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Encyclopedia > Okinawa Prefecture
Okinawa Prefecture (沖縄県 Okinawa-ken)
Map of Japan with Okinawa highlighted
Capital Naha
Region Ryūkyū Archipelago
Island Okinawa
Governor Hirokazu Nakaima
Area (rank) 2,271.30 km² (44th)
 - % water 0.5%
Population  (October 1, 2000)
 - Population 1,318,218 (32nd)
 - Density 580 /km²
Districts 5
Municipalities 41
ISO 3166-2 JP-47
Website www.pref.okinawa.jp/
english/
Prefectural Symbols
 - Flower Deigo (Erythrina variegata)
 - Tree Pinus luchuensis (ryūkyūmatsu)
 - Bird Okinawa woodpecker (Sapheopipo noguchii)

Symbol of Okinawa Prefecture

Okinawa Prefecture (沖縄県 Okinawa-ken?, Okinawan: Uchinā) is one of Japan's southern prefectures, and consists of hundreds of the Ryukyu Islands in a chain over 1,000 km long, which extends southwest from Kyūshū (the southwesternmost of Japan's main four islands) to Taiwan. Okinawa's capital, Naha, is located in the southern part of the largest and most populous island, Okinawa Island, which is approximately half-way between Kyūshū and Taiwan. The disputed Senkaku Islands (Chinese: Diaoyu Islands) are also administered as part of Okinawa Prefecture at present. Naha (Japanese: ; -shi) is the capital city of Okinawa Prefecture in Japan. ... Map of the regions of Japan. ... The four main islands of Japan are: Hokkaidō HonshÅ« KyÅ«shÅ« Shikoku Okinawa is the fifth largest island except the disputed northern territories, and is the smallest island which has a prefectural capital. ... Okinawa Island heads up the Ryukyu islands chain, a part of Japan. ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... Hirokazu Nakaima ) (born August 19, 1939) is a Japanese bureaucrat, a business leader, and a politician. ... Notes: 1 km² References National Governers Association (Japanese) See also Politics of Japan Prefectures of Japan List of Japanese prefectures by population ISO 3166-2 codes for Japan Categories: Japanese prefectures ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Notes: ¹ as of 2000 References National Governors Association (Japanese) See also Politics of Japan Prefectures of Japan List of Japanese prefectures ranked by area ISO 3166-2 codes for Japan Categories: Japanese prefectures ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article is about the Japanese municipality system. ... ISO 3166-2 codes for Japan cover 47 prefectures. ... Binomial name Erythrina variegata Synonyms Erythrina indica Erythrina variegata var. ... Binomial name Sapheopipo noguchii (Seebohm, 1887) The Okinawa Woodpecker (Sapheopipo noguchii) is a woodpecker endemic to the island of Okinawa in Japan. ... Okinawa may refer to: Okinawa prefecture Okinawa, Okinawa, the second largest city in the prefecture Okinawa Island, the largest island in the prefecture Battle of Okinawa Category: ... Okinawan (Okinawan: Ê”ucināguci) is a Ryukyuan language spoken in Japan on the southern island of Okinawa, as well as the surrounding islands of Kerama, Kume-jima, Tonaki, Aguni, and a number of smaller islands located to the east of the main island of Okinawa. ... The prefectures of Japan are the countrys 47 sub-national jurisdictions: one metropolis (都 to), Tokyo; one circuit (道 dō), Hokkaidō; two urban prefectures (府 fu), Osaka and Kyoto; and 43 other prefectures (県 ken). ... Location of Ryukyu Islands The Ryukyu Islands, in Japanese called the Nansei Islands ) are a chain of Japanese islands in the western Pacific Ocean at the eastern limit of the East China Sea. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Naha (Japanese: ; -shi) is the capital city of Okinawa Prefecture in Japan. ... Okinawa Island heads up the Ryukyu islands chain, a part of Japan. ... // Aerial view of Uotsuri-jima / Diaoyu-dao Kuba Jima (久場島) or Huangwei Yu (黃尾嶼 Yellow Tail) is located at has an area of 1. ...

Contents

History

See also: History of Ryukyu Islands
See also: Ryūkyū Kingdom

The oldest evidence of human existence in the Ryukyu islands was discovered in Naha City and Yaese Town[1]. Some human bone fragments from the Paleolithic era were unearthed, but there is no clear evidence of Paleolith remains. Japanese Jōmon influences are dominant in the Okinawa Islands, although clay vessels in the Sakishima Islands have a commonality with those in Taiwan. This article is about the history of the Ryukyu Island chain southwest of the main islands of Japan. ... The main building of Shuri Castle The flag of the Ryukyu Kingdom (1875-1879) The RyÅ«kyÅ« Kingdom (Ryukyuan: 琉球王国, Traditional Chinese: then officially 琉球國) was an independent kingdom which ruled most of the RyÅ«kyÅ« Islands from the 14th century to the 19th century. ... Naha (Japanese: ; -shi) is the capital city of Okinawa Prefecture in Japan. ... The location of Yaese in Okinawa. ... // The Paleolithic is a prehistoric era distinguished by the development of stone tools. ... The following text needs to be harmonized with text in the article History of Japan#Jomon Period. ... Okinawa Islands (沖縄諸島 Okinawa Shotō) are a group of islands that belongs to Okinawa Prefecture. ... The Sakishima Islands (先島諸島 Sakishima shotō) are an island chain located at the south end of the Japanese Archipelago. ...


The first mention of the word Ryukyu was written in the Book of Sui. This Ryukyu might refer to Taiwan, not the Ryukyu islands. Okinawa was the Japanese word depicting the islands, first seen in the biography of Jianzhen, written in 779. Agricultural societies begun in the 8th century slowly developed until the 12th century. Since the islands are located in the center of the East China Sea relatively close to Japan, China and South-East Asia, the Ryūkyū Kingdom became a prosperous trading nation. Also during this period, many Gusukus, similar to castles, were constructed. The Ryūkyū Kingdom had a tributary relationship with the Chinese Empire beginning in the 15th century. The Sui Dynasty (隋朝 Hanyu Pinyin: suí cháo, 581-618) followed the Southern and Northern Dynasties and preceded the Tang Dynasty in China. ... For other uses, see Biography (disambiguation). ... Dry-lacquer statue of Jianzhen made shortly after his death. ... For other uses, see East Sea (Chinese mythology). ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... The main building of Shuri Castle The flag of the Ryukyu Kingdom (1875-1879) The RyÅ«kyÅ« Kingdom (Ryukyuan: 琉球王国, Traditional Chinese: then officially 琉球國) was an independent kingdom which ruled most of the RyÅ«kyÅ« Islands from the 14th century to the 19th century. ... Katsuren Gusuku Ruins Gusuku is the Okinawan word for castle or fortress. ... The following is a list of tributaries of Imperial China. ...


In 1609 the Satsuma clan, which controlled the region that is now Kagoshima Prefecture invaded the Ryūkyū Kingdom. Following the invasion the Ryūkyū Kingdom surrendered to the Satsuma and was forced to form a tributary relationship with Satsuma and the Tokugawa shogunate, in addition to its previous relationship with China. Ryukyuan sovereignty was maintained since complete annexation would create a problem with China. The Satsuma clan earned considerable profits from trades with China during a period in which foreign trade was heavily restricted by the shogunate. // Events April 4 – King of Spain signs an edit of expulsion of all moriscos from Spain April 9 – Spain recognizes Dutch independence May 23 - Official ratification of the Second Charter of Virginia. ... Satsuma (薩摩国; -no Kuni) was an old province of Japan that is now the western half of Kagoshima prefecture on the island of Kyushu. ... Kagoshima Prefecture ) is located on KyÅ«shÅ« island, Japan. ... This article is about the province. ... The Tokugawa shogunate or Tokugawa bakufu (徳川幕府) (also known as the Edo bakufu) was a feudal military dictatorship of Japan established in 1603 by Tokugawa Ieyasu and ruled by the shoguns of the Tokugawa family until 1868. ...


Though Satsuma maintained strong influence over the islands, the Ryūkyū Kingdom maintained considerable degree of domestic political freedom for over two hundred years. Four years after the 1868 Meiji Restoration, the Japanese government, through military incursions, officially annexed the kingdom and renamed it Ryukyu han. At the time, the Qing Dynasty of China asserted sovereignty over the islands of the Ryūkyū Kingdom, since the Ryūkyū Kingdom was a tributary nation of China. The Okinawa han became a prefecture of Japan in 1879, while all other hans had became prefectures of Japan in 1872. Year 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Meiji Restoration ), also known as the Meiji Ishin, Revolution, or Renewal, was a chain of events that led to enormous changes in Japans political and social structure. ... The han ) were the fiefs of feudal lords of Japan that were created by Toyotomi Hideyoshi and existed until their abolition in 1871, three years after the Meiji Restoration. ... Flag (1890-1912) Anthem Gong Jinou (1911) Qing China at its greatest extent. ... Year 1879 (MDCCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Following the Battle of Okinawa and the end of World War II in 1945, Okinawa was under the United States administration for 27 years. During the trusteeship rule the USAF established numerous military bases on the Ryukyu islands. Combatants  United States  United Kingdom  Canada  Australia  New Zealand Empire of Japan Commanders Simon B. Buckner â€  Joseph W. Stilwell Ray Spruance Mitsuru Ushijima â€  Isamu Cho â€  Strength 548,000 soldiers, 1,300 ships,  ? aircraft 100,000 regulars and militia,  ? ships,  ? aircraft Casualties 12,513 dead or missing, 38,916 wounded, 33... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Government of the Ryukyu Islands(ja琉球政府) or U.S. Military government of the Ryukyu Islands(ja 琉球軍政府) is the government in Okinawa, Japan after the World War II until 1972. ...


In 1972, the U.S. government returned the islands to Japanese administration. Under the Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security, the United States Forces Japan (USFJ) have maintained a large military presence. 27000 personnel, including 15000 Marines, contingents from the Navy, Army and Air Force, and their 22,000 family members are stationed in Okinawa.[2] 18% of the main island was occupied by US military bases and 75% of all USFJ bases are located in Okinawa prefecture.[3] Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security (in Japanese, 日本国とアメリカ合衆国との間の相互協力及び安全保障条約, Treaty of mutual cooperation and security between Japan and the United States of America) was signed between the United States and Japan in Washington on January 19, 1960. ... The United States Forces Japan (USFJ, Japanese: ) refers to the various divisions of the United States Armed Forces (USAF) that are stationed in Japan. ...


85% of the Okinawans oppose the large presence of the USFJ and demand the consolidation, reduction and removal of US military bases from Okinawa.[4] Repeated accidents and crimes committed by U.S. servicemen have reduced local citizens' support for the U.S. military bases. The Japanese and the US government consider the mutual security treaty and the USFJ absolutely necessary and neglected the awkward situation in Okinawa for decades. The rape of a 12 year old girl by U.S. servicemen in 1995 triggered large protests in Okinawa. As a result, both the U.S. and Japanese governments agreed to the relocation of the Marine Corps Air Station Futenma and other minor bases. However, at present, the closure of the bases has been indefinitely postponed. These disagreements also contribute to the relatively recent anti-Japanese sentiment and subsequently Ryukyu independence movement. // On September 4, 1995, three U.S. servicemen, Navy Seaman Marcus Gill and Marines Rodrico Harp and Kendrick Ledet, all from Camp Hansen on Okinawa, rented a van and kidnapped a 12 year old, 6th grade Japanese schoolgirl. ... Marine Corps Air Station Futenma (MCAS Futenma) is a United States Marine Corps base located in the city of Ginowan on the island of Okinawa at . ... Ryukyu Independence Party flag The Ryukyu independence movement (琉球独立運動) can refer to a number of different movements, in Okinawa Prefecture, in the rest of Japan, and abroad, emerging at different times and with different goals, in relation to the history of the Ryūkyū Islands. ...


Geography

Major islands

The islands of Okinawa Prefecture.
The islands of Okinawa Prefecture.

The set of islands belonging to the prefecture is called Ryūkyū Shotō (琉球諸島). Okinawa's inhabited islands are typically divided into three geographical archipelagos. From northeast to southwest: Map of Okinawa prefecture, by Jpatokal based on PD rendering from demis. ... Map of Okinawa prefecture, by Jpatokal based on PD rendering from demis. ...

  • Miyako Islands
    • Miyako-jima

Okinawa Islands (沖縄諸島 Okinawa Shotō) are a group of islands that belongs to Okinawa Prefecture. ... Ie-shima (伊江島 -island) is an island in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. ... Kumejima (久米島町; -chou) is a town located in Shimajiri district, Okinawa, Japan. ... Okinawa Honto (沖縄本島, the main island of Okinawa) is the largest of the Ryukyu Islands at the edge of the East China Sea, helping to define the seas boundary with the open Pacific Ocean. ... Tokashiki (渡嘉敷村; -son) is a village located in Shimajiri district, Okinawa, Japan. ... Miyako-jima (Miyako: mjaːku; Okinawan: naːku, mjaːku; Japanese: 宮古島) is an island in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. ... Map of the Yaeyama Islands The Yaeyama Islands (八重山諸島 Yaeyama-shotō) are an archipelago in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. ... Map of Irimote Island and the other Yaeyama Islands Iriomote from space, August 1991 Iriomote (西表島 Iriomote-jima) is the largest of the Yaeyama Islands and the second largest in Okinawa Prefecture after Okinawa Island itself. ... Ishigaki (石垣市; -shi) is a city located in Okinawa, Japan. ... For the breed of horse, see Yonaguni (horse). ...

Cities

Map of Okinawa Prefecture.
Map of Okinawa Prefecture.

Okinawa Prefecture includes eleven cities. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1081x750, 13 KB) [edit] Summary Map of Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1081x750, 13 KB) [edit] Summary Map of Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. ...

Ginowan (宜野湾市; -shi) is a city located in Okinawa, Japan. ... Ishigaki Island from space, August 1991 Ishigaki (石垣島 -jima Yaeyama: Shikaitu Okinawan: Ishigachi) is an island west of Okinawa Hontō and the second-largest island of the Yaeyama Island group. ... Itoman (糸満市; -shi) is a city located in Okinawa, Japan. ... Miyakojima (宮古島市 -shi) is a city on several islands in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. ... Nago (名護市; -shi) is a city located in Okinawa, Japan. ... Naha (Japanese: ; -shi) is the capital city of Okinawa Prefecture in Japan. ... Nanjō (南城市 -shi) is a city in the southern part of Okinawa Island in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. ... The location of Okinawa in Okinawa. ... Tomigusuku (豊見城市; -shi) is a city located in Okinawa, Japan. ... Urasoe (浦添市; -shi) is a city located in Okinawa, Japan. ... Uruma City (うるま市 Uruma-shi) is a city in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. ...

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district. The district (郡; gun) was most recently used as an administrative unit in Japan between 1878 and 1921 and is roughly equivalent to the county of the United States. ...

Kunigami (国頭郡; -gun) is a district located in Okinawa, Japan. ... Ginoza (宜野座村; -son) is a village located in Kunigami district, Okinawa, Japan. ... Higashi (東村; -son) is a village located in Kunigami district, Okinawa, Japan. ... Ie (Kunigami: Ë€iː; Japanese: 伊江村 -son) is a village located in Kunigami district, Okinawa, Japan. ... The location of Kin in Okinawa. ... Kunigami (国頭村; -son) is a village located in Kunigami district, Okinawa, Japan. ... Motobu (Kunigami: muáµ—uːbu; Japanese: 本部町 -chou) is a town located in Kunigami district, Okinawa, Japan. ... Nakijin (今帰仁村; -son) is a village located in Kunigami district, Okinawa, Japan. ... Onna (恩納村; -son) is a village located in Kunigami district, Okinawa, Japan. ... Ōgimi (大宜味村; -son) is a village located in Kunigami district, Okinawa, Japan. ... Miyako (宮古郡; -gun) is a district located in Okinawa, Japan. ... Tarama (多良間村; -son) is a village located in Miyako district, Okinawa, Japan. ... Nakagami (中頭郡; -gun) is a district located in Okinawa, Japan. ... Chatan (北谷町; -chou) is a town located in Nakagami District, Okinawa, Japan. ... Kadena (嘉手納町 -chō) is a town located in Nakagami District, Okinawa, Japan. ... Kitanakagusuku (北中城村; -son) is a village located in Nakagami District, Okinawa, Japan. ... Nakagusuku (中城村; -son) is a village located in Nakagami District, Okinawa, Japan. ... Nishihara (西原町; -chou) is a town located in Nakagami District, Okinawa, Japan. ... Yomitan (読谷村; -son) is a village located in Nakagami District, Okinawa, Japan. ... Shimajiri (島尻郡; -gun) is a district located in Okinawa, Japan. ... Aguni (粟国村; -son) is a village located in Shimajiri district, Okinawa, Japan. ... Haebaru (南風原町; -chou) is a town located in Shimajiri district, Okinawa, Japan. ... Iheya (伊平屋村; -son) is a village located in Shimajiri district, Okinawa, Japan. ... Izena (伊是名村; -son) is a village located in Shimajiri district, Okinawa, Japan. ... Kitadaitō (北大東村; -son) is a village located in Shimajiri district, Okinawa, Japan. ... Kumejima (久米島町; -chou) is a town located in Shimajiri district, Okinawa, Japan. ... Minamidaitō (南大東村; -son) is a village located in Shimajiri district, Okinawa, Japan. ... Tokashiki (渡嘉敷村; -son) is a village located in Shimajiri district, Okinawa, Japan. ... Tonaki (渡名喜村; -son) is a village located in Shimajiri district, Okinawa, Japan. ... The location of Yaese in Okinawa. ... Yonabaru (与那原町; -chō) is a town located in Shimajiri district, Okinawa, Japan. ... Zamami (座間味村; -son) is a village located in Shimajiri district, Okinawa, Japan. ... Yaeyama (八重山郡; -gun) is a district located in Okinawa, Japan. ... Taketomi (竹富町; -chō) is a town located in Yaeyama district, Okinawa, Japan. ... Yonaguni (与那国町; -chou) is a town located in Yaeyama district, Okinawa, Japan. ...

Mergers

Main article: List of mergers in Okinawa Prefecture

Demography

Okinawa prefecture age pyramid as of 1 October 2003
(per 1000's of people) is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Age People
0-4 84
5-9 85
10-14 87
15-19 94
20-24 91
25-29 Image:g100.png 97
30-34 Image:g100.png 99
35-39 87
40-44 91
45-49 Image:g100.png 96
50-54 Image:g100.png 100
55-59 64
60-64 65
65-69 66
70-74 53
75-79 37
80 + 55

Okinawa Prefecture age pyramid, divided by sex, as of 1 October 2003
(per 1000's of people) Image File history File links G50. ... Image File history File links G30. ... Image File history File links RX-78-5 Gundam 05 This work is copyrighted. ... Image File history File links G03. ... Image File history File links G01. ... Image File history File links G50. ... Image File history File links G30. ... Image File history File links G10. ... Image File history File links G50. ... Image File history File links G30. ... Image File history File links G10. ... Image File history File links G01. ... Image File history File links G01. ... Image File history File links G50. ... Image File history File links G30. ... Image File history File links G10. ... Image File history File links RX-78-5 Gundam 05 This work is copyrighted. ... Image File history File links G03. ... Image File history File links G01. ... Image File history File links G50. ... Image File history File links G30. ... Image File history File links G10. ... Image File history File links RX-78-5 Gundam 05 This work is copyrighted. ... Image File history File links G01. ... Image File history File links G100. ... Image File history File links G01. ... Image File history File links G01. ... Image File history File links G100. ... Image File history File links G03. ... Image File history File links G01. ... Image File history File links G50. ... Image File history File links G30. ... Image File history File links G10. ... Image File history File links G01. ... Image File history File links G01. ... Image File history File links G50. ... Image File history File links G30. ... Image File history File links G10. ... Image File history File links RX-78-5 Gundam 05 This work is copyrighted. ... Image File history File links G01. ... Image File history File links G100. ... Image File history File links G01. ... Image File history File links G100. ... Image File history File links RX-78-5 Gundam 05 This work is copyrighted. ... Image File history File links G01. ... Image File history File links G50. ... Image File history File links G10. ... Image File history File links RX-78-5 Gundam 05 This work is copyrighted. ... Image File history File links G01. ... Image File history File links G01. ... Image File history File links G50. ... Image File history File links G10. ... Image File history File links RX-78-5 Gundam 05 This work is copyrighted. ... Image File history File links G03. ... Image File history File links G50. ... Image File history File links G10. ... Image File history File links RX-78-5 Gundam 05 This work is copyrighted. ... Image File history File links G03. ... Image File history File links G01. ... Image File history File links G50. ... Image File history File links RX-78-5 Gundam 05 This work is copyrighted. ... Image File history File links G01. ... Image File history File links G30. ... Image File history File links RX-78-5 Gundam 05 This work is copyrighted. ... Image File history File links G03. ... Image File history File links G01. ... Image File history File links G50. ... Image File history File links RX-78-5 Gundam 05 This work is copyrighted. ... Image File history File links G03. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Males Age Females
43 0-4 41
44 5-9 41
45 10-14 42
48 15-19 46
46 20-24 45
49 25-29 48
49 30-34 50
43 35-39 44
46 40-44 45
49 45-49 47
52 50-54 48
32 55-59 32
32 60-64 33
32 65-69 34
24 70-74 29
14 75-79 23
17 80 + 38


Image File history File links G30. ... Image File history File links G10. ... Image File history File links RX-78-5 Gundam 05 This work is copyrighted. ... Image File history File links R30. ... Image File history File links R10. ... Image File history File links R03. ... Image File history File links G30. ... Image File history File links G10. ... Image File history File links RX-78-5 Gundam 05 This work is copyrighted. ... Image File history File links G01. ... Image File history File links R30. ... Image File history File links R10. ... Image File history File links R03. ... Image File history File links G30. ... Image File history File links G10. ... Image File history File links RX-78-5 Gundam 05 This work is copyrighted. ... Image File history File links G01. ... Image File history File links G01. ... Image File history File links R30. ... Image File history File links R10. ... Image File history File links R03. ... Image File history File links R01. ... Image File history File links G50. ... Image File history File links R30. ... Image File history File links R10. ... Image File history File links R05. ... Image File history File links R03. ... Image File history File links G30. ... Image File history File links G10. ... Image File history File links RX-78-5 Gundam 05 This work is copyrighted. ... Image File history File links G03. ... Image File history File links R30. ... Image File history File links R10. ... Image File history File links R05. ... Image File history File links R01. ... Image File history File links R01. ... Image File history File links G50. ... Image File history File links G01. ... Image File history File links R50. ... Image File history File links G50. ... Image File history File links G01. ... Image File history File links R50. ... Image File history File links R03. ... Image File history File links G30. ... Image File history File links G10. ... Image File history File links RX-78-5 Gundam 05 This work is copyrighted. ... Image File history File links R30. ... Image File history File links R10. ... Image File history File links R05. ... Image File history File links R01. ... Image File history File links G30. ... Image File history File links G10. ... Image File history File links RX-78-5 Gundam 05 This work is copyrighted. ... Image File history File links G03. ... Image File history File links R30. ... Image File history File links R10. ... Image File history File links R05. ... Image File history File links R01. ... Image File history File links R01. ... Image File history File links G50. ... Image File history File links G01. ... Image File history File links R30. ... Image File history File links R10. ... Image File history File links R05. ... Image File history File links R03. ... Image File history File links R01. ... Image File history File links G50. ... Image File history File links RX-78-5 Gundam 05 This work is copyrighted. ... Image File history File links R50. ... Image File history File links G30. ... Image File history File links G03. ... Image File history File links R30. ... Image File history File links R03. ... Image File history File links G30. ... Image File history File links G03. ... Image File history File links R30. ... Image File history File links R03. ... Image File history File links R01. ... Image File history File links G30. ... Image File history File links G03. ... Image File history File links R30. ... Image File history File links R05. ... Image File history File links R01. ... Image File history File links G10. ... Image File history File links G10. ... Image File history File links RX-78-5 Gundam 05 This work is copyrighted. ... Image File history File links R30. ... Image File history File links G10. ... Image File history File links G03. ... Image File history File links G01. ... Image File history File links R10. ... Image File history File links R10. ... Image File history File links R03. ... Image File history File links R01. ... Image File history File links G10. ... Image File history File links RX-78-5 Gundam 05 This work is copyrighted. ... Image File history File links G03. ... Image File history File links R30. ... Image File history File links R10. ...

Climate and nature

Gusuku ruins.
Shuri Castle Naha

The island is largely composed of coral rock, and rainwater filtering through that coral has given the island many caves, which played an important role in the Battle of Okinawa. Gyokusendo, an extensive limestone cave in the southern part of Okinawa's main island, is a popular tourist attraction. Arch at a gusuku in Okinawa prefecture, Japan I took this photograph and contribute it to the public domain. ... Arch at a gusuku in Okinawa prefecture, Japan I took this photograph and contribute it to the public domain. ... Shuri Castle (Gusuku), Naha, Okinawa, Japan I took this photograph and contribute it to the public domain. ... Shuri Castle (Gusuku), Naha, Okinawa, Japan I took this photograph and contribute it to the public domain. ... Extant Subclasses and Orders Alcyonaria    Alcyonacea    Helioporacea Zoantharia    Antipatharia    Corallimorpharia    Scleractinia    Zoanthidea [1][2]  See Anthozoa for details For other uses, see Coral (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Cave (disambiguation). ... Combatants  United States  United Kingdom  Canada  Australia  New Zealand Empire of Japan Commanders Simon B. Buckner â€  Joseph W. Stilwell Ray Spruance Mitsuru Ushijima â€  Isamu Cho â€  Strength 548,000 soldiers, 1,300 ships,  ? aircraft 100,000 regulars and militia,  ? ships,  ? aircraft Casualties 12,513 dead or missing, 38,916 wounded, 33...


Okinawa is said to have the most beautiful beaches in all of Japan and normally enjoys temperatures above 20 degrees Celsius for most of the year. Okinawa and the many islands that make up the prefecture boast some of the most abundant coral reefs found in the world. Rare blue corals are found off of Ishigaki and Miyako islands as are numerous species throughout the chain. Many coral reefs are found in this region of Japan and wildlife is abundant. Sea turtles return yearly to the southern islands of Okinawa to lay their eggs. The summer months carry warnings to swimmers regarding poisonous jellyfish and other dangerous sea creatures. Okinawa is a major producer of sugar cane, pineapple, papaya, and other tropical fruit, and the Southeast Botanical Gardens represent tropical plant species. For other uses, see Celsius (disambiguation). ... Some of the biodiversity of a coral reef, in this case the Great Barrier Reef, Australia. ... Genera Family Cheloniidae (Oppel, 1811) Caretta Chelonia Eretmochelys Lepidochelys Natator Family Dermochelyidae Dermochelys Family Protostegidae (extinct) Family Toxochelyidae (extinct) Family Thalassemyidae (extinct) Sea turtles (Superfamily Chelonioidea) are turtles found in all the worlds oceans except the Arctic Ocean . ... For other uses, see Jellyfish (disambiguation). ... Okinawan waters are home to a number of hazardous marine organisms, including: Poisonous Sea snakes Cone shells Blue-ringed octopus Stonefish Lionfish Scorpionfish Sea Urchins Otherwise hazardous Surgeon fish Sharks, including: Hammerhead shark Great White Shark Categories: Stub ... Species Ref: ITIS 42058 as of 2004-05-05 Sugarcane is one of six species of a tall tropical southeast Asian grass (Family Poaceae) having stout fibrous jointed stalks whose sap at one time was the primary source of sugar. ... For other uses, see Pineapple (disambiguation). ... Binomial name L. This article is about the fruit. ... The Southeast Botanical Gardens ) (100 acres) are commercial botanical gardens located in the city of Okinawa, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. ...


Language and culture

See also: Okinawan cuisine
Shisa on a traditional tile roof.
Awamori pots.

Having historically been a separate nation, Okinawan language and culture differ considerably from that of mainland Japan. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Okinawan cuisine is the cuisine of the Japanese island of Okinawa. ... Shisa I took this picture, in 1993 (I think). ... Shisa I took this picture, in 1993 (I think). ... A closed mouth shisa. ... Okinawa pottery I took this picture around 1993 and contribute it to the public domain. ... Okinawa pottery I took this picture around 1993 and contribute it to the public domain. ... Awamori (泡盛) is an alcoholic beverage indigenous to and unique to Okinawa, Japan. ...


Language

Main article: Okinawan language

There remain numerous Ryukyuan languages which are more-or-less incomprehensible to Japanese speakers. These languages are in decline as the Mainland Japanese is being used by the younger generation. Many linguists, at least those outside Japan, consider Ryukyuan languages as different languages from Japanese, while they are generally perceived as "dialects" by mainland Japanese and Okinawans themselves. Standard Japanese is almost always used in formal situations. In informal situations, de facto everyday language among Okinawans under age 60 is Okinawa-accented mainland Japanese called ウチナーヤマトグチ (Uchinā Yamatoguchi "Okinawan Japanese"), which is often misunderstood as Okinawan language proper, ウチナーグチ (Uchināguchi "Okinawan language"). Uchināguchi still is used in traditional cultural activities, such as folk music, or folk dance. There is a radio news program in the language as well. [1] Okinawan (Okinawan: Ê”ucināguci) is a Ryukyuan language spoken in Japan on the southern island of Okinawa, as well as the surrounding islands of Kerama, Kume-jima, Tonaki, Aguni, and a number of smaller islands located to the east of the main island of Okinawa. ... The Ryukyuan languages are spoken in the Ryukyu Islands and in Japans Kagoshima Prefecture, and make up a subfamily of the Japonic language family. ... As opposed to the Ryukyuan languages, Okinawan Japanese is the Japanese language as spoken by people of Okinawa, with a distinct accent. ... Okinawan (Okinawan: Ê”ucināguci) is a Ryukyuan language spoken in Japan on the southern island of Okinawa, as well as the surrounding islands of Kerama, Kume-jima, Tonaki, Aguni, and a number of smaller islands located to the east of the main island of Okinawa. ... Many styles of traditional music are included in the music of Japan. ...


Religion

Okinawa also has its own religious beliefs, generally characterized by ancestor worship and the respecting of relationships between the living, the dead, and the gods and spirits of the natural world. Ryukyuan religion is the indigenous belief system of the Uchinanchu people of Okinawa and the other Ryukyu Islands. ...


Cultural influences

Okinawan culture bears traces of its various trading partners. One can find Chinese, Thai and Austronesian influences in the island's customs. Perhaps Okinawa's most famous cultural export is karate, probably a product of the close ties with and influence of China on Okinawan culture. Karate is thought to be a synthesis of Chinese kung fu with traditional Okinawan martial arts. A ban on weapons in Okinawa for two long periods after the invasion and forced annexation by Japan during the Meiji Restoration period also very likely contributed to its development. The Austronesian languages are a family of languages widely dispersed throughout the islands of Southeast Asia and the Pacific, with a few members spoken on continental Asia. ... For other uses, see Karate (disambiguation). ... Alternative meaning: Kung Fu (TV series) Kung fu or gongfu (功夫, Pinyin: gōngfu) is a well-known Chinese term used in the West to designate Chinese martial arts. ...


Another traditional Okinawan product that owes its existence to Okinawa's trading history is awamori—an Okinawan distilled spirit made from indica rice imported from Thailand. Awamori (泡盛) is an alcoholic beverage indigenous to and unique to Okinawa, Japan. ... For other uses, see Rice (disambiguation). ...


Other cultural characteristics

The people of Okinawa maintain a strong tradition of pottery, textiles, and glass making. Unfired green ware pottery on a traditional drying rack at Conner Prairie living history museum. ...


Other prominent examples of Okinawan culture include the sanshin—a three-stringed Okinawan instrument, closely related to the Chinese sanxian, and ancestor of the Japanese shamisen, somewhat similar to a banjo. Its body is often bound with snakeskin (from pythons, imported from elsewhere in Asia, rather than from Okinawa's poisonous habu, which are too small for this purpose). Okinawan culture also features the eisa dance, a traditional drumming dance. A traditional craft, the fabric named bingata, is made in workshops on the main island and elsewhere. An Okinawan sanshin The sanshin (三線, literally meaning three strings) is an Okinawan musical instrument, and precursor of the Japanese shamisen. ... Chinese postage stamp depicting a sanxian The sanxian (Chinese: 三弦, pinyin sānxián, Wade-Giles san1-hsien2, lit. ... Kitagawa Utamaro, Flowers of Edo: Young Womans Narrative Chanting to the Samisen, ca. ... For other uses, see Banjo (disambiguation) The banjo is a stringed instrument developed by enslaved Africans in the United States, adapted from several African instruments. ... Synonyms Pythonoidea - Fitzinger, 1826 Pythonoidei - Eichwald, 1831 Holodonta - Müller, 1832 Pythonina - Bonaparte, 1840 Pythophes - Fitzinger, 1843 Pythoniens - A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1844 Holodontes - A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1844 Pythonides - A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1844 Pythones - Cope, 1861 Pythonidae - Cope, 1864 Peropodes - Meyer, 1874... Species T. okinavensis T. elegans T. flavoviridis T. tokarensis A Habu is any of four species of venomous snakes found in the Ryukyu Islands, Japan. ... Eisa (エイサー) is a form of folk dance unique to the Ryukyu Islands. ... Bingata is an Okinawan traditional dyed cloth. ...


Karate

Main article: Karate

Karate originated on Okinawa. There are several styles, among them Shotokan, Shorin-Ryu, Wado Ryu, Uechi Ryu, Goju Ryu, Isshin-Ryu, Shito-Ryu, Motobu-ryu, Shorinji Ryu, and Shuri-ryu. For other uses, see Karate (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Karate (disambiguation). ... -1... Shorin-ryu (小林流) is one of the major modern Okinawan martial arts. ... Wado-ryu (和道流) is one of the worlds major karate styles. ... Uechi Ryu (上地流) is a style of Okinawan Karate originated by Kanbun Uechi (上地完文). // Early history Kanbun Uechi studied Pangai-noon (half-hard, half-soft) Kung Fu under Shushiwa, also known as Chou Tsu Ho, in the Fukien province of mainland China in the late 1800s and early 1900s. ... Goju Ryu (Japanese for Hard-soft style) is a style of karate, so called as it allows a combination of hard and soft techniques. ... All things begin with one The above statement was Shimabuku Tatsuos reply when Kaneshi Eiko, one of Tatsuos senior students, asked him why he was naming his new style of karate Isshin-ryu. ... Shito-Ryu (糸東流) is a form of karate that was developed in 1931 by Kenwa Mabuni (摩文仁賢和). Kenwa Mabuni was born in Shuri on Okinawa in 1889, Mabuni Sensei was a descendant of the famous Onigusukini Samurai family. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ...


Architecture

A traditional Okinawan house

Okinawa has many remains of a unique type of castle or fortress called Gusuku. These are believed to be the predecessors of Japan's castles. ImageMetadata File history File links NakamuraHouse2. ... ImageMetadata File history File links NakamuraHouse2. ... Katsuren Gusuku Ruins Gusuku is the Okinawan word for castle or fortress. ...


Whereas most homes in Japan are made with wood and allow free-flow of air to combat humidity, typical modern homes in Okinawa are made from concrete with barred windows (protection from flying plant matter) to deal with regular typhoons. Roofs are also designed with strong winds in mind, with each tile cemented on and not merely layered as seen with many homes elsewhere in Japan. Cyclone Catarina, a rare South Atlantic tropical cyclone viewed from the International Space Station on March 26, 2004. ...


Many roofs also display a statue resembling a lion or dragon, called a shisa, which is said to protect the home from danger. Roofs are typically red in color and are inspired by Chinese design. A closed mouth shisa. ...


U.S. military controversy

See also: United States Forces Japan
US. Military Bases in Okinawa

Because the islands are close to China and Taiwan, the United States has large military bases on the island. The area of 14 US bases are 233 square kilometres (90 sq mi), occupying 18% of the main island. Okinawa accounts for less than one percent of Japan's land, but hosts about two-thirds of the 40,000 American forces in the country.[3] Two major bases, Marine Corps Air Station Futenma and Kadena Air Base are located near residential area. One third (9,852 acres) of the land used by the U.S. military is the Marine Corps Northern Training Area in the north of the island. The United States Forces Japan (USFJ, Japanese: ) refers to the various divisions of the United States Armed Forces (USAF) that are stationed in Japan. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 492 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (558 × 680 pixel, file size: 45 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 492 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (558 × 680 pixel, file size: 45 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Marine Corps Air Station Futenma (MCAS Futenma) is a United States Marine Corps base located in the city of Ginowan on the island of Okinawa at . ... Kadena redirects here. ...


85% of Okinawans oppose the presence of the U.S. military[4] due to noise pollution from military drills, aircraft accidents, environmental destruction[5], and crimes committed by U.S. military personnel[6]. The Okinawan prefectural government and local municipalities have made various withdrawal demands of the US military since the end of WW2[7], but any fundamental solution was never performed by both of the Japanese and U.S. governments. Noise pollution (or environmental noise in technical venues) is displeasing human or machine created sound that disrupts the environment. ... Flying machine redirects here. ... This article is about the natural environment. ... for other uses please see Crime (disambiguation) A crime is an act that violates a political or moral law. ...


According to historian Peter Schrijvers, an estimated 10,000 Japanese women were raped by American troops during the World War II Okinawa campaign.[2] Reported cases of U.S. rapes for the first 10 days of the occupation of the Kanagawa prefecture are 1,336.[3]. According to Peter Schrijvers, U.S. rape was "a general practice against Japanese women".[4] In 1998 the remains of 3 executed presumed rapists from the occupation forces were discovered in a cave.[5] For other uses, see Historian (disambiguation). ... Kanagawa Prefecture ) is a prefecture located in the southern Kantō region of Honshū, Japan. ...


In 1955 Isaac J. Hart was accused but not convicted of the rape and murder of six-year-old Yumiko. This is known as "The Yumiko Incident". Forty years later, on September 4, 1995, two U.S. marines and a sailor abducted and raped a 12-year-old girl. At the time of the incident, Japanese police could not arrest the men known to be involved because they had to remain with the United States Military until charged in a court, see U.S.-Japan Status of Forces Agreement. Anti-military base emotions erupted in some of the largest protests in recent history.[8] Eventually through political pressure, the soldiers were tried and convicted in early 1996. As a result of this incident US-Japan agreements which were criticized for being too protective of US servicemen involved in crimes underwent revision and a movement to alleviate civilian burden by reducing the size of US military bases got under way. In November of 1995, a group called "Okinawan Women Act Against Military Violence" was organized to raise awareness of crimes alleged to have been committed by U.S. military personnel on the island. Due to allegations of an assault committed by an American servicemen against a minor[9], a restriction was imposed to all U.S. military and SOFA status personnel of bases in Okinawa and Iwakuni in February 2008. It has since been lifted.[10]. is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... United States Marine Corps Emblem The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is the second smallest of the five branches of the United States armed forces, with 170,000 active and 40,000 reserve Marines as of 2002. ... In criminal law, kidnapping is the taking away of a person against the persons will, usually to hold the person in false imprisonment (confinement without legal authority) for ransom or in furtherance of another crime. ... // On September 4, 1995, three U.S. servicemen, Navy Seaman Marcus Gill and Marines Rodrico Harp and Kendrick Ledet, all from Camp Hansen on Okinawa, rented a van and kidnapped a 12 year old, 6th grade Japanese schoolgirl. ... U.S.-Japan Status of Forces Agreement (official name: Agreement under Article VI of the Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between Japan and the United States of America, Regarding Facilities and Areas and the Status of United States Armed Forces in Japan) is an agreement concluded in 1960 between... 2003 GMO USDA protest Protest expresses relatively overt reaction to events or situations: sometimes in favour, more often opposed. ... In times of armed conflict a civilian is any person who is not a combatant. ... For other uses, see November (disambiguation). ... In biological psychology, awareness describes a human or animals perception and cognitive reaction to a condition or event. ...


In April 2008 the U.S. Military charged a Marine with raping a 14-year-old girl in Okinawa, pressing ahead with a case that spurred protests against the U.S. presence on the island. U.S. military charges against Staff Sgt. Tyrone L. Hadnott include rape of a child under 16, abusive sexual conduct, making a false official statement, adultery and "kidnapping through inveigling," or trickery. Hadnott was later cleared of the charge of rape and kidnapping and convicted on the assault charge with a jail sentence of three years. [11]


Alleged former US nuclear arms base

The Japanese government strictly restrained the introduction of nuclear arms into Japanese territory by the non-nuclear policy (Three Non-Nuclear Principles). Prior to the reversion of Okinawa to Japanese administration in 1972, it is reported that 1200 nuclear weapons were deployed to US bases in Okinawa[12]. Most of the weapons were stored in ammunition bunkers at Kadena Air Base. Japan exhibits a firm non-nuclear weapons policy, most popularly articulated as the Three Non-Nuclear Principles of nonpossession, nonproduction, and nonintroduction of nuclear weapons. ... Japans Three Non-Nuclear Principles ) are a parliamentary resolution (never adopted into law) that have guided Japanese nuclear policy since their inception in the late 1960s, and reflect general public sentiment and national policy since the end of World War II. The tenets state that Japan shall neither possess... Kadena redirects here. ...


There is wide range speculations that not all the weapons were removed from Okinawa.[13] Edwin O. Reischauer, former US ambassador to Japan, in an interview with the Mainichi Shimbun in 1981, said that US naval ships armed with nukes stopped at Japanese ports on a routine duty, and this was approved by the Japanese government. Edwin Oldfather Reischauer (October 15, 1910–September 1, 1990) was Tokyo-born U.S. ambassador to Japan (1961–66) and the co-developer, with George M. McCune, of the McCune-Reischauer romanization of Korean. ... Headquarters in Tokyo Osaka Office Newsagents shop in Higashi-osaka Printing plant in Settsu The Mainichi Shimbun , lit. ...


In the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists in early 2000, [6] [7] Robert S. Norris, William M. Arkin, and William Burr wrote that the United States has placed nuclear arms on Okinawa. This is disputed by the American government. Cover of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists with the famous Doomsday Clock set at seven minutes to midnight. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... William Hubert Burr, C.E. (1851-1934) was an American civil engineer, born at Watertown, Conn. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, in 1945 lifted nuclear fallout some 18 km (60,000 feet) above the epicenter. ... United States Government redirects here. ...


MCAS Futenma relocation

The governments of the United States and Japan agreed on October 26, 2005 to move the Marine Corps Air Station Futenma base from its location in the densely populated city of Ginowan to the more northerly and remote Camp Schwab. Under the plan, thousands of Marines will relocate. The move is partly an attempt to relieve tensions between the people of Okinawa and the Marine Corps. Protests from environmental groups and residents over the construction of part of a runway at Camp Schwab, and from businessmen and politicians around Futenma and Henoko, have occurred [8]. is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The UKs Royal Marines in a Rigid Raider assault watercraft A marine corps (from French corps de marine) is a branch of a nations armed forces incorporating Marines, intended to be capable of mounting amphibious assaults using infantry, armour, aircraft, and watercraft. ... Marine Corps Air Station Futenma (MCAS Futenma) is a United States Marine Corps base located in the city of Ginowan on the island of Okinawa at . ... Ginowan (宜野湾市; -shi) is a city located in Okinawa, Japan. ... United States Marine Corps Camp Schwab is currently home to the 4th Marine Regiment and other elements of the 28,000 American servicemen based in Okinawa in fulfilment of the 1952 commitment of the United States to defend Japan. ... For other uses, see Construction (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Marine Corps Air Station Futenma (MCAS Futenma) is a United States Marine Corps base located in the city of Ginowan on the island of Okinawa at . ...


The legality of the proposed heliport relocation has been questioned as being a violation of International Law, including the World Heritage Convention, the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in an article titled "Boundary Intersections of UNESCO Heritage Conventions: Using Custom and Cultural Landscapes to Save Okinawa’s Dugong Habitat from U.S. Heliport Construction". The article even questions whether the current use of Camp Schwab for amphibious training violates these three conventions. Providing a constitution for public international law, the United Nations was conceived during World War II International law is the term commonly used for referring to the system of implicit and explicit agreements that binds together nation-states in adherence to recognized values and standards, differing from other legal systems... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... The Convention on Biological Diversity, known informally as the Biodiversity Convention, is an international treaty that was adopted in Rio de Janeiro in June 1992. ... Amphibious means able to use either land or water. ... The first two pages of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, in (left to right) German, Hungarian, Bulgarian, Ottoman Turkish and Russian A treaty is an agreement under international law entered into by actors in international law, namely states and international organizations. ...


Proposed Solutions

As recently as 2003 the US was considering moving most of the 20,000 Marines on Okinawa to new bases that would be established in Australia; increasing the presence of US troops in Singapore and Malaysia; and seeking agreements to base Navy ships in Vietnamese waters and ground troops in the Philippines. Under plans on the table, all but about 5,000 of the Marines would move, possibly to Australia.


As of 2006, some 8,000 US Marines were being removed from the island and being relocated to Guam[14]


Education

The public schools in Okinawa are overseen by the Okinawa Prefectural Board of Education. The agency directly operates several public high schools [9]. The US Department of Defense Dependents Schools (DoDDS) operates 13 schools total in Okinawa. Seven of these schools are located on Kadena Air Base. The term public school has two contrary meanings: In England, one of a small number of prestigious historic schools open to the public which normally charge fees and are financed by bodies other than the state, commonly as private charitable trusts; here the word public is used much as in... Okinawa Prefectural Board of Education is the prefectural education agency of Okinawa Prefecture in Japan. ... High school, or secondary school, is the last segment of compulsory education in Hong Kong, United States, Australia, Canada, China, Korea and Japan. ... The Department of Defense Dependents Schools (usually shortened to just DoDDS) is a network of schools, both primary and secondary, that serve dependents of United States military- and other non-US - personnel. ...


Sports

Football
Soccer redirects here. ...

  • F.C. Ryūkyū (Naha)

Basketball
F.C. Ryūkyū ) are a football (soccer) club hailed from Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. ... Naha (Japanese: ; -shi) is the capital city of Okinawa Prefecture in Japan. ... This article is about the sport. ...

  • Ryukyu Kings (Naha)

In addition, various baseball teams hold training during the winter in the prefecture as it is the warmest prefecture of Japan with no snow and higher temperatures than other prefectures. Naha (Japanese: ; -shi) is the capital city of Okinawa Prefecture in Japan. ... This article is about the sport. ... For other uses, see Winter (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Snow (disambiguation). ... Temperature is the physical property of a system which underlies the common notions of hot and cold; the material with the higher temperature is said to be hotter. ...

The Fukuoka SoftBank Hawks (福岡ソフトバンクホークス) is a Japanese baseball team based in Fukuoka, Fukuoka Prefecture. ... The Yokohama BayStars ) are a professional baseball team in the Japanese Central League. ... The Chunichi Dragons have won the Central League pennant seven times (including 2006), and won the Japan Series in 1954. ... The Yakult Swallows (ヤクルトスワローズ Yakuruto Suwarōzu) are a professional baseball team in Japans Central League. ...

Transportation

Air transportation

Ishigaki Airport (石垣空港 Ishigaki-kÅ«kō), IATA ISG, is a third-class airport located near the city of Ishigaki, Japan. ... Kumejima Airport is an airport in Kumejima, Okinawa, Japan (IATA: UEO, ICAO: ROKJ). ... Miyako Airport is an airport in Miyako-jima, Okinawa, Japan (IATA: MMY, ICAO: ROMY). ... Domestic passenger terminal at Naha Naha Airport (那覇空港 Naha Kuko) is the primary air terminal for passengers and freight traveling to and from Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. ... Yonaguni Airport ), (IATA: OGN, ICAO: ROYN) is a third-class airport located in Yonaguni, Japan. ...

Highways

  • Okinawa Expressway
  • Naha Airport Expressway
  • Route 58
  • Route 329
  • Route 330
  • Route 331
  • Route 332
  • Route 390
  • Route 449
  • Route 505
  • Route 506
  • Route 507

The Okinawa Expressway (沖縄自動車道 -jidōshadō) is an expressway on Okinawa Island in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. ... National Route 58 (国道58号) is a highway in Japan. ...

Rail

See also: Rail transportation in Okinawa

Okinawa Monorail at Akamine, the southern-most rail station in Japan In 2005, the Okinawa Monorail is the only rail line providing rail transportation in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. ... Okinawa Monorail at Gibo Station, Naha. ...

Ports

The major ports of Okinawa include Categories: Stub | Commercial item transport and distribution | Transportation ...

Ishigaki (石垣市; -shi) is a city located in Okinawa, Japan. ...

United States military installations

Kadena redirects here. ... Marine Corps Base Camp Smedley D. Butler (usually Butler Marine Base in Okinawa) is a United States military Marine base located in the Japanese prefecture of Okinawa. ... Marine Corps Air Station Futenma (MCAS Futenma) is a United States Marine Corps base located in the city of Ginowan on the island of Okinawa at . ... Camp Courtney is a Marine Base located in Gushikawa, Okinawa. ... Camp Foster is a United States Marine Corps camp located in Ginowan City on the Japanese prefecture island of Okinawa. ... Camp Hansen is a US Marine Corps base located in Okinawa, Japan. ... Kinser is the most Southern Marine Corps base in Okinawa. ... Camp McTureous is a United States Marine Corps base in Gushikawa, Okinawa, Japan. ... United States Marine Corps Camp Schwab is currently home to the 4th Marine Regiment and other elements of the 28,000 American servicemen based in Okinawa in fulfilment of the 1952 commitment of the United States to defend Japan. ... Camp Gonsalves is a 20,000-square-acre (78,332km²) United States Marine Corps camp located on the Japanese prefecture island of Okinawa (near Okuma spread across the villages of Kunigami and Higashi). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Torii Station. ...

See also

This article is about the history of the Ryukyu Island chain southwest of the main islands of Japan. ... Okinawa Island heads up the Ryukyu islands chain, a part of Japan. ... Okinawan (Okinawan: ʔucināguci) is a Ryukyuan language spoken in Japan on the southern island of Okinawa, as well as the surrounding islands of Kerama, Kume-jima, Tonaki, Aguni, and a number of smaller islands located to the east of the main island of Okinawa. ... Ryukyu Independence Party flag The Ryukyu independence movement (琉球独立運動) can refer to a number of different movements, in Okinawa Prefecture, in the rest of Japan, and abroad, emerging at different times and with different goals, in relation to the history of the Ryūkyū Islands. ... Location of Ryukyu Islands The Ryukyu Islands, in Japanese called the Nansei Islands ) are a chain of Japanese islands in the western Pacific Ocean at the eastern limit of the East China Sea. ... Pechin(Satunushi) The Pechin ) is the Okinawan/Ryukyuan equivalent of the Japanese Samurai. ... Ryukyuans (Japanese: 琉球民族, Ryūkyū minzoku; Okinawan: ウチナンチュ, Uchinanchu) are the indigenous peoples of the Ryukyu Islands of Japan between the islands of Kyūshū and Taiwan. ... Ryukyuan religion is the indigenous belief system of the Uchinanchu people of Okinawa and the other Ryukyu Islands. ...

References

  1. ^ 山下町第1洞穴出土の旧石器について(Japanese), 南島考古22
  2. ^ 沖縄県の基地の現状(Japanese), Okinawa Prefectural Government
  3. ^ a b .沖縄に所在する在日米軍施設・区域(Japanese), Japan Ministry of Defense
  4. ^ a b 語り継ぎたい「沖縄戦」(Japanese), Okinawa Times, May 13, 2007
  5. ^ Impact on the Lives of the Okinawan People (Incidents, Accidents and Environmental Issues), Okinawa Prefectural Government
  6. ^ 沖縄・米兵による女性への性犯罪(Rapes and murders by the U.S. military personnel 1945-2000)(Japanese), 基地・軍隊を許さない行動する女たちの会
  7. ^ Military base Affairs Division, Okinawa prefecture
  8. ^ U.S. servicemen convicted in Okinawa rape, CNN, March 7, 1996
  9. ^ US marine on Okinawa accused of raping girl, 14, Gardian, February 11, 2008
  10. ^ U.S. limits Okinawa troops to bases over rape case, Reuters, February 19, 2008
  11. ^ US marine guilty of Japan assault, BBC, May 16, 2008
  12. ^ 完全撤去の保証を与えよ(Japanese), Okinawa Times, October 22, 1999
  13. ^ 疑惑が晴れるのはいつか(Japanese), Okinawa Times, May 16, 1999
  14. ^ DefenseLink News Article: Eight Thousand U.S. Marines to Move From Okinawa to Guam

is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 66th day of the year (67th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... [[Media:Italic text]]{| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ...

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A Geocache in Germany Geocaching is an outdoor treasure-hunting game in which the participants use a Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver or other navigational techniques to hide and seek containers (called geocaches or caches) anywhere in the world. ... GPS redirects here. ...

Peace

  • Okinawa Prefectural Peace Memorial Museum
  • Okinawa Peace Network of Los Angeles - Useful information on the U.S. military base controversy.
Okinawa Prefecture
Cities
Ginowan | Ishigaki | Itoman | Miyakojima | Nago | Naha (capital) | Nanjō | Okinawa | Tomigusuku | Urasoe | Uruma
Districts
Kunigami | Miyako | Nakagami | Shimajiri | Yaeyama
edit

Coordinates: 26°30′N 128°0′E / 26.5, 128 a movie filmed in okinawa was the karate kid part 2. Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Okinawa Prefecture of Japan - Japan's Geography (2033 words)
Okinawa is the southern most prefecture of Japan and the main island of the Ryukyu island chain.
Permission to punish Okinawa was granted the rulers in Edo, doubtless happy that the murderous Satsuma clan was causing trouble elsewhere, to the south — not north in Tokyo.
Okinawa was the only place where there was a land battle in Japan during WW II, and it was the bloodiest battle of the Pacific War.
Okinawa Travel Guide: Okinawa Prefecture (337 words)
Okinawa is Japan's southernmost prefecture, consisting of a few dozen, small islands in the southern half of the Nansei Shoto, the island chain which stretches over about one thousand kilometers from Kyushu to Taiwan.
Okinawa Prefecture can be divided into three major island groups, the Okinawa Islands (Okinawa Shoto) around Okinawa Island (Okinawa Honto), the Miyako Islands (Miyako Retto) around Miyako Island and the Yaeyama Islands (Yaeyama Retto) around Ishigaki Island.
An independent kingdom and tributary state to China for several centuries, the Ryukyu Islands came under control of the Satsuma feudal fief (today's Kagoshima Prefecture) in the 17th century, and were made a Japanese prefecture in 1879, accompanied by efforts to assimilate the native population.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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