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Encyclopedia > Old Man of the Mountain
A composite image of the Old Man of the Mountain created from images taken before and after the collapse.
A composite image of the Old Man of the Mountain created from images taken before and after the collapse.
The reverse of the state quarter of New Hampshire features the Old Man of the Mountain and its name, alongside the state motto 'Live Free or Die'.
The reverse of the state quarter of New Hampshire features the Old Man of the Mountain and its name, alongside the state motto 'Live Free or Die'.
The State Emblem contains the Old Man of the Mountain with the state motto 'Live Free or Die'.

The Old Man of the Mountain, also known as the great stone face, was a series of five granite cliff ledges on Cannon Mountain in the White Mountains of New Hampshire, USA that, when viewed from the correct angle, appeared to be the jagged profile of a face. The first recorded discovery of the Old Man was in 1805. The outcrop was 1,200 feet above Profile Lake, and measured 40 feet tall and 25 feet wide. It collapsed on May 3, 2003. Old Man of the Mountain can refer to one of the following: The Old Man of the Mountain, the New Hampshire landmark. ... Composite Image by Rob Gallagher This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Composite Image by Rob Gallagher This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Download high resolution version (1106x1105, 281 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1106x1105, 281 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File linksMetadata NHemblem. ... Image File history File linksMetadata NHemblem. ... The State Emblem of New Hampshire is an elliptical panel with a picture of the Old Man of the Mountain surrounded on the top by the state name and on the bottom by the state motto, Live Free or Die. ... For other uses, see granite (disambiguation). ... Cannon Mountain (formerly Profile Mountain) is a 4,100 foot (1,250 m) peak in the White Mountains of New Hampshire. ... Looking south on the Franconia Ridge Trail. ... For other uses, see New Hampshire (disambiguation). ... Profile Lake is a 13-acre water body located in Franconia Notch in the White Mountains of New Hampshire, at the foot of Cannon Mountain. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

History

U. S. stamp featuring The Old Man of the "Mountains," issued in 1955.
U. S. stamp featuring The Old Man of the "Mountains," issued in 1955.

The formation was carved by glaciers approximately 10,000 years ago and was first recorded as being discovered by a surveying team circa 1805. The official state history says several groups of surveyors were working in the Franconia Notch area at the time and claimed credit for the discovery. Image File history File links StampOldManMountain. ... Image File history File links StampOldManMountain. ... This article is about the geological formation. ... 1805 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Franconia Notch State Park is located in the White Mountains in northern New Hampshire and straddles 8 miles of Interstate 93 as it passes between the Kinsman Range and Franconia Range. ...


Face-like stone formations are common around the world, including the famous Napoleon's Nose, in the hills north of Belfast. The Old Man was famous largely because of statesman Daniel Webster, a New Hampshire native, who once wrote: "Men hang out their signs indicative of their respective trades; shoe makers hang out a gigantic shoe; jewelers a monster watch, and the dentist hangs out a gold tooth; but up in the Mountains of New Hampshire, God Almighty has hung out a sign to show that there He makes men." This article is about the city in Northern Ireland. ... Statesman is a respectful term used to refer to politicians, and other notable figures of state. ... Daniel Webster (January 18, 1782 – October 24, 1852), was a leading American statesman during the nations antebellum era. ... A New Hampshire native is a status recognized by the state which identifies people who were born in the state. ...


The writer Nathaniel Hawthorne also used the Old Man as inspiration for his short story called "The Great Stone Face," first published in 1850, in which he described the formation as "a work of Nature in her mood of majestic playfulness." A writer is anyone who creates a written work, although the word more usually designates those who write creatively or professionally, or those who have written in many different forms. ... Nathaniel Hawthorne (born Nathaniel Hathorne; July 4, 1804 – May 19, 1864) was a 19th century American novelist and short story writer. ... This article is in need of attention. ... For the game, see: 1850 (board game) 1850 (MDCCCL) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about the physical universe. ...


Symbolic profile

The profile has been New Hampshire's state emblem since 1945. It was put on the state's license plate, state highway-route signs, and the back of New Hampshire's Statehood Quarter, which is popularly promoted as the only US coin with a profile on both sides. Before the collapse, it could be seen from special viewing areas along Interstate 93 in Franconia Notch State Park, approximately 80 miles north of Concord, New Hampshire. The State Emblem of New Hampshire is an elliptical panel with a picture of the Old Man of the Mountain surrounded on the top by the state name and on the bottom by the state motto, Live Free or Die. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... // Introduction A license plate, number plate or registration plate (often referred to simply as a plate, or colloquially tag) is a small metal or plastic plate attached to a motor vehicle for official identification purposes. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article describes routing in computer networks, a method of finding paths from origins to destinations, along which information can be passed. ... Obverse of redesigned quarter The 50 State Quarters program is the release of a series of commemorative coins by the United States Mint. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 93 Interstate 93 (abbreviated I-93) is an interstate highway in the New England section of the United States. ... Franconia Notch State Park is located in the White Mountains in northern New Hampshire and straddles 8 miles of Interstate 93 as it passes between the Kinsman Range and Franconia Range. ... Location in Merrimack County, New Hampshire Coordinates: Country United States State New Hampshire County Merrimack County Incorporated 1733  - City Manager Thomas J. Aspell, Jr. ...


Collapse

Defying attempts at preservation, including the use of cables and spikes for most of the 20th Century, the formation collapsed to the ground between midnight and 2 a.m., May 3, 2003. Centuries of wind, snow, and rain, as well as freezing and thawing cycles, finally caught up with the profile. Dismay over the collapse was so great that people left flowers at the base of the cliffs in tribute; some state legislators sought to change New Hampshire's state flag to include the profile; and many people suggested replacing the Old Man with a plastic replica - an idea that was quickly rejected by an official task force headed by former Governor Stephen Merrill. On the first anniversary of the collapse, the task force unveiled coin-operated viewfinders near the base of the cliff. Looking through them shows how the Old Man used to appear. Look up preservation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... For other uses, see Midnight (disambiguation) Midnight, literally the middle of the night, is a time arbitrarily designated to determine the end of a day and the beginning of the next in some, mainly Western, cultures. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Wind (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Snow (disambiguation). ... This article is about precipitation. ... In physics and chemistry, freezing is the process whereby a liquid turns to a solid. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into melting point. ... For other uses, see Tribute (disambiguation). ... A legislator (or lawmaker) is a person who writes and passes laws, especially someone who is a member of a legislature. ... Categories: Stub | U.S. state flags ... Stephen E. (Steve) Merrill (born June 21, 1946) is an American lawyer and Republican politician from Manchester, New Hampshire. ... Centipede by Atari is a typical example of a 1980s era arcade game. ... In photography a viewfinder is what the photographer looks through to compose, and in many cases to focus, the picture. ...


On February 7, 2007, plans were announced at the New Hampshire State Library for an Old Man of the Mountain memorial, to include five huge stones which, viewed from a raised platform, merge into a form that recreates the profile outline. It is being overseen by The Old Man of The Mountain Legacy Fund, a committee that succeeded the Old Man of the Mountain Revitalization Task Force. The Legacy Fund is a private 501c3 corporation with representatives from various state agencies and several private non-profits.[1] is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


Timeline of the Old Man

Old Man of the Mountain on 26 April 2003, about six days prior to the collapse. A late spring snow occurred the night before.
Old Man of the Mountain on 26 April 2003, about six days prior to the collapse. A late spring snow occurred the night before.
  • 1869 - President Ulysses S. Grant visits the formation.
  • 1906 - The Reverend Guy Roberts of Massachusetts is the first to publicize signs of deterioration of the formation.
  • 1916 - New Hampshire Governor Rolland H. Spaulding begins a concerted state effort to preserve the formation.
  • 1955 - President Dwight D. Eisenhower visits the profile as part of the Old Man's 150th "birthday" celebration.
  • 1965 - Niels Nielsen, a state highway worker, becomes unofficial guardian of the profile, in an effort to protect the formation from vandalism and the ravages of the weather.
  • 1986 - Vandalizing the Old Man is classified as a crime under the state criminal mischief law. Under the law it is a misdemeanor for any person to vandalize, deface or destroy any part of the Old Man, with a penalty of a fine of between $1000 and $3000 and restitution to the state for any damage caused.
  • 1987 - After years of effort, Nielsen is named the official caretaker of the Old Man by the state of New Hampshire.
  • 1988 - A 12-mile stretch of Interstate 93 opens below Cannon Mountain. The $56 million project, which took 30 years to build, was a compromise between the government and environmentalists that sought to protect the surrounding landscape.
  • 1991 - David Nielsen, son of Niels Nielsen, becomes the official caretaker of the Old Man.
  • 2000 - The Old Man is featured on the state quarter of New Hampshire.
  • 2003 - The Old Man collapses.
  • 2004 - Coin-operated viewfinders are installed to show how the Old Man looked before its collapse.
  • 2007 - Design of an Old Man of the Mountain memorial announced at the New Hampshire State Library. It will feature large stone sculptures near the current viewfinders.

The Upper Paleolithic (or Upper Palaeolithic) is the third and last subdivision of the Paleolithic or Old Stone Age as it is understood in Europe, Africa and Asia. ... During the 6th millennium BC, agriculture spreads from the Balkans to Italy and Eastern Europe and from Mesopotamia to Egypt. ... An ice sheet is a mass of glacier ice that covers surrounding terrain and is greater than 50,000 km² (19,305 mile²).[1] The only current ice sheets are in Antarctica and Greenland; during the last ice age at Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) the Laurentide ice sheet covered much... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... In the 8th millennium BC, agriculture becomes widely practiced in the Fertile Crescent and Anatolia. ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... The Wisconsin (in North America), Devensian (in the British Isles), Midlandian (in Ireland), Würm (in the Alps), and Weichsel (in northern central Europe) glaciations are the most recent glaciations of the Pleistocene epoch, which ended around 10,000 BCE. The general glacial advance began about 70,000 BCE, and... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ... This article is about the geological formation. ... Events January 14 – Hampton Court conference with James I of England, the Anglican bishops and representatives of Puritans September 20 – Capture of Ostend by Spanish forces under Ambrosio Spinola after a three year siege. ... Merrimack River watershed The Merrimack River (or Merrimac River, an earlier spelling that is sometimes still used) is a -long river in the Northeastern United States. ... 1805 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Franconia is a town located in Grafton County, New Hampshire. ... Surveyor at work with a leveling instrument. ... Year 1832 (MDCCCXXXII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Nathaniel Hawthorne (born Nathaniel Hathorne; July 4, 1804 – May 19, 1864) was a 19th century American novelist and short story writer. ... This article is in need of attention. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 236 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Author: Jeffrey T. Joseph Source: author Date: 26 April 2003 I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 236 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Author: Jeffrey T. Joseph Source: author Date: 26 April 2003 I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... 1869 (MDCCCLXIX) is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... Ulysses S. Grant,[2] born Hiram Ulysses Grant (April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885), was an American general and the eighteenth President of the United States (1869–1877). ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Reverend is an honorary prefix added to the names of Christian clergy and ministers. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Year 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... See also New Hampshire Province of New Hampshire List of Colonial Governors of New Hampshire I am a doodlebug Categories: Lists of United States governors | Governors of New Hampshire ... Official photo Rolland Harty Spaulding (March 15, 1873–March 14, 1942) was an American manufacturer and Republican politician from Rochester, New Hampshire. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... Dwight David Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was an American General and politician, who served as the thirty-fourth President of the United States (1953–1961). ... For other uses, see Birthday (disambiguation). ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Vandalism is the conspicuous defacement or destruction of a structure, a symbol or anything else that goes against the will of the owner/governing body. ... State law, in the United States, is the law of each separate U.S. state, as passed by the state legislature and signed into law by the state governor. ... A misdemeanor, or misdemeanour, in many common law legal systems, is a lesser criminal act. ... In common usage, to deface something refers to the act of marking your penetration of a vagina, or removing the part of an object (especially images, be they on the page, in illustrative art or as sculpture) designed to hold the viewers attention. ... FINE was created in 1998 and is an informal association of the four main Fair Trade networks: F Fairtrade Labelling Organizations International (FLO) I International Fair Trade Association (IFAT) N Network of European Worldshops (NEWS!) and E European Fair Trade Association (EFTA) // The aim of FINE is to enable these... Restitution is the name given to a form of legal relief in which the plaintiff recovers something from the defendant that belongs, or should belong, to the plaintiff. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... The word caretaker may have numerous meanings, but the most common two are (1) a person or persons who cares for a property in exchange for rent-free living accommodations and (2) temporary government which takes control until a stable rule can be restored. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 93 Interstate 93 (abbreviated I-93) is an interstate highway in the New England section of the United States. ... Cannon Mountain (formerly Profile Mountain) is a 4,186 foot (1,276 meter) peak in the White Mountains of New Hampshire. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Obverse of redesigned quarter The 50 State Quarters program is the release of a series of commemorative coins by the United States Mint. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Old Man of the Mountain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (833 words)
The State Emblem contains the Old Man of the Mountain with the state motto 'Live Free or Die'.
The Old Man of the Mountain, also known as the great stone face, was a series of five granite cliff ledges on Cannon Mountain in the White Mountains of New Hampshire, USA that, when viewed from the correct angle, appeared to be the jagged profile of a face.
The writer Nathaniel Hawthorne also used the Old Man as inspiration for his short story called "The Great Stone Face," first published in 1850, in which he described the formation as "a work of Nature in her mood of majestic playfulness."
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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