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Encyclopedia > Old City of Jerusalem
Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls1
UNESCO World Heritage Site
State Party Jerusalem
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iii, vi
Identification #148
Region2 Europe and North America
Inscription History
Formal Inscription: 1981
5th WH Committee Session
In Danger 1982-
WH link: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/148

1 Name as officially inscribed on the WH List
2 As classified officially by UNESCO
UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... As of 2006, there are a total of 830 World Heritage Sites located in 138 State Parties. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... This is a list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Europe. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... These are 31 sites which the UNESCO World Heritage Committee has decided to include on a list of World Heritage Sites in danger; this list also shows the year in which the World Heritage committee added the site to this list. ...

The Old City of Jerusalem is an approximately one square kilometer area of the modern day Israeli city of Jerusalem. [1] The Old City was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Site List in 1981 and in 1982 it was added to the List of World Heritage in Danger. The Old City is home to several of Jerusalem's most important contested religious sites and lies at the heart of the modern day Arab-Israeli Conflict. The area includes the Western Wall and Temple Mount for Jews, the Dome of the Rock and al-Aqsa Mosque for Muslims, and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre among different sects of Christians. Hebrew יְרוּשָׁלַיִם (Yerushalayim) (Standard) Yerushalayim or Yerushalaim Arabic commonly القـُدْس (Al-Quds); officially in Israel أورشليم القدس (Urshalim-Al-Quds) Name Meaning Hebrew: (see below), Arabic: The Holiness Government City District Jerusalem Population 724,000 (2006) Jurisdiction 123,000 dunams (123 km²) Mayor Uri Lupolianski Web Address www. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... These are 35 sites which the World Heritage committee has decided to include on a list of World Heritage sites in danger; this list also shows the year in which the World Heritage committee added the site to this list. ... Combatants Arab nations Israel Arab-Israeli conflict series History of the Arab-Israeli conflict Views of the Arab-Israeli conflict International law and the Arab-Israeli conflict Arab-Israeli conflict facts, figures, and statistics Participants Israeli-Palestinian conflict · Israel-Lebanon conflict · Arab League · Soviet Union / Russia · Israel and the United... Western Wall by night “Wailing Wall” redirects here. ... The Temple Mount as it appears today. ... The Dome of the Rock in the center of the Temple Mount, or Mount Moriah The Dome of the Rock (Arabic: مسجد قبة الصخرة, translit. ... For other uses, see Al-aqsa (disambiguation). ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish: Müslüman, Persian and Urdu: مسلمان, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of Islam. ... Main Entrance to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. ... Christians believe that Jesus is the mediator of the New Covenant (see Hebrews 8:6). ...


History

Before King David's conquest of Jerusalem in the 10th century BC the city was home of the Jebusites. The Bible describes the city as heavily fortified with a strong city wall but not much is known about it. King Solomon extended the city walls and then, in about 440 BC, under the Persian period, Nehemiah arrived from Babylon and rebuilt them. In AD 41-44 Agrippa, king of Judea, built a new city wall known as the "Third Wall". This page is about the Biblical king David. ... (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium) // Overview Events Partition of ancient Israel into the Kingdoms of Judah and Israel (c. ... Jebus redirects here. ... This Gutenberg Bible is displayed by the United States Library of Congress. ... The defensive wall of Braşov, Romania. ... It has been suggested that Sulayman be merged into this article or section. ... Centuries: 6th century BC - 5th century BC - 4th century BC Decades: 490s BC 480s BC 470s BC 460s BC 450s BC - 440s BC - 430s BC 420s BC 410s BC 400s BC 390s BC Years: 445 BC 444 BC 443 BC 442 BC 441 BC - 440 BC - 439 BC 438 BC... The Persian Empire was a series of historical empires that ruled over the Iranian plateau, the old Persian homeland, and at times extending into central and mid-east Asia. ... Nehemiah or Nechemya (נְחֶמְיָה Comforted of/is the LORD (YHWH), Standard Hebrew Nəḥemya, Tiberian Hebrew Nəḥemyāh) was a person in the Bible, believed to be the primary author of the Book of Nehemiah. ... Babylon (in Arabic: بابل; in Syriac: ܒܒܙܠ in Hebrew:בבל) was an ancient city in Mesopotamia (modern Al Hillah, Iraq), the ruins of which can be found in present-day Babil Province, about 50 miles (80 km) south of Baghdad. ... Events January 24 - Roman Emperor Gaius Caesar (Caligula), known for his eccentricity and cruel despotism, is assassinated by his disgruntled Praetorian Guards. ... For alternate uses, see Number 44. ... Agrippa may refer to: Menenius Agrippa, a Roman consul in 503 BC. Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa (63–12 BC), Roman statesman and general, friend of Augustus Caesar. ... Map of the southern Levant, c. ...


In 1219 the walls of the city were razed by Mu'azzim Sultan of Damascus; in 1229, by treaty with Egypt, Jerusalem came into the hands of Frederick II of Germany. In 1239 he began to rebuild the walls; but they were again demolished by Da'ud, the emir of Kerak. // Events Saint Francis of Assisi introduces Catholicism into Egypt, during the Fifth Crusade The Flag of Denmark fell from the sky during the Battle of Lyndanisse Ongoing events Fifth Crusade (1217-1221) Births Christopher I of Denmark (died 1259) Frederick II of Austria (died 1246) Guillaume de Gisors, supposedly the... This is a list of rulers of Damascus from ancient times to the present. ... Events February 18 - The Sixth Crusade: Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor signs a ten-year truce with al-Kamil, regaining Jerusalem, Nazareth, and Bethlehem with neither military engagements nor support from the papacy. ... Frederick II (December 26, 1194 – December 13, 1250), of the Hohenstaufen dynasty, was a pretender to the title of King of the Romans from 1212 and unopposed holder of that monarchy from 1215. ... // Events Births June 17 - King Edward I of England (died 1307) December 17 - Kujo Yoritsugu, Japanese shogun (died 1256) Peter III of Aragon (died 1285) John II, Duke of Brittany (died 1305) Ippen, Japanese monk (died 1289) Deaths March 3 - Vladimir III Rurikovich, Grand Prince of Kiev (born 1187) March... Michelangelos David This page is about the Biblical king David. ... Kerak (also Karak) (Arabic: كرك) is a region in Jordan that contains a famous Crusader castle. ...


In 1243 Jerusalem came again into the power of the Christians, and the walls were repaired. The Kharezmian Tatars took the city in 1244 and Sultan Malik al-Muattam razed the city walls, rendering it again defenseless and dealing a heavy blow to the city's status. // Events Innocent IV was elected pope. ... Khwarezmia (also spelled Chorasmia) was a state centered around the Aral Salt Flats (formerly the Aral Sea) including modern Karakalpakstan across the Ust-Urt plateau perhaps extending to as far west as the eastern shores of the North Caspian Sea. ... This article is about the year 1244. ...


The current walls of the Old City do not include the original area conquered by King David. This area, which is now called the City of David, is located to the southeast of the current Old City, outside The Dung Gate. This page is about the Biblical king David. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Silwan. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion, because: wikispam If you disagree with its speedy deletion, please explain why on its talk page or at Wikipedia:Speedy deletions. ...

See also

There are eight (nine) gates in Jerusalems Old City Walls. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Separation barrier. ... The following cities have, or have had, defensive walls. ... Neighborhoods Baaka German Colony Greek Colony Katamonim Old Katamon Ramot Rekhavia Qiriat HaYovel Talbieh Talpiot Beit Khanina French Hill Neve Yaaqov Old City Jewish Quarter Western Wall The Cardo Muslim Quarter Temple Mount, site of the former Temple in Jerusalem Dome of the Rock Al Aqsa Mosque Armenian... The Muslim Quarter (or Moslem Quarter) is one of the four quarters of the ancient, walled Old City of Jerusalem, the other three being the Jewish Quarter, the Christian Quarter and the Armenian Quarter. ... The Christian Quarter is one of the four quarters of the ancient, walled Old City of Jerusalem, the other three being the Jewish Quarter, the Muslim Quarter and the Armenian Quarter. ... The Armerian Quarter is one of the four quarters in the Old City of Jerusalem. ...

External links and references

  • Collection of commented photos made in the old city of Jerusalem
  • Resources * [http://jeru.huji.ac.il/jeru/timetable.html Main Events In The History Of Jerusalem
  • The Old City from Jerusalem Photo Portal
  • Old City travel guide from Wikitravel

  Results from FactBites:
 
Jerusalem - The Old City (4472 words)
From the Jaffa Gate side of the city, the most striking landmark is the Citadel, which is marked by David's Tower, a misnomer given that the cylindrical structure dates from the 16th century.
Inside the Citadel is a courtyard and museum with exhibits on the history of the Citadel and Old City.
The Old City is said to be divided into quarters because of the concentration of Jews, Christians, Muslims and Armenians in corners of the nearly square area enclosed by the Turkish walls.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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