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Encyclopedia > Old age
Paul Kruger in his old age.
Paul Kruger in his old age.

Old age consists of ages nearing or surpassing the average life span of human beings, and thus the end of the human life cycle. Euphemisms and terms for older people include seniors — chiefly an American usage — or elderly. Some believe there to be prejudice against older people in Western cultures, which is one form of ageism. Image File history File links Gnome-globe. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Paul Kruger Stephanus Johannes Paulus Kruger (10 October 1825 – 14 July 1904), better known as Paul Kruger and fondly known as Oom Paul (Afrikaans for Uncle Paul) was a prominent Boer resistance leader against British rule and president of the Transvaal Republic in South Africa. ... Paul Kruger in his old age. ... Life expectancy is the average number of years remaining for a living being (or the average for a class of living beings) of a given age to live. ... Human beings are defined variously in biological, spiritual, and cultural terms, or in combinations thereof. ... A life cycle is a period involving one generation of an organism through means of reproduction, whether through asexual reproduction or sexual reproduction. ... Euphemism is the substitution of an agreeable or inoffensive expression for one that may offend or suggest something unpleasant to the listener; or in the case of doublespeak, to make it less troublesome for the speaker. ... This box:      Look up ageism in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Older people have limited regenerative abilities and are more prone to disease, syndromes, and sickness than other adults. For the biology of ageing, see Senescence. The medical study of the aging process is gerontology, and the study of diseases that afflict the elderly is geriatrics. For the adult insect stage, see Imago. ... Biology studies the variety of life (clockwise from top-left) E. coli, tree fern, gazelle, Goliath beetle Biology (from Greek: βίος, bio, life; and λόγος, logos, knowledge), also referred to as the biological sciences, is the study of living organisms utilizing the scientific method. ... The effects of ageing on a human face Elderly woman Ageing or aging is the process of systems deterioration with time. ... In biology, senescence is the combination of processes of deterioration which follow the period of development of an organism. ... Gerontology is the study of aging. ... Geriatrics is the branch of medicine that focuses on health promotion and the prevention and treatment of disease and disability in later life. ...

Contents

Definition

The boundary between middle age and old age cannot be defined exactly because it does not have the same meaning in all societies. In many parts of the world, people are considered old because of certain changes in their activities or social roles. Examples: people may be considered old when they become grandparents, or when they begin to do less or different work — retirement. In the United States and Europe, people are often considered old if they have lived a certain number of years. Middle age is the period of life beyond young adulthood but before the onset of old age. ... “Grandfather” redirects here. ... Retirement is the point where a person stops employment completely. ...


Many Americans think of 65 as the beginning of old age because United States workers become eligible at this time to retire with full Social Security benefits at age 65. People in the 65-and-over age group are often called senior citizens. In 2003, the age at which an American citizen becomes eligible for full Social Security benefits began to increase gradually until it reaches 67 in 2027. Social Security, in the United States, currently refers to the Federal Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2027 (MMXXVII) will be a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


There are many stereotypes about elderly people, such as; the use of walking sticks, frequent doctor visits, and sleeping a lot. These can be seen however to be untrue and very judgmental, most old people are very capable of easy mobility and caring for themselves, however there are some illnesses that can be seen to come with old age. In modern usage, a stereotype is a simplified mental picture of an individual or group of people who share a certain characteristic (or stereotypical) qualities. ...


Appearance

Old age often causes wrinkles, liver spots, loss of hair/baldness, change of hair color (usually grey or white), impaired speech, hearing, sight, speed, thinking pace, and agility.


Demographic changes

Worldwide, the number of people 65 or older is increasing faster than ever before. Most of this increase is occurring in developed countries. In the United States the percentage of people 65 or older increased from 4 percent in 1900 to about 13 percent in the late 1990s. In 1900, only about 3 million of the nation's citizens had reached 65. By 1998, the number of senior citizens had increased to about 34 million. Population experts estimate that more than 50 million Americans — about 17 percent of the population — will be 65 or older in 2020. The number of old people is growing around the world chiefly because more children reach adulthood. A developed country is a country that has achieved (currently or historically) a high degree of industrialization, and which enjoys the higher standards of living which wealth and technology make possible. ... Äž: For the film, see: 1900 (film). ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ...


Life expectancy

In most parts of the world, women live, on average, longer than men. In the United States in the late 1990s, life expectancy at birth was 80 years for women and 77 years for men. American women who were age 65 in the late 1990s could expect to live about 19 additional years. Men who were 65 could expect to live about 16 additional years. [citation needed] This article is about the measure of remaining life. ...


See also

Aging in place is growing older without having to move. ... A centenarian is a person who has attained the age of 100 years or more. ... Elderly care or simply eldercare is the fulfillment of the special needs and requirements that are unique to senior citizens. ... The following tables list only the oldest verified people in ordinal rank, such as oldest person or oldest man. For centenarians known for anything other than their extreme age, see list of centenarians. ... As far as we can tell from the hugely informative Little Britain pensioners are disgusting people who piss all over the floor. ... Respect for the Aged Day ) is a Japanese holiday celebrated annually to honor elderly citizens. ... A supercentenarian (sometimes hyphenated as super-centenarian) is someone who has reached the age of 110 years or more, something achieved by only one in a thousand centenarians (based on European data). ...

Individuals who became famous in old age

Jeanne Louise Calment (February 21, 1875 – August 4, 1997) reached the longest confirmed lifespan in history at 122 years and 164 days. ... Granny D (born January 24, 1910), born Ethel Doris Haddock, is an American politician and liberal political activist from the state of New Hampshire. ... Sarah Louise Sadie Delany (September 19, 1889 - January 25, 1999) and Annie Elizabeth Bessie Delany (September 3, 1891- September 25, 1995) were authors and civil rights pioneers. ... Ruth Ellis (July 23, 1899 - October 5, 2000) was the oldest known open lesbian and a die-hard LGBT rights activist. ... Florence Holway is an elderly woman who spoke publicly about her rape, resulting in changes of New Hampshire rape laws. ... Mary Harris Jones (August 1, 1837 – November 30, 1930), better known as Mother Jones, was a prominent American labor and community organizer, and Wobbly. ... Maggie Kuhn (August 3, 1905 - April 22, 1995) was born in Buffalo, New York. ... Gray Panthers is an American organization promoting senior citizens rights, founded by Maggie Kuhn in 1970, in response to her forced retirement at age 65. ... Grandma Moses (1953) Anna Mary Moses (September 7, 1860 – December 13, 1961), better known as Grandma Moses, was a renowned American folk artist. ... Peter Oakley (born August 1927) is a pensioner from England. ... YouTube is a popular video sharing website where users can upload, view and share video clips. ... The picture sleeve of a Wheres the Beef single, recorded by Coyote McCloud and Clara Peller, based on her legendary advertisement Clara Peller (August 4, 1902 – August 11, 1987), was an American who, as a senior citizen, starred in the legendary Wheres the beef? advertisement for Wendys... Wendys is an international chain of fast food restaurants founded by Dave Thomas in 1969 in Columbus, Ohio. ... Ear to the Ground, a posthumous release of Malvina Reynolds recordings on the Folkways label, 2000. ...

External links

  • http://www.direct.gov.uk/disability — Directgov disabled people - UK govt information
  • AARP Global Aging Program — international clearinghouse of the most relevant and timely information on aging populations worldwide
  • International Federation on Ageing — informs and promotes positive change for older people globally
  • See also the art-project: "Dialogue with the High Age" --- of Willy Puchner
Preceded by
Middle age
Stages of human development
Old age
Succeeded by
Death

  Results from FactBites:
 
When Does Someone Attain Old Age?, SS-101-R04 (1030 words)
Age 40 is the age at and beyond which a person may not be discriminated against in employment.
Age 55 is the age at which low income individuals might qualify for subsidized employment and learn new work skills.
What makes individuals, as they age, different from one another is a combination of many factors (for example, place of birth, place of residence, marital status, the foods eaten and not eaten, education, heredity, physical and mental health, family size and composition).
Old age - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (260 words)
Old age consists of ages nearing the average life span of human beings, and thus the end of the human life cycle.
In Western societies, adults are declared to be "old" when they reach the ages of 60-65, and secure their pension entitlement.
The medical study of the aging process is gerontology, and the study of diseases that afflict the elderly is geriatrics.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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