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Encyclopedia > Ojibwa language


Ojibwe, Ojibwa, Chippewa or Anishinaabemoowin is the third most commonly spoken Native language in Canada (after Cree and Inuktitut). It also has many speakers in the United States. Anishinaabemoowin, an Algonquian language that is closely related to Cree, Potawatomi, Odawa, and Algonkin, is spoken by the Anishinaabeg (Ojibwe) people.

Anishinaabemoowin
Spoken in: Canada and the United States.
Region: Ontario, Manitoba and into Saskatchewan, with outlying groups as far west as British Columbia. In the United States, from Upper Michigan westward to North Dakota.
Total speakers: Over 51,000
Ranking: Not in top 100
Genetic
classification:
Algic

 Algonquian
  Central Algonquian
   Ojibwa

Language codes
ISO 639-2 oji
SIL OJS, OJB, OJC, OJG, OJI, CIW


Ojibwe has a syllabary developed by missionary James Evans around 1840, based on Pitman's shorthand. In the United States, the language is most often written phonemically with Roman characters. Syllabics are primarily used in Canada. The newest Roman character-based writing system is the Double Vowel system, devised by Charles Fiero. There is no standard orthography, however the Double Vowel system is gaining popularity among language teachers in the United States and Canada because of its ease of use. The following is the Double Vowel system:


Vowels : Ojibwe example (English translation) / English equivalent


a : asemaa (tobacco) / about


aa : omaa (here) / father [aː]


e : esiban (raccoon) / way [eː]


i : gimiwan (it's raining) / pin


ii : niiwin (four) / seen [iː]


o : opin (potato) / obey, book


oo : oodenaang (in/to town) / boat, boot [oː, uː]


Consonants : Ojibwe example (English translation) / English equivalent


b : bakwezhigan (bread) / big


ch : chi-oginiig (tomatoes) / chin


d : doodooshaboo (milk) / dog


g : gaag (porcupine) / go


h : hay' (oops) / hi


j : maajaan (go) / jello


k : mikinaak (turtle) / kite


m : mamoon (take it) / milk


n : bine (partridge) / name


p : baapiwag (they laugh) / pig


s : es (clam) / sun


sh : nishkaadizi (s/he's angry) / bush


t : anit (fishing spear) / time


w : waawaan (egg) / woman


y : babagiwayan (shirt) / yell


z : mooz (moose) / zebra


zh : niizh (two) / measure


' : ma'iingan (wolf) / oh-oh (Glottal stop)


Notes:


The English letters and sounds of f, l, q, r, u, v and x are not part of the Ojibwe alphabet. The Ojibwe alphabet contains the additional double-letter symbols of aa, ch, ii, oo, sh and zh.


External link

Ojibwe Language Society (http://www.ojibwemowin.com/)


  Results from FactBites:
 
Algonquian languages - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (715 words)
The Algonquian (also Algonkian) languages are a subfamily of Native American languages that includes most of the languages in the Algic language family (the two Algic languages that are not Algonquian are Wiyot and Yurok of northwestern California).
The group is sometimes said to have included the extinct Beothuk language of Newfoundland, although evidence is scarce and poorly recorded, and the claim is mainly based on geographic proximity.
Because Algonquian languages were some of the first that Europeans came in contact with in North America, the language family has given many words to English.
Ojibwe language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3500 words)
Ojibwe, Ojibwa, Chippewa or Anishinaabemowin (ᐊᓂᔑᓈᐯᒧᐎᓐ in Eastern Ojibwe syllabics) is the third most commonly spoken Native language in Canada (after Cree and Inuktitut), and the fourth most spoken in North America (behind Navajo, Cree, and Inuktitut).
Ojibwe is an Algonquian language, of the Algic family of languages, and is descended from Proto-Algonquian.
Though Potawatomi was at one time part of the Ojibwe language, due to development of significant enough differences in the language since the contact period, it is now considered a separate language; however, among the Anishinaabeg, many still considers the Potawatomi language (known as Boodewaadamiimowin or Bodéwadmimwin) as a dialect of Anishinaabemowin.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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