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Encyclopedia > Oliver Reed
Oliver Reed
Birth name Robert Oliver Reed
Born February 13, 1938(1938-02-13)
Wimbledon, London, England, United Kingdom
Died May 2, 1999 (aged 61)
Valletta, Malta
Resting place Churchtown, County Cork, Ireland
Other name(s) Mr. England
Spouse(s) Kate Byrne (1959 - 1969)
Josephine Burge (1985)
Official site http://oliverreed.net (unofficial)
IMDb profile

Robert Oliver Reed (February 13, 1938May 2, 1999) was an English actor known for his macho image on and off screen. His major films include Oliver!, Women in Love, The Devils, The Three Musketeers, Tommy, Castaway, Lion of the Desert, and Gladiator. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... If you hold the copyright to an image (e. ... is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... , This article is about the district of London. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (123rd in leap years). ... This article is about the year. ... Valletta (Maltese: , commonly referred to as Il-Belt - The City) is the capital city of Malta. ... County Cork (Contae Chorcaí in Irish) is the most southwesterly and the largest of the modern counties of Ireland. ... is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (123rd in leap years). ... This article is about the year. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Actor (disambiguation). ... Oliver! is an Academy Award winning film and 1968 musical film directed by Carol Reed and based on the stage musical Oliver!. Both the film and play are based on the famous Charles Dickens novel Oliver Twist. ... Women in Love is a 1969 British film which tells the story of the relationships between men and women during the early part of the 20th century. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Three Musketeers is a 1973 film based on the novel by Alexandre Dumas, père. ... Roger Daltrey as Tommy Tommy was a 1975 musical film, based on The Whos 1969 rock opera concept album Tommy. ... Castaway VHS cover Castaway is a 1986 film starring Amanda Donohoe and Oliver Reed, and directed by Nicolas Roeg. ... Lion of the Desert is a 1981 historical film depicting real events, starring Anthony Quinn as Libyan tribal leader Omar Mukhtar fighting Mussolinis army during World War II. It was directed by Moustapha Akkad. ... Gladiator is a 2000 historical action drama film. ...

Contents

Early life

Reed was born in Wimbledon, London to sports journalist Peter Reed and his wife Marcia (née Andrews). He was the nephew of film director Sir Carol Reed, and grandson of the actor-manager Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree by his mistress May Pinney Reed. , This article is about the district of London. ... The French word née (feminine) or né (masculine) (or the English word nee) is still commonly used in some newspapers when mentioning the maiden name of a woman in engagement or wedding announcements. ... This article is about the domestic group. ... Director Herbert Brenon with actress Alla Nazimova on the set of War Brides, 1916 A director is a person who directs the making of a film. ... Sir Carol Reed (30 December 1906 – 25 April 1976) was an English film director, winner of an Academy Award for his film version of the musical, Oliver! (1968). ... For other uses, see Actor (disambiguation). ... A theatre director is a principal in the theatre field who oversees and orchestrates the mounting of a play by unifying various endeavors and aspects of production. ... Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree (December 17, 1853 - July 2, 1917) was an English actor-manager. ...


Oliver was dyslexic and was expelled from many different private schools. He took part in Ewell Castle School's sports day and won several cups. He went straight from the sports field to a party. In the early hours of the following morning whilst walking home from the party, he was stopped by the police who suspected him to be a burglar with a swag of stolen cups. His father had to make a trip to the police station to explain that he was in fact very good at sports. This article is about developmental dyslexia. ... After World War II terms, expulsion was a euphemism for ethnic cleansing of territories settled by Germans. ... For the film of this title, see Private School (film). ...


Career

Starting off as an extra in films in the late 1950s (Reed had no acting training or theatrical experience), Reed got his first notable roles in Hammer films Sword of Sherwood Forest, The Two Faces of Dr. Jekyll (both 1960), The Curse of the Werewolf (1961), Paranoiac, and The Damned (not the Visconti film, but an earlier English movie directed by Joseph Losey and released in North America as These Are the Damned) (both 1963). In 1964 he starred in the first of six films directed by Michael Winner, The System, (known as The Girl-Getters in the U.S.). He first collaborated with director Ken Russell in a biopic of Claude Debussy in 1965, after which came his famous role in Women in Love (1969), in which he wrestled nude with Alan Bates in front of a log fire; then the controversial 1971 film The Devils, and finally the 1975 musical film Tommy, based on The Who's 1969 concept album Tommy and starring its lead singer Roger Daltrey. In between those films for Russell, Reed played his memorable role of Bill Sikes in his uncle Carol Reed's 1968 screen version of the hit musical Oliver!, and the title role in the 1969 comedy Hannibal Brooks, again for director Winner. For other usages see Theatre (disambiguation) Theater (American English) or Theatre (British English and widespread usage among theatre professionals in the US) is that branch of the performing arts concerned with acting out stories in front of an audience using combinations of speech, gesture, music, dance, sound and spectacle &#8212... New company logo as introduced in May 2007 A poster for Dracula: Prince of Darkness (1966). ... Sword of Sherwood Forest is a 1960 British adventure film directed by Terence Fisher for Hammer Film Productions. ... The Two Faces of Dr. Jekyll is a 1960 horror film by Hammer Film Productions. ... Oliver Reed and Yvonne Romain in Curse of the Werewolf promotional photo. ... Paranoiac is a 1963 suspense film from Hammer Films starring Oliver Reed, Alexander Davion, and Janette Scott. ... Joseph Losey (January 14, 1909 - June 22, 1984) was an American theater and film director. ... Michael Winner (born 30 October 1935) is an English film director and producer, active in both Europe and the United States, also known as a food critic for the Sunday Times. ... The System can refer to: Any system of government, law, or bureaucracy. ... Henry Kenneth Alfred Russell, known as Ken Russell (born July 3, 1927), is an iconoclastic English film director, particularly well-known for his films about famous composers and his controversial, often outrageous pioneering work in film. ... Claude Debussy, photo by Félix Nadar, 1908. ... Women in Love is a 1969 British film which tells the story of the relationships between men and women during the early part of the 20th century. ... Alan Bates as butler in Gosford Park (2001) Sir Alan Arthur Bates CBE, (February 17, 1934 – December 27, 2003) was a British actor. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Roger Daltrey as Tommy Tommy was a 1975 musical film, based on The Whos 1969 rock opera concept album Tommy. ... The Who are a British rock band that first formed in 1964, and grew to be considered one of the greatest[1] and most influential[2] bands in the world. ... Roger Harry Daltrey, CBE (born 1 March 1944), is a rock vocalist, songwriter, and actor, best known as the founder and lead singer of English rock band The Who. ... Bill Sykes is a fictional character in the novel Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens He is one of Dickenss most menacing characters and a very strong force in the novel when it comes to having control over somebody or harming others. ... Sir Carol Reed (30 December 1906 – 25 April 1976) was an English film director, winner of an Academy Award for his film version of the musical, Oliver! (1968). ... Oliver! is an Academy Award winning film and 1968 musical film directed by Carol Reed and based on the stage musical Oliver!. Both the film and play are based on the famous Charles Dickens novel Oliver Twist. ... Hannibal Brooks is a film about a man trying to get to Switzerland, from Germany, in WWII, accompanied by an Asian elephant. ...


Reed starred as Athos in three films based on Alexandre Dumas's novels, first in 1973's The Three Musketeers, followed by The Four Musketeers in 1974, and fifteen years later with The Return of the Musketeers. He starred in a similarly historical themed film, Crossed Swords (aka The Prince and the Pauper), as Miles Hendon alongside Raquel Welch in 1977, and returned to horror as Dr. Hal Raglan in David Cronenberg's 1979 film The Brood. From the 80s onwards Reed's films had less success, his more notable roles being General Rodolfo Graziani in the 1981 film Lion of the Desert, which costarred Anthony Quinn and chronicled the resistance to Italy's occupation of Libya during World War II; and as the middle aged Gerald Kingsland, who advertises for a 'wife' to live on a desert island for a year. The 'wife' is played by, a mostly naked, Amanda Donohoe in Castaway (1986). He also starred in the Iraqi historical film Clash of Loyalties (al-Mas' Ala Al-Kubra) in 1982 where he played Lt-Col Gerard Leachman during the 1920 revolution in Iraq. His last major successes were Terry Gilliam's The Adventures of Baron Munchausen (1988) (as the god Vulcan), Treasure Island (1990) (as Captain Billy Bones), Funny Bones (1995), and his final role as Proximo in Gladiator, released after his death in 2000 (some footage depicting Reed's character was filmed after his death with a double digitally mixed with outtake footage taken before Reed's death). He was posthumously nominated for a British Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance in Gladiator. He was also posthumously nominated for the Screen Actors Guild Award along with the rest of the principal players of Gladiator for Best Ensemble Cast. Alexandre Dumas redirects here. ... The Three Musketeers is a 1973 film based on the novel by Alexandre Dumas, père. ... The Four Musketeers is the title of a 1974 Richard Lester film, which follows upon his film of the previous year, The Three Musketeers, and covers the second half of Dumass novel. ... The Return of the Musketeers is a 1989 film based on the novel Twenty Years After by Alexandre Dumas, père. ... Crossed Swords (UK title: The Prince and the Pauper) is a family / adventure film released in 1977, directed by Richard Fleischer, based on The Prince and the Pauper by Mark Twain. ... Jo Raquel Tejada (born September 5, 1940), best known by her stage name Raquel Welch, is an American actress who reached fame during the 1960s. ... David Paul Cronenberg OC, FRSC (born March 15, 1943[2]) is a Canadian film director and occasional actor. ... The Brood is a 1979 Canadian horror film written and directed by David Cronenberg. ... Lion of the Desert is a 1981 historical film depicting real events, starring Anthony Quinn as Libyan tribal leader Omar Mukhtar fighting Mussolinis army during World War II. It was directed by Moustapha Akkad. ... For other people named Anthony Quinn see Anthony Quinn (disambiguation) Anthony Quinn (April 21, 1915 – June 3, 2001) was a two-time Academy Award-winning Mexican/American actor, as well as a painter and writer. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Gerald W. Kingsland was a journalist and writer born in Whitchurch, Buckinghamshire, England on 8 March 1930. ... Amanda Donohoe (born June 29, 1962) is an English actress. ... Castaway VHS cover Castaway, published 1984, is book written by Lucy Irvine about her experiences of staying for a year with writer Gerald Kingsland on the isolated island of Tuin, between New Guinea and Australia. ... Colonel Leachman disguised as a Bedouin. ... Terrence Vance Gilliam (born November 22, 1940) is an American-born British filmmaker, animator, and member of the Monty Python comedy troupe. ... The Adventures of Baron Munchausen is a 1988 film directed by Terry Gilliam, starring John Neville (as the Baron), Sarah Polley, Eric Idle, Jonathan Pryce, Oliver Reed, Uma Thurman, and Robin Williams. ... The Forge of Vulcan by Diego Velasquez, (1630). ... For other uses, see Treasure Island (disambiguation). ... Funny Bones was filmed in 1994. ... Gladiator is a 2000 movie directed by Ridley Scott, and starring Russell Crowe and Joaquin Phoenix. ... Gladiator is a 2000 historical action drama film. ... Gladiator is a 2000 historical action drama film. ...


When the UK government raised taxes on personal income, Reed initially declined to join the exodus of major British film stars to Hollywood and other more tax-friendly locales. During this time he began proclaiming himself as "Mr England", and turned down major roles in two hugely successful Hollywood movies: The Sting (1973) (although he did appear in the less than stellar sequel) and Jaws (1975). His Daily Telegraph obituary noted that in the late 1970s Reed was finally obliged to relocate to the Channel Islands as a tax exile. ... This article is about the 1973 film involving con artists. ... Jaws is a 1975 thriller film directed by Steven Spielberg, based on Peter Benchleys best-selling novel inspired by the Jersey Shore shark attacks of 1916. ...


James Bond

An anecdote holds that Reed could have been chosen to play James Bond. In 1969, Bond franchise producers Albert R. Broccoli and Harry Saltzman were looking for a replacement for Sean Connery, and Reed was a prime candidate. They ultimately decided against hiring him, however, because they felt his public, alcohol-fueled antics made him too much of a liability. After Reed's death, the Guardian Unlimited called the casting decision "one of the great missed opportunities of post-war British movie history ... He would also have spared us George Lazenby, and perhaps Roger Moore as well." On the other hand Reed played an Edwardian Bond type character in The Assassination Bureau based on a book by Jack London. The Bond producers may have thought his appearance and performance a liability; however that film's leading lady and villain were selected for On Her Majesty's Secret Service. 007 redirects here. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Sir Thomas Sean Connery (born 25 August 1930) is a retired Scottish actor and producer who is perhaps best known as the first actor to portray James Bond in cinema, starring in seven Bond films. ... Guardian Unlimited is a British website owned by the Guardian Media Group. ... George Robert Lazenby (born September 5, 1939) is an Australian actor best known for portraying James Bond only once in the 1969 James Bond film, On Her Majestys Secret Service. ... For other persons named Roger Moore, see Roger Moore (disambiguation). ... The Assassination Bureau is a tongue-in-cheek film made in 1969 based on an unfinished book, by Jack London. ... For other persons named Jack London, see Jack London (disambiguation). ... Leading lady is an informal term for the actress who plays a secondary lead or supporting role, usually a love interest, to the leading actor in a film or play. ... Bad guy redirects here. ... For the James Bond film, see On Her Majestys Secret Service (film). ...


Personal life

In 1959, Reed wed Kate Byrne. They had one son, Mark, before their divorce in 1969. He then lived with dancer Jackie Daryl, with whom he had a daughter, Sarah. In 1985, he married Josephine Burge, and stayed with her until his death.


Drinking and death

Reed was famous for his excessive drinking, which fitted in with the "social" attitude of many rugby teams in the 1960s and '70s, and there are numerous anecdotes such as Reed and 36 friends drinking, in an evening, 60 gallons of beer, 32 bottles of Scotch, 17 bottles of gin, four crates of wine and one bottle of Babycham. He subsequently revised the story, claiming he drank 106 pints of beer on a 2-day binge before marrying Josephine; "The event that was reported actually took place during an arm-wrestling competition in Guernsey about 15 years ago, it was highly exaggerated." Steve McQueen told the story that in 1973 he had flown to the UK to discuss a film project with Reed and suggested the pair go to a nightclub in London. This led to a marathon pub crawl during which Reed threw up on McQueen. For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... Babycham is the trade name of a light, sparkling perry invented by Francis Showering, a brewer in Shepton Mallet in Somerset, England. ... Steve McQueen (March 24, 1930 – November 7, 1980) was an Academy Award-nominated American movie actor, nicknamed The King of Cool.[1] He was one of the biggest box-office draws of the 1960s and 1970s due to a popular anti-hero persona. ...


Reed was often irritated that his appearances on TV chat shows concentrated on his drinking feats, rather than his latest film. David Letterman cut to a commercial when it appeared Reed might get violent after being asked too many questions about his drinking. Near the end of his life he was brought onto some TV shows specifically for his drinking; for example The Word put bottles of drink in his dressing room so he could be secretly filmed getting drunk. He was forced to leave the set of the Channel 4 television discussion programme After Dark after arriving drunk and attempting to kiss feminist writer Kate Millett. He was drunk on the chat show Aspel and Company, and on another occasion removed his trousers during an interview. David Michael Letterman (born April 12, 1947, in Indianapolis, Indiana, U.S.) is an award-winning American comedian, late night talk show host, television producer, philanthropist, and IRL IndyCar Series car owner. ... The Word may mean: The Word (television) The Word (song) by The Beatles The Wørd, a recurring segument on Stephen Colberts The Colbert Report The Word (magazine) The Bible Ordet (aka The Word), the 1955 Danish film The Word (band) The Word & the Void This is a disambiguation... This article is about the British television station. ... After Dark was a late night television live topical panel discussion programme which ran on Channel 4 between 1987 and 1991. ... Time magazine, August 31, 1970 Kate Millett (born September 14, 1934) is an American feminist writer and activist. ...


He was happiest in the company of hospital porters and gardeners rather than with the rich and famous, although drummer Keith Moon (of The Who) was a very close friend up to Moon's death.[citation needed] Keith John Moon (August 23, 1946 – September 7, 1978) was the drummer of the rock group The Who. ... The Who are a British rock band that first formed in 1964, and grew to be considered one of the greatest[1] and most influential[2] bands in the world. ...


In later years, Reed could often be seen quietly drinking with his wife Josephine Burge, at the bar of the White Horse Hotel in the High Street in Dorking, Surrey, not far from his home in Oakwoodhill. He had sold his larger house, 'Broome Hall', between the villages of Coldharbour and Ockley some years previously.


He died suddenly from a heart attack during a break from filming Gladiator in Valletta, Malta and was heavily intoxicated when he died, racking up an $866 alcohol bill. He had reportedly drunk three bottles of Captain Morgan's rum, eight bottles of beer and numerous doubles of Famous Grouse whisky. He also beat five much younger Royal Navy sailors at arm wrestling at a bar called "The Pub." (The owners have since added "Ollie's Last Pub" to the sign.[1]) Several of his scenes in Gladiator had to be completed using cgi techniques. His funeral was held in Churchtown, County Cork, Ireland. The song "Consider Yourself" from Oliver! was played at the funeral. Heart attack redirects here. ... Valletta (Maltese: , commonly referred to as Il-Belt - The City) is the capital city of Malta. ... This article is about the beverage. ... Churchtown, County Cork is a village near Buttevant. ... Statistics Province: Munster County Town: Cork Code: C (CK proposed) Area: 7,457 km² Population (2006) 480,909 (including City of Cork); 361,766 (without Cork City) Website: www. ... For other uses, see Funeral (disambiguation). ...


References

  • (Friday May 7, 1999). "Devil of an actor". Retrieved Feb. 24, 2006.

August 2006 was a month with thirty-one days, like all Augusts, that began on a Tuesday. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Oliver Reed - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (520 words)
Oliver Reed (February 13, 1938 – May 2, 1999) was an English actor known for his macho image on and off screen.
Reed's drinking bouts fitted in with the "social" attitude of many rugby teams in the sixties and seventies, and there are numerous anecdotes such as Reed and 36 friends drinking, in an evening, 60 gallons of beer, 32 bottles of Scotch, 17 bottles of gin, four crates of wine and one bottle of Babycham.
Reed was often irritated that his appearances on TV chat shows concentrated on his drinking feats, rather than his latest film.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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