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Encyclopedia > Olsztyn
Olsztyn
Flag of Olsztyn Coat of arms of Olsztyn
(Flag) (Coat of arms)
Location of Olsztyn
Country Poland
Voivodeship Warmian-Masurian
Municipal government Rada Miasta Olsztyn
Mayor Czesław Jerzy Małkowski
Area 87,89 km²
Population
 - city
 - urban
 - density

174 550 (2005)
230 000
1972/km²
Founded -
City rights -31.10.1353
Latitude
Longitude
53°47' N
20°30' E
Area code +48 89
Car plates NO
Twin towns Calpe, Chateauroux, Gelsenkirchen, Kaliningrad, Lutsk, Offenburg, Richmond, Rovaniemi
Municipal Website

Olsztyn (['ɔlʃtɨn] ; German: ; Old Prussian: Alnāsteini) is a city in northeast Poland, on the Łyna river. Historically the capital of Warmia, Olsztyn is the capital of the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, previously Olsztyn Voivodeship. Image File history File links Olsztyn_flag. ... Image File history File links POL_Olsztyn_COA.svg‎ pl: Herb Olsztyn File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Olsztyn ... Olsztyn (pronounce: [:É”lʃtin], German Allenstein) is a city in northeast Poland, on the Lyna River (German Alle). ... Image File history File links from pl wiki File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Look up country in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A Voivodship (also voivodeship, Romanian: Voievodat, Polish: Województwo, Serbian: Vojvodstvo or Vojvodina) was a feudal state in medieval Romania, Hungary, Poland, Russia and Serbia (see Vojvodina), ruled by a Voivod (voivode). ... Warmia-Masurian Voivodship. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... // Introduction to this topic - includes background information for people living outside Poland Common to many countries - in fact there is a growing tendency to do so since the UK also began regionalising plates in 2002 - Poland has the region of registration of the vehicle encoded in the number plate. ... // This is a list of twin towns or sister cities – that is, pairs of towns or cities in different countries which have town twinning arrangements. ... Calpe beaches and Ifach Rock. ... For the town in the Hautes-Alpes, see Ch teauroux-les-Alpes. ... Gelsenkirchen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Government Russia District Subdivision Russia Northwestern Federal District Kaliningrad Oblast Mayor Yuri Savenko (2005) Geographical characteristics Area  - City 215. ... Lutsk (Ukrainian: Луцьк) is the capital of the Volyn Oblast, Ukraine. ... Offenburg is a city located in the state of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Nickname: The River City Motto: Sic Itur Ad Astra (Thus do we reach the stars) Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia Coordinates: Country United States State Virginia County Independent City Mayor L. Douglas Wilder (D) Area    - City 62. ... City Rovaniemi (1960) Administrative Province Province of Lapland Historical Province Laponia Area  - Total  - Land  - Water Ranked 5th (municipalities), and 1st (cities) 8,016 km² 7,601 km² 415 km² Population  - Total (01/2006)  - Density Ranked 13th 58,500 7. ... Image File history File links Olsztyn. ... Image File history File links Allenstein. ... Old Prussian is an extinct Baltic language spoken by the inhabitants of the area that later became East Prussia (now in north-eastern Poland and the Kaliningrad Oblast of Russia) prior to German colonization of the area beginning in the 13th century. ... The Łyna (-Polish, Russian: Лава or Lava, German: Alle) is a river in northern Poland and the Kaliningrad oblast of Russia, a tributary of the Pregolya river, with a total length of 264 km (190 km in Poland - making it the 11th longest Polish river - and 74 km in Russia) and... Warmia in 1547 Warmia (Polish: , German: , Latin: Varmia, also historically known as Ermeland) is a region between Pomerania and Masuria in northeastern Poland. ... Warmia-Masurian Voivodship. ... Olsztyn Voivodeship Olsztyn Voivodeship (Polish: województwo olsztyÅ„skie) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in years 1975–1998, superseded by Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship. ...

Contents

Geography

The town is beautifully situated in a lake region of forests and plains, barely touched by humans. There are 13 lakes inside the administrative bounds of the town and many more surrounding it: (Krzywe, Długie, Żbik, Redykajny and others). A man-made lake in Keukenhof, Netherlands A lake is a body of water or other liquid of considerable size surrounded by land. ...


Olsztyn greenery

More than a half of the forests occupying 21.2% of the city area forms a single complex of the Municipal Forest (1050 ha) used mainly for recreation and tourist purposes. Within the Municipal Forest area, two sanctuaries of the peat-land flora: Mszar and Redykajny, are situated. Municipal greenery (560 ha, 6,5 % of the city area) developed in the form of numerous parks green spots and also three over 100 years old cemeteries includes 910 monuments of the nature and groups of protected trees in the form of beech, oak, maple and lime lined avenues.


Demographics

The Upper gate (High Gate) in Old town
The Upper gate (High Gate) in Old town
Fish Market
Fish Market
Year Population
1772 1,770
1846 4,000
1875 6,000
1885 11, 555
1890 19,373
1895 25,000
1939 50,000
1941 54,300
1946 23,000
1950 45,000
1972 over 100,000
1994 165,000
2000 170,000
2005 (December 31) 174,950

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2448x3264, 3807 KB) [edit] Summary Stadttor von Olsztyn (Allenstein) von der Altstadt her gesehen Originalfotografie von Nol Aders am 02. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2448x3264, 3807 KB) [edit] Summary Stadttor von Olsztyn (Allenstein) von der Altstadt her gesehen Originalfotografie von Nol Aders am 02. ... Image File history File links Olsztyn_poland_europe. ... Image File history File links Olsztyn_poland_europe. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ...

History

 Allenstein (Olsztyn) in 1915, view of the Zeppelinstraße.
Allenstein (Olsztyn) in 1915, view of the Zeppelinstraße.
  • 1414 captured temporarily by Poland
  • 1440 Allenstein joined Prussian Confederation
  • 1454 Uprising against Teutonic Order, Prussian Confederation asks Polish Crown for protection
  • 1455 captured by Teutonic Knights
  • 1463 captured by Polish army and annexed to Poland in 1464
  • 1466 2nd Peace of Toruń confirms that Allenstein is capital city of the province of Warmia
  • 1516-1521 Nicolaus Copernicus lived at the Allenstein castle as administrator of Allenstein and Mehlsack, and in charge of defence of the city and Prince-Bishopric Ermeland against the Teutonic Order.
  • 1655 captured by Swedish army
  • 1708 burned down by Swedes
  • 1710 city population nearly wiped out in an epidemic (bubonic plague, cholera)
  • 1772 annexed to Kingdom of Prussia during Partitions of Poland
  • 1772 Prussian census counts population of 1770 people, predominantly farmers
  • 1807 visit of Napoleon
  • 1867 city hospital founded
  • 1871 German Empire
  • 1873 railway connection to Thorn
  • 1886 First Polish language newspaper "Gazeta Olsztyńska" founded
  • 1890 city gas infrastructure founded
  • 1892 first telephone line
  • 1898 water system
  • 1907 electricity
  • 1914 Russian army captures the city after start of World War I
  • 1920 Plebiscite, Allenstein remains in Germany in the exclave of East Prussia
  • 1921 Polish activists emigrate to Poland
  • 1933 Nazis in power – discrimination of Poles and Jews
  • 1935 The Wehrmacht made Allenstein the Allenstein Militärische Bereich Hauptsitze. It was the home of the 11th Infanterie Division; the 11th Artillery Regiment and the 217th Infanterie Division which was organized in 1939 at Allenstein, of East Prussians of the Landwehr age group
  • 1939 (October 12) German Wehrmacht established an Area Headquarters of Wehrkreis I that controlled the subareas of Allenstein, Lötzen (Giżycko) and Ciechanów
  • 1939 deportation of some pro-Slavic activists of the Polish-speaking minority to concentration camps (see Union of Poles in Germany)
  • 1945 (January 22) Allenstein plundered [1] and burned down by Red Army, Expulsion of Germans
  • 1945 (August 2) to Poland, officially renamed to Olsztyn, expulsions of Allenstein's Germans and Masurians continued
  • 1967 tyre manufacturing plant founded
  • 1980-1981 Solidarity uprising
  • 1989 First democratic elections

The Prussians kill Adalbert The Prussian people, or (old) Prussians, inhabited the area around the Curonian and Vistula Lagoons, (in what is now northern Poland), in the region roughly occupied by the Mazurian Lakes. ... Honorius III, né Cencio Savelli (Rome, 1148 – March 18, 1227 in Rome), was Pope from 1216 to 1227. ... William of Modena, Bishop of Modena in 1221, was frequently appointed a legate, or papal ambassador by the popes Honorius III and Gregory IX, especially in Livonia in the 1220s and in the Prussian questions of the 1240s. ... A papal Legate, from the Decretals of Boniface VIII (1294 to 1303). ... The Golden Bull of Rimini was issued by Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor in March 1226. ... Frederick II (December 26, 1194 – December 13, 1250), of the Hohenstaufen dynasty, was a pretender to the title of King of the Romans from 1212 and unopposed holder of that monarchy from 1215. ... The Teutonic Knights or Teutonic Order (Ordo domus Sanctæ Mariæ Theutonicorum Ierosolimitanorum, Order of the Teutonic House of Mary in Jerusalem) is a German Roman Catholic religious order formed at the end of the 12th century in Acre in Palestine. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... Prussian tribes settlements. ... October 31 is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 61 days remaining. ... Bishopric of Warmia was one of the bishoprics found by Teutonic Order on the area of newly conquered Prussia. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1000x662, 95 KB) [edit] Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Olsztyn ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1000x662, 95 KB) [edit] Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Olsztyn ... On February 21, 1440, a group made up of individuals from the Prussian cities, gentry and clergy, formed the Prussian Confederation (German Preussischer Bund, Polish: ZwiÄ…zek Pruski), under the leadership of the big cities Gdansk, Elblag, and Torun. ... Teutonic Knights, charging into battle. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Second Treaty of ToruÅ„, Zweiter Friede von Thorn, (also referred to as Peace of ToruÅ„ 1466) was a peace treaty signed in the Hanse city of Thorn/ToruÅ„ on October 19, 1466 between the Polish king, the Prussian cities, and duke of Pomerania on one side, and the Teutonic... Warmia in 1547 Warmia (Polish: , German: , Latin: Varmia, also historically known as Ermeland) is a region between Pomerania and Masuria in northeastern Poland. ... Nicolaus Copernicus (February 19, 1473 – May 24, 1543) was the astronomer who formulated the first modern heliocentric theory of the solar system. ... Warmia in 1547 Warmia (Polish: , German: , Latin: Varmia, also historically known as Ermeland) is a region between Pomerania and Masuria in northeastern Poland. ... Teutonic Knights, charging into battle. ... Bubonic plague is the best-known variant of the deadly infectious disease plague, which is caused by the enterobacteria Yersinia pestis. ... Cholera is a water-borne disease caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae, which is typically ingested by drinking contaminated water, or by eating improperly cooked fish, especially shellfish. ... Flag of Prussia (1894 - 1918) The Kingdom of Prussia existed from 1701 until 1918, and from 1871 was the leading kingdom of the German Empire, comprising in its last form almost two-thirds of the area of the Empire. ... The Partitions of Poland (Polish: Rozbiór Polski or Rozbiory Polski; Lithuanian: Padalijimas, Belarusian: Падзелы Рэчы Паспалітай) took place in the 18th century and ended the existence of the sovereign Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... Motto: Gott mit Uns (German: God with us”) Anthem: Heil dir im Siegerkranz (unofficial) Territory of the German Empire in 1914, prior to World War I Capital Berlin Language(s) Official: German Unofficial minority languages: Polish (Posen, Lower Silesia,Upper Silesia, Masuria) French (Alsace-Lorraine) Government Constitutional monarchy Emperor  - 1871... ToruÅ„ (?· i; German: ; Kashubian: , see also other names) is a city in northern Poland, on the Vistula river. ... Polish (jÄ™zyk polski, polszczyzna) is the official language of Poland. ... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Franz... A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... East Prussia (German: Ostpreu en; Polish: Prusy Wschodnie; Russian: Восточная Пруссия — Vostochnaya Prussiya) was a province of Kingdom of Prussia, situated on the territory of former Ducal Prussia. ... Wehrmacht troops of the Heer (military land forces) marching at a military parade in honour of the 50th birthday of Adolf Hitler, on April 20, 1939. ... The Landwehr was a type of militia found in 19th- and early 20th-century Europe. ... October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (286th in leap years). ... Motto: none Voivodship Warmia i Mazury Municipal government UrzÄ…d Miejski w Giżycku Mayor Jolanta Piotrkowska Area 13,9 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 29 800 - 2148/km² Founded City rights - - Latitude Longitude 54°02 N 21°46 E Area code +48 87 Car plates NGI Twin towns - Municipal... Ciechanów coat of arms Ciechanów (pronounced (IPA): [tÉ•exanuv]) is a town in north-central Poland with 47,900 inhabitants (2002). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... January 22 is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (in Russian: Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya), the armed forces first organized by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... Germans expelled from the Sudetenland // The expulsion of Germans after World War II refers to the escape and mass deportation of people considered Germans (Reichsdeutsche and some Volksdeutsche) from various European states and territories during 1945 and in the first three years after World War II 1946-48. ... August 2 is the 214th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (215th in leap years), with 151 days remaining. ... Mazurs are Polish ethnic group from Mazovia (Catholics) or East Prussia (Protestant), the latter often called Masurians in English. ... Solidarity (Polish:  ; full name: Independent Self-governing Trade Union Solidarity — Niezależny SamorzÄ…dny ZwiÄ…zek Zawodowy Solidarność) is a Polish trade union federation founded in September 1980 at the Lenin Shipyards, and originally led by Lech WaÅ‚Ä™sa. ...

Tourist attractions

Cathedral of St. Jacob
Cathedral of St. Jacob
Town hall
Town hall

Image File history File links Olsztyn-katedra. ... Image File history File links Olsztyn-katedra. ... Image File history File links Olsztyn-ratusz. ... Image File history File links Olsztyn-ratusz. ...

Monuments of architecture

  • The Old Town
  • The gothic castle of Warmian Chapter built during the 14th century
  • Cathedral of St. Jacob
  • Old City Hall on the Market Square - built in mid-14th c.
  • House „Gazeta Olsztyńska” on Fish Market
  • The city walls and The Upper gate (since mid 19th c. known as the High Gate)
  • Semi-Gothic church of the Holly Heart of Jesus - built during the years 1901–1903
  • The New City Hall
  • The Railway Bridge over the Łyna river gorge near Artyleryjska and Wyzwolenia streets - built during the years 1872–1873
  • The Jerusalem Chapel - built in 1565.
  • Church of St. Lawrence - built during the late 14th c.

Other attractions

  • The Planetarium
  • The Astronomical Observatory - located on St. Andrew's Hill (143m), in a former water tower built in 1897
  • Olsztyn Stefan Jaracz Theater
  • Municipal Forest
  • Lakes (beaches, bathing facilities, sailing boats, motorboats, kayaks etc)

Culture

Theaters

  • Theatre of Stefan Jaracz (est. 1925)
  • Puppet Theater

Museums

The biggest Olsztyn's museum is Museum of Warmia and Mazury. In Olsztyn there are also The "Gazeta Olsztyńska" House, Museum of the Nature and Museum of the Sport.


Economy

The Tyre company Stomil is a subsidiary of Michelin. There are also other industry, food processing plants and furniture manufacturers. The Triumphal Arch Tyre (Arabic , Phoenician , Hebrew Tzor, Tiberian Hebrew , Akkadian , Greek Týros) is a city in the South Governorate of Lebanon. ... Michelin (full name: Compagnie Générale des Établissements Michelin) (Euronext: ML) based in Clermont-Ferrand, France in the Auvergne région of France, is primarily a tyre manufacturer. ... Michelin (full name: Compagnie Générale des Établissements Michelin) (Euronext: ML) based in Clermont-Ferrand in the Auvergne région of France, is primarily a tyre manufacturer. ... Food processing is the set of methods and techniques used to transform raw ingredients into food for consumption by humans. ... A Shaker rocker, or rocking chair. ...


Buildings

  • FM- and TV-mast Olsztyn-Pieczewo, height 360 metres, since the collapse of the Warsaw radio mast the tallest structure in Poland

The FM- and TV-mast Olsztyn-Pieczewo is a 360 metre tall guyed mast for FM and TV situated at Olsztyn-Pieczewo in Poland (Geographical Coordinates: , ). The FM- and TV-mast Olsztyn-Pieczewo is since the collapse of the Warsaw radio mast the tallest structure in Poland. ... The Warsaw radio mast in Konstantynów The Warsaw radio mast a few months after collapse Warsaw Radio Mast from far away The Warsaw radio mast was the tallest structure ever built; however, it existed only from 1973 to 1991. ...

Education

University of Warmia and Mazury
University of Warmia and Mazury

Image File history File links UWM.jpg‎ [edit] Summary Uniwersytet WarmiÅ„sko-Mazurski w Olsztynie [edit] Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Olsztyn University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn ... Image File history File links UWM.jpg‎ [edit] Summary Uniwersytet WarmiÅ„sko-Mazurski w Olsztynie [edit] Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Olsztyn University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn ... The University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn was established on September 1st, 1999. ... The Masurian Institute (Polish: Instytut Mazurski) in Olsztyn is a scientific research institution established in 1943 during World War II in the Nazi occupied Poland in Radość near Warsaw by the underground Masurian Union (Związek Mazurski), since 1945 the headquarters moved to Olsztyn, the main city...

Sports

PZU AZS Olsztyn - is a Polish volleyball club, based in Olsztyn, playing in Polish Volleyball League (Polska Liga Siatkówki, PLS). ... Volleyball is a popular team sport in Poland. ... The Polish Volleyball League (Polska Liga Siatkowki, PLS) is the highest level of mens volleyball in Poland. ... Polish Football Association Football (soccer) is one of the most popular sports in Poland. ... Handball is a popular team sport in Poland. ...

Notable persons

  • Johannes von Layß [3] near Mehlsack, Allenstein's administrator since 1353, in charge of the town development
  • Nicolaus Copernicus lived at the Allenstein castle from 1516 to 1521 when he was administrator of Allenstein and Mehlsack, and in charge of defence of the city and Prince-Bishopric Ermland against the Teutonic Order
  • Johannes Knolleisen, supported students from Allenstein in the early 16th century
  • Lucas David (1503-1583), a historian of Allenstein who wrote a number of volumes on Prussian history
  • August Trunz (1875-1963), founder of the Prussica-Sammlung Trunz [4] that also features works from Lucas David
  • Erich Mendelsohn, architect
  • Hans-Jürgen Wischnewski, politician
  • Krzysztof Hołowczyc, race driver
  • Artur Wojdat, swimmer

Olsztyn belongs to the Federation of Copernicus Towns associating towns where Copernicus lived and worked such as Bologna, Frombork, Kraków and Toruń. The headquarters of the Federation is situated in Olsztyn Planetarium and Astronomical Observatory Pieniezno Emblem Pieniężno (also written as: Pieniezno) is a small town with the German name Mehlsack (flour bag). ... Nicolaus Copernicus (February 19, 1473 – May 24, 1543) was the astronomer who formulated the first modern heliocentric theory of the solar system. ... Pieniężno (German: ( )) is a small town on the WaÅ‚sza River with 2,975 inhabitants (2004) in Braniewo County, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland. ... Prince-Bishop was the title given bishops who held secular powers, beside their inherent clerical power. ... Warmia (Polish: Warmia or Warmija, Latin Warmia or Varmia, German Ermland or Ermeland) is a region between Pomerania and Masuria in north-eastern Poland. ... Teutonic Knights, charging into battle. ... Johannes Knolleisen was born in Allenstein (East Prussia) in the 15th century. ... Lucas David was a Polish historian, who around 1550 wrote down extensive volumes on Prussian history. ... The Prussica-Sammlung Trunz is a collection of over 40000 Books about former German territories in Eastern and Central Europe, mainly Prussia. ... The Prussica-Sammlung Trunz is a collection of over 40000 Books about former German territories in Eastern and Central Europe, mainly Prussia. ... Translation in progress Erich Mendelsohn (21 March 1887 – 15 September 1953) was a German Jewish architect, known for his expressionist buildings in the 1920s, the first in their style. ... Hans-Jürgen Wischnewski, (July 24, 1922 in Allenstein-February 24, 2005 in Cologne), was a German Social Democrat politician who is best known for his involvement in negotiating with the Somalian government during the joint Baader-Meinhof Gang and PFLP hijacking of a Lufthansa aircraft in 1977. ... Krzysztof HoÅ‚owczyc (b. ... Artur Wojdat (born May 20, 1968 in Olsztyn) is a former international topswimmer from Poland, who won the bronze medal in the Mens 400 metres Freestyle at the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, South Korea. ... Nicolaus Copernicus (in Latin; Polish Mikołaj Kopernik, German Nikolaus Kopernikus - February 19, 1473 – May 24, 1543) was a Polish astronomer, mathematician and economist who developed a heliocentric (Sun-centered) theory of the solar system in a form detailed enough to make it scientifically useful. ... Bologna (IPA , from Latin Bononia, BulÃ¥ggna in the local dialect) is the capital city of Emilia-Romagna in northern Italy, in the Pianura Padana, between the Po River and the Apennines, exactly, between Reno River and Sàvena River. ... Frombork Cathedral, with the Vistula Lagoon in the background Frombork (German: ) is a town in northern Poland, on the Vistula Lagoon in the Warmian-Masurian Voivodship, with a population of 2,602 in 2005. ... Wawel Hill. ... ToruÅ„ (?· i; German: ; Kashubian: , see also other names) is a city in northern Poland, on the Vistula river. ...


Politics

Olsztyn constituency

Members of (Sejm) elected from Olsztyn constituency in 2005 The Sejm building in Warsaw. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

  • Mieczysław Aszkiełowicz, Samoobrona, (Self-Defence)
  • Beata Bublewicz, PO (Platforma Obywatelska, Civic Platform)
  • Jerzy Gosiewski, PiS (Prawo i Sprawiedliwość, Law And Justice)
  • Tadeusz Iwiński, SLD (Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej, The Alliance Of The Democratic Left)
  • Edward Ośko, LPR (Liga Polskich Rodzin, The League Of Polish Families)
  • Adam Puza, PiS (Prawo i Sprawiedliwość, Law And Justice)
  • Sławomir Rybicki, PO (Platforma Obywatelska, Civic Platform)
  • Lidia Staroń, PO (Platforma Obywatelska, Civic Platform)
  • Aleksander Marek Szczygło, PiS (Prawo i Sprawiedliwość, Law And Justice)
  • Zbigniew Włodkowski, PSL (Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe, Polish Peasant Party)

Members of the Senate (Senat) elected from Olsztyn constituency in 2005 A senate is a deliberative body, often the upper house or chamber of a legislature. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

  • Ryszard Józef Górecki, PO (Platforma Obywatelska, Civic Platform)
  • Jerzy Szmit, PiS (Prawo i Sprawiedliwość, Law And Justice)

Postage stamps

5-Pfennig stamp
5-Pfennig stamp

In 1920 a plebiscite was held to determine whether the people wished to become part of East Prussia or Poland. In order to advertise the plebiscite, special postage stamps were produced by overprinting German stamps and sold from 3 April. One kind of overprint read PLÉBISCITE / OLSZTYN / ALLENSTEIN, while the other read TRAITÉ / DE / VERSAILLES / ART. 94 et 95 inside an oval whose border gave the full name of the plebiscite commission. Each overprint was applied to 14 denominations ranging from 5 Pf to 3 M. Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... East Prussia (German: Ostpreu en; Polish: Prusy Wschodnie; Russian: Восточная Пруссия — Vostochnaya Prussiya) was a province of Kingdom of Prussia, situated on the territory of former Ducal Prussia. ... A selection of Hong Kong postage stamps A postage stamp is evidence of pre-paying a fee for postal services. ... An overprint is the addition of text (and sometimes graphics) to the face of a postage stamp after it has been printed. ... April 3 is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 272 days remaining. ...


The plebiscite was held on 11 July, and produced 362,209 votes (97.8 percent) for Germany and 7,980 votes (2.2 percent) for Poland. The stamps became invalid 20 August. Despite the short period of use, almost all the types of these stamps are cheaply available both used and unused. The relatively large portion of southern East Prussia contained in the plebiscite area thus remained part of Germany until after World War II, when it was put under Polish administration by the victors and the German inhabitants were largely expelled. July 11 is the 192nd day (193rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 173 days remaining. ... August 20 is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


External links

  • Olsztyn Information Service
  • City's History
  • Statistics of inhabitants, birth, marriage, death from 1667
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Voivodeships of Poland Flag of Poland
Greater Poland | Kuyavia-Pomerania | Lesser Poland | Lower Silesia | Lublin | Lubusz | Łódź | Masovia | Opole | Podlachia | Pomerania | Silesia | Subcarpathia | Świętokrzyskie | Warmia and Masuria | West Pomerania
Principal cities: Warsaw | Łódź | Kraków | Wrocław | Poznań | Gdańsk | Szczecin | Bydgoszcz | Lublin | Katowice | Białystok | Częstochowa | Gdynia | Toruń | Olsztyn | Radom | Kielce | Rzeszów | Opole | Gorzów Wielkopolski

Coordinates: 53°47′N 20°29′E Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... The voivodeship or province (Polish: województwo) has been a second-level administrative unit in Poland since the 14th century. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Greater Poland Voivodeship (Polish: województwo wielkopolskie) is an administrative region or voivodeship of western-central Poland. ... Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship (in Polish Województwo Kujawsko-Pomorskie) is an administrative region, or voivodeship, in central-northern Poland. ... Lesser Poland Voivodeship (Polish: województwo maÅ‚opolskie) is an administrative region or voivodeship in southern Poland. ... Lower Silesian Voivodeship. ... Lublin Voivodeship Coat of Arms Potockis Palace in MiÄ™dzyrzec Podlaski Old chapel Krzna river Lublin Voivodeship (Polish: województwo lubelskie) is an administrative region, or voivodeship, of eastern Poland. ... Lubusz Voivodeship (Polish: województwo lubuskie) is an administrative region, or voivodeship, of western Poland. ... Łódź Voivodeship Coat of Arms of Łódź Voivodeship Flag of Łódź Voivodeship Łódź Voivodeship (1) (Polish: województwo łódzkie) is an administrative region of central Poland created January 1, 1999, out of the former Łódź (2), Sieradz, Piotrków Trybunalski, Skierniewice and part of PÅ‚ock voivodeships, pursuant to the... Geographical characteristics Area 35,579 km² Land km² Water km² Population Total (2003) 5,136,000 Density 144. ... Capital city Opole Area 9412. ... Podlachia Voivodeship or Podlasie Voivodeship (Polish: województwo podlaskie) is an administrative region, or voivodeship, in northeastern Poland. ... Pomerania Voivodeship (Polish: województwo pomorskie) is an administrative region or voivodeship in northern Poland within the historic region of Eastern Pomerania. ... Capital city Katowice Area 12,294 km² Population (2004)  - Density 4,830,000 392. ... Subcarpathia Voivodeship Subcarpathia Voivodeship (Polish: województwo podkarpackie) is an administrative region, or voivodeship, in southeastern Poland. ... ÅšwiÄ™tokrzyskie Voivodeship ÅšwiÄ™tokrzyskie Voivodeship (Polish: ) is an administrative region, or voivodeship, of central Poland. ... Warmia-Masurian Voivodship. ... Capital city Szczecin Area 22,896 km² Population (2004)  - Density 1,694,865 74/km² Powiats  - Urban counties  - Land counties 3 18 Communes 114 Administrative divisions: West Pomeranian Voivodeship (Polish: województwo zachodniopomorskie) is an administrative region or voivodeship in northwestern Poland. ... It has been suggested that List of cities in Poland over 20,000 population (2002 census) be merged into this article or section. ... Warsaw (Polish: , , in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto StoÅ‚eczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ... Łódź ((?)) is Polands second largest city (population 776,297 in 2004). ... Wawel Hill. ... WrocÅ‚aw ( ; German: ; Czech: ; Latin: Wratislavia or Vratislavia) is the capital of Lower Silesia in southwestern Poland, situated on the Oder River (Odra). ... PoznaÅ„ ( ; full official name: The Capital City of PoznaÅ„, Latin: , German: , Yiddish: פּױזן Poyzn) is a city in west-central Poland with over 578,900 inhabitants (2002). ... GdaÅ„sk (IPA: ; German: , Kashubian: , Late Latin: ; older English Dantzig; also other languages) is Polands sixth-largest city, and also her principal seaport and the capital of the Pomeranian Voivodeship. ... Szczecin (pronounce: ; German: ; Kashubian/Pomeranian: Sztetëno; Latin: Stetinum or Scecinum, also Sedinum) is the capital city of West Pomeranian Voivodship in Poland. ... Bydgoszcz ( ; German: ; Latin: Bydgostia) is a city in northern Poland, on the Brda and Vistula rivers, with a population of 369,151 (2004). ... For other uses, see Lublin (disambiguation). ... Panorama of Katowice at night Katowice (pronunciation: [] (Czech: Katovice, German: Kattowitz) is an important city of the historical region of Upper Silesia in southern Poland on the KÅ‚odnica and Rawa rivers. ... BiaÅ‚ystok (pronounced: , Belarusian: , Lithuanian: , Yiddish ביאַליסטאָק) is the largest city (pop. ... CzÄ™stochowa ( , German: ) is a city in south Poland on the Warta River with 248,894 inhabitants (2004). ... Gdynia (IPA: , German: (until 1939 and after 1945) / Gotenhafen (1939-1945); Kashubian: ) is a city in the Pomeranian Voivodeship of Poland and an important seaport at GdaÅ„sk Bay on the south coast of the Baltic Sea. ... ToruÅ„ (?· i; German: ; Kashubian: , see also other names) is a city in northern Poland, on the Vistula river. ... Radom (pronounce: [radÉ”m]) is a city in central Poland with 227 309 inhabitants. ... Kielce ( ) is a city in central Poland with 202,609 inhabitants (2006). ... Rzeszów (pronounce: [ʒεʃuv]) is a city in south-eastern Poland with a population of 164 000 (2005), granted a town charter in 1354, the capital of the Subcarpathian Voivodship (since 1999), previously of Rzeszow Voivodship (1945-1998). ... Motto: none Voivodship Opole Municipal government Rada Miasta Opola Mayor Ryszard ZembaczyÅ„ski Area 96,2 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 128 800 250 000 1338/km² Founded City rights - 1217 Latitude Longitude 50°40 N 17°56 E Area code +48 77 Car plates OP Twin towns Alytus, Agii... Gorzów Wielkopolski (abbrev. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Olsztyn - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (723 words)
Historically the capital of Warmia, Olsztyn is the capital of the Warmian-Masurian Voivodship, previously Olsztyn Voivodship.
The town is beautifully situated in a lake region of forests and plains, barely touched by man. There are 13 lakes inside the administrative bounds of the town and many more surrounding it: (Krzywe, Długie, Żbik, Redykajny and others).
1466 2nd Peace of Toruń confirms that Olsztyn is capital city of the province of Warmia
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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