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Encyclopedia > Oklahoma Constitution
Great Seal of the State of Oklahoma
Great Seal of the State of Oklahoma

The Constitution of the State of Oklahoma is the governing document of the state of Oklahoma, superseded only by the Federal Constitution. Adopted in 1907, Oklahoma ratified the US Constitution on November 17, 1907, as the 46th US State. At its ratification, the Oklahoma Constitution was the longest governing document of any government in the world. Oklahoma state seal Source http://usa. ... Oklahoma state seal Source http://usa. ... Official language(s) None Capital Oklahoma City Largest city Oklahoma City Area  Ranked 20th  - Total 69,960 sq. ... A U.S. state is any one of the 50 states which have membership of the federation known as the United States of America (USA or U.S.). The separate state governments and the U.S. federal government share sovereignty. ... Official language(s) None Capital Oklahoma City Largest city Oklahoma City Area  Ranked 20th  - Total 69,960 sq. ... The U.S. Constitution, adopted in 1789 by a constitutional convention, sets down the basic framework of American government in its seven articles. ... Page I of the Constitution of the United States of America The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States of America. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece. ... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...

Contents


History

Topics in Oklahoma government
Oklahoma
Oklahoma Constitution
State Government:
Federal Government:

From 1890 onward, the land that now forms the State of Oklahoma was made up of the Oklahoma Territory (to the west), and the Indian Territory (to the east). Indian Territory, as its name suggests, had a large Native American population; the territory itself had been reduced over time to its then size. Official language(s) None Capital Oklahoma City Largest city Oklahoma City Area  Ranked 20th  - Total 69,960 sq. ... File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The State Capitol of Oklahoma From The South The Legislature of the State of Oklahoma is the biennial meeting of the legislative branch of the Government of Oklahoma. ... The Oklahoma House of Representatives meets in the State Capitol of Oklahoma The Oklahoma House of Representatives is the lower house of the two houses, the other being the Oklahoma Senate, of the Legislature of Oklahoma. ... The Oklahoma Senate meets in the State Capitol of Oklahoma The Oklahoma Senate is the upper house of the two houses, the other being the Oklahoma House of Representatives, of the Legislature of Oklahoma. ... This is a list of Governors of Oklahoma: Charles N. Haskell Democratic 1907-1911 Lee Cruce Democratic 1911-1915 R. L. Williams Democratic 1915-1919 James B. A. Robertson Democratic 1919-1923 John C. Walton Democratic 1923-1923 Martin E. Trapp Democratic 1923-1927 Henry S. Johnston Democratic 1927-1929... Great Seal of the State of Oklahoma Mary Fallin, the 13th and current Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma The Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma is the second-highest executive official of the state government of Oklahoma. ... Great Seal of the State of Oklahoma Susan Savage, the 29th and current Secretary of State of Oklahoma The Secretary of State of Oklahoma is Oklahoma’s chief elections officer and the only appointed core member of the executive branch of the Oklahoma state government. ... Great Seal of the State of Oklahoma Scott Meacham, the 17th and current State Treasurer of Oklahoma The State Treasurer of Oklahoma is the chief custodian of Oklahoma’s cash deposits, monies from bond sales, and other securities and collateral and directs the investments of those assets. ... The Supreme Court of Oklahoma is one of the highest judicial body in the U.S. state of Oklahoma and leads the judicial branch of the Oklahoma state government. ... The U.S. Constitution, adopted in 1789 by a constitutional convention, sets down the basic framework of American government in its seven articles. ... Oklahoma was admitted to the Union on November 16, 1907. ... James Mountain Inhofe, usually known as Jim Inhofe (born November 17, 1934) is an American politician from Oklahoma. ... Thomas Allen Coburn, M.D. (March 14, 1948) is a medical doctor and U.S. Senator from the state of Oklahoma. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Oklahoma to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... John A. Sullivan (born January 1, 1965) is an American politician. ... Dan Boren (August 2, 1973 - ) is a Democratic U.S. politician from the state of Oklahoma. ... Frank D. Lucas (b. ... Rep. ... Rep. ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... Oklahoma Territory was an organized territory of the United States from May 2, 1890 until November 16, 1907, when Oklahoma became the 46th state. ... Indian Territory in 1836 Indian Territory in 1891 Indian Territory, also known as Indian Country, Indian territory or the Indian territories, was the land set aside within the United States for the use of American Indians (Native Americans). The general borders were set by the Indian Intercourse Act of 1834. ...


The movement to secure statehood for Indian Territory began in 1902 with a convention in Eufaula, consisting of representatives of the "Five Civilized Tribes". The representatives met again in 1903 to organize a constitutional convention. 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Metro Toronto Convention Centre, late 2004. ... Eufaula is a city located in McIntosh County, Oklahoma, Oklahoma, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 2,639. ... The Five Civilized Tribes is the term applied to five Aboriginal American nations which lived in the Southeastern United States before their removal to other parts of country, especially the future Oklahoma. ... 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... A constitutional convention is a gathering of delegates for the purpose of writing a new constitution or revising an existing constitution. ...


The Sequoyah Constitutional Convention met in Muskogee, on August 21, 1905. General Pleasant Porter, Principal Chief of the Creek Nation, was selected as president of the convention. The elected delegates decided that the executive officers of the Five Civilized Tribes would also be appointed as vice-presidents: William C. Rogers, Principal Chief of the Cherokees; William H. Murray, appointed by Chickasaw Governor Douglas H. Johnston to represent the Chickasaws; Chief Green McCurtain of the Choctaws; Chief John Brown of the Seminoles; and Charles N. Haskell, selected to represent the Creeks (as General Porter had been elected President). Muskogee is a city located in Muskogee County, Oklahoma. ... August 21 is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Pleasant Porter (1840-1907), was a respected American Indian statesman and the Principal Chief of the Creek Nation from 1899 until his death. ... The Creeks are an American Indian people originally from the southeastern United States, also known by their original name Muscogee (or Muskogee), the name they use to identify themselves today. ... For other uses, see Cherokee (disambiguation). ... William Henry David Alfalfa Bill Murray (1869–1956) was a United States Democratic Party politician representing Oklahoma. ... The Chickasaws are a Native American people of the United States, originally from present-day Mississippi, now mostly living in Oklahoma. ... The Choctaws are a Native American people originally from the southeast United States (Mississippi, Alabama, and Louisiana)of Muskoghean linguistic stock. ... The Seminole are a Native American Indian people of Florida. ... Charles Nathaniel Haskell (March 13, 1860 – July 5, 1933) was an American lawyer, oilman, and statesman. ...


The convention drafted a constitution, drew up a plan of organization for the government, put together a map showing the counties to be established, and elected delegates to go to the United States Congress to petition for statehood. The convention's proposals were then put to a referendum in Indian Territory, in which they were overwhelmingly endorsed. Congress in Joint Session. ...


The delegation received a cool reception in Washington. Eastern politicians, fearing the admission of two more Western states, and no doubt unwilling to admit an "Indian" state, put pressure on the U.S. President, Theodore Roosevelt, who finally ruled that the Indian and Oklahoma Territories would be granted statehood only as a combined state. Nickname: the District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Official website: http://www. ... The presidential seal was used by President Hayes in 1880 and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii. ... Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. ...


The hard work of the Sequoyah State Constitutional Convention was not entirely lost, however. When representatives from Indian Territory joined the Oklahoma State Constitutional Convention in Guthrie the next year, they brought their constitutional experience with them. The Sequoyah Constitution served in large part as the basis for the constitution of the State of Oklahoma, which came into being with the merger of the two territories in 1907. Downtown Guthries Victorian Architecture Guthrie is a city located in Logan County, Oklahoma and is part of the Oklahoma City Metropolitan Area. ... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


List of Prominant Delegates to Convention

William Henry David Alfalfa Bill Murray (1869–1956) was a United States Democratic Party politician representing Oklahoma. ... This is a list of Governors of Oklahoma: Charles N. Haskell Democratic 1907-1911 Lee Cruce Democratic 1911-1915 R. L. Williams Democratic 1915-1919 James B. A. Robertson Democratic 1919-1923 John C. Walton Democratic 1923-1923 Martin E. Trapp Democratic 1923-1927 Henry S. Johnston Democratic 1927-1929... The State Capitol of Oklahoma From The South The Legislature of the State of Oklahoma is the biennial meeting of the legislative branch of the Government of Oklahoma. ... Charles Nathaniel Haskell (March 13, 1860 – July 5, 1933) was an American lawyer, oilman, and statesman. ... The Supreme Court of Oklahoma is one of the highest judicial body in the U.S. state of Oklahoma and leads the judicial branch of the Oklahoma state government. ...

Preamble

The Oklahoma Constitution Preamble reads:

Invoking the guidance of Almighty God, in order to secure and perpetuate the blessing of liberty; to secure just and rightful government; to promote our mutual welfare and happiness, we, the people of the State of Oklahoma, do ordain and establish this Constitution.

Article of the Constitution

The remainder of the constitution consists of twenty-nine articles, with the first eight pertaining to the state’s government.


Federal Relations

Article One establishes how the state of Oklahoma is to relate to the United States federal government, stating that the US Constitution is the Supreme Law of the Land. By this article, religious freedom is established, polygamy is forbidden, the debts of Oklahoma Territory are acquired by the State of Oklahoma, public school are established to be taught only in English, and that suffrage shall never be revoked due to “race, color, or previous condition of servitude.” To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

Bill of Rights

Article Two enumerates the rights of all citizens of the State of Oklahoma. These include that all political power derives from the people, the inherent rights “to life, liberty, the pursuit of happiness, and the enjoyment of the gains of their own industry,” the right to peaceful assembly, a ban on the interference with suffrage, the definition of treason, the right to trial by jury, that marriage in the State of Oklahoma is defined as being between a man and a woman, and many others.

Suffrage

Article Three deals with suffrage in the State of Oklahoma. All peoples of the age of 18 are qualified electors in the state and a State Elector Board is established charged with the supervision of such elections as the Legislature shall direct. No elector in Oklahoma may vote in any election unless previously registered to do so with the state, and all elections must be “free and equal,” as no “power, civil or military, shall ever interfere to prevent the free exercise of the right of suffrage,” and “electors shall be privileged from arrest during their attendance on elections and while going to and from the same” except in cases of treason against the state.

Separation of Powers

Article Four established the doctrine of separation of powers and reads:

The powers of the government of the State of Oklahoma shall be divided into three separate departments: The Legislative, Executive, and Judicial; and except as provided in this Constitution, the Legislative, Executive, and Judicial departments of government shall be separate and distinct, and neither shall exercise the powers properly belonging to either of the others.

Legislative power

Main article: Oklahoma Legislature

Article Five establishes the legislative branch of government, Oklahoma Legislature, which includes the House of Representatives and the Senate. The Article establishes the manner of election and qualifications of members of each House. In addition, it provides for free debate in congress and limits self-serving behavior of congressmen, outlines legislative procedure and indicates the powers of the legislative branch. The State Capitol of Oklahoma From The South The Legislature of the State of Oklahoma is the biennial meeting of the legislative branch of the Government of Oklahoma. ... The State Capitol of Oklahoma From The South The Legislature of the State of Oklahoma is the biennial meeting of the legislative branch of the Government of Oklahoma. ... The Oklahoma House of Representatives meets in the State Capitol of Oklahoma The Oklahoma House of Representatives is the lower house of the two houses, the other being the Oklahoma Senate, of the Legislature of Oklahoma. ... The Oklahoma Senate meets in the State Capitol of Oklahoma The Oklahoma Senate is the upper house of the two houses, the other being the Oklahoma House of Representatives, of the Legislature of Oklahoma. ...

Executive power

Main article: Governor of Oklahoma

Article Six describes the governorship (the executive branch): procedures for the selection of the governor, qualifications for office, the oath to be affirmed and the powers and duties of the office. It also provides for the office of Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma, and specifies that the Lieutenant Governor succeeds to the governorship if the Governor is incapacitated, dies, or resigns. Other executive offices and departments created in the article are the Secretary of State, the Attorney General, the State Auditor and Inspector, the Insurance Commissioner, the Commissioner of Labor, the Department of Mines, the Board of Agriculture, and the Commissioners of the Land Office. This is a list of Governors of Oklahoma: Charles N. Haskell Democratic 1907-1911 Lee Cruce Democratic 1911-1915 R. L. Williams Democratic 1915-1919 James B. A. Robertson Democratic 1919-1923 John C. Walton Democratic 1923-1923 Martin E. Trapp Democratic 1923-1927 Henry S. Johnston Democratic 1927-1929... This is a list of Governors of Oklahoma: Charles N. Haskell Democratic 1907-1911 Lee Cruce Democratic 1911-1915 R. L. Williams Democratic 1915-1919 James B. A. Robertson Democratic 1919-1923 John C. Walton Democratic 1923-1923 Martin E. Trapp Democratic 1923-1927 Henry S. Johnston Democratic 1927-1929... Under the doctrine of the separation of powers, the executive is the branch of a government charged with implementing, or executing, the law. ... Great Seal of the State of Oklahoma Mary Fallin, the 13th and current Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma The Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma is the second-highest executive official of the state government of Oklahoma. ... Great Seal of the State of Oklahoma Susan Savage, the 29th and current Secretary of State of Oklahoma The Secretary of State of Oklahoma is Oklahoma’s chief elections officer and the only appointed core member of the executive branch of the Oklahoma state government. ...

Judicial power

Main article: Oklahoma Supreme Court

Article Seven describes the court system (the judicial branch), including the Supreme Court. The article requires that there be one court called the Supreme Court; the Legislature, at its discretion, can create lower courts, whose judgments and orders are reviewable by the Supreme Court. However he Article dose created a few lower courts or provides for how such lower courts shall be organized. Article Seven also creates the Oklahoma Court on the Judiciary (charged with reviewing Justices and Judges), designates how Justices and Judges are selected, and how and under what circumstances Justices and Judges are removed from office, The Supreme Court of Oklahoma is one of the highest judicial body in the U.S. state of Oklahoma and leads the judicial branch of the Oklahoma state government. ...

Impeachment

Article Eight states that all state elected offices, including Supreme Court Justices, are subject to impeachment for wilful neglect of duty, corruption in office, habitual drunkenness, incompetency, or any offense involving moral turpitude committed while in office.. If charged with impeachment and found guilty, the official’s term is immediately suspended.

Remaining Articles

  • Article Nine - Corporations
  • Article Ten - Taxes and Revenue in General
  • Article Eleven - State and School Lands
  • Article Twelve - Homestead and Exemptions
    • Article Twelve A - Homestead Exemption From Taxation
  • Article Thirteen - Education
    • Article Thirteen A - Oklahoma State System of Higher Education
    • Article Thirteen B - Board of Regents of Oklahoma Colleges
  • Article Fourteen - Banks and Banking
  • Article Fifteen - Oath of Office
  • Article Sixteen - Public Roads
  • Article Seventeen - Counties
  • Article Eighteen - Municipal Corporations
  • Article Nineteen - Insurance
  • Article Twenty - Manufacture and Commerce
  • Article Twenty-one - Public Institutions
  • Article Twenty-two - Alien and Corporate Ownership of Lands
  • Article Twenty-three - Miscellaneous
  • Article Twenty-four - Constitutional Amendments
  • Article Twenty-five - Social Security
  • Article Twenty-six - Department of Wildlife Conservation
  • Article Twenty-seven - Oklahoma Alcoholic Beverage Control Board (repealed)
  • Article Twenty-eight - Alcoholic Beverage Laws And Enforcement
  • Article Twenty-nine - Ethics Commission

The final section of the Oklahoma Constitution deals with laws and other ordinances in place in the Territory of Oklahoma before its admission to the Union in 1907.

Section Attestations

The Oklahoma Constitution ends with the officers and delegates to the Constitutional Convention signing the documents. It reads:

Done in open Convention at the City of Guthrie, in the Territory of Oklahoma, on this, the sixteenth day of July, in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and seven, and the Independence of the United States of America one hundred and thirty-first.
  • John McLain Young, Secretary.
  • William H. Murray, President of the Constitutional Convention of the proposed State of Oklahoma and Delegate from District No. 104.
  • Pete Hanraty, Vice President
  • Chas. H. Filson, Secretary of Oklahoma.
  • Albert H. Ellis, Second Vice President and Delegate 14" District.

Territory of Oklahoma, Logan County:

I, Wm. H. Murray, President of the Constitutional Convention of the proposed State of Oklahoma, do hereby certify that the within and foregoing is the original parchment enrollment of the Constitution and the several articles thereof adopted by the Constitutional Convention of the proposed State of Oklahoma, to be submitted to the people of the proposed State of Oklahoma for ratification, and that all the interlineations therein contained and all the erasures and words stricken out, were made and done before the same was signed by the President, the Vice-Presidents, and the members of said Convention.
Witness my hand this the sixteenth day of July, A. D., Nineteen Hundred and Seven.
William H. Murry, President of the Constitutional Convention of the proposed State of Oklahoma
John McLain Young, Secretary

See Also

  • Oklahoma Constitution
Constitutions of the U.S. States and Territories
States Alabama | Alaska | Arizona | Arkansas | California | Colorado | Connecticut | Delaware | Florida | Georgia | Hawaii | Idaho | Illinois | Indiana | Iowa | Kansas | Kentucky | Louisiana | Maine | Maryland | Massachusetts | Michigan | Minnesota | Mississippi | Missouri | Montana | Nebraska | Nevada | New Hampshire | New Jersey | New Mexico | New York | North Carolina | North Dakota | Ohio | Oklahoma | Oregon | Pennsylvania | Rhode Island | South Carolina | South Dakota | Tennessee | Texas | Utah | Vermont | Virginia | Washington | West Virginia | Wisconsin | Wyoming
Territories American Samoa | Guam | Northern Mariana Islands | Puerto Rico | United States Virgin Islands

 
 

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