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Encyclopedia > Old Turkic language

The Turkic language spoken by the Göktürks and used on the Orkhon inscriptions. It was written using the Orkhon script. The Turkic languages are a group of closely related languages that are spoken by a variety of people distributed across a vast area from Eastern Europe to Siberia and Western China. ... The Göktürks or Kök-Türks were a Turkic people of ancient Central Asia and China. ... Orhon (or Orkhon) inscriptions are the oldest known Turkic writings, which were erected near the Orhon River between 732 and 735 in honour of two Kokturk princes named Kul and Bilge. ... Orkhon script The Orkhon script is the earliest known Turkic alphabet. ...

Old Turkic is closely related to the ancient Uyghur language, and also some Siberian Turkic languages like the Chulym language. It is the ancestor of the Western Turkic languages, which include both the Oghuz and Kypchak groups. Uyghur (ئۇيغۇرچه Uyurqə, or ئۇيغۇر تىلى Uyur tili; Simplified Chinese: 维吾尔语; Traditional Chinese: 維吾爾語; Pinyin: Wéiwúěryǔ) is a Turkic language spoken by the Uyghur people in Xinjiang (also called East Turkestan or Uyghuristan), China. ... Chulyum also known as Chulym-Turkic , Chulym Tatar (not at all related to the Tatar language), or Küerik is a language of Chulyms. ... The Oghuz languages, a major branch of the Turkic language family, are spoken by more than 90 million people in an area spanning from the Balkans to China. ... Kypchaks (also Kipchaks, Qipchaqs) are an ancient Turkic people, first mentioned in historical chronicles of Central Asia in the 1st millennium BC. The western Kypchaks were also named Kuman, Kun and Polovtsian (pl. ...

External links

Wikimedia Incubator
Old Turkic test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator
v · d · e · h
Turkic languages
West Turkic
Bolgar Bolgar* | Chuvash | Khazar*
Chagatay Aini | Chagatay* | Ili Turki | Lop | Uyghur | Uzbek
Kypchak Baraba | Bashkir | Crimean Tatar1 | Cuman* | Karachay-Balkar | Karaim | Karakalpak | Kazakh | Kipchak* | Krymchak | Kumyk | Nogay | Tatar | Urum1
Oghuz Afshar | Azerbaijani | Crimean Tatar1 | Gagauz | Khorasani Turkish | Ottoman Turkish* | Pecheneg* | Qashqai | Salar | Turkish | Turkmen | Urum1
East Turkic
Khalaj Khalaj
Kyrgyz-Kypchak Altay | Kyrgyz
Uyghur Chulym | Dolgan | Fuyü Gïrgïs | Khakas | Northern Altay | Shor | Tofa | Tuvan | Western Yugur | Yakut
Old Turkic*
Notes: 1 Listed in more than one group, * Extinct

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