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Encyclopedia > Oliver Tambo

Oliver Reginald Tambo (27 October 1917 - 24 April 1993) was a South African anti-apartheid politician and a central figure in the African National Congress (ANC). He was born in Mbizana in eastern Mpondoland in what is now Eastern Cape. October 27 is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 65 days remaining. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... April 24 is the 114th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (115th in leap years). ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... A segregated beach in South Africa, 1982. ... The African National Congress (ANC) is a centre-left political party, and has been South Africas governing party (in a coalition) since the establishment of majority rule in May 1994. ... The Eastern Cape is a province of South Africa. ...


In 1940 he, along with several others including Nelson Mandela, was expelled from Fort Hare University for participating in a student strike. In 1942 Tambo returned to his former high school in Johannesburg to teach science and mathematics. 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, (born July 18, 1918), was the first President of South Africa to be elected in fully-representative democratic elections. ... Fort Hare University is located on the Tyhume river in a South African town known as Alice in English or as eDikeni in the local isiXhosa language. ...


Tambo, along with Mandela and Walter Sisulu, was a founding member of the ANC Youth League in 1943, becoming its first National Secretary and later a member of the National Executive in 1948. The youth league proposed a change in tactics in the anti-apartheid movement. Previously the ANC had sought to further its cause by actions such as petitions and demonstrations; however, the Youth League felt these actions were insufficient to achieve the group's goals and proposed their own 'Programme of Action'. This programme advocated tactics such as boycotts, civil disobedience, strikes and non-collaboration. Walter Max Ulyate Sisulu Walter Max Ulyate Sisulu (May 18, 1912 – May 5, 2003) was a South African anti-apartheid activist and member of the African National Congress (ANC). ... The African National Congress Youth League is the youth wing of the African National Congress. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ...


In 1955 Tambo became Secretary General of the ANC after Walter Sisulu was banned by the South African government under the Suppression of Communism Act. In 1958 he became Deputy President of the ANC and in 1959 was served with a five year banning order by the government. 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Walter Max Ulyate Sisulu Walter Max Ulyate Sisulu (May 18, 1912 – May 5, 2003) was a South African anti-apartheid activist and member of the African National Congress (ANC). ... The 1950 Suppression of Communism Act was legislation of the National government in South Africa. ... 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In response, Tambo was sent abroad by the ANC to mobilise opposition to apartheid. He was involved in the formation of the South African United Front, which helped bring about South Africa's expulsion from the Commonwealth in 1961. In 1967, Tambo became Acting President of the ANC, following the death of Chief Albert Lutuli. In 1985 he was re-elected President of the ANC. In 1989 he suffered a debilitating stroke, but continued on as a symbol of the anti-apartheid movement both abroad and in South Africa. A segregated beach in South Africa, 1982. ... The Commonwealth of Nations, usually known as The Commonwealth, is an association of independent sovereign states, almost all of which are former territories of the British Empire. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Albert John Lutuli (also known by his Zulu name Mvumbi; his surname is sometimes and probably more phonetically spelt Luthuli) (1898? – 21 July 1967) was a South African teacher and politician. ... This article is about the year. ...


He returned to South Africa in 1991 after over 30 years in exile, and was elected National Chairperson of the ANC in July of the same year. Tambo passed away due to complications from a second stroke on April 24, 1993. 1991 (MCMXCI) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... April 24 is the 114th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (115th in leap years). ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ...


In 2004 he was voted 31st in the SABC3's Great South Africans. 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Great South Africans was a South African television series that aired on SABC3 and hosted by Noeleen Maholwana Sangqu and Denis Beckett. ...


In late 2005 ANC politicians announced plans to rename Johannesburg International Airport after him. 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Johannesburg International Airport (IATA: JNB, ICAO: FAJS) is a large airport near the city of Johannesburg, South Africa and one of the largest airports in Sub-Saharan Africa. ...


External links

  • ANC biography

  Results from FactBites:
 
Oliver Tambo Summary (1530 words)
Oliver Reginald Tambo (1917-1993) was, as acting president of the African National Congress (ANC), a principal spokesman for the Black African opposition to apartheid in South Africa.
Tambo became secretary-general of the ANC in 1955.
Tambo, along with Mandela and Walter Sisulu, was a founding member of the ANC Youth League in 1943, becoming its first National Secretary and later a member of the National Executive in 1948.
Tambo, Oliver - MSN Encarta (258 words)
Tambo stayed on at Fort Hare to gain a degree in education, but was expelled in 1942 for leading a student strike.
Tambo and Nelson Mandela were among a small group of political activists who founded the African National Congress Youth League in 1944.
Tambo became the ANC's secretary-general in 1955 and the deputy president to President-General Albert John Luthuli in 1958.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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