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Encyclopedia > Oltenia
Map of Romania with Oltenia highlighted
Map of Romania with Oltenia highlighted

Oltenia or Lesser Wallachia is a historical province of Romania. It is situated between the Danube, the Southern Carpathians branch of the Carpathian Mountains and the roman limes(Turnu Magurele-Rosiori-Pitesti-Curtea de Arges). Image File history File links Map of Romania with Oltenia higlighted File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Map of Romania with Wallachia in yellow. ... The Danube (German: , Slovak: Dunaj, Hungarian: , Croatian: Dunav, Serbian: Дунав/Dunav, Bulgarian: Дунав, Romanian: , Ukrainian: , Latin: Danuvius) is Europes second-longest river (after the Volga). ... Southern Carpathians (also called Transylvanian Alps; in Romanian: Carpaţii Meridionali) are located between the Prahova river in the east and the Timiş river and Cerna river in the west. ... Satellite image of the Carpathians The Carpathian Mountains are the eastern wing of the great Central Mountain System of Europe, curving 1500 km (~900 miles) along the borders of Austria, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia and northern Hungary. ...

Contents


Geography

The main city of Oltenia is Craiova. Other cities are Drobeta-Turnu Severin, Râmnicu Vâlcea, Târgu Jiu and Slatina, To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Drobeta-Turnu Severin is a city in Mehedinti county, Oltenia, Romania, on the left bank of the Danube, below the Iron Gates. ... Râmnicu Vâlcea (population: 107,656) is a city in Vâlcea county, Romania. ... Târgu Jiu (also spelt Tîrgu Jiu) is a town in the Gorj county, Oltenia, Romania. ... The term Slatina (meaning salty water in Slavic languages) refers to a number of places in Europe: Slatina, Croatia: town in Croatia Slatina, Romania: town in Romania Byala Slatina: town in Bulgaria Slatina, Slovakia: village in Slovakia Slatina River, in Slovakia Slatina River, in Romania Slatina, mineral water: mineral water...


History

Oltenia was inhabited by Dacians during the ancient times and in 106, at the end of the Dacian Wars, it was incorpored in the Roman Empire (see Roman Dacia).Marcus Aurelius' administrative reform made Oltenia one of the three new divisions (tres Daciae) as Dacia Malvensis. It was colonized with veterans of the Roman legions. The Romans withdrew their administration south of the Danube in the mid-3rd century. Dacia, in ancient geography the land of the Daci, named by the ancient greeks Getae, was a large district of Central Europe, bounded on the north by the Carpathians, on the south by the Danube, on the west by the Tisa, on the east by the Tyras or Nistru, now... For other uses, see number 106. ... Roman Monument for the Victory at the Adamclisi The Dacian Wars (101-102, 106-107) were two short wars between the Roman Empire and Dacia during Emperor Trajans rule. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation) The Roman Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Ancient Roman polity in the centuries following its reorganization under the leadership of Octavian (better known as Augustus), until its radical reformation in what was later to be known as the Byzantine... Booty from Trajans conquest of Dacia Map of the Roman provinces Pannonia, Dalmatia, Moesia, and Dacia The Roman province of Dacia was limited to Transylvania, Banat and Oltenia. ... Marcus Aurelius depicted in The Thoughts of Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, as translated by George Long Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus (April 26, 121 – March 17, 180) was Roman Emperor from 161 to his death in 180. ... A veteran refers to a person who is experienced in a particular area, particularly referring to people in the armed forces. ... The Roman legion (from the Latin legio, meaning levy) was the basic military unit of ancient Rome. ... // Overview Events The Sassanid dynasty of Persia launches a war to reconquer lost lands in the Roman east, 230 - 232 Crisis of the Third Century shakes Roman Empire Emperor Valerian I is taken captive by the Persian King of Kings Shapur I, 260 End of Yayoi era and beginning of...


Around 1247 a new principality emerged in Oltenia under the rule of Litovoi, which would later merge with Muntenia to form the mediaeval state of Wallachia. From Mircea the oldest and up until 1861, the voivode was represented in Oltenia by a ban (marele ban al Craiovei - "the great ban of Craiova"), considered the greatest office in Wallachian hierarchy, and one that was held most by members of the Craioveşti family (from the late 1400s to about 1550). Events Shams ad-Din disappears resulting in Jalal Uddin Rumi writing 30,000 verses of poetry about his disappearance. ... Litovoi was a Voivode of Wallacia on the East of the river Olt, and became the first Prince of Wallachia after merging his Voivodeship with that of Seneslau, (1247-1277). ... Map of Romania with Muntenia highlighted Muntenia or Greater Wallachia is a historical province of Romania, usually considered Wallachia-proper (Muntenia, Å¢ara Românească, and the seldomly used Valahia are synonyms in Romanian). ... Map of Romania with Wallachia in yellow. ... 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ... For the heavy metal music band see Voivod (band). ... Ban was a title used in some states in central and south-eastern Europe between the 9th century and the 20th century. ... Events and Trends Categories: 1400s ... Events February 7 - Julius III becomes Pope. ...


During the 15th century, Wallachia had to accept the Ottoman suzeranity and to pay an annual tribute to keep its autonomy. However, many rulers, including the Oltenian-born Mihai Viteazul, fought against the Ottoman Empire, giving Wallachia brief periods of independence. (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... Michael the Brave (Mihai Viteazul) was one of the greatest of Romanias national heroes. ... Imperial motto (Ottoman Turkish) Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (the Eternal State) The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power (1683) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital Bursa (1335 - 1365), Edirne (1365-1453), İstanbul (1453-1922) Imperial anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Sovereigns Padishah of the Osmanli Dynasty Population ca 40...


Two years later, in 1718 under the terms of the Treaty of Passarowitz, Oltenia was split from Wallachia and annexed by the Habsburg Monarchy but in 1737 it was returned to Wallachia (see Austro-Turkish War of 1716-18 and Austro-Turkish War, 1737-1739). // Events July 21 - Treaty of Passarowitz signed November 22 - Off the coast of Virginia, English pirate Edward Teach (best known as Blackbeard) is killed in battle when a British boarding party cornered and then shot and stabbed him more than 25 times. ... The Treaty of Passarowitz was the peace treaty signed in Požarevac, Serbia (German: Passarowitz, Turkish Pasarofça, Hungarian: Pozsarevác) on July 21, 1718 between the Ottoman Empire on one side and the Habsburg Monarchy of Austria and the Republic of Venice on the other. ... The Habsburg Monarchy, often called Austrian Monarchy or simply Austria, are the territories ruled by the Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg, and then by the successor House of Habsburg-Lorraine, between 1526 and 1867/1918. ... Events 12 February — The San Carlo, the oldest working opera house in Europe, is inaugurated. ... The Treaty of Karlowitz (1699) was not an acceptable long-standing agreement for the Ottoman Empire. ...


In 1821, Oltenia and the county of Gorj were at the center of Tudor Vladimirescu's uprising (see Wallachian uprising of 1821). Tudor initially gathered his Pandurs in Padeş and relied on a grid of fortified monasteries such as Tismana and Strehaia. 1821 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Administrative map of Romania with Gorj county highlighted Gorj is a Romanian county (Judeţ) in the Wallachia region, with the capital city at Târgu Jiu (population: 98,897). ... Tudor Vladimirescu (1780, Vladimiri - 27 May 1821 Târgovişte) was a Romanian revolutionary hero and the leader of the Wallachian uprising of 1821. ... Pandurs were a non-linear (irregular) infantry, whose main objective was to assassinate enemy officers, conduct guerrilla warfare, and to fight in extended formations. ... Strehaia is a town in MehedinÅ£i County, Romania. ...


Symbol

The traditional heraldic symbol of Oltenia is a lion, which is nowadays present in the Coat of Arms of Romania. Coat of Arms of Romania The Coat of Arms of Romania consists of an eagle holding a cross in its beak and a sceptre and a sword in its claws. ...


References

  • Vlad Georgescu, "Istoria ideilor politice româneşti (1369-1878)", Munich, 1987
  • Şerban Papacostea, "Oltenia sub stăpânirea austriacă (1718-1739)", Bucharest, 1971


Romanian historical regions:
Dobrogea

Moldavia : Bessarabia | Budjak | Bukovina | Hertza Dobruja, or sometimes Dobrudja (Dobrogea in Romanian, Добруджа—transliterated Dobrudzha—in Bulgarian, Dobruca in Turkish), is the territory between the lower Danube river and the Black Sea, including the Danube Delta and the Romanian coast. ... Moldavia (Moldova in Romanian) was a Romanian principality, originally created in the Middle Ages, now divided between Romania, Moldovan Republic and Ukraine. ... Old map of Bessarabia Bessarabia or Bessarabiya (Basarabia in Romanian, Besarabya in Turkish) was the name by which the Imperial Russia designated the eastern part of the principality of Moldavia annexed by Russia in 1812. ... Budjak, Budzhak, or Buchak (Ukrainian: Буджак [Budžak], Romanian: Bugeac, Turkish: Bucak, Polish: Budziak [Budžak]) is the southern part of Bessarabia, now part of Odesa region of Ukraine. ... Bukovina (Ukrainian: Буковина, Bukovyna; Romanian: Bucovina; German and Polish: Bukowina; see also other languages) is the territory on the northern slopes of the northeastern Carpathian Mountains and the adjoining plains. ... Ethnic divisions in Chernivtsi Oblast with Hertza region highlighted in yellow and surrounding areas inhabited by Romanian-speakers Hertza region (Romanian: Å¢inutul HerÅ£a) is the territory of an administrative district (raion) of Hertsa (HerÅ£a) in the southern part of Chernivtsi Oblast in south-western Ukraine, on the Romanian...


Transylvania : Banat | Crişana | Maramureş Transylvania (Romanian: Transilvania or Ardeal; Hungarian: Erdély; German: Siebenbürgen; see also other languages) forms the western and central parts of Romania. ... Banat (Romanian: Banat; Serbian: Банат or Banat; German: Banat; Hungarian: Bánát or Bánság; Slovak: Banát) is a geographical and historical region in Southeastern Europe divided among three countries: the eastern part belongs to Romania (the counties of TimiÅŸ, CaraÅŸ-Severin, Arad, and MehedinÅ£i), the western... CriÅŸana is a region of west Romania, near the border with Hungary, named after the three CriÅŸ rivers that flow through it. ... Map of Romania with MaramureÅŸ region highlighted The MaramureÅŸ region (Romanian: MaramureÅŸ; Hungarian: Máramaros; Ukrainian: Мармарощина, Marmaroščyna; Latin: Marmatia) is in the north of Romania, north of Transylvania along the Tisza River. ...


Wallachia : Muntenia | Oltenia Map of Romania with Wallachia in yellow. ... Map of Romania with Muntenia highlighted Muntenia or Greater Wallachia is a historical province of Romania, usually considered Wallachia-proper (Muntenia, Å¢ara Românească, and the seldomly used Valahia are synonyms in Romanian). ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Oltenia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (560 words)
Oltenia or Lesser Wallachia is a historical province of Romania.
Oltenia was inhabited by Dacians during the ancient times and in 106, at the end of the Dacian Wars, it was incorpored in the Roman Empire (see Roman Dacia).
In 1821, Oltenia and the county of Gorj were at the center of Tudor Vladimirescu's uprising (see Wallachian uprising of 1821).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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