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Encyclopedia > Olkhon
Maloye More Strait between Olkhon island and mainland
Maloye More Strait between Olkhon island and mainland

Olkhon Island (Russian: Ольхон, also transliterated as Olchon) is by far the largest island in Lake Baikal in eastern Siberia, with an area of 730 km² (280 sq. miles), being 72 km long. Image File history File links Olho. ... Image File history File links Olho. ... The references in this article would be clearer with a different and/or consistent style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ... Siberian Federal District (darker red) and the broadest definition of Siberia (red) arctic northeast Siberia Udachnaya pipe Siberia (Russian: , Sibir; Tatar: ) is a vast region of Russia constituting almost all of Northern Asia and comprising a large part of the Euro-Asian Steppe. ...

Contents

Geography

Olkhon has a dramatic combination of terrain and is rich in archeological landmarks. Steep mountains line its eastern shore, and at 1,276 m above sea level, Mount Zhima is the tallest point on the island, peaking at 818 m above the water level of Lake Baikal. The island is large enough to have its own lakes, and features a combination of taiga, steppe and even a small desert. A deep strait separates the island from the land. The taiga is found throughout the high northern latitudes, just below the tundra, and just above the steppes. ... A steppe in Western Kazakhstan in early spring In physical geography, a steppe (Russian: - , Ukrainian: - , Kazakh: - ), pronounced in English as , is a plain without trees (apart from those near rivers and lakes); it is similar to a prairie, although a prairie is generally considered as being dominated by tall grasses... This article is about arid terrain. ...


The island's appearance is a result of millions of years of tectonic movement, resulting in the hollowing of the channel between the land and the block of stone forming the island. The steep slopes of the mountains show the vertical heave of the earth.[1] ...


Population

Olkhon Island
Olkhon Island

The population of the island is less that 1500[2] and consists mostly Buryats, the island's aboriginal people. Most residents are fishermen, farmers, or cattle-ranchers. There are several settlements and five villages on the island: Yalga, Malomorets, Khuzir, Kharantsi, and Ulan-Khushin. The village of Khuzir is the administrative capital of Olkhon, designated as such in April 1987, when the Soviet government issued a comprehensive decree protecting Lake Baikal. Khuzhir includes about 1,500 residents, boasts a museum of local nature and history.[3] Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1195x798, 70 KB) Nikolay Kolpakov, http://nvk520. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1195x798, 70 KB) Nikolay Kolpakov, http://nvk520. ... The Buryats, numbering approximately 436,000, are the largest ethnic minority group in Siberia and are mainly concentrated in their homeland, the Buryat Republic. ...


Culture

Olkhon is full of legends and holy places.


The indigenous Buryats believe the island to be a spiritual place, and on the western coast, close to Khuzhir, is Baikal's most famous landmark, the Shamanka, or Shaman's Rock. Natives believe that Burkhan, a modern religious cult figure of the Altai peoples, lives in the cave in this rock. The rock is one of nine Asian Most Sacred Places. The museum of Olkhon named after Revyakin has a great exposition on the nature and ethnography of the island including smoking pipes and samovars collections. Burkhanism or Ak Jang is a new religious movement that flourished among the indigenous people of Russias Gorno Altai region (okrug) between 1904 and the 1930s. ... For the republic in Russia, see Altai Republic. ... A samovar   (Russian: самова́р, IPA: literally self-brewer) is a heated metal container traditionally used to brew tea in and around Russia, as well as in other Slavic nations, Iran and Turkey. ...


Olkhon is one of the sacred shamanist center and also considered a centre of Kurumchinskay culture of VI-X centuries. Shamanism is a range of traditional beliefs and practices that involve the ability to diagnose, cure, and sometimes cause human suffering by traversing the axis mundi and forming a special relationship with, or gaining control over, spirits. ...


History

Shaman Rock near Khuzhir
Shaman Rock near Khuzhir

The history of the island is very old. The original indigenous people were the Kurykans, forefathers of two ethnic groups: the Buryats and Yakuts.[4] Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (868x586, 119 KB) Lake Baikal Olchon Source: fot. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (868x586, 119 KB) Lake Baikal Olchon Source: fot. ... Khanty (obsolete: Ostyaks) are an endangered indigenous people calling themself Khanti, Khande, Kantek (Khanty), living in the Khanty-Mansi autonomous district, a region historically known as Yugra in Russian Federation, together with Mansi peoples. ... The Buryats, numbering approximately 436,000, are the largest ethnic minority group in Siberia and are mainly concentrated in their homeland, the Buryat Republic. ... Yakuts, self-designation: Sakha, are a Turkic people associated with the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. ...


Christopher Hansard asserts that the gNam Ngagpa Bön lineage of the Northern Treasure School of Jangter Bön, originated in island. Hansard then states that the gNam tribe migrated through Central Asia and there into the ancient Tibet and the Himalaya. In Tibetan Buddhism and Bön, Ngagpas (sNgags-pa) or male practitioners (female practioners are knowns as Ngagmas or Ngagmos) are non-monastic practitioners of such disciplines as Vajrayana, shamanism, Tibetan medicine, Tantra and Dzogchen amongst other traditions, disciplines and arts. ... Bön has typically been described as the shamanistic religion in Tibet before the arrival of Buddhism in the 7th century C.E. With the recent exile of many Bönpo lamas to India, however, a more complex description of Bön is emerging and is now being considered by... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... Tibet (older spelling Thibet; Tibetan: བོད་; Wylie: Bod; Lhasa dialect IPA: [; Simplified and Traditional Chinese: 西藏, Hanyu Pinyin: XÄ«zàng; also referred to as 藏区 (Simplified Chinese), 藏區 (Traditional Chinese), ZàngqÅ« (Hanyu Pinyin), having the two names different connotations; see Name section below) is a plateau region in Central Asia and the... Perspective view of the Himalaya and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ...


Russian explorers first visited during the 17th century.[3] During Soviet times deportees were taken to the island, especially Lithuanians after their country was occupied by the Soviets. The island was therefore part of the Gulag system, and many deportees perished. Soviet redirects here. ... Gulag ( , Russian: ) is an acronym for Главное Управление Исправительно—Трудовых Лагерей и колоний, Glavnoye Upravleniye Ispravitelno-trudovykh Lagerey i kolonii, The Chief Directorate [or Administration] of Corrective Labour Camps and Colonies of the NKVD. Anne Applebaum, in her book Gulag: A History, explains: // Literally, the word GULAG is an acronym, meaning Glavnoe Upravlenie Lagerei, or Main Camp...


Notes

  1. ^ Olkhon Island. Retrieved on 2006-10-22.
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b Olkhon island. Retrieved on 2006-10-22.
  4. ^ Description of Olkhon island. Retrieved on 2006-10-22.

There are very serious questions regarding Mr.Hansard and his claims. For more information please visit: For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... October 22 is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 70 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... October 22 is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 70 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... October 22 is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 70 days remaining. ...


http://christopherhansard.blogspot.com/


See also

In Tibetan Buddhism and Bön, Ngagpas (sNgags-pa) or male practitioners (female practioners are knowns as Ngagmas or Ngagmos) are non-monastic practitioners of such disciplines as Vajrayana, shamanism, Tibetan medicine, Tantra and Dzogchen amongst other traditions, disciplines and arts. ...

References

There are very serious questions regarding Mr.Hansard and his claims. For more information please visit:


http://christopherhansard.blogspot.com/


External links

  • Olkhon Island

Coordinates: 53°09′24″N, 107°23′01″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

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Olkhon

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