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Encyclopedia > Old school hip hop

Old school hip hop is a term used to describe the very earliest hip hop music to come out of the block parties of New York City in the 1970s and 1980s. It began in the early 1970s in New York with the advent of breakbeat DJing, in which DJs including Kool DJ Herc and Grandmaster Flash extended the breaks (short percussion interludes) of funk records, creating a more "danceable" sound. In modern usage, the term is often used to refer to hip hop from the late 1980s and early 1990s, coinciding with "Golden age of hip hop" between 1987 and 1993. Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... A block party is a large informal public celebration in which many members of a single neighborhood congregate to observe a positive event of usually local importance. ... Nickname: Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island Settled 1625 Government  - Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area  - City  468. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979. ... This article cites very few or no references or sources. ... Breakbeat (sometimes breakbeats or breaks) is a term used to describe a collection of sub-genres of electronic music, usually characterized by the use of a non-straighted 4/4 drum pattern (as opposed to the steady beat of house or trance). ... DJ Kool Herc (born Clive Campbell on April 16, 1955 in Kingston, Jamaica), is a musician and producer who is generally credited as the pioneer of hip hop during the 1970s. ... Joseph Saddler (born January 1, 1958 in Bridgetown, Barbados), better known as Grandmaster Flash, is a hip hop musician and DJ; one of the pioneers of hip-hop DJing, cutting, and mixing. ... In popular music a break is an instrumental or percussion section or interlude during a song derived from or related to stop-time – being a break from the main parts of the song or piece. ... Funk is an African American musical style. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... The golden age of hip hop, derivative of old school hip hop, began with Run-DMCs album Raising Hell in 1986 and ended with the popularity of Dr. Dres album The Chronic in late 1992. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ...

Contents

History

Hip hop music began in the early 1970s in New York City with the advent of breakbeat DJing. Kool DJ Herc, Grandmaster Flash and other DJs extended the breaks (short percussion interludes) of funk records, creating a more "danceable" sound. This use of extended percussion breaks led to the development of mixing and scratching techniques, and later to the popularization of remixes. Breakbeat (sometimes breakbeats or breaks) is a term used to describe a collection of sub-genres of electronic music, usually characterized by the use of a non-straighted 4/4 drum pattern (as opposed to the steady beat of house or trance). ... DJ Kool Herc (born Clive Campbell on April 16, 1955 in Kingston, Jamaica), is a musician and producer who is generally credited as the pioneer of hip hop during the 1970s. ... Joseph Saddler (born January 1, 1958 in Bridgetown, Barbados), better known as Grandmaster Flash, is a hip hop musician and DJ; one of the pioneers of hip-hop DJing, cutting, and mixing. ... In popular music a break is an instrumental or percussion section or interlude during a song derived from or related to stop-time – being a break from the main parts of the song or piece. ... Funk is an African American musical style. ... A remix is an alternative version of a song, different from the original version. ...


As hip hop's popularity grew, performers began speaking while the music played, and became known as MCs or emcees. Melle Mel, a rapper in the group Grandmaster Flash & The Furious Five was the first to call himself "MC". Performers often emceed for hours at a time, with some improvisation and a simple four-count beat and basic chorus. Teams of emcees (many of whom were former gang members) sprang up throughout the country, led by the first emcee team, Kool Herc & the Herculoids. The MCs grew more varied in their vocal and rhythmic approach, incorporating brief rhymes, often with a or scatological theme. These early raps incorporated rhyming lyrics from African American culture (see roots of hip hop music), such as the dozens. This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... DJ Kool Herc (born Clive Campbell on April 16, 1955) in Kingston Jamaica), is a musician, and producer who is generally credited as a pioneer of hip hop during the 1970s. ... Hip hop culture, including rapping, scratching, graffiti, and breakdancing, emerged from 1970s block parties in New York City, specifically The Bronx (Toop, 1991). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

Old school hip hop would often sample disco, soul, and funk tracks. In the case of the Sugarhill Gang, a live band was used for samples. However, the old school sound soon became based largely on drum machines and popular "break" samples. This use of extended percussion breaks led to the development of mixing and scratching techniques. Scratching was invented by Grandwizard Theodore in 1977, and was found on DJ records such as Grandmaster Flash's "Adventures on the Wheels of Steel". Scratching later resulted in the popularization of remixes in hip hop. In 1984, Marley Marl accidentally caught a drum machine snare hit in the sampler; this innovation was vital in the development of electro and other later types of hip hop. In contrast with the later rhymes of new school hip hop, old school rap was relatively simple in its rhythms and cadences. Image File history File links This image is the cover of an album or single. ... Image File history File links This image is the cover of an album or single. ... Afrika Bambaataa (born on April 17 in 1957)[1] is a DJ and community leader from the South Bronx, who was instrumental in the early development of hip hop throughout the 1970s. ... Disco is a genre of dance-oriented pop music that blends elements of funk and soul music that was first popularized in dance clubs (discothèques) in the mid-1970s. ... For other uses, see Soul music (disambiguation). ... Funk is an African American musical style. ... In popular music a break is an instrumental or percussion section or interlude during a song derived from or related to stop-time – being a break from the main parts of the song or piece. ... Grand Wizard Theodore is an African American hip hop DJ, known for his innovations in scratching and needle drops, which he invented (AMG), and other techniques. ... Joseph Saddler (born January 1, 1958 in Bridgetown, Barbados), better known as Grandmaster Flash, is a hip hop musician and DJ; one of the pioneers of hip-hop DJing, cutting, and mixing. ... A remix is an alternative version of a song, different from the original version. ... {{Infobox musical artist 2 |Name = John Dixon |Img = JohnDixon. ... Electro, short for electro funk (also known as robot hip hop and Electro hop) is an electronic style of hip hop directly influenced by Kraftwerk and funk records (unlike earlier rap records which were closer to disco). ... New school hip hop is a rarely-heard term referring to hip hop created later in the forms development, contrasted with old school hip hop. ... For the popular Tamil film, see Rhythm (film) Rhythm (Greek = flow, or in Modern Greek, style) is the variation of the length and accentuation of a series of sounds or other events. ... Look up Cadence, cadence in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Grandmaster Flash & the Furious Five were one of the earliest hip hop recording acts, best known for their seminal 1982 single "The Message".

Old school rap was often focused on good times, parties and friendship. An exception was "The Message", a rap song written by Melle Mel for his hip hop group, Grandmaster Flash and The Furious Five. The popularity of "The Message" led the "message rap" to gain a place in the hip hop canon. Album cover for The Official Adventures of Grandmaster Flash by Grandmaster Flash This is an album cover. ... Album cover for The Official Adventures of Grandmaster Flash by Grandmaster Flash This is an album cover. ... DJ Grandmaster Flash was one of the pioneers of hip-hop DJing, cutting, and mixing. ... The Message is an old school rap song released in 1982, performed by Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five. ... The Message is an old school rap song released in 1982, performed by Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five. ... Melle Mel (born Melvin Glover on May 15, 1962 in Bronx, New York ) is a hip-hop musician, one of the pioneers of old school hip hop as a lyricist & as lead rapper of Grandmaster Flash & the Furious Five. ... DJ Grandmaster Flash was one of the pioneers of hip-hop DJing, cutting, and mixing. ...


The first steps towards the commercialization of hip hop came with the release of what are usually called the first two commercially issued hip hop recordings: "King Tim III (Personality Jock)" by the Fatback Band, and "Rapper's Delight" by The Sugarhill Gang. While "King Tim III" is widely regarded as the first recorded hip hop song, it was the Sugarhill Gang that won hip hop its first mainstream popularity. Though neither the Fatback Band nor the Sugarhill Gang had significant roots in the DJ culture, "Rapper's Delight" became a Top 40 hit on the U.S. Billboard pop singles chart. After the releases of follow ups by acts such as Kurtis Blow ("The Breaks"), The Sequence ("Funk You Up"), and Grandmaster Flash & the Furious Five ("Freedom"), hip hop was pegged as a successful, yet temporary, trend in music. King Tim III (Personality Jock) is a 1979 (see 1979 in music) song by the Fatback Band from the disco album XII. Released a few months before Rappers Delight (which is often cited as the first commercially released hip hop song), this song has become perhaps the bands... The Fatback Band (later, Fatback) were a 1970s and 80s American funk band. ... Rappers Delight is a 1979 single by American hip hop trio The Sugarhill Gang; it was one of the first hip hop hit singles. ... The Sugarhill Gang is an American hip hop and Funk group, known mostly for their biggest hit, Rappers Delight, the first hip hop single to become a Top 40 hit. ... The Billboard Hot 100 is the United States music industry standard singles popularity chart issued weekly by Billboard magazine. ... Curtis Kurtis Blow Walker, (born on August 9, 1959, in Harlem, New York) is one of the pioneer rappers in the recording industry, and hip hops first mainstream star. ... Clap your hands everybody If you got what it takes Cause Im Kurtis Blow and I want you to know That these are the breaks Breakes on a bus brakes on a car Breaks to make you a superstar Breaks to win and breaks to lose But these here... The Sequence was an all-female old school hip hop/funk trio signed to the Sugar Hill label in the early 1980s. ... Joseph Saddler (born January 1, 1958 in Bridgetown, Barbados), better known as Grandmaster Flash, is a hip hop musician and DJ; one of the pioneers of hip-hop DJing, cutting, and mixing. ...


During the 1980s, hip hop began to diversify and develop into a more complex form. The simple tales of 1970s emcees were replaced by highly metaphoric raps over complex, multi-layered beats. Some rappers even became mainstream pop performers, including Kurtis Blow, whose appearance in a Sprite commercial made him the first hip hop musician to be considered mainstream enough to represent a major product, but also the first to be accused by the hip hop audience of selling out. Curtis Kurtis Blow Walker, (born on August 9, 1959, in Harlem, New York) is one of the pioneer rappers in the recording industry, and hip hops first mainstream star. ... Sprite is a clear soda, lemon-lime flavored, caffeine free soft drink, produced by the Coca-Cola Company. ... Selling out is a common slang phrase. ...


Samples

Afrika Bambaataa (born on April 17 in 1957)[1] is a DJ and community leader from the South Bronx, who was instrumental in the early development of hip hop throughout the 1970s. ... The factual accuracy of this article is disputed. ... Joseph Saddler (born January 1, 1958 in Bridgetown, Barbados), better known as Grandmaster Flash, is a hip hop musician and DJ; one of the pioneers of hip-hop DJing, cutting, and mixing. ...

Artists

Art of Noise Close Up twelve inch single featured the iconic Art of Noise mask Art of Noise was an avantgarde synthpop group formed in 1983 by producer Trevor Horn, music journalist Paul Morley, and session musicians/studio hands Anne Dudley, J.J. Jeczalik, and Gary Langan. ... Afrika Bambaataa (born on April 17 in 1957)[1] is a DJ and community leader from the South Bronx, who was instrumental in the early development of hip hop throughout the 1970s. ... Antonio Hardy (born September 10, 1968), better known by his stage name Big Daddy Kane, is a rapper from the Bed-Stuy section of Brooklyn, New York. ... Busy Bee Starski is an old school hip hop MC most famous for his on stage roasting at the hands of rapper Kool Moe Dee, a hip-hop sneak attack that is easily the most famous early example of a battle rap. ... Boogie Down Productions (1989) Boogie Down Productions was originally composed of KRS One, D Nice, and DJ Scott La Rock. ... Captain Rapp is one of the pioneers of West Coast hip hop, debuting in 1981 (see 1981 in music) with Gigolo Rapp (with Disco Daddy). ... Cold Crush Brothers are a hip hop group that formed in 1979 in the Bronx, New York during hip hops infancy alongside artist such as Grandmaster Flash & The Furious Five, Afrika Bambaataa & The Soulsonic Force, The Fantastic Five, and The Funky Four Plus One More. ... Dana Dane (born Dana McLeese) is a hip-hop artist known for humorous lyrics (performed with a fake English accent) and for his fashion sense. ... Darkstar may refer to the following: Darkstar, a Marvel Comics superhero and sometimes villain. ... Davy DMX, (born David Reeves), is a pioneer of hip-hop music. ... Dee Dee Ramone, born Douglas Colvin (September 18, 1952 - June 5, 2002) was a founding member of The Ramones, a heavily influential punk band. ... Captain Rapp is one of the pioneers of West Coast hip hop, debuting in 1981 (see 1981 in music) with Gigolo Rapp (with Disco Daddy). ... DJ Cheese (Plainfield, New Jersey) was one of the first DMC mixing championship DJs and appeared in the UK tour with Run-DMC. Dj Cheese is usually considered as an important character in the world of turntablism. ... Super DJ Clark Kent (born Rodolfo Franklin) is a hip hop DJ and record producer. ... DJ Flash was born Clifton Leon (Lee) Johnson 1957 in Fresno, California. ... DJ Hollywood (born December 10, 1954) is an American old school hip hop DJ and rapper. ... DJ Kool was a rapper in the late 1990s who produced various popular rap singles. ... Categories: People stubs | Hip hop musicians | Hip hop DJs | 1955 births ... hallo elraki du pedophila pfarrerficker,du bist so fett das dei klassenfoto aus der luft aufgenommen werden musste,wenn fettheit rollen würde würdest du denn berg aufebremsen. ... It is proposed that this article be deleted. ... Doctor Ice was a rapper in the hip-hop group UTFO, most famous for their song Roxanne, Roxanne. ... Doug E. Fresh is the stage name of Douglas E. Davis (born 1966), an American rapper, record producer, and beatboxer. ... Egyptian Lover (born Greg Broussard) is an American electro hop rapper, he was an important part of the known performers of the underground West Coast dance scene. ... The Fatback Band (later, Fatback) were a 1970s and 80s American funk band. ... Freeez is a dance music group from London England who had two Top 10 hits on the Hot Dance Music/Club Play chart in 1983. ... Full Force is a group of R&B and hip hop performers and producers from Brooklyn, New York, calling themselves the original hip hop vocal band. // B-Fine (Brian George) - drums and drum programming Shy Shy (Junior Clark) - bass guitar Paul Anthony (Paul Anthony George) - vocals Bowlegged Lou (Lucien George... Funky Four Plus One (sometimes written Funky 4 + 1) was an early hip hop group. ... Album cover of The Official Adventures of Grandmaster Flash DJ Grandmaster Flash (born Joseph Saddler on January 1, 1958 in Barbados) is a hip hop musician and DJ; one of the pioneers of hip-hop DJing, cutting, and mixing. ... Joseph Saddler (born January 1, 1958 in Bridgetown, Barbados), better known as Grandmaster Flash, is a hip hop musician and DJ; one of the pioneers of hip-hop DJing, cutting, and mixing. ... Hashim (died ca. ... Jazzy Jay (born Jayson Byas, c. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Kangol Kid was a rapper in the hip-hop group UTFO, most famous for their song Roxanne, Roxanne. ... Kid Flash is the name of three fictional characters, all superheroes, in the DC Comics universe. ... Kid Frost (b. ... King MC and DJ Flash were two members of one of LAs first rap labels, Rappers Rap Records, with which Disco Daddy and Captian Rap recorded their first hit. ... Mohandas Dewese (born 8 August 1962), better known as Kool Moe Dee, was an American old-school rapper prominent in the late 1980s and early 90s. ... Curtis Kurtis Blow Walker, (born on August 9, 1959, in Harlem, New York) is one of the pioneer rappers in the recording industry, and hip hops first mainstream star. ... // Man Parrish Man Parrish (full name Manuel Joseph Parrish, born May 6th 1958, Brooklyn, New York) Man Parrish (full name Manuel Joseph Parrish, born May 6, 1958) is considerd to be a pioneering electronic music producer and performer. ... Mantronix was an innovative and influential 1980s old school hip-hop and electro funk music group led by DJ and keyboardist-programmer Kurtis Mantronik (Kurtis el Khaleel), and MC MC Tee (Touré Embden). ... Melle Mel (born Melvin Glover on May 15, 1962 in Bronx, New York ) is a hip-hop musician, one of the pioneers of old school hip hop as a lyricist & as lead rapper of Grandmaster Flash & the Furious Five. ... Newcleus is a band that came in on the first wave of electronic hip-hop in the early 1980s. ... Paul Hardcastle (born December 10, 1957, in London) is an English composer and musician specialising in the synthesizer. ... Percee P is an underground hip-hop artist. ... Space Patrol was a puppet TV series from the United Kingdom, made in 1962, written and produced by Roberta Leigh in association with the Associated British Corporation It featured the vocal talents of Dick Vosburgh, Ronnie Stevens, Libby Morris, Murray Kash and Ysanne Churchman, and comprised 39 half-hour episodes. ... The Rappers Rap Group was a group of rap artists that enjoyed a short period of fame in the early 1980s. ... The Rock Steady Crew circa 1981. ... Rodney O & Joe Cooley are west coast rap pioneers, best know for tracks such as Everlasting Bass and This is for the Homies. Everlasting Bass also proved an influence for Miami Bass; Latin rappers Jonny Z and SPM did their own version of it, called Puro Latin Bass. Discography 1988... Run-DMC is a famous hip hop crew founded by Jason Mizell (Jam Master Jay) and includes Joseph Run Simmons and Darryl DMC McDaniels, all from Hollis, Queens. ... The Sequence was an all-female old school hip hop/funk trio signed to the Sugar Hill label in the early 1980s. ... Schoolly D (born Jesse B. Weaver) is one of Philadelphias hip hop pioneers. ... Richard Walters (born January 14, 1965), better known by stage names Slick Rick, MC Ricky D and The Ruler, is a rapper. ... The Sugarhill Gang is an American hip hop group, known mostly for one hit, Rappers Delight, the first hip hop single to become a Top 40 hit. ... Afrika Bambaataa (born April 17, 1957) is a DJ and community leader from the South Bronx, who was instrumental in the early development of hip hop throughout the 1970s. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Spyder D was a classic old school rapper from New York City who combined elements of jazz and funk in his live instrumental backing tracks. ... Stetsasonic, appearing on the cover of their debut album, On Fire Stetsasonic was an American hip hop group formed in 1981 (see 1981 in music) in Brooklyn, New York. ... Clarence Ronnie Keaton (born 1961), known by the stage name, T La Rock, was an American old school rapper best known for his collaboration with Def Jam Recordings co-founder Rick Rubin and the 1984 single, Its Yours. // T La Rock was born and raised in the Bronx borough... Toddy Tee is a rapper from Los Angeles. ... The Treacherous Three are old school rappers. ... UTFO (which stands for Untouchable Force Organization) was a rap group from the 80s. ... Whodini is a hip hop group formed in the 1980s, made up of Jalil Hutchins, Ecstasy (John Fletcher) and Grandmaster Dee (Drew Carter). ... Word of mouth, is a reference to the passing of information by verbal means, especially recommendations, but also general information, in an informal, person-to-person manner. ...

See also

Hip hop/Rap
Artists (Beatboxers - Rappers - DJs and Producers - Groups) - Beatboxing - Breakdance - Collaborations - Culture - DJing (Turntablism) - Fashion - Feuds - Graffiti - History (Roots - Old school - Golden age) - Production - Rapping
Genres
African - American (East - West - South - Midwest) - Australian - British - Canadian - French - Indian - Japanese - Others...
Abstract - Alternative - Bounce - Chopped & Screwed - Christian - Conscious - Country - Crunk - Dirty - Dirty South - Electro - Emo - Freestyle - Gangsta - G-funk - Ghettotech - Glitch hop - Golden age - Hardcore - Hip hop soul - Hip house - Horrorcore - Hyphy - Instrumental - Jazz - Latin - Mafioso - Merenrap - Miami bass - Mobb - Neo soul - Nerdcore - New jack swing - Old school - Political - Pop - Rapcore - Ragga - Reggaet├│n - Snap - Urban Pasifika

  Results from FactBites:
 
Greatest Old School Hip Hop Records (1979-1985) (1880 words)
Hip Hop is first and foremost a culture with five important elements: the b-boys (break dancers), Graffiti/Aerosol artists, MCs, DJs, and the beatboxers.
Hip Hop music on record is born by Fatback Band's "King Tim III", Younger Generation's "We Rap More Mellow", and The Sugarhill Gang's "Rapper's Delight" (Hip Hop legend Grandmaster Caz wrote the lyrics but never got credit).
He is the first to release a Hip Hop album, to embark on a Hip Hop tour, to be featured on television ("Soul Train" in October), and the first to give rap mainstream marketability (he also opened up for The Commodores and Bob Marley on tour).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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