment among his fellow-Yorubas about his previous military administration of 1976 to 1979, after which he handed power over to a government dominated by northerners rather than by Yorubas, contributed to his poor showing among his own people. May 29, the day Obasanjo took office as the first elected and civilian head of state in Nigeria after 16 years of military rule, is now commemorated as Democracy Day, a public holiday in Nigeria. The Peoples Democratic Party is a centrist political party in Nigeria. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Olu Falae is a Nigerian politician. ... is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the comedy film of the same name, see Head of State (film). ... Democracy Day on May 29 is a public holiday in Nigeria. ... Holidays in Nigeria Categories: Public holidays by country | Nigerian society | Nigerian culture ...


Obasanjo spent most of his first term travelling abroad visiting mostly western countries. He claimed, this was to polish the country image and re-establish the country to international scene after being battered and stained by the regime of Gen. Abacha.


His party, PDP, was established without him, as when he was called to contest the presidency he was languishing in prison. Thus, he was not able to control the party in the direction he wanted. The party became its own opposition with various infighting.


Some of the public officials like the National Assembly speaker and Senate president were involved in conflicts of self importance and the president had to battle many impeachment moves from both houses.


Obasanjo was effective in making changes to the party officials but lacked support in the National Assembly, but was able to pass anti-corruption laws, survive impeachment and got renomination.

Olusẹgun Obasanjo with Donald Rumsfeld at The Pentagon
Olusẹgun Obasanjo with Donald Rumsfeld at The Pentagon

Download high resolution version (1100x723, 254 KB)Secretary of Defense Donald H. Rumsfeld (right) escorts President Olusegun Obasanjo (left), of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, to the Pentagon parade field for a welcoming ceremony in his honor on May 10, 2001. ... Download high resolution version (1100x723, 254 KB)Secretary of Defense Donald H. Rumsfeld (right) escorts President Olusegun Obasanjo (left), of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, to the Pentagon parade field for a welcoming ceremony in his honor on May 10, 2001. ... This article is about the United States military building. ...

Second term

Obasanjo was re-elected in 2003 in a tumultuous election that had violent ethnic and religious overtones, his main opponent (fellow former military ruler General Muhammadu Buhari) being a Muslim who drew his support mainly from the north. Capturing 61.8% of the vote, Obasanjo defeated Buhari by more than 11 million votes. Buhari and other defeated candidates (including Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu, the former Biafran leader of the 1960s), claimed that the election was fraudulent. International observers from the European Union, and the U.S. National Democratic Institute and International Republican Institute also reported widespread voting irregularities, including in the restive oil producing Niger delta where Obasanjo's party had without explanation won close to 100% of the votes. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... General Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu, Ikemba Nnewi (born November 4, 1933) was the leader of the secessionist state of Biafra in Nigeria (1967–1970), during the Nigerian Civil War. ... National motto: Peace, Unity, Freedom Official language English Capital Enugu Head of State Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu Area ?- Total ?- % water Population;- Total 13,500,000 (1967) Currency Biafran pound (BIAP) Created May 30, 1967 Dissolved January 15, 1970 Demonym Biafran The Republic of Biafra was a short-lived secessionist state in... The National Democratic Institute is a non-profit organization which works to support and expand democracy worldwide. ... The International Republican Institute (IRI) is a nonprofit, nonpartisan organization. ... The Niger Delta, the delta of the Niger River in Nigeria, is a densely populated region sometimes called the Oil Rivers because it was once a major producer of palm oil. ...


However, a delegation from the Commonwealth of Nations — led by representatives of former colonial power and trading partner Great Britain and African nations that had undergone troubled elections of their own — were less critical in their assessment. Much more worrying was the increasing polarisation of Nigeria along geographic and religious lines. Obasanjo swept the South, including the south-west where he had lost four years earlier, but lost considerable ground in the North. For a nation in which ethnicity and religion ties in strongly to geography, such a trend was seen by many as particularly disturbing. Other commentators might simply note that in 2003, unlike 1999, Obasanjo was running against a Northerner and could therefore expect his support to erode in the North. Obasanjo won more Northern states than Buhari, but the latter did well in his region of NW, winning Kano and retaining other ANPP states. The Commonwealth of Nations as of 2007 Headquarters Marlborough House, London, UK Official languages English Membership 53 sovereign states Leaders  -  Queen Elizabeth II  -  Secretary-General Kamalesh Sharma Appointed 24 November 2007 Establishment  -  Balfour Declaration 18 November 1926   -  Statute of Westminster 11 December 1931   -  London Declaration 28 April 1949  Area  -  Total...


Since leading a public campaign against corruption and implementing economic reforms in his country, he has been widely seen abroad as an African statesman championing debt relief and democratic institutions (three times rejecting government change by coups d'état in Africa as the chairperson of the African Union). Critics of his politics say that he has used the campaign to fight his enemies and not to transform Nigeria.[citation needed] Anthem Let Us All Unite and Celebrate Together [1] Administrative Centre Largest city Cairo, Egypt Working languages Arabic English French Portuguese Swahili Membership 53 African states Leaders  -  Chairman John Kufuor  -  Alpha Oumar Konaré Establishment  -  as the OAU May 25, 1963   -  as the African Union July 9, 2002  Area  -  Total 29...


Obasanjo's second term was more effective than the first. He had been able to control the party and got effective support from the National Assembly. Many governors, mostly from his party, were either exposed or prosecuted for corruption. Some ministers and state officials were also dismissed or prosecuted for corruption. Also, the Senate President was removed at Obasanjo's insistence, after he had been exposed for receiving cash for budget approval from a minister. The country witnessed the trial and dismisal of senior Naval officers for corruption and similar faith for the chief of police. Some governors too were removed for corruption, though, some judges reversed some decision.


He was able to attract technocrats and Nigerian expatriates to his administration. They were able to plan various reforms in the country administration. They made effective contribution to the country economic planning and development. His administration had now established future planning and development for the country for the next five years.


He played an important role in judiciary by not ignoring judgements against his government no matter how dubious the judgement, nor was any judge victimised for this. Normally, Government, state of federal, always find a way of dismissing Judges that passed judgement against them, his administration never did that. The law council were more independent in the dismissal of corrupt or comprised judges.


He was not able to trickle down reforms and development effective to states and local government level, even in the states controlled by his party. The states and local governments are still riddled with corrupt officials. Also, he failed to solve police and security issues in the country.


Before Obasanjo's administration Nigeria's GDP growth had been painfully slow since 1987, and only managed 3% between 1999/2000. However, under Obasanjo the growth rate doubled to 6% until he left office, helped in part by higher oil prices. Nigeria's foreign reserves rose from $2 billion in 1999 to $43 billion on leaving office in 2007. He was able to secure debt pardons from the Paris and London club amounting to some $10 billion. Most of these loans were secured and spent by past corrupt officials.


In 2005 the international community gave Nigeria's government its first pass mark for its anti-corruption efforts. However, a growing number of critics within Nigeria have accused Obasanjo's government of selectively targeting his anti-corruption drive against political opponents and ethnic militants, ignoring growing concerns about wide-scale corruption within his own inner political circle.[citation needed]


On October 23, 2005 (just hours after the crash of Bellview Airlines Flight 210), the President lost his wife, Stella Obasanjo, First Lady of Nigeria. Obasanjo has many children, who live throughout Nigeria, the United Kingdom and the United States.[4] is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... On October 22, 2005, Bellview Airlines Flight 210, a Boeing 737-200 aircraft with 117 people on board, crashed shortly after taking off from Lagos en route to the Nigerian capital Abuja. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article is about the use of the term first lady internationally. ...


Stella was not the first wife he lost. In 1987, his ex-wife Lynda was ordered out of her car by armed men, but was fatally shot for failing to move quickly. (Blaine Harden, Africa: Dispatches from a Fragile Continent, p. 283)


Third Term Agenda

Main article: Third Term Agenda

Obasanjo was embroiled in controversy regarding his "Third Term Agenda," a plan to modify the constitution so he could serve a third, four-year term as President. The bill was not ratified by the National Assembly. Consequently, President Obasanjo stepped down after the April 2007 general election.[5] Third Term Agenda is a term which was used to describe alleged, controversial attempts by supporters of Nigerian President Olusẹgun Ọbasanjọ to change the constitution to allow for a third term in office. ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives David Mark, (PDP) since June 6, 2007 Speaker of the House Dimeji Bankole, (PDP) since November 2, 2007 Meeting place National Assembly Building Web site http://www. ... The Nigerian general elections of 2007 were held on 14 April and 21 April 2007. ...


He has become chairman of the board of trustees of the PDP, and from that position he can control nominations for government positions and even policy and strategy. As one Western diplomat said, "He intends to sit in the passenger seat giving advice and ready to grab the wheel if Nigeria goes off course." [6]


Obasanjo Administration (4th Republic)

The Fourth Republic is the current republican government of Nigeria since 1999 governed by the fourth republican constitution. ...

Cabinet (Federal Executive Council)

OFFICE NAME TERM
President Olusegun Obasanjo 1999–2007
Vice President Atiku Abubakar 1999–2007
 
Minister of Agriculture and Water Resources Alhaji Adamu Bello 1999–2007
Minister of Commerce and Industry Aliyu Modibo 1999–2007
Minister of Defence Theophilus Yakubu Danjuma 1999–2003
  Rabiu Musa Kwankwaso 2003–2006
  Thomas I. Aguiyi-Ironsi 2006–2007
Minister of Education Obiageli Ezekwesili 2003–2007
Minister of Energy Edmund Daukoru 2003–2007
Minister of Environment and Housing Helen Esuene 2003–2007
Minister of FCT Administration Nasir Ahmad el-Rufai 2003–2007
Minister of Finance Adamu Ciroma 1999–2003
  Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala 2003–2006
  Nnenadi Usman 2006–2007
Minister of Foreign Affairs Sule Lamido 1999–2003
  Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala 2006–2006
  Joy Ogwu 2006–2007
Minister of Health Tim Menakaya 1999–2001
  ABC Nwosu 2001–2003
  Eyitayo Lambo 2003–2007
Minister of Information and Communication Jerry Gana 1999–2003
  Frank Nweke, Jr. 2003–2007
Minister of the Interior Dr Mohammed Shata 1999–2003
  Minister of Justice (Attorney General) Bola Ige 1999–2002
  Kanu Agabi 2002–2003
  Bayo Ojo 2003–2007
Minister of Labour Hassan Muhammed Lawal 2003–2007
Minister of Mines and Steel Development Lesley Obiorah 2003–2007
Minister of Science and Technology Pauline Tallen 1999–2003
  Isoun Turner 2003–2007
Minister of Transport Kema Chikwe 1999–2001
  Ojo Maduekwe 2001–2003
  Precious Sekibo 2003–2007
Minister of Tourism, Culture and National Orientation Ojo Maduekwe 1999–2001
  Babalola Borisade 2006–2007
Minister of Youth Development S. A. Jakanda 2003–2007
Minister of Women Affairs Maryam Ciroma 2003–2007

The Executive Branch of the Government of Nigeria has 19 Federal Ministries. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 604 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (624 × 619 pixel, file size: 73 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 604 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (624 × 619 pixel, file size: 73 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The Seal of the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria is the official symbol of the Nigerian President. ... Seal of the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria Flag of the President of Nigeria The President of Nigeria is the elected head of government and head of state of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. ... The Vice-President of Nigeria is the second-in-command to the President of Nigeria. ... Seal of the Vice-President of Nigeria Alhaji Atiku Abubakar (Turakin Adamawa), GCON (born 25 November 1946) is the Vice-President of Nigeria. ... Alhaji Adamu Bello heads the Nigerian Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. ... Aliyu Modibo is a Nigerian politician who is the Nigerian minister of commerce for the Nigerian Federal Ministry of Commerce. ... The Minister of Defence of Nigeria is a senior cabinet official in the Nigerian Federal Executive Council. ... General Theophilus Yakubu Danjuma (Rtd. ... Thomas Tom Aguiyi-Ironsi is the Defence Minister (officially The Minister of Defence) of Nigeria. ... Dr. Edmund Daukoru of Nigeria is the Nigerian Minister of Energy and current President of OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries). ... Nasir Ahmad el-Rufai (b. ... The Minister of Finance of Nigeria is a senior cabinet official in the Nigerian Federal Executive Council. ... Adamu Ciroma is a Nigeria politician and former Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria. ... Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala (born June 13, 1954) is a fellow at the Brookings Institution [1]. She is the former Finance Minister of Nigeria and Foreign Minister of Nigeria, notable for being the first woman to hold both of these positions. ... Mrs. ... The Nigerian foreign ministry is a statutory body created to handle the external thrust of Nigerias domestic vision and ideals. ... Sule Lamido served as foreign minister of Nigeria. ... Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala (born June 13, 1954) is a fellow at the Brookings Institution [1]. She is the former Finance Minister of Nigeria and Foreign Minister of Nigeria, notable for being the first woman to hold both of these positions. ... Joy Ogwu Joy Ogwu (born August 23, 1946) is the current Foreign Minister of Nigeria. ... Eyitayo Lambo heads the Nigerian Federal Ministry of Health. ... Jerry Gana, born 1945, in Busu, Niger State, is a Nigerian scholar, politician and former minister for Information. ... Bola Ige (September 13, 1930 December 23, 2001) was a Nigerian Yoruba politician. ... Christopher Adebayo Ojo heads the Nigerian Federal Ministry of Justice. ... Hassan Muhammed Lawal heads the Nigerian Federal Ministry of Labour & Productivity. ... Kemafo Nonyerem Kema Chikwe is a former Nigerian Federal Minister of Aviation. ... Ojo Maduekwe is the current National Secretary of the ruling Nigerian political party, the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP). ... Ojo Maduekwe is the current National Secretary of the ruling Nigerian political party, the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP). ... Babalola Borisade is a Nigerian politician who is the Nigerian minister of aviation for the Nigerian Federal Ministry of Aviation. ...

Presidency

OFFICE NAME TERM
Chief of Staff Major-General Abdullahi Mohammed (Rtd.) 1999–2007
National Security Adviser Lt. General Aliyu Mohammed (Rtd.) 1999–2006
Special Adviser on Communications Onyema Ugochukwu 1999–2006
Press Secretary Doyin Okupe 1999–2002
  Oluremi Oyo 2002–2007
Chairman, Niger Delta Development Commission Onyema Ugochukwu 2000–2004
  Samuel Edem 2005–present
Chairman, National Planning Commission Abdullahi M. Wali 2003–2007
Chairman, National Sports Commission Bala Bawa Ka'oje 2003–2007

In politics, a chief of staff is the primary aide to a political leader or position. ... National Security Advisor may mean: United States National Security Advisor National Security Advisor (Canada) This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... The White House Press Secretary is a senior White House official with a rank one step below Cabinet level. ... Onyema Ugochukwu (CON, Commander of the Order of the Niger) is a seasoned Nigerian economist, journalist, and politician. ... A press secretary is a senior advisor (usually to a politician) who provides advice on how to deal with the media and, using news management techniques, helps them to maintain a positive public image and avoid negative media coverage. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Onyema Ugochukwu (CON, Commander of the Order of the Niger) is a seasoned Nigerian economist, journalist, and politician. ... Samuel Edem is a former Nigerian ambassador, and the current Chairman of the Niger Delta Development Commission (NDDC). ...

Trivia

This article is about the American television series. ... This article is about the former Vice President of the United States. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001 and re-elected in the 2004 U.S. presidential election. ... John William Will Ferrell (born July 16, 1967[1]) is an Emmy- and Golden Globe-nominated American comedian, actor and writer who first established himself as a cast member of Saturday Night Live, and has since gone on to a successful film career. ... This article is about a journal. ... Country name: conventional long form: Federal Republic of Nigeria conventional short form: Nigeria Data code: NI Government type: republic. ... Seal of the Vice-President of Nigeria Alhaji Atiku Abubakar (Turakin Adamawa), GCON (born 25 November 1946) is the Vice-President of Nigeria. ... The Bureau Of Public Enterprises (BPE) serves as the secretariat of the National Council on Privatisation (NCP) and is charged with the overall responsibility of implementing the councils policies on privatization and commercialization. ... Nasir Ahmad el-Rufai (b. ... Tunde Baiyewu (born November 25, 1968) is a vocalist who gained fame as part of the Northern soul duo Lighthouse Family. ... Fela Anikulapo Kuti (born Olufela Olusegun Oludotun Ransome-Kuti, October 15, 1938 - August 2, 1997), or simply Fela, was a Nigerian multi-instrumentalist musician and composer, pioneer of Afrobeat music, human rights activist, and political maverick. ... It is proposed that this article be deleted, because of the following concern: There are countless individuals within Microsoft as well as the industry that have had much greater influence on various XML technologies. ...

See also

The Second Republic was the republican government of Nigeria between 1979 and 1983 governed by the second republican constitution. ... The Fourth Republic is the current republican government of Nigeria since 1999 governed by the fourth republican constitution. ...

References

  1. ^ Statement by Obasanjo to the United Nations
  2. ^ BBC Pronunciation Unit
  3. ^ Hamilton, Janice. Nigeria in Pictures. Page 71
  4. ^ http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0307/04/i_if.01.html
  5. ^ President of Nigeria loses bid for a 3rd term
  6. ^ Africa's Barometer Time Magazine
  7. ^ Saturday Night Live transcript
  8. ^ Saturday Night Live clip on YouTube

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Olusegun Obasanjo
  • Federal Ministries of Nigeria
  • Official Site

This article contains material from the Library of Congress Country Studies, which are United States government publications in the public domain. Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Country Studies are works published by the Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress ( USA), freely available for use by researchers. ... The U.S. Constitution, adopted in 1789 by a constitutional convention, sets down the basic framework of American government in its seven articles. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

Preceded by
Murtala Mohammed
Head of the Federal Military Government of Nigeria
13 February 19761 October 1979
Succeeded by
Shehu Shagari
Preceded by
None
Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) Presidential Nominee
1999 (won), 2003 (won)
Succeeded by
Umaru Yar'Adua
Preceded by
Abdulsalami Abubakar
President of Nigeria
29 May 199929 May 2007
Succeeded by
Umaru Yar'Adua
Preceded by
Joaquim Chissano
Chairperson of the African Union
2004–2006
Succeeded by
Denis Sassou-Nguesso

  Results from FactBites:
 
Olusegun Obasanjo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1673 words)
Obasanjo was born in Abeokuta, Ogun State, and he enlisted into the army at the age of 18.
Obasanjo, being in retirement, did not participate in that coup, and did not publicly support it.
Obasanjo was re-elected in 2003 in a tumultuous election that had violent ethnic and religious overtones, his main opponent (fellow former military ruler General Muhammadu Buhari) being a Muslim who drew his support mainly from the north.
Olusegun Obasanjo - definition of Olusegun Obasanjo in Encyclopedia (559 words)
Olusegun Obasanjo (born March 5, 1937) is the president of Nigeria (since 1999).
Obasanjo won with 62.6 percent of the vote, sweeping the strongly Christian South-East and the predominantly Muslim north, but decisively lost his home region, the south-west, to his fellow-Yoruba and fellow-Christian, Olu Falae, the only other candidate.
Obasanjo was handily reelected in 2003 in a tumultuous election that had religious overtones, his main opponent (fellow former military ruler General Muhammadu Buhari) being a Muslim who drew his support mainly from the Muslim north.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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