The proclamation to recognize the Okefenokee as an environmental prize worth saving came after a quarter-century of heavy logging, beginning in 1910, in which thousands of cypress, pine, red bay and other trees were removed from the swamp.
Among the distinctive habitat types in the Okefenokee are the tree islands, floating mats of peat that support various mixtures of shrubs, hardwoods, and cypress.
Like all animals and plants in the Okefenokee, the fishes inhabit a special environment by today's standards, a healthy natural habitat that is destined to remain so, as far as human interference goes, as a result of the vigorous standards of environmental protection.
Following the decline of the Moundbuilder civilization, the Okefenokeeswamp was the border for three Indian Nations, the Mocama (to the north), the Timucua (to the south and east), and the Apalatchee (to the west).
Andrew Ellicott established the boundary in 1800, entering the Okefenokee from the west and marking a mound at the headwaters.
The OkefenokeeSwamp was soon to become one battleground in an ongoing war between the United States Army and the Seminole Nation.
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