FACTOID # 2: Puerto Rico has roughly the same gross state product as Montana, Wyoming and North Dakota combined.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Oireachtas" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Oireachtas
Image:Ireland coa.png
This article is part of the series
Politics of the R. of Ireland
President
Oireachtas
Government
Courts
Constitution
Elections:

Political parties The Coat of Arms of the Republic of Ireland This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... The Republic of Ireland is a sovereign, independent state. ... The President of Ireland (Irish: Uachtarán na hÉireann) is the head of state of the Republic of Ireland. ... The Council of State (Irish: Comhairle Stáit) is an organ established by the Constitution of Ireland to advise the President of Ireland in the exercise of many of her discretionary, reserve powers. ... The Presidential Commission (Irish: Coimisiún Uachtarán) is the collective vice-presidency of the Republic of Ireland. ... Dáil Éireann[1] is the lower house of the Oireachtas (parliament) of the Republic of Ireland. ... Seanad Éireann (English: Senate of Ireland), the Irish Senate, is the upper house of the Oireachtas: the parliament of the Republic of Ireland1. ... The Taoiseach (plural: Taoisigh) or, more formally, An Taoiseach, is the head of government of the Republic of Ireland and the leader of the Irish cabinet1. ... The Tánaiste (plural: Tánaistithe), or more formally An Tánaiste, is the deputy prime minister of the Republic of Ireland1. ... The courts system in the Republic of Ireland consists of the Supreme Court, the High Court and a number of lower courts. ... The Supreme Court (Irish: Chúirt Uachtarach) is the highest judicial authority in the Republic of Ireland. ... The High Court of the Republic of Ireland is a court which deals at first instance with the most serious and important civil and criminal cases, and also acts as a court of appeal for civil cases in the Circuit Court. ... An amendment may be made to any part of Bunreacht na hÉireann, the constitution of the Republic of Ireland, but only by referendum. ... Elections in the Republic of Ireland gives information on election and election results in the Republic of Ireland. ... The date for Irelands presidential election was set for 22 October 2004. ... The Irish general election of 2002 was held on Friday 17 May 2002, just over three weeks after the dissolution of the 28th Dáil on Thursday 25 April by President Mary McAleese, at the request of the Taoiseach, Bertie Ahern. ... There are a number of political parties in the Republic of Ireland, and coalition governments are common. ...

The Oireachtas is the "National Parliament" of the Republic of Ireland1. The Oireachtas consists of the President of Ireland and two houses: Dáil Éireann and Seanad Éireann (also known as the Senate). However the directly elected Dáil is by far the its most powerful branch. The legislature is also sometimes known as Oireachtas Éireann. Both Houses of the Oireachtas currently reside in Leinster House in Dublin. The President of Ireland (Irish: Uachtarán na hÉireann) is the head of state of the Republic of Ireland. ... Dáil Éireann[1] is the lower house of the Oireachtas (parliament) of the Republic of Ireland. ... Seanad Éireann (English: Senate of Ireland), the Irish Senate, is the upper house of the Oireachtas: the parliament of the Republic of Ireland1. ... Leinster House The former palace of the Duke of Leinster. ... Dublin (Irish: Baile Átha Cliath),is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Ireland, located near the midpoint of Irelands east coast, at the mouth of the River Liffey and at the centre of the Dublin region. ...

Contents


Composition

Dáil Éireann, the lower house, is directly elected under universal adult suffrage, at least once in every five years. However the house can be dissolved at any time at the request of the taoiseach (head of government). Elections occur under the system of proportional representation by means of the Single Transferable Vote. The Senate is not directly elected but consists of a mixture of members selected in a number of ways, including indirect election and appointment by the taoiseach. The President of Ireland is directly elected once in every seven years, for a maximum of two terms. However if, as has occurred on a number of occasions, a consensus among political parties means that only a single candidate is nominated, then no actual ballot occurs. The Taoiseach (plural: Taoisigh) or, more formally, An Taoiseach, is the head of government of the Republic of Ireland and the leader of the Irish cabinet1. ... Proportional representation (PR) is any election system which ensures a proportionally representative result of a democratic election, x% of votes should be represented by x% in the democratic institutions, parliament or congress. ... Single Transferable Vote - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


Role


To become law a bill must theoretically first be approved by both the Dáil and the Senate, and then signed into law by the President. In most circumstances, however, the President is obliged to sign all laws approved by the Houses of the Oireachtas, and the powers of the Senate are limited to delay rather than veto. It is the Dáil, therefore, that is the supreme tier of the Irish legislature. The enacting formula for Acts of the Oireachtas is simply: "Be it enacted by the Oireachtas as follows:-". An enacting formula is a short phrase that introduces the main provisions of a law enacted by some legislatures. ...


Powers

The Presidency
The Presidency

The Oireachtas has exclusive power to: Image File history File links Photograph I took some time ago of Áras an Uachtarain. ... Image File history File links Photograph I took some time ago of Áras an Uachtarain. ...

  • Legislate, including approving the budget.
  • Create subordinate legislatures.
  • Propose changes to the constitution, which must then be submitted to a referendum.
  • Raise military or armed forces.
  • Allow international agreements to become part of the domestic law of the state.
  • Pass certain laws having extra-territorial effect (in accordance with the similar practices of other states).
  • Enact, when it considers a state of emergency to exist, almost any law it deems necessary.

A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... A state of emergency is a governmental declaration that may suspend certain normal functions of government, may work to alert citizens to alter their normal behaviors, or may order government agencies to implement emergency preparedness plans. ...

Limitations

  • Laws are invalid if, and to the extent that, they contradict the constitution.
  • In the event of a conflict, EU law also takes precedence over acts of the Oireachtas.
  • It may not retrospectively criminalise acts that were not illegal at the time they were committed.
  • It may not enact any law providing for the imposition of the death penalty, even during a state of emergency.
  • Under Article 3 of the constitution, the laws of the Oireachtas apply only to the twenty-six counties of the Republic of Ireland and not to Northern Ireland.

The European Union is unique among international organizations in having a complex and highly developed system of internal law which has direct effect within the legal systems of its member states. ... Capital punishment, also referred to as the death penalty, is the judicially ordered execution of a prisoner as a punishment for a serious crime, often called a capital offense or a capital crime. ... Article 2 and Article 3 of Bunreacht na hÉireann, the constitution of the Republic of Ireland, were adopted with the constitution as a whole in 1937, but completely revised by means of the Nineteenth Amendment which took full effect in 1999. ... Royal motto: Quis separabit (Latin: Who will separate?) Northern Irelands location within the UK Official languages English, Irish, Ulster Scots Capital and largest city Belfast First Minister Office suspended Area  - Total Ranked 4th 13,843 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 4th 1,685,267 122/km² NUTS 1...

History

The word oireachtas comes from the Irish language and has been the title of two parliaments in Irish history: the current Oireachtas of the Republic of Ireland, since 1937, and, immediately before that, the Oireachtas of the Irish Free State of 1922-1937. Irish (Gaeilge in Irish), a Goidelic language spoken in Ireland, the UK, and the USA, is constitutionally recognised as the first official language of the Republic of Ireland. ... Ireland is an island in north-western Europe. ... 1937 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... From 1922-1937 the Oireachtas was the legislature, or parliament, of the Irish Free State. ... 1922 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1937 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...

The Oireachtas: The upper house Seanad Éireann
The Oireachtas: The upper house
Seanad Éireann

The earliest parliament in Ireland was the Parliament of Ireland in existence until 1801. This parliament governed the whole island of Ireland but was, over its history, subordinate to varying degrees to the English, and later British, Parliament. The Irish Parliament consisted of the King of Ireland, a House of the Lords and a House of Commons. In 1801 the Irish Parliament abolished itself when it adopted the Act of Union. Image File history File links This work is copyrighted. ... Image File history File links This work is copyrighted. ... This article is about the legislature abolished in 1801. ... 1801 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the supreme legislative institution in the United Kingdom and British overseas territories (it alone has parliamentary sovereignty). ... Henry VIII, became King of Ireland in 1542. ... The former House of Lords chamber in the Irish Parliament Building, today in use as a function room by the Bank of Ireland. ... The Irish House of Commons by Francis Wheatley (1780). ... (Redirected from 1801 Act of Union) The 1800 Act of Union merged the Kingdom of Ireland and the Kingdom of Great Britain (itself a merger of England and Scotland under the Act of Union 1707) to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on 1 January 1801. ...


The next legislature to exist in Ireland only came into being in 1919. This was an extra-legal, unicameral parliament establish by Irish nationalists, known simply as Dáil Éireann (translated as 'Assembly of Ireland'). The First Dáil, as it is known, was notionally a legislature for the whole island of Ireland. In 1920, parallel to the First Dáil, the British government created a home rule legislature entitled the Parliament of Southern Ireland. However this parliament was boycotted by Irish nationalists and so never came into full effect. It was made up of the King (in this case the monarch of Great Britain and Ireland), the House of Commons of Southern Ireland and the Senate of Southern Ireland. The Parliament of Southern Ireland was formally abolished in 1922, with the establishment of the Oireachtas under the Constitution of the Irish Free State. 1919 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... The First Dáil (Irish: An Chéad Dáil) was Dáil Éireann as it convened from 1919–1921. ... 1920 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... Devolution or Home rule is the pooling of powers from central government to government at regional or local level. ... The Parliament of Southern Ireland was set up under the Government of Ireland Act to legislate for Southern Ireland. ... House of Commons of Southern Ireland was the lower house of the Irish parliament created by the Government of Ireland Act, passed in 1920, during the Irish War of Independence. ... The then Royal College of Science The Senate of Southern Ireland assembled there in June 1921. ... The Constitution of the Irish Free State was the constitution of the southern Irish state established in December 1922. ...

The Oireachtas: The lower houseDáil Éireann
The Oireachtas: The lower house
Dáil Éireann

The Oireachtas of the Irish Free State consisted officially of the King and two houses, named, as their successors would be, Dáil Éireann (described, in this case, as a 'Chamber of Deputies') and Seanad Éireann. However the Free State Senate was abolished in 1935. The modern Oireachtas of the Republic of Ireland came into being in 1937, with the adoption by referendum of the Constitution of Ireland. Image File history File links This work is copyrighted. ... Image File history File links This work is copyrighted. ... King George V, the first monarch to reign in the Irish Free State. ... The Seanad Chamber The Seanad meets in the former picture gallery in Leinster House. ... 1935 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Footnote

  • Note 1: Oireachtas may be roughly pronounced by English speakers as "o-roch-tus" (with the ch as in loch).
The seat of the OireachtasLeinster House
The seat of the Oireachtas
Leinster House

image of Leinster House. ... image of Leinster House. ... Leinster House The former palace of the Duke of Leinster. ...

Related topics

The Republic of Ireland is a sovereign, independent state. ... The debating chamber or hemicycle of the European Parliament in Brussels. ... Chamber of the Estates-General, the Dutch legislature. ... In government, bicameralism is the practice of having two legislative or parliamentary chambers. ...

External link

  • Official site

  Results from FactBites:
 
Republic of Ireland - definition of Republic of Ireland in Encyclopedia (2747 words)
It has become normal in Ireland for coaltions to form a government, with the last single party government in 1987-89.
The bicameral parliament, the Oireachtas, consists of a Senate, Seanad Éireann, and a House of Representatives, Dáil Éireann.
The Seanad is composed of 60 members; 11 nominated by the Taoiseach, 6 elected by two universities, and 43 elected by public representatives from panels of candidates established on a vocational basis.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m