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Encyclopedia > Olopatadine

Olopatadine hydrochloride is an antihistamine and mast cell stabilizer, usually sold as a prescription eye drop (0.1% solution, trademark Patanol, manufactured by Alcon). It is used to treat allergic conjunctivitis (eye allergies). An antihistamine is a drug which serves to reduce or eliminate effects mediated by histamine, an endogenous chemical mediator released during allergic reactions, through action at the histamine receptor. ... A mast cell (or mastocyte) is a resident cell of connective tissue that contains many granules rich in histamine and heparin. ... Prescription has various meanings. ... Eye drops are saline-containing drops used as a vector to administer medication in the eye. ... A trademark or trade mark[1] is a distinctive sign of some kind which is used by a business to uniquely identify itself and its products and services to consumers, and to distinguish the business and its products or services from those of other businesses. ... Alcon, (NYSE: ACL) headquartered in Hünenberg, Switzerland, is a global medical company specializing in eye care products. ... An allergy can refer to several kinds of immune reactions including Type I hypersensitivity in which a persons body is hypersensitised and develops IgE type antibodies to typical proteins. ...

It should not be used to treat irritation caused by contact lenses. The usual dose is 1 drop in each affected eye 2 times a day, with 6 to 8 hours between doses. A soft contact lens A contact lens (also known as contact, for short) is a corrective or cosmetic lens placed on the cornea of the eye atop the iris. ...

Its side effects may include headaches (7% of occurrence) burning and stinging (5%), dry eye, foreign body sensation, hyperemia, keratitis, lid edema, pruritus, asthenia, cold syndrome, pharyngitis, rhinitis, sinusitis, and taste change. Side-effect can mean: Side-effect (computer science), a state change caused by a function call Adverse drug reaction, an unintended consequence specifically arising from drug therapy Therapeutic effect (medicine), a desirable consequence of any kind of medical treatment, even though resulting as an unintended, unexpected consequence of the treatment... A headache (medically known as cephalgia) is a condition of mild to severe pain in the head; sometimes neck or upper back pain may also be interpreted as a headache. ... Keratoconjunctivitis sicca or KCS is an eye disease caused by decreased tear production or increased tear film evaporation commonly found in people and small animals. ... The word Foreign means originating elsewhere or in the physiological context outside the body. ... Edema (BE: oedema, formerly known as dropsy) is swelling of any organ or tissue due to accumulation of excess fluid. ... An itch (Latin: pruritus) is a sensation felt on an area of skin that makes a person or animal want to scratch it. ... Asthenia is a medical term denoting weakness, lack of energy and strength. ... Pharyngitis is a painful inflammation of the pharynx, and is colloquially referred to as a sore throat. ... Rhinitis is the medical term describing irritation and inflammation of the nose. ... Sinusitis is inflammation, either bacterial, fungal, viral, allergic or autoimmune, of the paranasal sinuses. ...

External links

MEDLINE (MEDLINE, Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online) is the premier international literature database of life sciences and biomedical information. ...

Antihistamines edit

(Acrivastine) (Alimemazine) (Antazoline) (Astemizole) (Azatadine) (Azelastine) (Bamipine) (Bromazine) (Brompheniramine) (Buclizine) (Carbinoxamine) (Cetirizine) (Chlorcyclizine) (Chloropyramine) (Chlorphenamine) (Chlorphenoxamine) (Clemastine) (Cyclizine) (Cyproheptadine) (Deptropine) (Desloratadine) (Dexbrompheniramine) (Dexchlorpheniramine) (Dimetindene) (Diphenhydramine) (Diphenylpyraline) (Doxylamine) (Ebastine) (Emedastine) (Epinastine) (Fexofenadine) (Histapyrrodine) (Hydroxyethylpromethazine) (Isothipendyl) (Ketotifen) (Levocetirizine) (Loratadine) (Mebhydrolin) (Meclozine) (Mepyramine) (Mequitazine) (Methapyrilene) (Methdilazine) (Mizolastine) (Olopatadine) (Oxatomide) (Oxomemazine) (Phenindamine) (Pheniramine) (Pimethixene) (Promethazine) (Pyrrobutamine) (Rupatadine) (Talastine) (Terfenadine) (Thenalidine) (Thiazinam) (Thiethylperazine) (Thonzylamine) (Tripelennamine) (Triprolidine) (Tritoqualine) An antihistamine is a drug which serves to reduce or eliminate effects mediated by histamine, an endogenous chemical mediator released during allergic reactions, through action at the histamine receptor. ... Astemizole is a second generation antihistamine that has a long duration of action. ... Azelastine hydrochloride is an antihistamine and mast cell stabilizer available as a nasal spray (Astelin®) for hay fever and as eye drops (Optilar®) for allergic conjunctivitis. ... Categories: Stub | Antihistamines ... Zyrtec Logo Chemical structure of cetirizine Cetirizine hydrochloride is a medication used for the treatment of allergies, hay fever, angioedema, and hives. ... Chloropyramine is a classical (old or first generation) antihistamine drug approved in some Eastern European countries for the treatment of allergic conjuctivitis, allergic rhinitis, bronchial asthma, and other atopic (allergic) conditions. ... Chlorphenamine (INN) or chlorpheniramine (USAN, former BAN), commonly marketed as its salt chlorphenamine maleate (CPM), is first-generation antihistamine used in the prevention of the symptoms of allergic conditions such as rhinitis and urticaria. ... Clemastine is an over-the-counter antihistamine sold in the United States under the name Tavist. ... Cyclizine (brand names: Marezine; Marzine; Emoquil) is a drug used to treat nausea, vomiting and dizziness associated with motion sickness and vertigo. ... Periactin® (cyproheptadine hydrochloride) is an antihistaminic and antiserotonergic agent. ... Desloratadine is a drug used to treat allergies. ... Dexbrompheniramine maleate is an antihistamine used to treat allergic conditions such as hay fever or urticaria. ... Dexchlorpheniramine maleate (Polaramine®, Schering) is an antihistamine used to treat allergic conditions such as hay fever or urticaria. ... Diphenhydramine hydrochloride (trade name Benadryl®, or Dimedrol outside the US) is an over-the-counter (OTC) antihistamine and sedative. ... Doxylamine succinate (dox il a meen - suk si nate) is a highly sedating antihistamine used by itself as a short-term sleep aid, in combination with other drugs as a night-time cold and allergy relief drug, and a preparation is prescribed in combination with Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) to prevent... Emedastine difumarate (Emadine®) is an antihistamine used in eye drops to treat allergic conjunctivitis. ... Epinastine hydrochloride (Elestat®) is an antihistamine that is used in eye drops to treat allergic conjunctivitis. ... Fexofenadine hydrochloride (brand names include Allegra® and Telfast®) is an antihistamine drug used in the treatment of hayfever and similar allergy symptoms. ... Ketotifen fumarate (Zaditor®) is an H1-antihistamine available in two forms. ... Levocetirizine (levocetirizine dihydrochloride, marketed as Xyzal in Europe) is a third generation antihistamine, developed from the second generation antihistamine cetirizine. ... Loratadine is a drug used to treat allergies. ... Meclizine (proposed INN is meclozine) is an antihistamine, considered to be an antiemetic. ... // General Remarks and Pharmacology Promethazine (sold as Phenergan and Promethegan) is a first-generation H1 receptor antagonist antihistamine and antiemetic|anti-nausea medication available by medical prescription|prescription in the United States, and over-the-counter in the United Kingdom, Switzerland, Australia, South Africa, New Zealand and many other countries. ... Terfenadine is an antihistamine formerly used for the treatment of allergic conditions. ... Triprolidine hydrochloride is an over-the-counter antihistamine. ...

  Results from FactBites:
MedlinePlus Drug Information: Olopatadine Ophthalmic (669 words)
Olopatadine is used to treat the symptoms of allergic pink eye.
Olopatadine is in a class of medications called antihistamines.
Olopatadine comes as an eyedrop to apply to the eye.
olopatadine ophthalmic - Connecticut (979 words)
Olopatadine ophthalmic is used to treat ocular (eye) symptoms of allergic conditions, such as inflammation, itching, watering, and burning.
Olopatadine ophthalmic is in the FDA pregnancy category C. This means that it is not known whether olopatadine ophthalmic will harm an unborn baby.
Olopatadine is not approved by the FDA for use by children younger than 3 years of age.
  More results at FactBites »



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