Oldham County is a county located in the state of Texas. As of 2000, the population is 2,185. Its county seat is Vega6.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,889 km˛ (1,501 mi˛). 3,887 km˛ (1,501 mi˛) of it is land and 2 km˛ (1 mi˛) of it is water. The total area is 0.05% water.
- Hartley County (north)
- Potter County (east)
- Deaf Smith County (south)
- Quay County, New Mexico (west)
Oldham County was formed in 1876 and organized in 1880, and named for Williamson Simpson Oldham, a Texas pioneer and Confederate Senator. At the time of its organization, nearly the entire county was a part of the XIT Ranch. The county seat was originally at the town of Tascosa, which in the 1880s was one of the largest towns in the panhandle. As the railroads came through the county, however, they bypassed Tascosa; several new towns and farms sprang up along the rail lines, and by 1915 Tascosa had a courthouse and almost no residents; the county seat was moved to Vega that year.
Oldham County is primarily ranch land, with many thousands of acres planted in wheat, the major crop. The county also sees some oil production.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 2,185 people, 735 households, and 565 families residing in the county. The population density is 1/km˛ (2/mi˛). There are 815 housing units at an average density of 0/km˛ (0/mi˛). The racial makeup of the county is 90.66% White, 1.88% Black or African American, 1.28% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 4.62% from other races, and 1.19% from two or more races. 11.03% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 735 households out of which 35.10% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.70% are married couples living together, 8.80% have a female householder with no husband present, and 23.00% are non-families. 21.00% of all households are made up of individuals and 10.10% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.61 and the average family size is 3.02.
In the county, the population is spread out with 35.00% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 23.30% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 11.30% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 33 years. For every 100 females there are 108.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 90.60 males.
The median income for a household in the county is $33,713, and the median income for a family is $39,091. Males have a median income of $26,845 versus $20,185 for females. The per capita income for the county is $14,806. 19.80% of the population and 10.50% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 20.00% of those under the age of 18 and 7.90% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
Cities and towns